Health Benefits and Uses of Zedoary (White Turmeric)

Health & Wellness

Zedoary - White Turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria) | Health Benefits of Zedoary / 

White Turmeric, or Zedoary, which is called Curcuma zedoaria in scientific language, family Zingiberaceae grows in tropical and subtropical wet forest regions. It is a rhizome, or underground stem, like Turmeric and Ginger. The rhizome is large and tuberous with many branches. The benefits of White Turmeric are no less interesting than Yellow Turmeric to be discussed in the world of health. The leaf shoots are long and fragrant, reaching 1m (3ft) in height. The plant bears yellow flowers with red and green bracts. Pieces of the rhizome are planted, taking two years to mature before it can be harvested. Zedoary root is actually a rhizome with a thin brown skin and a bright orange, hard interior. It’s smell is similar to Turmeric and Mango. Because of the mango-like fragrance, Zedoary is called "amb halad" in many Indian languages, which means "mango". The plant is native to India and Indonesia but now naturalized in other places including the US state of Florida. It was introduced to Europe by Arab traders around the 6th century, but its use as a spice in the West today is extremely rare, having been replaced by Ginger, and to a lesser extent, Yellow Turmeric. Zeodaria is arriving at the hands of colonizers in Brazil in the middle of the 16th century. It is a substitute for arrowroot and used in Indian perfumes and in festive rituals.

Turmeric is an ancient spice used in most Indian kitchens to add a yellow hue to the curries and vegetables and even rice. However, Turmeric is more than just a condiment; it is known for its many health benefits, thanks to a compound called curcumin found in it, which is known to promote good health. You may have been using Yellow Turmeric for various purposes, but did you know that White Haldi also exists?  In Indonesia, the benefits of White Turmeric are also starting to be utilized, especially in cooking, by processing it into a powder and then making it as a food ingredient to add flavor and health benefits. Curcuma zedoaria is usually added to curry dishes such as in Indian Mamak dishes. The benefits of White Turmeric for health are extraordinary, but very few know. So we intend to spread this information to all of the nation’s children so that we know the benefits of nature around us. Though White Turmeric nowadays is rarely used anymore as a spice and often replaced by Ginger, it is still used in Asian cuisine. In Indonesia, White Turmeric powder is often added to curry dishes. In Thailand, fresh, sliced White Turmeric is used as an ingredient in salads. And in Indian cuisine fresh White Turmeric is also used as an ingredient to popular dishes. It has lighter flesh and its flavor is very similar to that of gGnger, but with a bitterer aftertaste.

Zedoary is a plant which is also known as white turmeric. Its underground stem is used to make medicine. The traditional methods of preparing Zedoary is to wash in plenty of water. Rinsing should remove a toxin that has not yet been identified. Zedoary is the best treatment for colic, seizures, loss of appetite, and indigestion. Some people also use it for anxiety, depression, fatigue and pain, and swelling, inflammation. Zedoary is sometimes applied directly to the skin to repel mosquitoes. In Indian cuisine, it is replaced with similar-looking Ginger, which is widely used. Rural people use rhizome for its antiseptic, carminative, expectorant, deodorant, diuretic, and stimulant properties, while also being used in rheumatism dyspepsia, colds, and coughs. It has also been used to clean and purify the blood and detoxifies the body. Zedoary helps in cell regeneration and is good for the immune system. It is used traditionally for the treatment of menstrual disorders, dyspepsia, vomiting and for cancer. It regulates body temperature and is used in cases of fever. It is an antiseptic and a paste applied locally to cuts and wounds helps healing. It is used as an aid to digestion and to relieve flatulence and colic. The starch, shoti, is easily digested and nutritious so is widely used as part of an Eastern regimen for the sick or for the very young. It is an antioxidant and is said to help sexual problems in both men and women. It is said to strengthen the uterus muscles and so help in childbirth and to cure male erectile dysfunctions, as well as being an aphrodisiac. White turmeric is also used to stop diseases recurring (it’s an anti-periodic), and to treat colds, flatulence, digestive disorders, ulcers, gastro-intestinal problems, and the tisane will prevent indigestion if taken 30 minutes before a meal. There is not a lot of scientific evidence on how Zedoary can be used to treat medical problems. Scientists have not yet carried out human studies with Zedoary or white Turmeric. So far, scientists have only tested the Zedoary in test tubes or animals. The findings of several such studies show that Zedoary may act as an antibiotic. Also, it is useful in repelling mosquitoes.

White Turmeric has a wide range of chemical constituents that include tianin, starch, curcumin, essential oil, sugar, saponins, resins, flavonoids, until the toxic protein that has the capability to prevent cancer cell growth. The presence of so many important ingredients is what that made Turmeric supplements so much popular among the masses. White Turmeric root is a good source of starch and therefore energy. The root contains volatile oils which offer medicinal benefits. The oils contain curcumin, a powerful anti-inflammatory, and other compounds that provide antimicrobial, antifungal, antiulcer, antivenom and anticancer benefits.

Improves Digestive Health:

The digestive system is very prone to disease because various types of food enter and stay in the stomach. So disease is very easy. but by maintaining good health such as consuming white turmeric, the health of the stomach and digestion can be maintained. For millennia, White Tturmeric has been used to treat digestive problems, mostly in the gastrointestinal tract. It resolves any digestive problems that you may face. It allows you to restore your gastrointestinal issues. Make you regular in bowel movements, indigestion, and aids your flatulence. The herb’s essential oil and the herb itself are beneficial in the treatment of colic, indigestion, spasms, loss of appetite, infestation of worms, flatulence, irregular bowel movement, and tastelessness. It is also a natural aid in preventing stress-related ulceration. It means that the user can cure any digestive illness of White Turmeric. All those who often experience diarrhea or constipation should increase white Turmeric consumption in their diet. Among the digestive problems that can be cured by consuming Curcuma zedoaria oil are intestinal worms, muscle spasms, flatulence, and being able to increase appetite.

Consumed 30 minutes before having any meal, they will help in proper nutrient absorption as well as utilisation. Add 3 drops of Zedoary essential oil with Almond oil and gently massage it on your tummy for relieving from colic, dyspepsia, flatulence, indigestion, irregular bowel movement and spasms. Apart from that you can also add 2 drops of this oil to warm bathing water for stimulating your digestion, improving your appetite and assist in expelling the worms through excretion. Adding 2 to 3 drops of Zedoary oil to your diffuser will also help in enhancing your appetite, reducing vomiting sensation and promoting speedy digestive process.

Stomach Disorders:

Zedoary stimulates secretion of enzymes in digestive system and improves digestion. It works as carminative by aiding digestion and reducing flatulence. It relives stomach spasms and colic pains. It is useful in treating loss of appetite, indigestion and stomach ulcers. Decoction made by boiling this root in water is drunk before eating to improve digestive system.

Gastric Ulcer:

The next benefit of Curcuma zedoaria is that it can prevent ulcers and treat ulcers. Instead of using chemical drugs, we better deal with ulcers or treat them with White Turmeric. Why can White Turmeric treat stomach disease? It turns out that White Turmeric contains many important substances for health such as sugar, saponins, essential oil, protein toxins, flavonoids, resin, amylium, curcumin and tinanin. These are substances that can have a calming and healing effect on ulcer disease.

White Turmeric root powder has been used in Unani system of medicine for treating ulcers. This is because White Turmeric reduces the volume of gastric juice, gastric pH, acid content and ulcer index significantly and has been proven to be as effective as prescription medications for ulcers Consuming Curcuma zedoaria herb regularly can neutralize the acidity of the stomach so that it can prevent ulcers or can cure ulcers.

Accourding to a study, flour from the root of White Turmeric is thought to reduce the amount and acidity of the stomach fluid so it can be used as a Tukak Medicine. These benefits still require clinical research in humans.

A 2003 study "Evaluation of anti-ulcer effect of root of Curcuma zedoaria in rats" published in Indian Journal of Tradional Knowledge by Raghuveer Gupta P S, Md. Majed Ali, Eranna D and Ramachandra Setty S. investigated effect of root powder of Curcuma zedoaria on gastric acid secretion in adult Wistar rats. Results showed significant reduction of pH, free acid, total acid, gastric juice volume, and ulcer index. Findings suggest root powder is useful in treating hyperacidity and gastric ulcers.

Diarrhea:

A 2017 study "Evaluation of anti-diarrhoeal activity of Curcuma zedoaria rhizome" published in Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry by Md. Golam Azam, Md. Shibly Noman and Md. Adit Muktadir Pavel evaluated ethanol extracts of Curcuma zedoaria rhizomes for antidiarrheal activity. Results showed dose dependent reduction of severity and frequency of diarrhea in mice compared with standard antimotility drug loperamide.

Respiratory Health:

In Ayurveda, respiratory problems mainly occur due to the excess of Kapha Dosha, due to which fluids phlegm and mucus build-up in the lungs, block the nasal passages and that leads to breathing difficulties and other respiratory disorders like asthma, cough and cold. Consuming Zedoary as a form of powder every day can decrease the risk of respiratory diseases. Combined with anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties it reduces inflammation in respiratory tract and protects from infections.

Almost 2 out of 10 persons experience difficulty breathing after reaching the age of 50. Mucus and fluids like phlegm usually cause this. These fluids build-up in your lungs and other areas of your body as well. Regular use of White Turmeric will help you to cleanse your lungs and nasal passage. These are some of the medical benefits that you can get from White Turmeric. Hopefully, this information will lead you toward the constant use of white Turmeric in your life routine.

Adding 3 drops of Zedoary oil to steaming water and inhaling the medicated steam releasing the camphoraceous aroma of this oil can assist you in loosening the phlegm and mucous deposits and ease breathing. You can also add 2 drops of this oil in your rubs and gently massage it on your neck, chest and back to treat congestion, cold and blocked nose.

Asthma:

A 2015 study "Pharmalogical effect of Curcuma zeodaria rhizomes on milk induced Eosinophilia in the management of asthma" published in International Journal of Ethnobiology & Ethnomedicine by Aslam Pathan, Abdulrahman Alshahrani, Feras Al-Marshad investigated an ethanolic extract of Curcuma zedoaria rhizomes for antiasthmatic activity using milk induced eosinophilia in mice. Results showed the extract significantly decreased milk induced eosinophilia in mice in a dose dependent manner, suggesting potential usefulness in the management and prevention of asthma.

Fever:

A 2014 study "Phytochemical Screening and Antipyretic Effect of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. (Zingiberaceae) Rhizome" published in British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol 4, Issue 5 by Md. Golam Azam, Md. Shibly Noman and Md. Mamun Al-Amin investigated the antipyretic effect of ethanol extract of Curcuma zedoaria rhizome in animal model. There was significant reduction of yeast-induced pyresis in rats in a dose dependent manner, comparable to standard antipyretic drug paracetamol. 

Boosts Immune System:

White Turmeric has been known to be one of the major constituents in the process of cell regeneration as well as tissue repair. It is also known to possess detoxification qualities and hence are known to purify the blood.

Antioxidant:

Curcuma zedoaria contains phytonutrients which are potent antioxidant in nature. Generally, Zedoary is rich in antioxidants. Due to this presence, it prevents the free radical’s growth that may cause harm. The Zedoary essential oil also has good antioxidant properties. Its curcumin compound works as an anti-allergen to avoid the chemical discharges and the activity of inflammatory proteins that trigger skin-related allergic reactions. So, if you haven't already made White Turmeric a part of your spice cabinet, may be it is time. Go ahead and use more of it in pickles or infuse it in your tea or add it as a spice in your curries.

A 2014 study "In vitro antioxidant potential of the essential oil and leaf extracts of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc." published in Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science by Atiqur Rahman, Monira Afroz, Rafiquel Islam, Kazi Didarul Islam, M. Amzad Hossain and Minkyun Na. evaluated various leaf extracts i.e., methanol, chloroform and ethyl acetate for antioxidant potential. Of all samples studies, essential oil and EA extract showed the strongest DPPH free radical scavenging activity with IC50 of 14.8 ± 2.2 and 17.56 ± 1.6 µg/ml, respectively. All extracts showed noticeable superoxide radical scavenging activity. The highest was found in the EA extract with IC50 23.47 ± 1.2 ¨g/ml. The values are significantly higher than positive control kojic acid (IC50 8.27 ± 1.4 µg/ml) suggest the leaves are superoxide scavengers which contribute to their antixoidant activity.

"Comparative study of radical scavening activity and phytochemical analysis of fresh and dry rhizomes of Curcuma zeodaria" published by S. Sumathi, G.T. Iswariya, B. Sivaprabha, B. Dharani, P. Radha, and P.R. Padm in 2013 comparing the antioxidant activity of fresh and dry rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria, the methanol extract of both rhizomes showed good radical scavenging activity.

Another 2013 study "Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of essential oil and oleoresins from Curcuma zedoaria rhizomes" published in Food Bioscience by Pratubha Singh, Lech Szczepaniak et al. evaluated the essential oil and oleoresins of rhizome extracts of Curcuma zedoaria. The essential oil and oleoresins (ethyl acetate and isopropanol) showed potent antioxidant activity using peroxide and thiobarbituric acid, ferric thiocyanate, DPPH radical scavenging, metal chelating and reducing power methods. Curzerenone and germacrone were the major components in volatile oil and oleoresins. Results showed promising alternatives to synthetic antioxidants.

"Antimicrobial activity of Curcuma zedoaria and Curcuma malabarica tubers" published in Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 99, Issue 1, 2005 by B Wilson, G Abraham et al. to be found in "Phytochemical Analysis and Analgesic Properties of Curcuma zedoaria Rhizomes Grown in Brazil - The Free Library" about various extracts from the dried rhizomes were evaluated for antioxidant activity. Maximum antioxidant activity was seen in the ethyl acetate, n-hexane and water extracts. Study of organic and aqueous fractions showed the chloroform soluble fraction to be rich in in strong antioxidants while the ethyl acetate fraction showed moderate amounts of antioxidant. Results suggest a potential source of natural antioxidants and bioactive materials.

Cancer - Treatment and Prevention:

Cancer is a disease characterized by cell growth, a new body tissue cells (neoplasms), not normal (the result of genetic mutation of cells), rapid, and uncontrolled. Therefore, the cancer is not an infectious disease due to bacterial attack. Cancer grows out of the cell, the cell organs have a genetic mutation. Meerupakan genetic mutation of cells that grow abnormally and is destructive (do not follow the law and tend to damage the cell growth). Currently the number of cancer patients has increased and as a cause of cancer deaths are also in high quantity. Generally new cancer detected in an advanced stage, making treatment more difficult. Treatment with modern ways still felt a lot of side effects, while the maximum percentage of success was not enough, so to be supported with alternative medicine or traditional medicine using herbs biological diversity of the archipelago. White Turmeric has been traditionally used for cancer treatment and this traditional use has been proven to be true.

A study proved that it is cytotoxic to gastric, breast and ovarian cancer cells. The compound that is responsible for it’s anti cancer properties is curcuzedoalide. The water extract of White Turmeric has been proven to be effective in preventing many cancers.

Zedoarin, kurdiona and kurkumol, these substances turned out to be anti-neoplastic destructive ribosoma formation in cancer cells and tissues by increasing the formation of wild fibroblast tissue surrounding the cancerous tissue, and form a layer of lymphocytes in cancer tissue cells and wrapping it, so that cells of cancer tissue can not grow, eventually the cancer cells will die, and no longer dangerous.

White Turmeric contains curcuminoids which are believed to have anticancer properties. Zedoary plays a vital role in stopping the cancer metastases or the spread of cancer from an organ to other organs. Studies suggest that Zedoary extract or Zedoary essential oil can prevent growth of cancer cells. But more research is needed on its effectiveness in overcoming cancer. As its essential oils have antioxidants they can decrease the influence of some free radicals. Using curcuma zedoaria to fight cancer is more natural than using other ingredients or drugs. In addition, processing white turmeric into herbal ingredients is also very easy to do.

Study on Zedoary oil prevents propagation of AGS cells’ proves that Zedoary, a Chinese medicinal herb has anticancer properties. This study concluded saying, Zedoary oil inhibited AGS cell proliferation through cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis promotion, which were related to Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression.

Another research on "Applications of Nanoparticles in Herbal Medicine: Zedoary Turmeric Oil and Its Active Compound beta-elemene" published in The American Journal of Chinese Medicine states that Zedoary oil has been approved by the Chinese SFDA as safe for treating various cancerous tumors that affect ovaries, brain, lungs, colon, breast, liver and certain other tissues.

A study on essential oil "Chemical constituents and anticancer activity of Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe essential oil against non-small cell lung carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo" published by Chien-chang Chen, Yuhsin Chen, Yi-Ting Hsi, Chih-Sheng Chang, Li-Fen Huang, Chi-Tang Ho, Tzong-Der Way and Jung-Yie Kao reports Curcuma zedoaria possess efficient cytotoxic effects on non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and caused cell apoptosis.

In a 2015 study "Curcuma zedoaria (Berg.) Rosc. essential oil and paclitaxel synergistically enhance the apoptosis of SKOV3 cells" published in Molecular Medicine Reports by Yunxiao Zhou Jie Shen Liqun Xia Yanli Wang determined the synergistic antitumor effects of Curcuma zedoaria essential oil and PTX (a first-line chemotherapeutic agent used in ovarian carcinoma). Results suggest Curcuma zedoaria essential oil and PTX synergistically enhanced the inhibition of SKOV3 proliferation, possibly via induction of cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Results suggest a potential for PTX supplemented with Curcuma zedoaria essential oil to decrease dose and toxicity of PTX.

A 2001 study "A Curcuminoid and Sesquiterpenes as Inhibitors of MacrophageTNF-a Release from Curcuma zedoaria" published in Planta Med by Mi Kyung Jang, Dong Hwan Sohn, Jae-Ha Ryu evaluated that tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α) is one of the major mediators produced in activated macrophages which contribute to the circulatory failure associated with septic shock. Study of a crude methanolic extract of rhizomes exhibited significant TNF-a antagonistic activity. Fractionation isolated 3 active compounds: 1,7-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,4,6-heptatrien-3-one (1) procurcumenol (2) and epiprocurcumenol (3) by spectral data analysis. They inhibited the production of TNF-α by lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-activated macrophages from the results of bioassay (IC50 values of 1 and 2 are 12.3 and 310.5 µM, respectively). Results suggest the traditional use of Curcuma zedoaria rhizome as anti-inflammatory drug may be due in part, by the inhibition of TNF-α production.

Cancerous Tumours:

"Antitumor, genotoxicity and anticlastogenic activities of polysaccharide from Curcuma zedoaria" Study suggests the Curcuma zedoaria-I-III, the polysaccharide fraction from Curcuma zedoaria, decreases tumor size of mouse and prevents chromosomal mutation.

 A 2011 study "Antitumour Effects of Isocurcumenol Isolated from Curcuma zedoaria Rhizomes on Human and Murine Cancer Cells" published in International Journal of Medicinal Chemistry by S Lakshmi, G Padmaja, P Remani evaluated antitumor principles from rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria to assess its cytotoxic effects on human and murine cancer cells. Spectroscopy characterized isocurcumenol as the active compound, which was found to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells without inducing significant toxicity to normal cells. In vivo tumor reduction studies showed that a dose of 35.7 mg/kbw significantly reduced the ascitic tumor in DLA-challenged mice and increased lifespan.

Another 2010 study of crude extract of Curcuma zedoaria on peripheral blood cells and tumor progression in mice injected with murine melanoma cells "Effect of Curcuma zedoaria crude extract against tumor progression and immunomodulation" published in J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis Nol.16 No.2 Botucatu by Carvalho FR, Vassao RC et al. showed intraperitoneal therapy caused a significant increase in white and RBC count, decrease in peritoneal cell number, tumor volume reduction. The results suggest a phototherapeutic potential to compounds against tumor progression and possible immunomodulation.

Leukemia:

A 2004 study "Antimicrobial Activity and Cytotoxicity of the Essential Oil of Curcuma zedoaria" published in The American Journal of Chinese Medicine by Eric Y C Lai, Charng-Cherng Chyau, Jeng-Leun Mau, Chien-chou Chen, Yi-Jui Lai, Ching-Fang Shih and Long-Liu Lin about apoptosis of human cancer cell line analysis of essential oil showed high content of epicurzerenone and curdione representing 46.6% and 13.7% of total oil, respectively. The essential oil showed antimicrobial activity against V. parahemolyticus. E. coli was the most resistant strain. On MTT assay, NBT reduction and cell morphology study, the essential oil could inhibit proliferation of human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. 

Breat Cancer:

A 2014 study "Extracts from Curcuma zedoaria Inhibit Proliferation of Human Breast Cancer Cell MDA-MB-231 In Vitro" published in Evidence Based Complementary Alternative Medicine by Xiu-Fei Gao, Qing-Lin Li, Hai-Long Li, Hong-Yan Zhang, Jian-Ying Su, Bei Wang, Pei Liu, Ai-Qin Zhang investigated a petroleum ether extract on proliferation of human triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. Results showed the cell line was inhibited in a concentration and time dependent manner.

Gastric Cancer:

A 2013 "Study on Extraction Process of Curcuma zedoaria Volatile Oil and Its Effect on Anticancer" published in Asian J. of Chem Vol 25, No 13 by Shan-Bin, Guo, Yue Tian and Ling-Yan Jian reports on the extraction process of Curcuma zedoaria volatile oil and its inhibitory effect on the proliferation of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells and induction of apoptosis.

Ovarian Cancer:

A 2017 study "Identification of active extracts of Curcuma zedoaria and their real- time cytotoxic activities on ovarian cancer cells and HUVEC cells" published in Biomedical Research, Volume 28, Issue 21 by Si Lay Khaing, Siti Zawiah Omar, Chung Yeng Looi, Aditya Arya, Nooshin Mohebali, Mustafa Ali Mohd sought to identify active extracts of Curcuma zedoaria and their cytotoxic activities. GC-MS analysis of hexane fraction yielded 26 compounds. Study evaluated four crude extracts against two ovarian cancer cell lines and primary endothelial cell lines. Results showed more cytotoxic effect on metastatic ovarian cancer cells and HUVEC cells than primary ovarian cancer CaOV3 cells.

Another 2013 study "Cytotoxic Activity from Curcuma zedoaria Through Mitochondrial Activation on Ovarian Cancer Cells" published in Toxicol. Res., Vol. 29, No. 4 by Yujin Shin and Yongkyu Lee investigated the mechanism of apoptotic effect of α-curcumene on the growth of human ovarian, SiHa cells. Results showed cell viability of SiHa cells was inhibited >73%. The apoptotic effect of α--curcumene on SiHa cells may converge caspase-3 activation through the release of mitochondrial cytochrome C.

In a earlier study "Cytotoxicity of Curcuminoids and Some Novel Compounds from Curcuma zedoaria" published in J. Nat. Prod. in 1998 by Wan-Jr Syu, Chien-Chang Shen et al. isolated an active curcuminoid, demethoxycurcumin, together with curcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin. The curcuminoids demonstrated cytotoxicity against human ovarian cancer OVCAR-3 cells.

Melanoma:

"Effect of the extract combinations of Curcuma zedoaria and Aloe vera in retarding melanin synthesis in murine melanoma cells" published in Egyptian Dermatology Online Journal, No 5 by J R Krishnamoorthy et al. showed the combination of extracts of Curcuma zedoaria and Aloe vera is effective in decreasing melanin synthesis when tested in murine melanoma cells. The mechanism was through tyrosinase blockage. Tyrosinase is the primary enzyme involved in the oxidation of tyrosine to melanin, and its inactivation is essential in achieving the skin lightening effects of various cosmetic preparations. Furthermore, the approach is reversible, safe, without permanent damage.

A 2011 study "Anti-angiogenesis effect of essential oil from Curcuma zedoaria in vitro and in vivo" published in Journal of Ethnopharmacology by Wenxing Chen, Yin Lu, Ming Gao, Jiaming Wu, Aiyun Wang, Ronghuo Shi evaluated the anti-angiogenic effect of essential oil in various assays: cell proliferation assay and two angiogenic models, rat aortic ring assay and chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay. Results showed the essential oil, a fat-soluble fraction of Curcuma zedoaria, exhibited anti-angiogenic activity in vivo and in vitro, resulting in suppression of melanoma growth and metastasis, which was associated with down-regulating MMPs.

Another 2005 study "Suppressive Effect of Curcuma Zedoaria Roscoe on Pulmonary Metastasis of B16 Melanoma Cells" published in Journal Korean Oriental Med by Jae-Cheol Hwang, Mi-Rang Kim, Young-Jae Jung, Young-Ja Lee, Wun-Suk Jung, Un-Kyo Seo investigated the antimetastatic effect of Curcuma zedoaria on pulmonary metastasis of B16 melanoma cells. B 16 melanoma-conditioned medium reduced NO production by macrophages. CZZ treatment reversed the reduction in NO production. Results suggest that macrophage function-modulating activity by CZ appears to underlie its antimetastatic activity, leading to decrease in number of lung metastatic surface nodules which lead to extension of life span.

Kills Bacterial Infections:

Antimicrobial and Antifungal:

White Turmeric can treat digestive problems due to fungi and bacteria such as diarrhea, sepsis, food poisoning and others. If you want, this herb can also be used as a mouthwash to remove oral bacteria. It’s due to it’s amazing antimicrobial properties that it is so effective in treating many skin problems including acne. If we use White Turmeric for external application, it will treat all skin problems really well. Along with using it in bath powder recipes, I also love to use White Turmeric powder for making face packs too, it helps keep the skin blemish free. The extract from White Turmeric itself contains anti-fungal which can fight various diseases that try to infect the body. Zedoary is antiseptic in nature. White Turmeric paste is applied to wounds and cuts topically. It protects body from attack of infections including bacteria and virus. It is also mild analgesic in nature. Zedoaria has antifungal activity is effective in terminating growth of drug resistant fungal species. It also prevents growth of amoeba, Entamoeba histolytica and also exerts larvicidal effect against mosquitoes.

A Study supports the traditional use of Curcuma zedoaria for bacterial and fungal infections. Study showed the hydroalcoholic extract to have potent antimicrobial activity against B cereus and moderate activity against K pneumonia and C albicans.

A 2016 study "Antimicrobial Activity of Rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc" published in International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Vol 5, Issue 11 by Chachad D. P., Talpade M. B., Jagdale S. P. evaluated an ethanolic extract of rhizomes for antimicrobial activities using disc diffusion method. The ethanolic extract showed excellent activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Trichophyton mentagrophytes.

Another 2012 study "Analgesic and antimicrobial activities of Curcuma zeodaria" published in International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 4, Suppl 5 by Kamanashis Das and Mohammad Ashikur Rahman evaluated a crude extract of methanol and pet ether showed mild analgesic and antimicrobial property.

A 2005 study "Antimicrobial activity of Curcuma zedoaria and Curcuma malabarica tubers" published in Journal of Ethnopharmacology by B Wilson, B ambisan et al. evaluated the antimicrobial activity of extracts of Curcuma zedoaria tubers wastested against six bacterial and two fungal strains using the agarwell diffusion and broth dilution methods. Petroleum ether,hexane, chloroform, acetone and ethanol extracts exhibitedantibacterial as well as antifungal activity. Acetone and hexaneextracts of the tubers showed comparable antimicrobial activityas indicated by minimum inhibitory concentration values. The values for different strains and extractsranged from 0.01 to 0.15 mg/ml. The findings also support theuse of Curcuma zedoaria tubers in traditional medicine for thetreatment of bacterial and fungal infections. The antimicrobial activity of oils obtained from Curcuma zedoariain Nepal was examined using the Petri plate–paper diskmethod. The microorganisms tested were Staphylococcusaureus, Corynebacterium amycolatum, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans and Aspergillus ochraceus. All theexamined oils indicated antimicrobial activity at similarlevels.

Candida:

Study evaluated the anticandida activity of Curcuma zedoaria volatile oil in vitro. Results showed all the candida test strains to be susceptible, suggesting a fungicidal mechanism. 

Reduces Inflammation:

White Turmeric’s anti-inflammatory properties can help combat inflammation, treat wounds, and other skin diseases. Moreover, Zedoary is one of the best natural remedies for people who are affected by arthritis and rheumatism. White turmeric also reduces the body’s temperature during fever by purging infectious microbes and promoting sweat. White Turmeric is an excellent natural anti-inflammatory plant and is often used by golfers looking to naturally decrease their knee pain. Combined with proper strengthening and conditioning of the knee, this product is highly effective. One study found that the curcumin compound of the rhizome can decrease the pain of your body. As an effective anti-inflammatory agent, Zedoary oil helps in treating wounds, inflammation and certain other skin ailments. It also helps to treat open wounds or any skin problem. Applying white turmeric paste on your injury will help you sell it quickly. Curcumin, a compound obtained from white Turmeric, reduces pain. This herb was used in the Indonesian folk medicine for its effective anti-inflammatory property mostly in treating ulcerative colitis known as an inflammatory bowel disease. It was also used in protecting the lungs of the asthmatic patients by restraining the release of inflammatory mediators during the short-term treatment.

"Comparative Study on Inhibitory Activity of Zerumbone and Zerumbone 2,3-Epoxide on NF-κB Activation and NO Production" published in Scientia Pharmaceutica by Phan M. Giang, Phan T. Son, Hui Z. Jin, Jeong H. Lee, Jung J. Lee, zerumbone and its natural analog zerumbone 2,3-epoxide were isolated from the rhizomes of Vietnamese Curcuma zedoaria species. Study for anti-inflammatory activity showed a dose-dependent effect on LPS (lipopolysaccharide)-induced NF-kB activation in RAW 264.7 cells.

A 2014 study "Evaluation of antinociceptive, in-vivo & in-vitro anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of Curcuma zedoaria rhizome" published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine by H M Arif Ullah et al. investigated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of C. zedoaria ethanolic rhizome extract using both in vitro and in vivo methods in Swiss albino mice. Results showed inhibition in acetic acid induced writhing response, increased reaction time in hot plate method, significant licking inhibition in formalin inducing writhing test, and significant dose dependent inhibition in carrageenan induced inflammatory response. The central and peripheral analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity was attributed to the possible presence of one or more secondary metabolites.

Another 2011 study "Evaluation of Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Ethanolic And Aqueous extracts of Curcuma Zedoaria Rosc Root" published in Int. J. Drug Dev. & Res. by Madan L. Kaushik, Sunil S. Jalalpure evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats using carrageenan and histamine-induced hind paw edema methods. Except for the methanol extract, all extracts showed significant anti-inflammatory activity, using the standard drug Indomethacin as control. Study evaluated ethanolic and aqueous extracts of roots for anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats using carrageenan and histamine induced hind paw edema methods. Ethanol root extracts showed significant p<0.001 anti-inflammatory activity. The aqueous extract showed non-significant activity. Indomethacin was used as standard.

In a 2006 study "Anti-inflammatory sesquiterpenes from Curcuma zedoaria" published in Natural Product Research by Makabe, H; Maru, N; Kuwabara, A; Kamo, T; Hirota, M. isolated anti-inflammatory sesquiterpene furanodiene and furanodienone along with new sesquiterpene compound and known eight sesquiterpenes. Sesquiterpene furanodiene and furanodienone suppressed TPA-induced inflammation of mouse ears, comparable to indomethacin.

According to a 2004 study "A Curcuminoid and Two Sesquiterpenoids from Curcuma zedoaria as Inhibitors of Nitric Oxide Synthesis in Activated Macrophages" published in Arch Pharm Res Vol 27, No 12 suggests the use of Curcuma zedoaria rhizome as an anti-inflammatory may be explained partly by inhibition of NO production.

For reducing inflammation, we can either use it externally or consume the water extract of the root got by boiling the dried root in water. Both will work well in reducing the inflammation. White Turmeric tea, though simple to make is wonderful for reducing skin inflammation. It has anti ulcer properties, reduces pain, treats allergies and also has anti cancer properties. To make White Turmeric tea, all you have to do is boil dried ¼ tsp of dried white turmeric in a cup of water, strain and drink. This tea is very very aromatic.

Relieves Pain and Cramps:

Another astonishing medicinal use of White Turmeric is it’s analgesic (pain reducing) properties. The Curcuma zedoaria contains a compound called Curcumenol, this compound is useful for relieving pain, even its effect is better than taking Aspirin. Extracts of the rhizome are proven to have painkiller activity in model of abdominal spasms and compounds- curcumenol and dihydrocurdione contribute to its analgesic activity. The water decoction of the roots has been proven to be even more effective than standard over the counter pain relieving medicines we take regularly. Curcumenol present in White Turmeric is responsible for it’s wonderful analgesic properties. Curcumin, a compound found in the rhizome, helps in reducing pain, especially people suffering from arthritis issues. Zedoary essential oil is also effective in treating abdominal pain, amenorrhea and certain other menstrual problems.

Add 3 drops of this oil to warm bathing water or to hot compress to help relieve rheumatic pain, inflammation and menstrual discomforts. You can also blend 4 to 5 drops of Zedoary oil with Coconut oil and gently massage it on the affected area for quicker assistance.

Phytochemical studies "Phytochemical Analysis and Analgesic Properties of Curcuma zedoaria Rhizomes Grown in Brazil" from The Free Library yielded dichloromethane and curcumenol which exhibited analgesic activity and justifies its folkloric use for painful conditions.

Joint Pain:

The diuretic properties of this oil supports in eliminating the excess fluids and toxic substances in the body especially in the joints causing pain and inflammation in case of rheumatism and arthritis. It is also used in reducing the body temperature during fever by promoting sweat and removing infectious microbes through urine.

Arthritis:

A 2011 study in rats "Effect of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc root extracts on behavioral and radiology changes in arthritic rats" published in J Adv Pharm Technol Res. by Madan L. Kaushik and Sunil S. Jalalpure showed the efficacy of extracts treatment in behavior modulation induced by arthritis by decreasing irritation, anxiety, increased intention to walk, and reduction of joint swelling.

Kidney Health:

Urinary Tract Disorders:

Zedoary decoction has been used in treatment of urinary tract disorders. It offers phytochemcials which are antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory in nature.

Detox the Body:

It is believed to aid elimination of toxins from body and thereby purify blood. Decoction made of zedoary is considered helpful in detoxification process and body stimulant.

Alleviates Allergy:

Another important medicinal use of White Turmeric is it’s anti allergic properties. If you are suffering from allergies regularly, try consuming a cup of White Turmeric tea. It will help reduce the allergy very quickly. This is due to curcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin found in White Turmeric. Curcumin work as an anti-allergen compound, Curcuminoids present in the extract of Curcuma zedoaria exert anti-allergic activity and work as therapeutic for skin-related allergies reaction.

Oils of Curcuma zedoaria have moderate to good antioxidant activity; they search free radicals and chelate heavy metal ions. Curcuminoids present in extracts of Curcuma zedoaria exert anti-allergic activity and are found to be therapeutic in skin related allergic reactions. Curcumin shows the highest anti-allergen activity and this is mediated by inhibiting activity of inflammatory proteins and preventing release of chemicals that initiate allergic reactions.

Women's Health:

The herb contains various phytonutrients which are good in regulating menstrual cycle in women. It tones up the reproductive system in women. It is useful in reliving from abdominal cramps common in pre-menstruation period. Taken in powdered form, they regulate the process of menstruation and at the same time prevent any issues from occurring. White Turmeric can give relief from menstruation pain, and speed up menstruation.

Leucorrhea:

White Turmeric is suspected to treat female complaints like leucorrhea, relieve pain during menstruation, and menstruation expedite. Consuming zedoary every day can treat leucorrhea. However, this has not been medically proven and still needs further research.

Uterine Myoelectric Effect:

A 2001 study "Effect of Curcuma zedoaria (Berg.) Bosc on the myoelectric activity of uterus in rats and study of its mechanisms" published in Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi by Xu XB, Qin XM, Xu JD, Pang JJ showed Curcuma zedoaria has an exciting effect on the smooth muscle of uterus in rats, with a mechanism that may be associated with M- and alpha-receptors.

Sexual Health:

Natural Aphrodisiac:

They are known to be an anti-oxidant which tends to improve the sexual life of both the female as well as male. They are known to strengthen the muscles of the uterus and hence help in childbirth. They are known to help men with issues such as erectile dysfunction. It has been traditionally used as an aphrodisiac agent. Like Ginger it is used in treatment of sexual problems including infertility. It is believed to strengthen uterine muscles.

Diabetes:

Blood Sugar:

Extract of the rhizomes of zedoary offers the anti-hyperglycemic properties. It has been used in folk medicines in treatment and control of diabetes. Research has found that zedoary contains chemicals like curcumin which are anti-diabetic benefits. Consuming White Turmeric every day can lower your blood sugar level. However, both still need medical research to prove it.

Hyperglycemic:

"A Study on Antidiabetic potency of mixture of powders of dried fruits of Eucalyptus globules and rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria" published in Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences by M Jaffar Sadiq, Bheemachari, Shiv Kumar, E Vigneshwaran, Kalava Balaji investigated the antidiabetic potency of aqueous extract of powder mixture of dried fruits of Eucalyptus globules and rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria using streptozotocin as the diabetogenic agent. Results showed a significant dose dependent antihyperglycemic activity when compared to standard Glibenclamide.

A 2012 study "Antihyperglycemic activity Evaluation of Rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe and Fruits of Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl" published in International Journal of PharmTech Research, Vol.4, No.1 by Mohammed Rahmatullah, Md. Nur Kabidul Azam, Sujan Pramanik, Sania, Shahnaz Rahman, Rownak Jahan evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of a methanol extract of Curcuma zedoaria rhizomes and fruits. Results showed significant and dose-dependent reduction of serum glucose concentrations. The reduction from fruits were less than those of the rhizomes.

Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health:

Cardiovascular Disorders:

A case report "Zedoary-Induced Cardiovascular Disorders" published in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine,  Cairo and Al-Azhar “Boys” Universities by Usama M. El-Barrany and Magdy A. Ismail describes two cases of Zedoary induced bradyarrhythmias and severe prolonged hypotension that presented to the Center of Poison Control in Saudi Arabia.

Cholesterol Levels:

White Turmeric powder consumption is very very good for people suffering from high cholesterol levels as it reduces LDL levels and increases HDL levels. In a study of people who were asked to regularly consume white turmeric powder for about 6 months, LDL dropped by 5.6 % and HDL level increased by 6%. The high cholesterol level may lead to severe heart diseases like a heart attack.

A study "The use of Curcuma zeodaria Rosc meal to reduce abdominal fat and cholesterol in broiler" published by Tuti Widjastutia and Lovita Andriani showed that although the addition of Curcuma zeodaria meal in the broiler ration did not significantly affect the percentage of abdominal fat, it significantly reduced the level of cholesterol broiler meat.

Hypercholesterol:

A 2016 study "Phytopreventive antihypercholesterolmic and antilipidemic perspectives of zedoary (Curcuma Zedoaria Roscoe.) herbal tea" published in Lipids Health Dis. by Sara Tariq, Muhammad Imran, Zarina Mushtag, and Nosheen Asqhar evaluated the Zedoary herbal tea for antihypercholesterolemic and antilipidemic activities. Zedoary rhizome dried powder showed high TPC, DPPH inhibition, and total flavonoids of 9.74 ± 0.64 (mg GAE/ g DW), 47.28 ± 1.62 (%), and 17.12 ± 0.75 (QE mg/g), respectively. Results showed a protective role against hypercholesterolemia and lipidemic conditions, which was attributed to strong phenolic contents and radical scavenging activity of the zedoary rhizome.

Platelet Aggregation Inhibition:

A 2016 study on EtOAc-soluble fraction of the rhizomes "New Sesquiterpenoids and Anti-Platelet Aggregation Constituents from the Rhizomes of Curcuma zedoaria" published in Molecules by Jih-Jung Chen, Tung-Han Tsai, Hsiang-Ruei Liao, Li-Chai Chen, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Ping-Jyun Sung, Chun-Lin Chen and Chun-Sheng Wei isolated two new sesquiterpenoids, 13-hydroxycurzerenone (1) and 1-oxocurzerenone (2), and 11 known compounds (3-13). Among the isolated compounds, 13-hydroxycurzerenone (1), 1-oxocurzerenone (2), curzerenone (3), germacrone (4), curcolone (5), procurcumenol (6), and mixture of stigmast-4-en-3,6-dione (12) and stigmasta-4,22-dien-3,6-dione (13) exhibited inhibition against collagen-induced platelet aggregation at 100µM.

Skin Care:

It goes without saying that Zedoary offers various benefits for skin. As an antioxidant it helps protect skin from oxidative stress of pollutant and other substances. White Turmeric is amazing to use for skin care and regular use heals almost all skin problems. It works as antiseptic over skin wounds. For minor wounds and scrapes, if we just apply white turmeric poultice, it will helps heal the wound faster. For acne, try using white turmeric face pack daily for a few days, it will help both treat and prevent acne. Zeodary past is used to moisturize skin. It is also useful in reducing skin inflammation and treatment of skin diseases.

Brightens Face:

The next benefit of White Turmeric is to brighten the face, if you feel that your face is dull, then one way to improve your face so that it is always bright and shiny is to use Curcuma zedoaria as a face mask. White Turmeric contains various nutrients that are useful for brightening the face.

Take a tbsp of Besan in a bowl. Add in a tsp of White Turmeric powder to it. Finally add in enough rice water to it and mix well. White Turmeric face packs does wonders to skin. It helps heal acne, evens out the skin tone and also helps fade scars and blemishes. This pack will work well for both oily and dry skin. If you have very dry skin, use milk instead of rice water. At least, apply White Turmeric face masks twice a day to give the maximum effect for your beautiful face. Those are some of the benefits of Curcuma zedoaria for health, hopefully it will be useful and make us love the herbs of our homeland.

Anti-Toxic:

It’s this Turmeric mainly because probably no dish in a kitchen goes on the dining table without Turmeric’s best turmericmixed in it. So, keeping an eye out for the best White Turmeric should be our main concern.

Anti-toxic is one of the properties found in White Turmeric, it works as an antidote. If there is one thing we can’t live without, it would be Turmeric. Be it a topical application for wounds, fighting infections, wound healing, beauty benefits, etc. It inhibits the growth of many free radicals due to the presence of various antioxidants. It helps to destroy body cells from causing further harm. Curcumin in it act as anti-allergen and prevent any allergic reaction to increasing.

Wounds:

This herb is known to be one of the most effective antiseptics and is known to be utilised in the speedier recuperation of cuts as well as wounds. This is normally applied over the affected area in the form of a paste, and hence the chemicals present in it tend to have a strong effect on healing of the wound.

A 2018 study "Wound healing effects of a Curcuma zedoaria polysaccharide with platelet-rich plasma exosomes assembled on chitosan/silk hydrogel sponge in a diabetic rat model" published in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules by Xu N, Wangl L, Guan J, Tang C, He N, Zhang W, Fu S. isolated one homogenous polysaccharide (ZWP) from rhizomes of C. zedoaria and evaluated the potential of chitosan/silk hydrogen sponge loaded with plate-rich plasma exosomes (PRP-Exos), ZWP or PRP-Exos/ZWP on wound healing in diabetic rats. Results showed separate or combined treatments all resulted in wound contraction in diabetic rats, as evidenced by decrease in ulcer and increase in epidermal thickness. The PRP-Exos/ZWP combination therapy was more successful in measure of wound closure. It could be due to upregulation of collagen synthesis and deposition, as well as angiogenesis at the wound site. Results suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for accelerating skin repair in diabetes.

Children Health:

Skin Benefits for Babies:

This homemade baby bath powder will make your baby’s skin glow and will help remove unwanted hair quickly. Bath powder recipes vary slightly from home to home but the base ingredients usually remain the same and White Turmeric is always included in it.

Skin Benefits for Kids:

For kids, just using bath powder regularly alone is enough to keep their skin blemish free. It also improves skin complexion really well. Some kids might be prone to skin problems due to hereditary reasons and using bath powder regularly will greatly help prevent it.

Reduces Addiction:

Alcohol Induced Drunkenness:

Imagine a herb that reduces alcohol induced drunkenness within 30 to 60 minutes after alcohol consumption! Indeed there is, and it is White Turmeric. Drunken driving is one of the leading causes of accidents and if they alone take a decoction of White Turmeric and wait for 30 minutes before driving, it will save a lot of lives.

Aids in Dental Care:

Mouth Rinse:

Researches have shown that the antimicrobial action of Zedoary is as effective as a commercial mouthwash in preventing the growth of the oral pathogen.

A 2012 study "Cytotoxicity evaluation of Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe fluid extract used in oral hygiene products" published in Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Vol. 70, No. 6 by Fernandes, Joao Paulo dos Santos; Mello-Moura, Anna Carolina Volpi, Marques, Marcia Martins; Nicoletti, Maria Aparecida evaluated the cytotoxic effects of Curcuma zedoaria fluid extracts preparations used for oral hygiene, mostly for anti-septic reasons. Results showed the zedoary fluid extract has low cytotoxicity and can probably be used in oral hygiene products.

Another 2007 study "Antimicrobial efficacy of Curcuma zedoaria extract as assessed by linear regression compared with commercial mouthrinses" published in Braz. J. Microbiol. Vol. 38, No. 3 São Paulo by Adriana Bugno, Maria Aparecida Nicoletti et al. comparing the antimicrobial activity of Curcuma zedoaria against S mutans, E faecalis, S aureus and C albicans with five commercial mouth rinses showed it to be comparable to that of commercial products. Its incorporation into a mouth rinse could be an alternative for improving the antimicrobial efficacy of the oral product.

Psychological Benefits:

Sedative Effect:

A 2005 study "Sedative Effects and Toxicity Test of Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe in Mice" published in Thesis ISBN 974-04-5555-7 by Jutathip Tidkum yielded alkaloid groups and triterpenoids, curcuminoids - curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin (most common). Results showed the chloroform soluble fraction might contain active sedative compounds, and effect achieved through the GABA pathway, muscarinic receptor pathway and the opioid receptor pathway. Toxicity study also classifies it as practically non-toxic.

Eliminates Insects and Pests:

Larvicidal Properties:

All the plants in Zingerberaceae family have larvicidal properties and White Turmeric is no exception. The essential oil extracted from White Turmeric is a wonderful natural mosquito repellent. You can include it in homemade mosquito repellent blends or you can just add few drops of the essential oil to diffusers to keep mosquitoes at bay.

A study "Insecticidal Activity of Some Medicinal Plants of Sri Lanka" published in J Natn Sci Coun Sri Lanka, 1997 by C M Hewage, K A N P Bandara, V Karunaratne, B M R Bandara and D S A Eijesundara evaluated 101 solvent extracts prepared from 55 plants for insecticidal activity. Curcuma zedoaria showed insecticidal activity against Aphis craccivora Koch and Plutella xylostella (40% mortality 24 HAT).

Babesiosis:

Babesiosis is a rare and life-threatening infection of the red blood cells that's usually spread by ticks. It's caused by tiny parasites called Babesia. The kind that most often affects humans is called Babesia microti. They enter your bloodstream when you're bitten by an infected tick.

A 2004 study of bark extract isolated active ingredients "Anti-Babesial Compounds from Curcuma zedoaria" published in Planta Med by Ken Kasahara, Shinkichi Nomura et al. isolated active ingredients: zedoalactones A, B, and C. Antibabesial activity study showed IC59 values of 16,5m 1,6m and 4,2 µg/mL, respectively for zedoalactones A, B, and C, with standard drub, diminazene aceturate at 0.6 µg/mL.

Snake Bites:

White Turmeric extract can also be an antidote or a snake bidder. This can happen because White Turmeric can inhibit the activity of snake venom. This herb has been known to act as an anti-dose to the bite of an Indian Cobra. This has been known to be one of the medications for any snake bite and is usually applied in paste form over the bitten area.

Zedoary Essential Oil is one of the most widely used ingredients in the perfumery and flavor industry. This oil has long, been a part of the folk medicine. Zedoary essential oil is normally extracted by steam distillation of the rhizomes of the plant Curcuma zedoaria, which is a member of the Ginger family Zingiberaceae. The extracted oil is normally golden yellow viscous liquid that have a warm-spicy, woody and camphoraceous cineolic odor reminiscent of Ginger. The oil is quite beneficial for digestive systems and is used as a gastrointestinal stimulant in flatulent colic. It also prevents stress ulceration. It can also be used in healing different kinds of wounds and cuts on the body. It can be used as an antioxidant and is commonly used to help in sexual problems experienced by both sexes. It also helps in keeping the body temperature warm during fever. It is used as a condiment, as a flavoring for liqueurs and bitters, in perfumery, and medicinally as a carminative and stimulant.

The essential oil contains D-borneol; D-camphene; D-camphor; cineole; curculone; curcumadiol; curcumanolide A and B; Curcumenol; curcumenone curcumin; curcumol; curdione; dehydrocurdione; alpha-pinene; mucilage; starch; resin; sesquiterpenes; and sesquiterpene alcohols. The root also contains numerous other bitter substances; tannins; and flavonoids.

Traditional Uses of Zedoary:

  • White Turmeric has been traditionally used for treating menstrual problems, vomiting, allergies, indigestion and also for treating cold, cough and fever. In some places, the juice got by crushing the roots is used for expelling worms and the extract is also used for preventing cancer.
  • Fresh rhizome considered cooling and diuretic, used for leucorrheal and gonorrheal discharges, and as a blood purifier. Rhizome also used as emmenagogue in amenorrhea. Also, rhizome used as an ingredient of stomachic elixirs and bitter drops preparations.
  • The leaf juice is used for treating leprosy and edema. The leaf paste is used a poultice for treating skin problems. Here in our village, we always add White Turmeric to bath powder recipes and use it for skin care on a daily basis. It prevents all skin infections and it also makes the bath powder smell very nice.
  • In the Philippines the juice of the fresh rhizome is used as remedy for certain kinds of dermatitis (paño blanco).
  • In Bulacan Province the fresh rhizomes are burned and the ash applied externally to wounds, ulcers and sprains.
  • In India the rhizomes are used for poulticing. Plant used for flatulent colic and debility. Used as ingredient in bitter tincture of zedoary and anti-periodic pills. In Punjab and Cashmere, used for liver pains.
  • In Ceylon the rhizome is used as tonic and carminative; the Arabs used it as tonic and aphrodisiac.
  • In Bangladesh the rhizomes and fruits are used in the treatment of diabetes. Also used in the treatment of leprosy, mental disorders, leucorrhea, hepatitis, diarrhea and hemorrhoids.
  • In Ayurveda, used for diarrhea, cancer, flatulence and dyspepsia.
  • In Java and India the rhizome is chewed, or as decoction, as strengthening tonic after childbirth.
  • In the Malay Peninsula decoction is given as tonic and for indigestion.
  • Arabs consider it a tonic and aphrodisiac.
  • According to the Dispensatory of the USA zedoary is a gastrointestinal stimulant in flatulent colic and other afflictions of the gastrointestinal system.
  • The plant is used traditionally to treat inflammation, pain, and a variety of skin ailments including wounds, as well as menstrual irregularities and ulcers.
  • Decoction of dried materials used for abdominal cramps, amenorrhea-abdominal pain, and rheumatic pains.
  • It is used in treating fever and regulating body temperature.
  • Zeodary oil applied to body can keep mosquitoes away
  • Tuber juice is used in treating intestinal worms in children.
  • Zedoary leaf juice is used in treatment of dropsy, leprosy
  • Rhizome is used in Japan for treatment ‘Oketsu’ syndrome
  • The rhizome is used as topical and applied to the stomach as stomachic.
  • It is also used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine in the treatment of numerous chronic disorders including cancer.
  • Paste of this plant is used on inflammation, wounds, skin ailments and pain.
  • It is used as an ingredient in bitter tonics.
  • It improves blood circulation, ant contusion, and improves menstrual flow.
  • It helps in abdominal cramps, amenorrhea-abdominal pain and rheumatic pain.
  • It helps in pain and swelling associated with sprains.
  • Zedoary oil is a Chinese medicine that is used for treatment of gynecologic inflammation, pneumonia, pediatric diseases, viral myocarditis and malignant tumors, such as oophoroma, hepatocellular carcinoma and lung cancer.
  • It is known to help in anorexia, cardiac disorders and dyspepsia.
  • Rhizome paste used externally for cuts, wounds, itching and sprains.
  • Pain and swelling associated with sprains: Use pounded and fried rhizome with alcohol and apply as poultice or warm fresh rhizome over fire, crush and apply on abdomen or affected part.
  • It is used traditionally for the treatment of menstrual disorders, dyspepsia, vomiting and for cancer.
  • Rural people use the rhizome for its rubefacient, carminative, expectorant, demulcent, diuretic and stimulant properties.
  • Root is used in the treatment of flatulence, dyspepsia, cold, cough and fever.
  • White Turmeric is one of the best natural treatments for asthma, arthritis, anti-rheumatism, and diuretic medications.
  • Zedoary is one of the best traditional treatments for dyspepsia, cancer, menstrual disorders, and vomiting.
  • Village people use this zedoary for its rugged, carminative, expectorant, depressant, diuretic, and stimulant properties.
  • Its root can cure dyspepsia, fever, flatulence, cough, and cold.
  • It fights against cancer and prevents the growth of the cancer cells.
  • Zedoary can strengthen female organs.
  • White Turmeric may help to treat the woman’s itching.
  • Moreover, it improves and strengthens lust.
  • Beneficial for antipyretics (fever).
  • You can use this zedoary to cure pain shortness of breath (asthma).
  • The root of the zedoary can treat some inflammatory diseases like bronchitis.
  • It is effective as an antidote.
  • It will help reduce belly fat.

Culinary Uses of Zedoary:

  • It is widely used in Thai cuisine. People cut the raw Zedoary as thin strips then add into the Thai salads. In some types of nam phrik, Zedoary can be cut into thin slices and added with other herbs and vegetables. It is one of the main ingredients in most of the famous dishes in India.
  • Zedoary root is also edible. Inside, the root is white in color, the aroma of this root is reminiscent of Mango. Nonetheless, it tastes like Ginger but leaves a very bitter taste after eating.
  • In Indonesia, people dry this root and infuse it into a powder, which is then incorporated into curry pastes. In India, people use the fresh Zedoary roots for culinary purposes or to make pickles.
  • Moreover, the thin strips of the root and other different herbs and vegetables are called nam phrik with a specific type of Thai chili paste. The Zedoary root tastes like ginger, hot, but it leaves a bitter aftertaste in the mouth. 
  • Most people don’t like this herb due to its unacceptable taste. So that it is never used separately; it always joins with other varieties of spices. Also, the root of this zedoary contains starch, which helps to act as a thickener.
  • In India, people generally use fresh roots in the form of spices and thickeners. New Zedoary roots are often grated and used in locally prepared pickle mixtures known as “achar”. The thickener form of this mixture is “shoti” by Indians. On the other hand, the zedoary is used in the curry powder in Indonesia and China, particularly in seafood cooking.
  • The powder of the Zedoary also gives a unique flavor to your food. In China, dried zedoary powder is called “kentjur.” When you cut and dried the roots of the Zedoary, the color may turn into grey from yellow.
  • It has a long list of herbal remedies; Because it is rich in antioxidants. It gives a distinctive pungent and sharp taste with very mild yellow-cream flesh and some fruit-sweetness. It is eaten fresh as a delicacy in salads, seasoned with chili, or cooked in curries.
  • In the Indian kitchen Zedoary root is usually used fresh or pickled. It is used as a dried spice more in Indonesia where it is often used as an ingredient in curry powder, especially for seafood dishes. It may be pounded with turmeric or ginger to make a spice paste for lamb or chicken curries.
  • In India, the roots are utilised in making the pickle, while in countries such as Thailand they have been increasingly using this as a vegetable.
  • It can also be served cut into thin slices together with other herbs and vegetables with certain types of nam phrik (Thai chilli pastes).
  • In Malaya, leaves are cooked with fish.
  • Tender rhizomes used as flavoring for salad.
  • Its use as a spice has become rare, replaced by Ginger and yellow Tumeric.
  • Rhizome and young shoots finds its place in cooking. It is also stored in dried powder form. Paste of rhizome is used in various curries, sea food marinate, pickles, soups and salads.

Other Uses of Zedoary:

  • In India, the rhizomes was once the most important source of native perfumery.
  • The showy Zedoaria is occasionally used as a houseplant.

Uses of Zeodary Oil:  

  • The essential oil extracted from the roots of the plant is used in perfumery and soap industries.
  • It is also used commercially in liquors, perfumes, cosmetics and other such products. Indians use it as pepper.
  • It is also used as a mosquito repellant by applying it on the skin after blending it with almond or coconut oil.
  • Zedoary oil is obtained from the rhizomes of Curcuma Zedoaria through steam distillation.
  • This oil is known to be an excellent supplement for the digestive systems with a large scale utility for the gastrointestinal stimulant in flatulent colic.
  • It also assists in preventing stress ulceration.
  • The herbal extract has medicinal use in traditional eastern medicine where it has been used as an aid to digestion, a relief for colic, for blood purification, and as anti-venom for the Indian cobra.
  • It has also been used in western medicine to treat coronary heart disease, liver cancer, anemia and other indications.
  • Zedoary essential oil is reported to have antimicrobial activity.
  • Essential oil used in aromatherapy, reported to facilitate digestion and warm the Chi.
  • Zedoary oil is also used as a mosquito repellant by applying it on the skin after blending it with almond or coconut oil.
  • This herb has also been proved effective in the treatment of gonorrhea, erectile dysfunction, urinary problems, hiccups, blood disorders, piles and certain other skin problems.

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