Health Benefits and Uses of Thyme

Created by philiHealth | | Health & Wellness | #Herbal Tea#Essential Oil#Spice

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Thyme scientifically known as Thymus vulgaris is an upright, woody-based perennial which is primarily grown as a culinary herb in herb gardens. It is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae and belongs to the genus Thymus which is part of the mint family and closely related to Oregano, another powerful herb. The herb is native to the western Mediterranean region from the Iberian Peninsula to Italy (northern Italy, southern France (including Corsica), eastern Spain and the Balearic Islands), but is now widely cultivated throughout temperate climates. They hybridize easily and grow quickly in sunny areas with well-drained soil. It is generally planted in the spring, and thereafter grows as a perennial. It can be propagated by seed, cuttings, or dividing rooted sections of the plant. It tolerates drought well. The plants can take deep freezes and are found growing wild on mountain highlands. Thanks to its ease of cultivation and growth, there are over 350 varieties of Thyme in existence today. Each variety has unique flavors and applications for cooking, oils, medicines, or decoration. Thyme can be either low-growing or busy, and the colors of their leaves can vary from pale green shades to shades of deeper green and olive, as well as bronze, or even silver, and it produces small white, lilac or pink flowers. The origin of the word Thyme perhaps goes back to either the Greek word, "thumus" which means "courage" and "strength" or from the Greek word "thymos" meaning "to perfume". Since ancient times, Thyme has been associated with bravery and even used as a natural anti-depressant.

The recorded history of Thyme extends back to ancient Egypt and Rome. Egyptians used Thyme as part of their mummification process and Romans ate it before meals and gave it to soldiers as a sign of courage and admiration. This tradition of giving Thyme to soldiers carried on through the middle ages when people in England started using Thyme as a cooking spice. For the Greeks, Thyme represented style and elegance. The Greeks often said that someone "smelt of Thyme". Well, they said that when someone appeared refined and stylish. In fact, they even sprinkled Thyme in their baths. Thyme was often placed in coffins to ensure passage to the next world. In the Middle Ages, people placed Thyme under their pillows to prevent nightmares during sleep. There’s one 17th century recipe containing Thyme, which claims to enable people to see fairies. While the ancient Greeks used it as an incense in temples, the ancient Egyptians used Thyme for embalming. The Romans went a little ahead and used Thyme for flavoring their alcoholic beverages. It said that Thyme was even offered as a cure for people who were shy or melancholic.

This herb can be consumed in a variety of ways. The most common is as a fresh or dried herb in any culinary creation. For medicinal purposes, it can be bought in the form of a tea, tincture, supplement or essential oil. Thyme had also found its way into the classic and aromatic Benedictine Liqueur and cheese developed in 19th century France. It was used medicinally to treat epilepsy, melancholy, the plague, and as an antiseptic on the battlefield in World War I. When it comes to using it in your kitchen and daily life, dried or fresh Thyme makes such a healthy and tasty addition to chicken, fish, beef, lamb, vegetables (especially green beans, eggplant, carrots and zucchini), cheese (especially goat cheese), pasta dishes, soups, stocks, sauces, dressings and marinades for starters. The options are really endless. If you like the taste, you can add it to just about any dish you like. Dried version can be replaced for the fresh kind in most recipes. One teaspoon of dried leaves is equal to one tablespoon of chopped fresh Thyme.

Health Benefits of Thyme

Thyme is very well known for its plethora of medicinal benefits. The leaves, flowers and oil of Thyme have been used to treat various diseases and ailments. Thyme contains antiseptic and antiseptic properties which make it a very effective remedy against colds and coughs, sore throat and whooping cough. Thyme is also used in the prevention and treatment of diseases such as diarrhea, stomach ache, colic and arthritis. It is also often used as a diuretic. Thyme is excellent at supporting the immune and respiratory systems as well as the digestive, nervous and other body systems. It’s a serious powerhouse when it comes to staying healthy. Thyme also possesses antibacterial properties, and is often used in face washes and anti-acne creams. Thyme contains an extract that can help lower blood pressure.

Modern herbalists value Thyme for its expectorant and antibacterial properties, and it is frequently used in preparations to support and protect the respiratory system. The essential oil is an effective disinfectant and natural preservative that is used in many skin preparations, not only for its therapeutic effect, but to protect the product itself from microbial contamination and spoilage. Recent studies have validated many of Thyme’s broad range of actions, and have even recognized potent antioxidant properties that have anti-aging implications. According to the book "Practical Herbalism", Thyme is, “a noble strengthener of the lungs, as notable a one as grows, nor is there a better remedy growing for whooping cough. It purgeth the body of phlegm and is an excellent remedy for shortness of breath. It is so harmless you need not fear the use of it. An ointment made of it takes away hot swellings and warts, helps the sciatica and dullness of sight, and takes away any pains and hardness of the spleen. It is excellent for those that are troubled with the gout, and the herb taken anyway inwardly is of great comfort to the stomach". Hippocrates, also called the Father of Western Medicine, recommended Thyme for respiratory ailments (way back around 370 BC). And when the black death invaded Europe in the 1340s, posies of Thyme were said to have been worn for protection.

Thyme herb rich in phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals which are essential for overall growth and wellness of the body. Thyme contains thymol, a very important essential oil that has anti-fungal and antiseptic properties. Thyme also contains phenolic antioxidants like zeaxanthin, lutein, apigenin, naringenin, luteolin, and thymonin. Thyme leaves are rich in potassium, folic acid, iron, manganese, selenium and magnesium, all of which are essential for normal body functions. Thyme herb is also a good source of vitamins, especially B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, and vitamin K and calcium, which is essential for maintaining healthy bones. It is also often used as a natural remedy, though it should be used carefully since it is extremely potent and can be dangerous in high amounts. One ounce of Thyme contains about 28 calories, 0.5 grams of fat, 3.9 grams of fiber, and 1.6 grams of protein. It also contains 6.8 grams of carbohydrates. Other important nutrients in Thyme are: 45 milligrams of vitamin C (75% of the adequate intake), 1330 IU of vitamin A (27% of the daily value), 5 milligrams of manganese (24% of the daily value), 113 milligrams of calcium (11% of the daily value), 45 milligrams of magnesium (11% of the daily value) and 171 milligrams of potassium (5% of the daily value).

A 2018 comprehensive review "Carvacrol and human health" published in Phytother Res. by Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, Elena Maria Varoni, Marcello Iriti, Miquel Martorell, William N Setzer, María Del Mar Contreras, Bahare Salehi, Azam Soltani-Nejad, Sadegh Rajabi, Mercedeh Tajbakhsh, Javad Sharifi-Rad, carvacrol is a phenolic monoterpenoid found in essential oils of Marjoram (Origanum majorana), Oregano (Origanum vulgare), Thyme (Thymus vulgaris), Pepperwort (Lepidium flavum), Wild Bergamot (Citrus aurantium bergamia), and other plants. Carvacrol possesses a wide range of bioactivities putatively useful for clinical applications such antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Carvacrol antimicrobial activity is higher than that of other volatile compounds present in essential oils due to the presence of the free hydroxyl group, hydrophobicity, and the phenol moiety. The present review illustrates the state-of-the-art studies on the antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties of carvacrol. It is particularly effective against food-borne pathogens, including Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Bacillus cereus. Carvacrol has high antioxidant activity and has been successfully used, mainly associated with thymol, as dietary phytoadditive to improve animal antioxidant status. The anticancer properties of carvacrol have been reported in preclinical models of breast, liver, and lung carcinomas, acting on proapoptotic processes. Besides the interesting properties of carvacrol and the toxicological profile becoming definite, to date, human trials on carvacrol are still lacking, and this largely impedes any conclusions of clinical relevance.

Respiratory Conditions:

Remember what Hippocrates told about 2300 years ago? Thyme boosts immunity, and this helps treat most respiratory issues. And even otherwise, Thyme has been used traditionally to treat respiratory ailments like bronchitis and cough. Thyme exhibits expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects, which helps in getting rid of phlegm and mucus from the respiratory tracts in order to keep it healthy. The antiseptic and antibiotic properties of Thyme make it an effective remedy for respiratory conditions like coughs, symptoms of acute bronchitis, chronic asthma as well as cold, flu, congestion, blocked sinuses and sore throat. Actually, It also relieves inflammation, shield against microbial development that may result in illness, among other things. In fact, Thyme has been approved by The German Commission E (a governmental regulatory agency) for its use in treating respiratory discomfort.

One study suggests the use of Thyme and Ivy leaves for alleviating cough and other symptoms of acute bronchitis. Drinking Thyme tea the next time you have a cough or a sore throat can offer relief.

You can prepare your own Thyme tea by steeping a couple of leaves in warm water and allowing it to brew. Sweeten it with some honey. Regular consumption of this tea will help to treat respiratory conditions and cold. In case of throat ache, you can boil water along with Thyme and gargle with it or you can extract its oil and blend it with Ivy leaves, to mention but a few.Thyme is a proven natural remedy for bronchitis.

Respiratory Tract Diseases:

Pain and inflammation with sore throat and pharyngitis will relieve rinsing with warm infusion, for the preparation of which you need to pour 10 grams of dried Thyme into a glass with freshly boiled water. Strain after a quarter of an hour.

Cold and Flu:

There are multiple herbs that are useful for colds and influenza but sometimes immediate access can be a problem. Thyme is probably one of the most common herbs in gardens because it is easy to grow and is quite hardy.

Thyme has been used for a variety of symptoms related to colds and influenza for thousands of years. Even Dioscorides (40-90 AD) wrote, “Everyone knows Thyme…”. He recommended a drink of Thyme with salt and vinegar for driving out phlegmy matter through the bowels.


In addition to cold and flu symptom relief, another one of the main reasons you should drink Thyme tea is for fibromyalgia. Along with natural supplements and lifestyle changes, Thyme tea may offer some natural support for fibromyalgia symptom relief.

Sore Throat:

Thyme oil is one of the strongest natural antimicrobials, which is why it is used extensively in the treatment of sore throats. Its carvacrol content is a major reason why it’s one of the top essential oils for sore throat relief. Thyme contains antiseptic and antibiotic properties that make it a great remedy when you have a cold, cough or sore throat.

Studies have demonstrated that Thyme oil is a strong natural antimicrobial, making it a serious weapon against sore throats. Its carvacrol content is a major reason why it’s one of the top essential oils for sore throat relief. Next time you have a sore throat, make sure to add this herb to your soup or sip on some germ-killing Thyme tea.

An infusion made from 1 oz. of the dried herb to 1 pint of boiling water, sweetened with sugar or honey, is also used for the same purpose, as well as in cases of catarrh (excessive mucus) and sore throat, given in doses of 1 or more tablespoonsful, several times daily. The wild plant may be equally well used for this.


Thyme extracts have been used in the treatment of cough for centuries. Thyme tea, which relieves symptoms of bronchitis and asthma, is a powerful anti-inflammatory as well as a wonderful expectorant and relieves cough. Next time you’re faced with a cough or sore throat, try drinking some Thyme tea. Thyme essential oil, which is extracted from its leaves, often used as a natural medicine against cough. So it makes sense that folk healers would utilize a plant that was easy to access to help with lung congestion and coughing spasms. Europeans have traditionally used Thyme to help with the dry hacking cough associated with whooping cough.

A number of studies using well-known, proprietary herbal medications were conducted for the treatment of cough. These used Thyme or a combination of Thyme and Ivy or Thyme and primrose and bore excellent results. The use of these herb extracts not only reduced the frequency and severity of the cough but also increased secretolysis. Secretolysis makes the sputum thinner and less viscous, and therefore easily removable by coughing. This means that Thyme tea may be beneficial when you have a bad cough.

Thyme’s hot and drying energetics make it a great match for cold and stagnant conditions, indicated by a thick white coating on the tongue, and congested mucus in the lungs. Thyme is also well known for stopping coughing spasms and is widely employed as an antitussive, even in dry coughs like whooping cough. Many herbalists recommend Thyme in place of endangered Osha.

A study has confirmed that Thyme is effective in relieving cough and other symptoms of upper respiratory infections due to its spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory properties. As a result, it’s been shown not only to help relieve coughs sooner but also relieve labored breathing associated with these infections.

A 2018 study found a combination of Thyme and Primula extracts to reduce inflammation and mucous in an animal model. Next time you’re faced with a cough or sore throat, try drinking some Thyme tea.

According to a 2013 study in The European Respiratory Journal, thymol acts on receptors on the tongue, mouth, throat, and nasal passages in a way that may suppress coughs. The study involved 18 volunteers, each of whom was exposed to cough stimuli. After using a thymol nasal spray, they underwent several tests to evaluate the urge to cough, the number of coughs experienced, and the threshold by which coughs occurred. While the nasal spray had no effect on the cough threshold (the point at which coughs occur in response to stimuli), it significantly reduced the number and severity of coughs as well as the overall urge to cough. The user reported that the spray had a pleasant cooling effect.

The pounded herb, if given fresh, from 1 to 6 oz. daily, mixed with syrup, has been employed with success as a safe cure for whooping cough.


Thyme herb has antiseptic and antibiotic properties, making it a great remedy for colds and coughs. Thyme is also used in the treatment of bronchitis. Research confirms and suggests this herb makes an effective bronchitis natural remedy as well.

According to a study, the herb is known to treat bronchitis and coughs. A cup of Thyme tea is recommended for those with cold.

In case of bronchitis, put 10 grams of dried chopped Thyme herb into a thermos and pour in a glass of freshly boiled water. Filter after two hours. Consume the finished drink after eating three times a day. The dose for adults is a tablespoon, and for children, a teaspoon.

Acute Bronchitis:

Science has began to validate herbalists’ traditional Thyme uses for acute bronchitis.

In one double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center clinical trial, researchers found that patients with acute bronchitis who were given dry extracts of Thyme and evening primrose had significantly better healing times than those given the placebo.

Research conducted by the Practice for Internal Medicine and Pneumology in Germany, when patients with acute bronchitis who had 10 or more daily coughing fits were given a Thyme-ivy liquid 3 times daily. The group treated with this combination had a 50% reduction in coughing fits that was achieved two days earlier than the placebo group. Additionally, the group treated with this combination had no more adverse events than the placebo group and no serious adverse events at all. Additionally, their bronchitis symptoms improved faster than those who didn’t take the Thyme-ivy liquid. The combination of Thyme and Ivy leaves has also been shown to be effective and safe for children with acute bronchitis aged 2-17.

In a 2011 randomized, placebo-controlled study published in The Journal Arzneimittel-Forschung found that a combination of Thyme and ivy leaves (as a fluid extract) produced symptom attenuation in acute bronchitis that was superior to placebo. Most people with respiratory issues obtain relief from a few cups of warm Thyme tea.

In one 2006 study, a combination of Thyme and Ivy leaves helped to alleviate coughing and other symptoms of acute bronchitis. The next time you’re faced with sore throat or acute bronchitis, first try to drink a tea of ​​Thyme. Thyme-based preparations are recommended as expectorants under current European guidelines.

Digestive Disorders:

Although many experts believe that Thyme is used exclusively to brew aromatic tea the use of Thyme in cooking is not limited to this. It is a very popular condiment. Like many of our culinary herbs, Thyme both tastes great and helps digestion. It can be enjoyed in meals to support already healthy digestion or it can be taken in larger quantities to move stagnant digestion like bloating, belching, flatulence, and harmful gases in the stomach. It can also calm digestive spasms and could be helpful for those with diarrhea or irritable bowel syndrome. Thyme also works as an antispasmodic and helps relieve intestinal cramps. Thanks to this feature, Thyme oil, which contributes to the destruction of toxins and harmful substances in our body, also positively affects the digestive system. Regularly consumed Thyme tea mediates the removal of gastrointestinal complaints such as indigestion, gas, bloating. It also relieves intestinal cramps by exhibiting anti-spasmodic properties.

So, the property of Thyme to improve digestion gives reason to add this herb to fatty pork and lamb dishes. Also, Thyme is often used in the preparation of dishes and oily fish. In this case, it is good to combine it with ground black pepper. Please note that Thyme is added to liquid dishes a quarter of an hour before being cooked, to main courses, during preparation, and to salads, just before serving.


In accordance with one report, flatulence could be hazardous for your health, providing stomach aches, vomiting as well as nausea. Thyme oil is considered to be a carminative, a medicine that reduces flatulence, as a result forcing the removing of gases through downward movement and not allowing the gasses to develop again.

Intestinal Infections (Worms):

Thyme has long been used as a vermifuge to help the body get rid of unwanted parasites and worms. A teaspoonful of tincture half an hour before breakfast has been used traditionally with castor oil for worms. Thymol has been shown in test tubes to neutralize a certain enteric bacterium associated with intestinal disease.

In a 2017 study in Scientific Reports, chickens inoculated with the disease-causing bacteria Clostridium perfringens were fed a blend of essential oils containing 25% thymol and 25% carvacrol (another potent phenol found in Thyme). After 21 days, the birds treated had far less evidence of the bacteria in their intestines than the untreated birds. They also had fewer lesions and C. perfringens-related deaths. Further research is needed to determine whether the same effect might occur in humans with other types of Clostridium bacteria.

To restore healthy intestinal microflora with dysbiosis, prepare the same decoction. Only the scheme of use is change, you need to drink it 250 ml twice a day before eating. You can sit down at the table after that no earlier than 40 minutes. After two months, it will be possible to forget about flatulence, severity, and increased gas formation.


For gastritis with low acidity, use the same infusion that is recommended for cholecystitis. It should be drinking 15 ml three times a day.


For cholecystitis, pour 10 g of Thyme with a glass of freshly boiled water. Filter after thirty minutes. Drink infusion should be 50 ml at least 3 times a day and only then sit down at the table.


A combination of Thyme and Oregano oils shows promise in the treatment of colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease.

An animal-based study published in Mediators of Inflammation found colitis-afflicted mice experienced a significant reduction in inflammation after treatment with the combination treatment. Due to a lack of clinical trials, it's unknown whether a combination of Thyme and Oregano oils may be beneficial in treatments for colitis in humans.

One 2007 study found that a combination of Oregano and Thyme essential oils could lower production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Because if this, the essential oil mixture may be helpful in reducing symptoms from inflammatory illnesses like colitis.


Thyme is very effective against Shigella sonnei. This is actually a bacterium that can cause diarrhea. Wash lettuce in 1% Thyme oil or thymol to reduce the number of Shigella bacteria. Thyme essential oils are also used as natural food preservatives.

Skin & Hair Condition and Care:

Skin problems are common worldwide. In some countries, herbal preparations are important medicines. Given its antibacterial and antifungal properties, Thyme oil can protect your skin from related infections. Thyme helps in maintaining skin health by eliminating the bacteria that is responsible for causing various skin problems. It works as a home remedy for acne. The oil also heals sores, wounds, scars, and cuts. It even relieves burns and acts as a natural remedy for skin rashes. The Thyme oil, which is also effective in the treatment of acne, wound, cuts, heals wounds directly when applied to the skin. This oil, which is effective in the treatment of eczema characterized with skin cracks and swellings, slows down the effects of aging as a magnificent antioxidant.

Thyme essential oil can be diluted with water and used as a toner to tighten mature skin. It is gentle on your skin and can be used for all skin types. Thyme is high in antioxidants, it can slow down the aging process and give you healthy and glowing skin.

To use Thyme as a clean skin blend, mix 3 drops of stimulating Thyme with a quarter-sized amount of body wash to promote healthy-looking skin.

Skin Aging (Wrinkles):

For years, nurses wrapped Thyme into bandages to help wounds heal. Recent studies confirm that Thyme does have the ability to support skin health. One study even noted Thyme might contribute to reducing the appearance of wrinkles.

A 2021 in vitro studies and topical effects in a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial published in Journal Cosmet Dermatol. by Jeanifer Caverzan, Lilian Mussi, Bianca Sufi, Giovana Padovani, Lucas Nazato, Flavio B Camargo Junior, Wagner V Magalhães, Luiz C Di Stasi, evaluated the anti-aging effects of a phytocosmetic preparation containing Thymus vulgaris associated with lecithin (ThymLec) on the facial wrinkles, expression lines, and face oval remodeling using a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial and in vitro cell culture assays. A clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of ThymLec 2% on the area, length, and depth of the perioral and crow's feet wrinkles, nasolabial and smile lines, as well as face oval remodeling in female volunteers using a sophisticated Bio3D Structured-light Scanner. In the in vitro studies using 3T3-L1 mouse embryonic fibroblasts, adiponectin was measured by immunoenzymatic assay, adipogenesis by the AdipoRed reagent method, and the PPAR-γ expression by RT-PCR analysis. Topical treatment with ThymLec 2% reduced facial wrinkles and expression lines promoting a face oval remodeling. In the in vitro studies, ThymLec upregulated the PPAR-γ expression increasing adiponectin production and stimulating the adipogenesis process. The phytocosmetic preparation containing Thymus vulgaris and lecithin is an innovative and safe topical anti-aging product promoting fat tissue augmentation by adipogenesis stimulation via the upregulation of PPAR-γ expression and adiponectin production.


Thyme has excellent antibacterial properties, which is why it is very effective in fighting off acne-causing bacteria. Thyme helps in maintaining skin health by eliminating the bacteria that is responsible for causing various skin problems. Thyme essential oil can be diluted with water and used as a toner to tighten mature skin.

A 2018 study "Origanum vulgare and Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil as a Potential Anti-Acne Topical Nanoemulsion-In Vitro and In Vivo Study" published in Molecules by Mohammed H Taleb, Nourtan F Abdeltawab, Rehab N Shamma, Sherein S Abdelgayed, Sarah S Mohamed, Mohamed A Farag, Mohammed A Ramadan, aimed to assess the potential anti-acne activity of selected seven essential oils commonly used in Mediterranean folk medicine. Antimicrobial activity screening of these oils showed Oregano to exhibit the strongest antimicrobial activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.34 mg/mL and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 0.67 mg/mL against P. acnes; and MIC of 0.67 mg/mL and MBC of 1.34 mg/mL against S. epidermidis. The composition of the most effective essential oils (Oregano and Thyme) was determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Monoterpenoid phenols predominated Oregano and Thyme essential oil with thymol percentile 99 and 72, respectively. Thymol showed MIC 0.70 mg/mL against both P. acnes and S. epidermidis whereas MBC was 1.40 and 2.80 mg/mL against P. acnes and S. epidermidis, respectively. Moreover, Oregano exhibited the strongest anti-biofilm effect against S. epidermidis with MBIC 1.34 mg/mL and killing dynamic time of 12 and 8 h against P. acnes and S. epidermidis, respectively. Oregano and Thyme, the most effective essential oils, was formulated and tested as a nanoemulsion in an acne animal mouse model. The formulation showed superior healing and antimicrobial effects compared to the reference antibiotic. Collectively, our data suggested that Oregano and Thyme oil nanoemulsion is a potential natural and effective alternative for treating acne and overcoming the emerging antibiotic resistance.

For instance, in 2012 a group of Leeds Metropolitan University Researchers gave a presentation at The Society for General Microbiology Spring Conference in which they discussed their findings on the effects of 3 plant-based tinctures on Propionibacterium acnes an in vitro acne model. The tinctures employed were Thyme, Marigold and Myrrh. Its antibacterial effect proved stronger than that of standard concentrations of benzoyl peroxide, the active ingredient in most acne creams and washes. Benzoyl peroxide also causes a burning sensation and irritation on the skin, which means that a Thyme tincture might be a solution to acne that leads to fewer unwanted effects. What they discovered was that Thyme was not only more effective in treating the acne model than Marigold or Myrrh (as well as plain alcohol), but also produced better results than benzoyl peroxide at standard concentrations used in over-the-counter acne products. If you’re tired of buying and trying over-the-counter acne medication with no good results, you may be in luck. Thyme is known for its antibacterial properties, and it might have a future as an acne-fighting ingredient. When Thyme is steeped in alcohol for days or weeks, it turns into a solution known as a tincture.

In a 2010 study, Thyme essential oil was found to have antibacterial activity against P. acnes, the bacteria thought to cause acne. However, we still don’t know if Thyme oil actually reduces pimples.

Boil the Thyme oil in hot water for 20 minutes to use it for acne treatment. Then add a few drops of Thyme oil to a piece of cotton. Finally, wipe the acne on your skin with this cotton. In addition, Thyme oil, a natural skin cleanser and peels the skin to purify the toxins. Wait for 20 minutes and then wash off with warm water. You can use Thyme along with Witch Hazel.


Eczema is often caused by poor digestion and stress, and since Thyme improves the two conditions, it can help heal eczema as well. Thyme oil may help reduce the symptoms of eczema as well, the embarrassing skin condition with dry and itchy scales that blister and crack.

In a 2012 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial study, a team at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, carried out a study to assess the therapeutic benefits of a 10% Chamomile extract cream and a 3% Thyme essential oil antifungal cream for eczema-like lesions. They noted that full healing occurred in 66.5% of people treated with a fungal cream containing Thyme essential oil, compared with 28.5% of those using a placebo. Results for the Chamomile cream were similar to those for the placebo. The researchers conclude: "A 3% Thyme essential oil cream could represent a relatively economical and easily available opportunity to treat and heal mild to moderate cases of fungal infections". However, they recommend further research.

Athlete’s Foot:

The antifungal properties of Thyme make it beneficial for the treatment of athlete's foot.

Atopic Dermatitis:

According to a 2018 study in The International Immunopharmacology, the application of thymol to the skin of people with atopic dermatitis has a direct physiological response. In addition to inhibiting inflammatory compounds known as cytokines, thymol helps shrink the swollen dermal and epidermal skin layers characteristic of dermatitis.

In addition, thymol was able to prevent secondary infections caused by the bacteria Staphyloccocus aureus. This all-too-common complication occurs when swollen tissues allow S. aureus to move from the surface of the skin and establish reservoirs beneath it. According to the researchers, thymol's anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects may have a place in the management of chronic atopic dermatitis.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis:

A 2008 study "Comparison of Thymus vulgaris (Thyme), Achillea millefolium (Yarrow) and propolis hydroalcoholic extracts versus systemic glucantime in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in balb/c mice" published in Journal Vector Borne Dis 45 by M.A. Nilforoushzadeha, L. Shirani-Bidabadia, A. Zolfaghari-Baghbaderania, S. Saberia, A.H. Siadata and M. Mahmoudi, showed extracts of Thymus vulgaris, Achillea millefolium and propolis are effective for treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in mice. Randomized clinical trials are suggested in humans. Study results suggest that Achillea millefolium, Thymus vulgaris and propolis extracts are effective in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniansis in mice, alone or in combination.

Bad Body Odor:

Thanks to its antiseptic and antifungal properties, it is a common ingredient in mouthwash. Thyme is also a popular ingredient in natural deodorants and is often included in organic and natural skin care products can now be found at most retailers, and many contain Thyme. In accordance with one report, Thyme is a wonderful deodorizing option since it is an anti-bacterial that may keep odor stimulating organisms away from the body. Appropriately, Thyme oil carries a powerful germicidal action which makes it helpful for fragrance in deodorants.

Hair Care:

Thyme, when combined with other herbs, may promote hair growth. You can simply apply Lavender oil mixed with Thyme on your hair, certain studies show this method can improve hair growth in 7 months. Thyme tea can also be used as a hair rinse as a cure for dandruff. Delivery of nutrients to the hair follicles is vital for hair growth. Thyme improves blood circulation to the scalp. You can add a little amount of Thyme and Lavender oil to your shampoo in order to have stronger, more vivid and shiny hair.

If you feel as though your mane isn’t quite as illustrious as it was previously, you may be feeling a bit down within the dumps. After all, for most women it is their hair that defines them. To obtain back your fabulous mane as well as restore your confidence, you should think about rubbing Thyme essential oil, diluted in carrier oil, in your scalp. It’s the nutrients it delivers in your hair follicles which stimulate hair growth, which makes it shinier as well as healthier.

Rubbing an oil mixture with Thyme in it or Thyme essential oil benefits in facilitating the delivery of nutrients to the scalp and encourages hair growth besides making it healthier and shinier. Thyme has been known for its hair benefits since centuries. Thyme essential oil encourages hair growth as well as combats various hair problems.

Hair Thinning:

If you are experiencing hair thinning, Thyme essential oil is a great remedy. Usage of Thyme oil for hair either by itself or with other ingredients can make your hair thick and lustrous as well as combat hair loss.

Promotes Hair Growth (Hair Loss):

Thyme tea can be used as a hair rinse. Thyme oil which is effective in the treatment of scurf also stops the hair loss. Delivery of nutrients to the hair follicles is vital for hair growth. Thyme helps with hair growth by improving blood circulation to the scalp. Applying Thyme essential oil, or a mixture containing Thyme in it helps facilitate delivery of essential nutrients to the scalp, thus encouraging hair growth. Thyme oil also prevents hairfall and thinning of hair, and is also effective in the treatment of dandruff, due to its antibacterial properties. Thyme oil mixed with other essential oils and a carrier oil, coupled with massage, may be also used as a treatment to prevent hair loss.

If you notice a lot of hair loss, mix equal amounts of Thyme, nettle, Birch leaves, and Hops cones. Pour 20 grams of the mixture with a liter of water and boil over low heat for a quarter of an hour. After 20 minutes, the broth can be used. Rinse your hair with it several times a week and massage it into the scalp.

Alopecia Areata:

Currently, there’s little data indicating whether or not Thyme oil is effective for this condition, although anecdotal evidence indicates that a combination of essential oils that includes Thyme oil may be an effective treatment.


Due to its antibacterial properties, Thyme essential oil can clear dirt from the entire scalp and is effective in the treatment of dandruff. This herb is often used as an ingredient in shampoos, conditioners and scalp treatments. It should be kept in mind that there are different types of Thyme, the two main varieties being Red Thyme and White Thyme. Excess use of Red Thyme for hair can cause skin irritation, it is advisable to utilize White Thyme in hair mixtures.



The antibacterial properties of Thyme benefits to fight different varieties of bacteria and fungi, E.coli being one of them. Thyme oil extract has been found to possess fighting power against antibiotic resistant strains of different types of bacteria. It can kill off bacteria both inside and outside the body. Thyme tea is also used to disinfect skin and surfaces. Thyme combats many pathogenic (disease-causing) microorganisms which essentially means its activity complements pathogen containment and eradication by components of our immune system. Thyme is rich in a compound called thymol which has antimicrobial properties.

Studies have found that Thyme essential oil has the power to fight against antibiotic resistant strains of different types of bacteria. It can kill off bacteria both inside and outside the body. Additionally, Thyme tea is also used for disinfecting skin and other surfaces.

Antibacterial (Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Enterococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa):

A 2021 study "Antibacterial Activity of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil Vapours and Their GC/MS Analysis Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Syringe Headspace Sampling Techniques" published in Molecules by Julien Antih, Marketa Houdkova, Klara Urbanova, Ladislav Kokoska, The antibacterial activity of the three Thymus vulgaris essential oils against respiratory pathogens, including Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pyogenes, was assessed in both liquid and vapour phases using the broth microdilution volatilisation (BMV) method. With the aim of optimising a protocol for the characterisation of essential oil vapours, their chemical profiles were determined using two headspace sampling techniques coupled with GC/MS: solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and syringe headspace sampling technique (HS-GTS). All essential oil sample vapours exhibited antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 512 to 1024 μg/mL. According to the sampling technique used, results showed a different distribution of volatile compounds. Notably, thymol was found in lower amounts in the headspace-peak percentage areas below 5.27% (HS-SPME) and 0.60% (HS-GTS)-than in essential oils max. 48.65%, suggesting that its antimicrobial effect is higher in vapour. Furthermore, both headspace sampling techniques were proved to be complementary for the analysis of essential oil vapours, whereas HS-SPME yielded more accurate qualitative results and HS-GTS proved a better technique for quantitative analysis.

A 2011 bench study published in The Journal Medicinal Chemistry found Thyme oil to be effective against antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria.


One of the top Thyme health benefits is that it’s another all-natural anti-microbial agent. Long before Thyme was brought into the kitchen for flavor, it was historically used as medicine, primarily against bacterial infections. Thyme has strong antimicrobial properties and, before WWI, was one of the herbs used to disinfect the air by steaming in hospitals and military infirmaries. Thyme is a primary cleaning agent: you can steep it in distilled white vinegar and use it to clean my bathroom and kitchen. Thyme can be especially effective as an antiseptic gargle for inflamed gums and throats and as a topical wash for wounds and bites.

A 2022 study "Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils from Emilia Romagna Apennines (Italy): phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity on food-borne pathogens" published in Nat Prod Res. by Roberta Tardugno, Annalisa Serio, Chiara Purgatorio, Vincenzo Savini, Antonello Paparella, Stefania Benvenuti, Between Modena and Bologna Apennines (Italy), several agricultural farms have recently been dedicated to the cultivation of autochthonous aromatic plants as primary cultivation or to complement other crops. In this study, the chemical composition of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils from this region was evaluated by means of gas-chromatographic analysis. Three different mulching techniques, in particular, soil coverage with grass, mulch with plastic film and with straw were investigated. The results highlighted that mulching techniques influenced the composition of the analysed essential oils. All the essential oils exerted good antimicrobial activity against clinical and food strains of the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, with differences related to the composition. The essential oil obtained from plants covered with grass showed the best results, having MIC ≤ 2.5 µL/mL, and being able to inhibit also antibiotic-resistant strains, thus confirming that soil coverage with grass influences the composition and also the biological activity of Thymus vulgaris essential oil.

A 2021 study "Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Thymus vulgaris essential oil contained and Thymus (Vulgaris) synthesis silver nanoparticles" published in Braz Journal Biol. by S K Aldosary, S N A El-Rahman, S S Al-Jameel, N M Alromihi, Several species of Thymus have therapeutic properties, so they are used in traditional medicine. In this work was carried out to synthesize Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles (TSNPS) and evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles and Thymus vulgalis essential oil extract. The essential oils analyzed by GC-MS and were characterized. Major compounds of phenol, 2 methyl 5 (1 methylethyle) (CAS), thymol and 1,2 Benzene dicarboxylic acid, 3 nitro (CAS) (48.75%, 32.42% and 8.12%, respectively) were detected. Results demonstrated that the Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles gave a highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, it was obtained 97.2 at 1000 ug/ml. Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles, Thymus + Hexane (T+H), Thymus + Ethanol (T+E) gave the greatest antimicrobial activity than amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin. In conclusion: The essential oil of Thymus (Vulgaris) and Thymus (Vulgaris) silver nanoparticles can be a good source of natural preservatives as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for increasing the shelf life of foodstuffs.

Another 2021 study "Comparison of Aging Resistance and Antimicrobial Properties of Ethylene-Norbornene Copolymer and Poly (Lactic Acid) Impregnated with Phytochemicals Embodied in Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)" published in Int J Mol Sci. by Anna Masek, Stefan Cichosz, Małgorzata Piotrowska, about the effects of plant-based extracts on the solar aging and antimicrobial properties of impregnated ethylene-norbornene (EN) copolymer and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were investigated. In this study, the impregnation yield of polyolefin, lacking in active centers capable of phytochemical bonding, and polyester, abundant in active sides, was measured. Moreover, two different extracts plentiful in phytochemicals-Thyme (TE) and Clove (CE)-were employed in the solvent-based impregnation process. The effect of thymol and eugenol, the two main compounds embodied in the extracts, was studied as well. Interestingly, oxidation induction times (OIT) for the impregnation of EN with Thyme and clove extracts were established to be, respectively, 27.7 and 39.02 min, which are higher than for thymol (18.4 min) and eugenol (21.1 min). Therefore, an aging experiment, mimicking the full spectrum of sunlight, was carried out to investigate the resistance to common radiation of materials impregnated with antioxidative substances. As expected, the experiment revealed that the natural extracts increased the shelf-life of the polymer matrix by inhibiting the degradation processes. The aging resistance was assessed based on detected changes in the materials' behavior and structure that were examined with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurements, color quantification, tensile tests, and hardness investigation. Such broad results of solar aging regarding materials impregnated with Thyme and clove extracts have not been reported to date. Moreover, CE was found to be the most effective modifying agent for enabling material with antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli to be obtained.

In a 2020 study "Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil Solid Formulation: Chemical Profile and Spasmolytic and Antimicrobial Effects" published in Biomolecules by Matteo Micucci, Michele Protti, Rita Aldini, Maria Frosini, Ivan Corazza, Carla Marzetti, Laura Beatrice Mattioli, Gabriella Tocci, Alberto Chiarini, Laura Mercolini, Roberta Budriesi, a Thymus vulgaris solid essential oil formulation composed of liquid essential oil linked to solid excipients has been chemically analysed and evaluated for its intestinal spasmolytic and antispastic effects in ex vivo ileum and colon of guinea pig and compared with liquid essential oil and excipients. Liquid essential oil and solid linked essential oil were analysed by original capillary electrochromatography coupled to diode array detection and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methodologies. The main bioactive constituents are thymol and carvacrol, with minor constituents for a total of 12 selected analysed compounds. Liquid essential oil was the most effective in decreasing basal contractility in ileum and colon; excipients addiction permitted normal contractility pattern in solid linked essential oil and solid essential oil. In ileum and colon, the Thymus vulgaris solid formulation exerted the relaxant activity on K+ - depolarized intestinal smooth muscle as well as liquid essential oil. The solid essential oil exhibits antimicrobial activity against different strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Thyphimurium, Candida albicans) similarly to liquid oil, with activity against pathogen, but not commensal strains (Bifidobacterium Breve, Lactobacillus Fermentum) in intestinal homeostasis. Therefore, Thymus vulgaris solid essential oil formulation can be proposed as a possible spasmolytic and antispastic tool in medicine.

A 2017 study "In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil Against Major Oral Pathogens" published in Journal Evidence Based Complementary Alternative Medicine by Mohammadmehdi Fani, Jamshid Kohanteb, the objective of present investigation was to determine antimicrobial activity of Thymus vulgaris oil on some oral pathogens. Thymus vulgaris oil was prepared by hydrodistillation and tested against 30 clinical isolates of each of Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, prepared from related oral infections using agar disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods. Thymus vulgaris oil at concentrations of 16 to 256 μg/mL exhibited strong inhibitory activity on all clinical isolates producing inhibition zones of 7.5 to 42 mm as measured by agar disk diffusion method. Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus mutans were the most sensitive isolates with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 1.9 and 3.6 μg/mL, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentration values for C albicans, A actinomycetemcomitans, and P gingivalis were 16.3, 32, and 32 μg/mL, respectively.

A 2017 review "Antimicrobial Activity of Basil, Oregano, and Thyme Essential Oils" published in Journal Microbiol Biotechnol. by Hercules Sakkas, Chrissanthy Papadopoulou, for centuries, plants have been used for a wide variety of purposes, from treating infectious diseases to food preservation and perfume production. Presently, the increasing resistance of microorganisms to currently used antimicrobials in combination with the appearance of emerging diseases requires the urgent development of new, more effective drugs. Plants, due to the large biological and structural diversity of their components, constitute a unique and renewable source for the discovery of new antibacterial, antifungal, and antiparasitic compounds. In the present paper, the history, composition, and antimicrobial activities of the basil, oregano, and thyme essential oils are reviewed.

A 2014 study "Thymus vulgaris essential oil: chemical composition and antimicrobial activity" published in Jornal Med Life by O Borugă, C Jianu, C Mişcă, I Goleţ, A T Gruia, F G Horhat, was designed to determine the chemical composition and antimicrobial properties of the essential oil of Thymus vulgaris cultivated in Romania. The essential oil was isolated in a yield of 1.25% by steam distillation from the aerial part of the plant and subsequently analyzed by GC-MS. The major components were p-cymene 8.41%, γ-terpinene 30.90% and thymol 47.59%. Its antimicrobial activity was evaluated on 7 common food-related bacteria and fungus by using the disk diffusion method. The results demonstrate that the Thymus vulgaris essential oil tested possesses strong antimicrobial properties, and may in the future represent a new source of natural antiseptics with applications in the pharmaceutical and food industry.


Thyme is also effective with fungal infections, including vaginal yeast infections. And while on the subject of cleaning up the body, Thyme has historical use as a vermifuge to help rid the body of parasites and worms.

Studies have found Thyme oil to also fight fungal infections, including aspergillus and penicillium. One of the best ways to use Thyme oil for its antifungal properties is diffuse it along with other essential oils, such as Lavender, Tea Tree, Oregano, Grapefruit, or Orange.

A 2021 study "Effect of Red Thyme oil (Thymus vulgaris L.) vapours on fungal decay, quality parameters and shelf-life of oranges during cold storage" published in Food Chem by L Pinto, M Cefola, M A Bonifacio, S Cometa, C Bocchino, B Pace, E De Giglio, M Palumbo, A Sada, A F Logrieco, F Baruzzi, has been aimed at studying the effect of Red Thyme oil (Thymus vulgaris L.) on the shelf-life and Penicillium decay of oranges during cold storage. Red Thyme oil vapours significantly reduced (P ≤ 0.05) the percentage of infected wounds, the external growth area and the production of spores in inoculated orange fruit stored for 12 days at 7 °C in a polypropylene film selected for its appropriate permeability. Among the Red Thyme oil compounds, p-cymene and thymol were the most abundant in packed boxes at the end of cold storage. The Red Thyme oil vapours did not affect the main quality parameters of the oranges, or the taste and odour of the juice. The results have shown that an active packaging, using Red Thyme oil vapours, could be employed, by the citrus industry, to extend the shelf-life of oranges for fresh market use and juice processing.

A 2017 comparative study "Encapsulated Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) essential oil used as a natural preservative in bakery product" published in Food Res Int. by Nathalia Dias Gonçalves, Fabíola de Lima Pena, Adilson Sartoratto, Camila Derlamelina, Marta Cristina Teixeira Duarte, Adriane Elisabete Costa Antunes, Ana Silvia Prata, was to design a particle using thyme (Thymus vulgaris) essential oil through complex coacervation. In vitro activity against bacteria and molds of free oil as well as the encapsulated oil was verified and then in situ assay was done. The free Thyme oil presented high in vitro activity, with values below 0.50mg/mL for almost all the microorganisms tested. Also, MIC values for the encapsulated oil was lower than for the free oil, probably due to the protective micro-environment promoted by the particle wall. The microparticles applied to cakes samples conferred protection against the volatilization of the encapsulated oil and promoted a minimum shelf life of 30days without the use of synthetic preservatives.

According to a 2015 study in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, thymol was able to suppress the growth of Candida albicans and other Candida strains in a test tube. The researchers believe that thymol inhibited the production of ergosterol, a cholesterol-like substance needed to foster fungal growth. When used in combination with the antifungal drug nystatin, thymol was able to eradicate 87.4% of all Candida strains.

Resistant to Harmful Organisms:

Thyme contains potent chemical compounds like thymol and carvacrol which are resistant to harmful organisms.

Studies have found that Thyme promotes fungal balance. Some studies even show compounds found in Thyme and Oregano oil are helpful as part of a comprehensive strategy for dealing with some types of organisms that are particularly aggressive.

Antibiotic-Resistant Infections:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 2 million people in the USA get antibiotic-resistant infections, resulting in as many as 23,000 deaths every year. Thyme, as well as many other herbs with similar effects, may be a ray of hope for the looming threat of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Thyme is strongly antimicrobial and has traditionally been used for many types of bacterial infections. It can be used in mouth washes for sore gums, inflamed gums, or minor mouth infections. A gargle made with Thyme, or fresh Thyme infused into honey, can soothe a sore throat. Thyme has also been used topically for yeast and fungal infections like ringworm or vaginal yeast infections. Herbalist Aviva Romm recommends Thyme, as well as other herbs, as a vaginal suppository to address Group B Streptococcus in the late stages of pregnancy. Thyme has been shown to inhibit the mechanisms that can make bacterial cells resistant to antibiotics.

Numerous in vitro studies on Thyme essential oil have shown Thyme’s ability to inhibit pathogens like Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus fecalis, Escherichia colia, and nosocomial infections.

One 2012 study tested Thyme oil’s response to 120 different strains of bacteria isolated from patients with infections of the oral cavity, respiratory tract and genitourinary tract, including drug-resistant strains of bacteria such as Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia, and Pseudomonas genus. The results of the experiments showed that the oil from the Thyme plant exhibited extremely strong activity against all of the clinical strains. The researchers surmised that the use of phytopharmaceuticals to prevent various human infections would be reasonable. It even demonstrated a good efficacy against antibiotic-resistant strains. While the inhalation of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil is commonly approved for the treatment of mild respiratory infections, there is still a lack of data regarding the antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of its vapours.

Disinfectant Potential:

"Comparative study on disinfection efficacy of Thymus Vulgaris and Aloe Vera extracts with commercial disinfectants, on bacteria isolated in nosocomial environmental" published in Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Food Science, 2015 by Spentzouris, Nikos, evaluated Thymus vulgaris and Aloe vera for their potential to be used as main substance in new disinfection products, intended for use in nosocomial environments. Efficacy was tested against bacteria isolated from hospital environment responsible for nosocomial infections worldwide. Although commercial disinfectants showed higher disinfection activity than natural extracts, preliminary results showed both extracts have potential for use as disinfectant, and further studies are suggested using higher concentrations to achieve 5 log reduction.


Mold is a common yet potentially dangerous air pollutant that can lurk in your home. Once you identify it, take the necessary steps to get rid of it once and for all. Thyme oil may be the answer for low mold concentrations. Essential oil of Thyme and thymol hold many fungicidal properties. Research suggests that it can be used as a disinfectant in dwellings where there is a low concentration of mold.

A 2017 study showed that Thyme may be effective at controlling gray mold rot in Guava fruit. These effects may translate to mold in the home as well.

According to a 2007 study, it can be used in dwellings where there is a low concentration of mold and remove it. There is nothing more unpleasant than to find somewhere mold home, either in the bathroom or on a wall. Fighting fungus is hard and many times unsuccessful, but here Thyme comes to the rescue. The essential oil of Thyme and thymol have antifungal activity. Still, if you find significant mold in your home, it’s best to hire a professional to remove it.

Add 15–20 drops to your favorite cleaning products or place 3–5 drops on a damp paper towel and use it to wipe down surfaces such as countertops and windowsills.

Foodborne Bacterial Infections:

Thyme is quite beneficial for protecting you from food poisoning and infections caused by food-borne pathogens. It is a great food preservative for products like meat, as it fights bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium, staphylococcus aureus, and vibrio parahaemolyticus that cause food poisoning. The antibacterial ability of Thyme is more effective than that of Cinnamon, Bay, and Clove in preventing food-borne pathogens such as salmonella enteritidis, escherichia coli, campylobacter jejuni, staphylococcus aureus, and listeria monocytogenes. And Thyme essential oil leaks through the skin and effectively kills parasites that can cause various diseases in a way that the condition does not relapse.

A team at The Center for Studies of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Portugal, studied the antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from a range of aromatic plants, including Thyme oil. They reported that Thyme oil, even at low concentrations, showed potential as a natural preservative of food products against several common foodborne bacteria that cause human illness.

A Polish study tested Thyme oil and Lavender oil, and they that observed that Thyme oil was effective against resistant strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia and Pseudomonas bacteria.

A 2013 in vitro study found that Thyme oil showed potential as a natural preservative of food products against several common foodborne bacteria that cause human illness, even at low concentrations.

Yeast Infection:

The fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans) is a common cause of yeast infections in the mouth and vagina, a recurring condition called “thrush". Various studies indicate that Thyme has yeast-inhibiting and yeast killing properties.

Researchers at The University of Turin, Italy, found that essential oil of Thyme significantly enhanced the destruction of the C. albicans fungus in the human body.

A 2021 in vitro study found very low doses of Thyme essential oil to be fungicidal against Candida albicans, a common cause of yeast infections, even when the fungus was resistant to the prescription medication fluconazole. Still, human research is needed to know whether ingesting Thyme oil can treat Candida.


Thyme is a powerful natural antiviral substance. It’s been proven effective on the Herpes virus, and it may offer some protection against colds and flu because it can kill some viruses.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19 - Corona Virus):

A 2021 study "Virucidal and antiviral effects of Thymus vulgaris essential oil on feline coronavirus" published in Res Vet Sci. by Cristiana Catella, Michele Camero, Maria Stella Lucente, Giuseppe Fracchiolla, Sabina Sblano, Maria Tempesta, Vito Martella, Canio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a fatal systemic disease of felids caused by a Coronavirus (CoV) fatal systemic disease. In spite of its clinical relevance and impact on feline health, currently the therapeutic possibilities for treatment of FIP in cats are limited. The emergence of the pandemic Severe Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), etiological agent of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), able to infect a broad spectrum of animal species including cats, triggered the interest for the development of novel molecules with antiviral activity for treatment of CoV infections in humans and animals. Essential oils have raised significant attention for their antiviral properties integrating and, in some cases, replacing conventional drugs. Thymus vulgaris essential oil has been previously shown to be effective against several RNA viruses including CoVs. In the present study the antiviral efficacy of Thymus vulgaris essential oil against fatal systemic disease was evaluated in vitro. Thymus vulgaris essential oil at 27 μg/ml was able to inhibit virus replication with a significant reduction of 2 log10 TCID50/50 μl. Moreover, virucidal activity was tested using Thymus vulgaris essential oil at 27 and 270 μg/ml, over the cytotoxic threshold, determining a reduction of viral titre as high as 3.25 log10 TCID50/50 μl up to 1 h of time contact. These results open several perspectives in terms of future applications and therapeutic possibilities for coronaviruses considering that FIPV infection in cats could be a potential model for the study of antivirals against CoVs.

Mental Health & Behavioural Conditions:


Thyme oil is an efficient method to bust stress as well as deal with restlessness. It calms the body, allowing your lungs, veins as well as mind to open and keep the body working properly. It’s vital that you stay relaxed as well as level-headed simply because continuous anxiety can result in high blood pressure levels, insomnia, digestive problems as well as panic attacks. It may be the result of a hormone imbalance, which may be controlled by Thyme oil naturally.

Thyme can be used for mental health. It contains Vitamin B6. It affects neurotransmitters found in the brain, which directly affect stress-enhancing hormones. So by adding Thyme to your diet regularly, you can reduce the problem of stress to a great extent, the brain will remain relaxed.


Thyme is believed by practitioners of aromatherapy to exert anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing) effects. Studies, mostly conducted on rats, show that it particularly has anxiolytic properties, meaning it fights anxiety.

A property supported by a 2014 study in The Journal of Acute Disease. According to the research, mice provided an oral dose of thymol at 20 mg/kg exhibited far less stress when undergoing an elevated maze test than mice that didn't get the treatment. Whether the same can occur by inhaling the Thyme oil has yet to be established. Further human research is needed.

Make use of a few drops of Thyme oil through the weak to lessen anxiety levels and allow the body to thrive. Add some oil to bath water, a diffuser, body lotion or just inhale it.

Improves Mood:

Thyme or Thyme oil has long enjoyed a reputation among herbalists, naturopaths and integrative physicians for alleviating depression and lifting the mood. It is one of the essential oils used in aromatherapy. By working on neurotransmitters, it affects the activity of neurons and might thus improve your mood. This property may be due to the fact that Thyme contains carvacrol, a monoterpenoid phenol which acts as a memory booster and an antidepressant in lab animal models, when consumed over a 7-day period, positively affected dopamine and serotonin status. This might lessen nervous conditions like depression, insomnia, and nightmares. So if you use Thyme or Thyme oil regularly, it might have a positive effect on your feelings and mood. Daily consumption of Thyme and Oregano oil can influence neurotransmitters and boost your mood.

In a 2013 study published in the Journal Molecules, the researchers reported that administering low dose carvacrol (12.5 mg/kg orally) to rats resulted in an increase in the mood-modulating neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the prefrontal cortex of the animals. If this holds true for people, then ingesting Thyme tea in moderation (2 to 3 cups or so daily) should have a positive effect on feelings of well-being.

The data from this study suggests that carvacrol is a brain-active molecule that can influence cognitive activity through the modulation of neurotransmitters. If Thyme is regularly ingested in low concentrations, it might improve feelings of well-being.

Spiritual Benefits:

Thyme can be used for several spiritual problems. Beyond cooking, Thyme is a powerful plant that has wide recognition in the witchcraft world. Its spiritual significance has made it useful and applicable to several spiritual problems. Let us look at how we can use Thyme for spiritual issues. Thyme is used to embalm the dead. In Egyptian culture and tradition, Thyme can be used to preserve the dead from decaying. The Egyptians embalmed their dead by going through the process, which they call mummification. In this process, the body of the dead is completely dried out to preserve the human form. Several processes are followed, which is not relevant to this topic. Among the several ingredients that are used for this embalming process, Thyme is one of them.

It is believed that Thyme has spiritual properties that are suitable for preserving the soul, which the Egyptians call the “ba” of the dead and allowing the spirits of the dead to travel safely through the underworld to the judgment seat and afterlife. This is one of the spiritual uses of Thyme, and it is effective for this process. The Europeans also believe that Thyme grants the spirits of the dead safe passage to the underworld. Therefore, they bathe their dead with Thyme oil or place a Thyme leaf into their coffins before burying them. Therefore, Thyme is a great ingredient for burial rites.

Thyme is used to inspire courage and bravery in our hearts. In ancient history, the Greeks used Thyme whenever they are going to battle. The warriors will always sniff in the smell of Thyme. It is believed that once you inhale the smell of Thyme, you will become courageous. Thyme will inspire you to pursue your dreams without fear.

Thyme also cures sicknesses. From my story above, I am sure you already have this in mind. Thyme is a great spiritual healing agent that many healers use when making herbal medicines. Therefore, if you are feeling sick in your body, always seek herbal care. Thyme will cure you of sicknesses. If you do not have access to a herbalist or spiritual healer, you can brew Thyme in a pot, and drink it as a tea for healing.

Thyme cures you of poison. You can use Thyme to prevent the negative effects of taking in poison. Egyptians and Greeks always eat Thyme before and after food because it is an effective remedy to poisonous food or drinks.

Thyme is a part of the ingredients that are used to tie the knot of hearts together. Whenever you are preparing love potions, Thyme is always a major ingredient. It is believed that whenever you combine Thyme with other ingredients, it will tie the souls of lovers together and keep them in love. The smell that comes from Thyme makes arouses emotional feelings between lovers.

Reduces Addiction - Cures Alcoholism:

Some traditional healers use Thyme to treat alcohol addiction. It should be noted that the consequences of such therapy are quite harsh and unpleasant. However, as herbalists assure, it is quite effective. 

To begin with, prepare an infusion. To do this, 15g of raw materials are poured into 500 ml of freshly boiled water and placed in a water bath for a quarter of an hour. After that, boiled water is added to the infusion so that the final volume is 0.5 liters. The thing is that in combination with alcohol, thymol, which is present in the chemical composition of Thyme, provokes nausea and vomiting. So after a few sessions, a person begins to feel aversion to alcohol. However, with the development of rehabilitation facilities like Orange county rehab, people do not prefer using the orthodox methods for treating alcoholism.

Pediatric Health Issues:

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) - Dyspraxia:

Dyspraxia is a neurological disorder in childhood that causes difficulty in movement, coordination, judgment, processing, memory, and some other activities that require cognitive skills. Thyme has been found to improve the symptoms of this disease, especially in children.

More importantly, one of the best ways mothers can shield their babies against this disorder is to consume Thyme in a moderate manner as multiple studies are backing this claim. Dyspraxia in children can be cured with Thyme oil with evening primrose oil, fish oils, and vitamin E.

Thyme oil was also one of the oils used in a study to find the effects of essential oils in the treatment of neurological ailments like dyspraxia. And the results of the study showed promise. However, we need more studies to form a concrete base in this regard.

Improves Sleep:

Thyme tea combined with honey is often given to children to induce sound sleep and keep bad dreams at bay. Thyme oil has excellent calming effects. It can relieve your mood and lessen tiredness.

Physical Health:

Increases Energy:

Bloodstream stimulating Thyme oil makes you feel more energetic and positive. In the evenings, you can consume Thyme tea in the evenings to get rid of your tiredness. You may even feel better when you breathe in the essential Thyme oil.

Sleep Disorders:

Neuroses and Insomnia:

For neuroses and insomnia, put 15 grams of dry Thyme herb into a thermos and pour a glass of boiling water. Strain after half an hour. You should take 30 ml in the morning, the same at lunch, and 60 ml two hours before going to bed.

Prevents Snoring:

It is really an efficient cure for snoring which utilizes Thyme oil, diluted, for rest from snoring. Diluted along with Olive oil or even Coconut oil, keep a 50:50 ratio, after that rub the bottom of the feet before going to bed. It may stop snoring, assist calm nerves and provide you with a restful sleep.

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD):

The amazing combination of the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Thyme helps prevent chronic inflammation which is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. Thyme oil is particularly beneficial in this regard as its anti-spasmodic property promotes cardiac health. It enables proper functioning of the cardiac valves and relaxes the veins and arteries, reducing blood pressure and strengthening the heart. It is considered a great tonic to improve heart health as it enables your heart to function more efficiently.

Due to the high levels of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in Thyme, it is a substance that has several, small effects on your heart. However, manganese and potassium in Thyme are especially important and beneficial. For example, potassium is something called a vasodilator. Thyme is reputed to help lower blood pressure, most likely due to its diuretic properties which reduces the fluid volume in arteries as well as its ability to lower cholesterol including LDL as well as triglycerides. Also, the herb contains lots of potassium, which is integral to maintaining normal blood pressure. This means it helps to reduce the stress on your cardiovascular system by lowering blood pressure and relaxing the blood vessels. Thyme may also help treat atherosclerosis, a major form of cardiovascular disease. When you use Thyme regularly and make it a consistent component in your diet, you may help extend your life by preventing cases of atherosclerosis and by avoiding coronary heart diseases, heart attacks, and strokes.

In recent studies, it was revealed that consuming Thyme might help reduce the risk or effect of high blood pressure and other cardiovascular-related problems because of the important properties it contains. For instance, the potassium in Thyme acts as a vasodilator, which means it is effective in relaxing blood vessels and reducing blood pressure, as well as cholesterol levels. The study found also that an extract was able to significantly reduce heart rate in rats with high blood pressure and we can expect similar results in humans as well.

Another study states that Thyme may help treat atherosclerosis, a major form of cardiovascular disease.

A 2010 laboratory study published in The Journal of Lipid Research found that the carvacrol in Thyme oil was an effective anti-inflammatory agent with cardioprotective capabilities, making it potentially beneficial for people with heart disease.

After a stroke, traditional medicine advises using a tincture of 30 gram of Thyme flowers, filled with 500 mg of vodka. After it has been stored for two weeks in a place protected from light, the patient should take 35 drops three times a day, and also rub the numb parts of the body.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension):

Ingestion of Thyme has been shown to produce anti-hypertensive activity, which makes it a great herbal choice for anyone suffering from high blood pressure symptoms. Thyme leaves are rich in potassium, which is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps in controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Thyme extracts have also been known to help reduce blood pressure in situations involving hypertension.

A study found that an extract of Thymus linearis Benth (a species of Thyme found in Pakistan and Afghanistan) was able to significantly reduce heart rate in rats with high blood pressure, and it was also able to lower their cholesterol. One sure way to use Thyme to help lower your heart rate is to substitute it for salt in your foods.

In a 2016 study carried out and published in Serbia in, a group of scientists found that a freeze-dried powder created from a water extract of Wild Thyme reduced blood pressure and vascular resistance in spontaneously hypertensive lab rats. The analysis indicated that upregulation of a specific gene called plasma heme oxygenase-1 oxidized the blood protein heme resulting in the production of carbon monoxide which in turn produced blood vessel relation and a corresponding reduction in blood pressure. Rats respond to hypertension in a similar way to people, so the findings might have implications for humans. More tests are required for the data to prove significant.

A 2014 study found that an extract was able to significantly lower heart rate in rats with high blood pressure. It was also able to lower their cholesterol. Still, we need human studies to confirm these effects.

Another 2013 study mentioned above gels with a similar one involving spontaneously hypertensive rats which was published in The Journal Plant Foods in Human Nutrition. Use Thyme as a substitute for salt in your cooking to help lower your blood pressure. You can also drink Thyme tea on a regular basis.

What you can do is replace salt with Thyme in your meals. This can protect you from the ill effects of high blood pressure. At the initial stage of hypertension, an infusion from the collection will help, prepared as follows. Mix three parts of Thyme, two parts each of Fireweed and Oregano, and one part of Chamomile. Pour two tablespoons of the collection into a thermos and pour 500 ml of boiling water. Strain after 40 minutes. Drink like tea, a quarter glass, three times a day.

Cholesterol Levels:

Recent animal research also shown to reduce cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL levels while increasing HDL cholesterol levels. Instead of overdoing it on salt, try adding more beneficial herbs like Thyme to your daily meals.

In another study conducted on Japanese quail, Thyme oil was able to reduce the levels of serum lipids. Thyme oil also helped increase the absorption of nutrients in the intestine and lowered the necessary feed intake. This will again help lower cholesterol levels.

Hematologic Diseases:

Blood Circulation:

Iron and other essential elements are found in a good amount in Thyme, which works to increase the production of red blood cells as well as promote blood circulation and oxygen in all the organs of the body and thus boosting your overall health. Only 100 grams of fresh Thyme contains 17,45 mg of iron, which supplies 20% of the recommended daily value (RDI) iron and other essential minerals, which helps in stimulating the production of red blood cells.


Thyme is an excellent source of iron, providing nearly 20% of the daily recommended allowance of this mineral. Iron is essential for the development of the red blood cells and energy production. Deficiency of iron may cause anemia, exhaustion and increased susceptibility to infection. Including Thyme in your diet helps in the prevention and treatment of anemia and other blood disorders.

Kidney Disorders:

Detox the Body (Diuretic):

Thyme oil is considered a great diuretic which assists the body in getting rid of excess salts, water and other toxins by increasing urination. These properties make it beneficial for weight loss and lowering blood pressure. It is also useful for individuals with chronic renal failure.

Kidney Stones:

Thyme is an excellent astringent and it works well to clean the kidneys stones. Include a few drops of Thyme oil to 1 cup boiling water, add honey for taste if you want. Keep drinking 1 cup daily for the week.

Hepatorenal Dysfunction:

A 2022 study "The ameliorative efficacy of Thymus vulgaris essential oil against Escherichia coli O157:H7-induced hematological alterations, hepatorenal dysfunction and immune-inflammatory disturbances in experimentally infected rats" published in Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. by Hager Tarek H Ismail, was to evaluate the possible ameliorative role of Thymus vulgaris essential oil against Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) deleterious effects in both blood and different tissues of rats by assessing the hematological, biochemical and immune-inflammatory parameters besides the histopathological alterations in the different organs. Forty male rats were randomly divided into four equal groups as follows: group I served as control, group II orally inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 at a dose of 1.0 × 109 cfu/ml, group III orally received 250 mg/kg BW Thymus vulgaris oil daily for 7 days and group IV orally inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 as the same dose of group II and orally received Thymus vulgaris oil as the same dose and duration of group III. Bacterial challenge in groups II and IV was once at the beginning of experiment and administration of oil began after 72 h from bacterial inoculation. At the end of the study, blood was sampled and complete blood picture, liver and kidney function alongside immunoglobulins and cytokines concentrations were estimated and tissues of large intestine (colon), liver and kidneys were collected for histopathological examinations. The results revealed that there was an increase of red blood cells count, hematocrit value and hemoglobin concentration besides white blood cells and thrombocytes counts and substantial increment of serum markers of hepatorenal damage such as the activities of transaminases and concentrations of bilirubin (total, direct and indirect), total proteins, albumin, creatinine and urea in E. coli O157:H7-challenged group. Also, there was a considerable increase in serum immunoglobulins M and G, interleukin 6 and 8 and tumor necrosis factor alpha as well as decreased serum alkaline phosphatase activity. Moreover, Thymus vulgaris oil could partially improve the hematological, biochemical and histopathological alterations induced by E. coli O157:H7 without any significant alterations in all measured parameters when used alone. The study concluded that the Thymus vulgaris oil relatively diminished the alterations in hematological parameters, hepatic and renal function markers and immune-inflammatory variables alongside the histopathological changes in different organs induced by E. coli O157:H7. The ameliorative effects of Thymus vulgaris oil are mediated through its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities.

Common Eye Disorders & Diseases (CDC):

Thyme herb can also be used to keep the eyes healthy. Thyme is rich in carotenoid and vitamin A, which is a fat-soluble vitamin and an antioxidant, one nutrient particularly beneficial for vision health. The deficiency of vitamin A can lead to night blindness. Carotenoids helps to neutralize the free radicals in your ocular system and slow the onset of macular degeneration and prevent cataracts. Thyme might also help prevent other issues related to vision, including macular degeneration. Thyme is essential for promoting and maintaining a healthy mucus membranes. Thus, Thyme helps promote better vision. Consume Thyme tea or use oil its for dry eye problem.


You can cure cataracts in the initial stages using the following recipe. Grind 100 grams of dry herb Thyme into a powder. Pour it into 500 grams of honey and keep it in a water bath over low heat for an hour, without stopping stirring. Take a teaspoon of this mixture before bed. Store it in the refrigerator.

Bone & Muscle Related Disorders:

Thyme is an excellent source of Vitamin K and a great source of iron, calcium and manganese. These minerals play a crucial role in bone health, promoting proper bone growth and development, and reducing the risk of bone disorders. Thyme helps in sustaining powerful, healthy bones and preventing bone diseases.

Thyme tea is said to be anti-rheumatic and anti-inflammatory. This hasn’t been proven, however, but you can still drink it with a bit of Ginger to reduce the symptoms.

Muscle Cramps:

If you experience muscle cramps or those menstrual in origins, Thyme may afford the relief you need. The plant itself is a good source of magnesium which both prevents and eliminates cramps thanks to its normalizing effect on the function of both muscle and nerves. Thyme also contains polyphenolic compounds, which have anti-inflammatory properties.


Food Poisoning (Shigella Bacteria):

Thyme has the ability not only to help prevent food contamination, but to decontaminate previously contaminated foods as well. As an anti-bacterial herb, it prevents serious complications of food poisoning. However, in case of food poisoning, you should consult your doctor before using Thyme, because in some cases may cause side effects.

In several studies published in Food Microbiology, researchers found that the herb’s essential oil is able to extend the shelf-life of meat and baked goods and decontaminate lettuce inoculated with Shigella bacteria, an infectious organism that causes diarrhea and can lead to major intestinal damage.

In another study, washing produce in a solution containing just 1% of the oil decreased the number of Shigella bacteria below the point of detection. This suggests that by adding it to your next meal, such as raw greens or salad, you may actually help decrease your likelihood of a foodborne illness.


To recover faster from a concussion, pour 10 grams of Thyme flowers with 500 ml of water. Bring to a boil and immediately remove from heat and wrap. Filter after an hour. Take it in a third of the glass before meals. The duration of the course varies from six months to a year. As a result, the headache will pass, the sleep will become better and the state of weakness will go away.

Immune Diseases:

Boosts Immune System:

Your body needs a number of vitamins and minerals to maintain bodily functions. Nothing can be compared with a sound immune system, especially when because it shields you against myriads of health conditions. Thankfully, Thyme is a go-to option when it comes to herbs that can help boost your immunity.

The herb is also a rich source of several vitamins that your body needs every day to function properly. It is packed with vitamin C and also has vitamin A, both of which support immunity, and stop that oncoming cold right in its tracks, as well as copper, fiber, iron and manganese, which are needed for good health. Vitamin C in Thyme helps in stimulating the production of white blood cells to give your immune system a huge boost. It also contributes largely to the production of collagen, one of the essentials your body needs to create and repair cells muscles, tissues, and blood vessels. Thyme is rich in minerals such as iron, copper, and manganese, which is another reason why it should be a part of your diet. Thyme also provides necessary fiber for the body. Use this herb as a culinary spice or as a tea to boost your immunity. You can also take this herb in supplement form, but only after consulting your healthcare provider. It’s important to note that this doesn’t mean that ingesting Thyme oil will prevent you from getting food poisoning. Plus, if you were to take Thyme supplements on a regular basis, you’d also likely be killing a lot of the good bacteria in your gut. Given its mild scent and flavor, it can be used in a steam tent for help with cold and congestion, can also accelerate wound healing. Its local application can help achieve this.

Getting all the vitamins your body needs every day can be challenging. Luckily, The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports that Thyme is packed with helpful nutrients. However, Thyme isn’t a great source of these nutrients unless you consume it in excessive quantities. For example, 1 teaspoon of Thyme has 1.28 milligrams of Vitamin C, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), that’s only 1% of your daily needs.

Many herbalists feel that Thyme also broadly supports the immune system. British herbalist Jeremy Ross says: "Thyme may be especially appropriate for those who have had repeated antibiotic therapy, for example, for respiratory or urinary infection, with the result that the immune system and digestive system have been weakened. This, in turn, can result in an accumulation of pathogens that are not cleared from the body". Jeremy Ross, combining Western Herbs and Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Endocrine Diseases:

Weight Loss:

Although there haven’t been any studies on drinking Thyme tea and losing weight, some people say that it helps. If you make Thyme tea without a sweetener, then it could have about 5 calories per cup. If you drink it instead of soda or juice, then you will consume fewer calories.

Oral Diseases:

Thyme oil is recognized to deal with oral difficulties just like tooth decay, gingivitis, plaque as well as bad breath. With its antiseptic as well as anti-bacterial qualities, Thyme oil is really a natural method to kill germs within the mouth so that you can prevent oral infections, therefore it functions as a gum disease natural remedy as well as cures foul breath. Thymol, a dynamic component in Thyme oil, is utilized like a dental varnish which safeguards the teeth from decay.

A component of Thyme oil, thymol, is used in dental care products because of its natural ability to prevent tooth decay and gum problems. Thyme is also used as an ingredient in antiseptic mouthwashes meant to cure cavities and gingivitis.

Studies have shown how Thyme oil can help relieve infections of the oral cavity. The oil displayed great efficacy against bacteria that had grown resistant to antibiotics. You can also use Thyme as a mouthwash for maintaining your oral health. Simply add one drop of the oil to a cup of warm water. Swish in your mouth and spit it out.

As per another study, Thyme oil can also act as an effective antiseptic treatment against oral pathogens. A few other oral issues Thyme can help with are gingivitis, plaque, tooth decay, and bad breath. The antibacterial and antiseptic properties of Thyme help achieve this. And thymol, the component in Thyme, can be used as a dental varnish to protect the teeth from decaying.

Laboratory researchers have also found that Thyme essential oil is effective against patient-derived drug-resistant strains of multidrug-resistant strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia, and Pseudomonas genus. In keeping with its power to eliminate oral pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms, Thyme has acquired a reputation for alleviating oral problems like gum inflammation and mouth sores.

A 2017 study published in The German Journal Fitoterapia found Thyme essential oil to be effective against Streptococcus mutans bacteria that contributes to dental caries or tooth decay.

Rinsing one’s mouth for 30 seconds with a thymol solution can help get rid of bacteria that are linked to tooth decay, gingivitis (inflammation of the gum tissue around teeth) and infections such as canker sores. Mix 1 or 2 drops of Thyme oil in 1 cup of lukewarm water. You can also add a few drops of Peppermint oil to this solution (to enhance its palatability). Rinse your mouth with it for 30 seconds, twice daily. Another option is to rinse your mouth with Thyme tea a few times a day.

Bad Breath (Halitosis):

Bad breath is often caused by bacteria and sometimes fungi in the mouth. Thyme can help fight bad breath thanks to its antibacterial and antifungal action. Increase in bacteria in the mouth is responsible for causing bad breath. Not surprisingly, Thyme is an ingredient in many commercial mouthwash products. Thyme oil mixed with water has long been used as a remedy for bad breath. There is also evidence that it may treat oral thrush, a common infection caused by the fungi Candida albicans.

Studies have shown how Thyme oil can help relieve infections of the oral cavity. The oil displayed great efficacy against bacteria that had grown resistant to antibiotics.

As per another study, Thyme oil can also act as an effective antiseptic treatment against oral pathogens. A few other oral issues Thyme can help with are gingivitis, plaque, tooth decay, and bad breath. The antibacterial and antiseptic properties of Thyme help achieve this. And thymol, the component in Thyme, can be used as a dental varnish to protect the teeth from decaying.

One inexpensive way in which you can use Thyme to combat halitosis is to make and use a homemade mouthwash with it. Boil 1 teaspoon of dried Thyme leaves in 1 cup of water for 5 minutes. Strain and allow the liquid to cool to room temperature. Bottle and use it for gargling, 2 or 3 times a day. Alternatively, add 1 or 2 drops of Thyme essential oil to a cup of warm water and gargle using it. Swish in your mouth and spit it out. Make and use this solution twice daily.

Pain & Inflammation:

Natural Pain Reliever:

While Thyme is primarily known for its ability to address digestion, infection, and upper respiratory symptoms, it has also been long used for pain. Many historical herbalists recommend Thyme for delayed menses and painful menstrual cramps or using Thyme externally on painful joints as a rubefacient, for gout and sciatica, as well as general aches and pains. If you’re suffering from pain, consider supplementing with Thyme before reaching for the OTC pain relievers. Just make sure to consult with your physician first, as you never know how herbs could interact with any medications you may be taking.

Headache and Migrene:

The carvacrol in Thyme gets the credit here. This compound inhibits COX-2, pretty much like an anti-inflammatory drug.

To relieve migraines or tension headaches, pour a glass of freshly boiled water into a thermos and add 10 grams of Thyme. After half an hour, you can drink the infusion. When you drop a few drops of Thyme oil into your forehead when you have a headache, and gently massage your forehead, you may experience relieving of severe migraine headache. You may feel a general improvement in your mood even when you breathe this oil that is good for stress and tension.

Reduces Inflammation:

There are a lot of reasons you might experience inflammation in any part of your body, but regardless of that, the great news is that Thyme has been proven to be a handy solution for this. Thyme contains powerful compounds, such as carvacrol and thymol which goes a long way in treating inflammation. Part of the roles of these compounds in the body includes the suppression of COX-2, an inflammatory enzyme associated with several inflammatory ailments, fights inflammation with the help of carvacrol and thymol in its components. It can be used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases as rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

It is equally important to let you know that Thyme oil is also effective in relieving painful symptoms of arthritis, gout, and some other related conditions. As per research, Thyme contains several anti-inflammatory properties which are effective in preventing chronic inflammation in the body. It can help you get rid of your acne problems.

Animal studies have found that carvacrol minimizes swelling in the mice paws up to 57%. And a mixture of Thyme and Oregano oil lowers the number of inflammatory markers in mice with an inflamed colon. But, these studies are done with highly concentrated amounts of Oregano. So Studies are required to find how a usual dosage would reduce inflammation. In animal studies, Oregano extract minimizes inflammation, autoimmune arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and allergic asthma.

Studies have shown that Thyme oil can suppress COX-2, which leads to several inflammatory ailments. Carvacrol, the major chemical in the oil, was found to play a role in this. Carvacrol was found to suppress inflammation similar to resveratrol, another powerful compound in red wine that has been linked to several health benefits.

Another study talks about how carvacrol and another compound called thymol in Thyme essential oil can fight inflammation. The oil is also used to ease the painful symptoms of arthritis and gout.

A 2012 study revealed that Thyme extracts significantly reduced the production and expression of several inflammatory mediators. But that’s not all: It also significantly increased the parameters on the anti-inflammatory cytokine inerleukin-10. As a result, the researchers surmised that Thyme oil has strong potential to not only prevent future inflammation but also fight current inflammation within the body.

Women's Health Issues:

Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea):

When it comes to the many Thyme health benefits, its ability to help relieve dysmenorrhea is definitely at the top. This plant, which can also be used as a menstrual flow stimulator, regulates the menstrual cycle in a healthy way in women. It is also good for menstrual bowel cramps and pains. Starting one week before the menstrual period, the daily consumption of tea regularly prevents the delay in menstruation. Thyme has long been touted for its analgesic (pain-relieving) and antispasmodic (spasm-relieving) properties. The evidence supporting these claims is often mixed, but there have been some promising findings.

One study tells us how Thyme may help in reducing the pain in dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation that involves abdominal cramps).

According to a study, 252 young Ethiopian students who drank Thyme tea reported a decrease of 63.2% in menstrual pain. Further research needs to be conducted in this area, but drinking Thyme tea may be a useful solution to ease menstrual pain.

A 2014 study confirmed these findings by showing that Thyme was even more effective than Ibuprofen at relieving menstrual pain. Thyme was found to decrease pain by more than 81% while the Ibuprofen decreased pain by 72%.

In another 2012 study published in The Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, researchers gave 120 female college students either Thyme supplements (4 times daily) or Ibuprofen (3 times daily) to treat menstrual cramps. After two months of treatment, both groups of women reported similar levels of relief. This suggests that Thyme may be a viable alternative to Ibuprofen with far fewer side effects. Ibuprofen can cause gastric upset and other digestive issues.

Premenstrual Symptoms (PMS):

Thyme tea is often recommended for treating premenstrual syndrome as well as menstrual cramps. Most people find relief by consuming 1 to 4 cups of Thyme tea a day.

You can also mix 2 or 3 drops of Thyme oil with 2 tablespoons of Sesame oil or Olive oil, and use the oil blend to massage the affected area to help ease spasms.

Uterus Fibroids:

Fibroids are growths of connective tissue which exist in the uterus. A lot of women experience no symptoms from fibroids, however they may cause heavy periods. The cause of fibroids include higher levels of estrogen and low amounts of progesterone because of obesity, hypothyroidism, perimenopause or even low-fiber diets. Because Thyme oil boosts progesterone levels within the body, it operates as a natural fibroid treatment.

Rub two drops of Thyme oil around the abdomen two times a day to deal with fibroids as well as reducing the signs of PMS and menstruation.

Tumors & Cancers:

Cancer is a very serious health condition and it is also one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Therefore, if you are looking for how to prevent cancer then you should consume Thyme regularly. To start with, Thyme contains oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, lutein, beta-sitosterol, etc., and numerous studies are claiming that the aforementioned properties are capable of reducing the risk of cancer, especially cancer of the colon. Thyme contains compounds which have anticancer properties, one of the most potent being carvacrol. This suggests that Thyme is a potential cancer-fighting food.

Among natural products, essential oils from aromatic plants have been reported to possess potent anticancer properties. In this work, we aimed to perform the cytotoxic concentration range screening and antiproliferative activity screening of chemically characterized Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil. In vivo bioassay was conducted using the brine shrimp lethality test.

A 2021 in vitro evaluation study "Cytotoxicity screening of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil in brine shrimp nauplii and cancer cell lines" published in Sci Rep. by Haris Niksic, Fahir Becic, Emina Koric, Irma Gusic, Elma Omeragic, Samija Muratovic, Bojana Miladinovic, Kemal Duric, of antiproliferative activity was carried out on three human tumor cell lines: breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7, lung carcinoma H460 and acute lymphoblastic leukemia MOLT-4 using MTT assay. Essential oil components thymol 36.7%, p-cymene 30.0%, γ-terpinene 9.0% and carvacrol 3.6% were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Analyzed essential oil should be considered as toxic/highly toxic with LC50 60.38 µg/mL in brine shrimp lethality test and moderate/weakly cytotoxic with IC50 range 52.65-228.78 µg/mL in vitro, according to evaluated cytotoxic criteria. Essential oil induced a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation in all tested tumor cell lines and showed different sensitivity. Dose dependent toxicity observed in bioassay as well as the in vitro assay confirmed that brine shrimp lethality test is an adequate method for preliminary toxicity testing of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil in tumor cell lines.

A 2019 study "Anticancer Activities of Thymus vulgaris L. in Experimental Breast Carcinoma in Vivo and in Vitro" published in Int J Mol Sci. by Peter Kubatka, Sona Uramova, Martin Kello, Karol Kajo, Marek Samec, Karin Jasek, Desanka Vybohova, Alena Liskova, Jan Mojzis, Marian Adamkov, Pavol Zubor, Karel Smejkal, Emil Svajdlenka, Peter Solar, Samson Mathews Samuel, Anthony Zulli, Monika Kassayova, Zora Lasabova, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Martin Pec, Jan Danko, Dietrich Büsselberg, Naturally-occurring mixtures of phytochemicals present in plant foods are proposed to possess tumor-suppressive activities. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the antitumor effects of Thymus vulgaris L. in in vivo and in vitro mammary carcinoma models. Dried Thymus vulgaris (as haulm) was continuously administered at two concentrations of 0.1% and 1% in the diet in a chemically-induced rat mammary carcinomas model and a syngeneic 4T1 mouse model. After autopsy, histopathological and molecular analyses of rodent mammary carcinomas were performed. In addition, in vitro evaluations using MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were carried out. In mice, Thymus vulgaris at both doses reduced the volume of 4T1 tumors by 85% (0.1%) and 84% (1%) compared to the control, respectively. Moreover, treated tumors showed a substantial decrease in necrosis/tumor area ratio and mitotic activity index. In the rat model, Thymus vulgaris (1%) decreased the tumor frequency by 53% compared to the control. Analysis of the mechanisms of anticancer action included well-described and validated diagnostic and prognostic markers that are used in both clinical approach and preclinical research. In this regard, the analyses of treated rat carcinoma cells showed a CD44 and ALDH1A1 expression decrease and Bax expression increase. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and VEGFR-2 expression were decreased in rat carcinomas in both the Thymus vulgaris treated groups. Regarding the evaluations of epigenetic changes in rat tumors, we found a decrease in the lysine methylation status of H3K4me3 in both treated groups (H3K9m3, H4K20m3, and H4K16ac were not changed); up-regulations of miR22, miR34a, and miR210 expressions (only at higher doses); and significant reductions in the methylation status of four gene promoters-ATM serin/threonine kinase, also known as the NPAT gene (ATM); Ras-association domain family 1, isoform A (RASSF1); phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN); and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP3) (the paired-like homeodomain transcription factor (PITX2) promoter was not changed). In vitro study revealed the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of essential oils of Thymus vulgaris in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells (analyses of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) (MTS); 5-bromo-20-deoxyuridine (BrdU); cell cycle; annexin V/PI; caspase-3/7; Bcl-2; PARP; and mitochondrial membrane potential). Thymus vulgaris L. demonstrated significant chemopreventive and therapeutic activities against experimental breast carcinoma.

These studies only provide very weak evidence of a potential benefit of Thyme for cancer, and human studies are needed to confirm any potential benefits.

Colon Cancer:

Colorectal cancer remains one of the most common malignancies and a leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Its prognosis remains poor for patients with several grades of this disease. This underscores the need for alternative modalities, such as herbal medicines, to treat this disease. A commonly used plant that appears to be of high medicinal value is Thymus vulgaris L. However, the effects of this plant on the malignant behavior of human colorectal cancer cells remains poorly investigated.

Thyme protects the person against many types of cancer, mainly colon cancer, and prevents cancer cells from spreading into larger areas. It presents a therapeutic feature to prevent breast cancer. It stops the formation of cancer cells through the ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, lutein, beta-sitosterol and carvacrol found in its components.

Furthermore, studies show that carvacrol, one of the major component of Thyme essential oil is effective in inhibiting the growth and migration of cancer cell lines in the body. The compound is also believed to demonstrate certain therapeutic effects when it comes to treatment and prevention of cancer of the colon.

One Portuguese study in Lisbon had revealed that Thyme may help prevent cancer, especially that of the colon. These properties can be attributed to its constituents, some of which include oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, lutein, and beta-sitosterol.

A 2015 study "Thymus vulgaris (Thyme) inhibits proliferation, adhesion, migration, and invasion of human colorectal cancer cells" published in Journal Med Food by Afnan Al-Menhali, Aisha Al-Rumaihi, Hana Al-Mohammed, Hana Al-Mazrooey, Maryam Al-Shamlan, Meaad AlJassim, Noof Al-Korbi, Ali Hussein Eid, was undertaken to determine the anticancer efficacy of Thymus vulgaris extract (TVE) in CRC cells. Our results show that Thymus vulgaris extract inhibits proliferation in a concentration- and time-dependent fashion. This decreased proliferation was concomitant with increased apoptotic cell death as evidenced by increased caspase 3/7 activity. Moreover, Thymus vulgaris extract also decreased adhesion to fibronectin in a concentration-dependent manner. The migratory and invasive capacities of HCT116 cells were significantly inhibited by Thymus vulgaris extract. Taken together, these data suggest that the Thymus vulgaris extract inhibits malignant phenotype of colon cancer cells. Therefore, Thymus vulgaris could have an anticancer effect and that some of its bioactive compounds may prove to be effective treatment modalities for human colorectal cancer.

Another 2015 study published in Anti-Cancer Drugs, carvacrol was found to inhibit the proliferation and migration of the two colon cancer cell lines.

Breast Cancer:

It might interest you to know that Thyme also had a beneficial effect on breast cancer. The herb had shown to have positive effects on the treatment of breast cancer by potentially increasing cancer cell death. Thyme is also prepared locally in certain countries of the world for treating breast cancer, which shows how powerful it is.

Researchers in Turkey looked at the effect of Wild Thyme on breast cancer activity, and specifically how it affected apoptosis, or cell death, and gene-related events in breast cancer cells. They found that Wild Thyme caused cell death in breast cancer cells.

A 2018 in vitro study found both Thyme and Clove essential oils to inhibit breast cancer cell lines. A 2021 study replicated these results.

Another 2012 study published in Nutrition and Cancer found Thyme to be a promising candidate in the development of novel therapeutic drugs for treating breast cancer.

Brain Cancer:

In 2017 The Journal Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry published a study, in which the researchers reported that the thymol in Thyme inhibited the proliferation of cultured brain tumor cells obtained from rats.


A 2020 study "Induction of Apoptosis, Autophagy and Ferroptosis by Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa Extract in Leukemia and Multiple Myeloma Cell Lines" published in Molecules by Aveen N Adham, Mohamed Elamir F Hegazy, Alaadin M Naqishbandi, Thomas Efferth, is to investigate the cytotoxicity of Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa in leukemia and multiple myeloma cell lines and determine the mode of cell death triggered by the most potent cytotoxic fractions of both plants in multiple myeloma. Resazurin assay was used to evaluate cytotoxic and ferroptosis activity, apoptosis, and modulation in the cell cycle phase were investigated via Annexin V-FITC/PI dual stain and cell-cycle arrest assays. Furthermore, we used western blotting assay for the determination of autophagy cell death. n-Hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and butanol fractions of Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa exhibited cytotoxicity in CCRF-CEM and CEM/ADR 5000 cell lines at concentration range 0.001-100 μg/mL with potential activity revealed by chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions. NCI-H929 displayed pronounced sensitivity towards Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa chloroform fractions with IC50 values of 6.49 ± 1.48 and 21.9 ± 0.69 μg/mL, respectively. Thymus vulgaris induced apoptosis in NCI-H929 cells with a higher ratio (71%), compared to Arctium lappa (50%) at 4 × IC50. Arctium lappa demonstrated more potent autophagy activity than Thymus vulgaris. Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa induced cell cycle arrest and ferroptosis. Apigenin and nobiletin were identified in Thymus vulgaris, while nobiletin, ursolic acid, and lupeol were the main compounds identified in Arctium lappa. Thymus vulgaris and Arctium lappa could be considered as potential herbal drug candidates, which arrest cancer cell proliferation by induction of apoptosis, autophagic, and ferroptosis.


Spice plants have a great influence on world history. For centuries, different civilizations have used them to condiment the foods of kings and nobles and applied them as embalming preservatives, perfumes, cosmetics, and medicines in different regions of the world. In general, these plants have formed the basis of traditional medicine and some of their derived substances have been utilized to treat different human diseases. Essential oils obtained from these plants have been also used as therapeutic agents and have shown supportive uses in remedial practices. The discovery and development of bioactive compounds from these natural products, based on their traditional uses, play an important role in developing the scientific evidence of their potential pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food applications.

A 2020 review "Bioactive Natural Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Spice Plants: New Findings and Potential Applications" published in Biomolecules by Lidiane Diniz do Nascimento, Angelo Antônio Barbosa de Moraes, Kauê Santana da Costa, João Marcos Pereira Galúcio, Paulo Sérgio Taube, Cristiane Maria Leal Costa, Jorddy Neves Cruz, Eloisa Helena de Aguiar Andrade, Lênio José Guerreiro de Faria, using recent studies, we exhibit a general overview of the main aspects related to the importance of spice plants widely used in traditional medicine: Cinnamomum zeylanicum (True Cinnamon), Mentha piperita (Peppermint), Ocimum basilicum (Basil), Origanum vulgare (oregano), Piper nigrum (Black Pepper), Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary), and Thymus vulgaris (Thyme) and we discuss new findings of the bioactive compounds obtained from their essential oils, their potential applications, as well as their molecular mechanisms of action, focusing on their antioxidant activity. We also exhibit the main in vitro methods applied to determine the antioxidant activities of these natural products.

Free Radicals:

Thyme is a great source of antioxidants such as apigenin, luteolin, saponins, and tannins. These antioxidant compounds help neutralize free radicals in the body, before they can cause harm and oxidative stress. These free radicals can lead to signs of aging and even cancer. However, antioxidants work by neutralizing free radicals to reduce oxidation in the body. Thyme and iron are often taken together to help keep a better balance and reduce the chances of oxidative stress from occurring.

Insects & Pests:

Thymol is also an ingredient in many pesticides, both outdoor and indoor, and is commonly used to target bacteria and viruses, as well as rats, mice, and other animal pests. Thyme oil also repels insect pests such as mosquitoes, fleas and lice.

The Environmental Protection Agency says that thymol, a kind of Thyme oil, is also an ingredient in many pesticides, both outdoor and indoor, and is commonly used to target: bacteria, viruses, rats, mice, other animal pests. A 2021 study showed Thyme essential oil to be effective against adult mosquitoes and their larvae.

In a 2006 study published in The Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association researchers disclosed that a 5% Thyme oil provided a 91% protection rate from mosquitos when applied to the skin of hairless mice.

You can make a homemade repellant by mixing 4 drops of Thyme oil for every teaspoon of Olive oil, or mixing 5 drops for every 2 ounces of water. Thyme is approved for use in natural insect repellants. Dilute 1–3 drops in your favorite lotion or add 10 drops of Thyme per 1 oz. of your favorite bug spray before going outside.

Repels Vector Mosquitos (Malaria):

Thyme extract can repel mosquitoes, but growing it in your garden isn’t enough. In order to get the best pest fighting results, rub Thyme leaves between your hands to release the essential oil. You can also make homemade repellant by mixing four drops of Thyme oil to every teaspoon of olive oil, or mixing five drops for every 2 ounces of water.

A 2022 study "Preparation of Thymus vulgaris (L.) essential oil nanoemulsion and its chitosan encapsulation for controlling mosquito vectors" published in Sci Rep. by Parisa Gupta, Shabad Preet, Ananya, Navneet Singh, report a novel comparative assessment of preparation and characterization of Thyme oil nanoemulsion and its chitosan encapsulation using high energy approach for the management of three major mosquito species viz., Anopheles stephensi (Liston,1901), Aedes aegypti (Linn., 1762) and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Giles, 1901). The synthesized formulations were analysed for thermodynamic stability, indicating 1:0.5 (oil: surfactant) ratio to be the most stable of Thyme oil nanoemulsion while 1:1 (nanoemulsion: chitosan solution) ratio of its chitosan encapsulation. These were further characterized by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy which revealed the size and morphology of the droplets which measured 52.18 ± 4.53 nm for Thyme oil nanoemulsion and 50.18 ± 2.32 nm for its chitosan encapsulation. All the droplets were well dispersed with distinct flower-shaped nanoemulsion and somewhat mitochondria like chitosan encapsulation. In-vitro release study of Thyme essential oil from its nanoemulsion and chitosan encapsulation showed that 91.68% and 73.41% of the total oil concentration in water was released respectively to the environment after 48 h clearly depicting controlled release in the encapsulation. Assessment of insecticidal potential against selected mosquito species revealed that both the nanoemulsion and its chitosan encapsulation were effective on the major mosquito species. Maximum activity of Thyme oil nanoemulsion was noticed against C. tritaeniorhynchus (LC50-22.58 ppm) after 24 h of exposure while it was observed that its chitosan encapsulation was most effective on A. stephensi (LC50-18.88 ppm) after 24 h of exposure. Consistent morphological alterations could be noticed in the larvae of mosquito species. Hence, these nanoemulsions and encapsulations could be further tested for their applications against other insect pests in agriculture.

In a study published in December 2013 in The Open Access Journal PLoS One, scientists discussed the repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts, mainly essential oils, on adult Anopheles gambiae (a major mosquito vector for transmitting malaria). The effects of these extracts were compared to those of DEET and permethrin. The results showed that most plant extracts had irritant, repellent and/or toxic effects on an gambiae adults, but only Cymbopogon winterianus (Citronella), Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Ceylon Cinnamon) and Thymus vulgaris (Thyme) had all three effects.

Repels Tiger Mosquitos (West Nile Virus, Yellow, Dengue, Chikungunya Fever, St. Louis Encephalitis):

The Tiger mosquito is native to tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia. Since the 1990s, it has spread around the world, carrying West Nile Virus, Yellow fever, Dengue fever, Chikungunya fever and St. Louis Encephalitis.

A team at Chungbuk National University in South Korea reported that a combination of thymol, alpha-terpinene, and carvacrol was effective in killing off tiger mosquito larvae.

Repels Tsetse Fly (African Trypanosomosis - Sleeping Sickness):

Trypanosomosis is a worldwide disease that affects human and livestock populations with limited availability and high cost of trypanocides.

A 2021 study "Thymus vulgaris, Mentha piperita and Elettaria cardamomum against Trypanosoma evansi in vitro and in an animal model with new insights for the treatment of trypanosomosis" published in Ann Parasitol by Haiam Mohamed Mahmoud Farrag, Doaa A Yones, Ebtisam Shawky Ahmed Hassanin, Zedan Z Ibraheim, Enas Abd El Hameed Mahmoud Huseein, aims to evaluate the possible in vitro and in vivo anti-trypanosomal activity of Thymus vulgaris (Thyme), Mentha piperita (Peppermint) and Elettaria cardamomum (Cardamom) aqueous extracts against Trypanosoma evansi in experimentally infected rats using Intropar as a reference drug. The crude extracts of the selected plants were used in three concentrations (2500, 2000, and 1000 μg/ml). The in vitro trypanocidal activities were assessed regarding parasite motility, count, and infectivity. The in vivo susceptibility of T. evansi was evaluated by assessing the level of parasitemia in the experimental rats. The packed cell volume was also monitored. Both the in vitro and in vivo experiments showed trypanocidal activity, of all the tested extracts, higher than that of Intropar. The in vitro trypanocidal effects were dose-dependent and represented by a significant reduction of the parasite count together with immobilizing effect within 3 hours incubation period, compared to the negative and positive controls (p< 0.05). The in vivo trypanocidal effects of the different concentrations of all the tested extracts were represented by the significantly lowered levels of parasitemia, compared to the negative control group with varying degrees; in a dose-dependent manner concerning the time. They exhibited also a significantly higher level in packed cell volume recovery compared to the negative control group (p < 0.05). This study initially confirmed the potent in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal effect of the three extracts, with a potentially promising future for the treatment of trypanosomosis.

Other Benefits and Uses:

Food Safety and Preservation:

While Thyme is a well-liked addition to many dishes, it can be used for more than taste. Thyme's resistance to harmful organisms is something that's been observed and harnessed by large-scale food producers. Thyme essential oil is an effective, natural way to preserve food and increase shelf life.

Prolonging the Stability of Cooking Oils:

Lipid oxidation is a serious problem during food processing and storage. It can cause food to lose quality, stability, safety, and nutritional value.

Scientists from Warsaw, Poland, examined whether Thyme extract might prolong the stability of sunflower oil at different temperatures. They suggest that Thyme might be a potent antioxidant for stabilizing sunflower oil.

Easy to Add to Your Diet:

Besides its therapeutic uses, Thyme is also used in cooking. Fresh or dried leaves and flowers are mixed into stews, soups, and sauteed vegetables to give a nice flavor. Another popular way of using Thyme is tea, a beverage that many people enjoy. If you want to add Thyme to your daily diet, turning it into tea is a good starting point. Thyme is a wonderful ingredient that’s used in cuisines around the world, particularly in France, Italy, and across the Mediterranean. Thyme is a main ingredient in this cleansing take on pesto sauce, which you can use as a condiment or add to pasta or rice. Fresh leaves or whole sprigs can be used while preparing meat or poultry. Thyme is also an excellent ingredient to use with fish, like in this heart-healthy white fish recipe. This whole-wheat macaroni and cheese with mushrooms and Thyme is a grownup spin on a childhood favorite, and it’s a great way to add some Thyme to your diet. In addition to its use as a soup herb, Thyme can be sprinkled on roasted and steamed vegetables, fish, eggs and meat. You can also Infuse white wine vinegar and Olive oil with a few sprigs of fresh Thyme and use for vinaigrette dressings and marinades. 

Infusing honey with Thyme is useful both in the kitchen and as a remedy for sore throats and coughs.

Benefits of Thyme Herbal Tea

Did you know you can make herbal tea using fresh herbs? This is the best trick for the summer when fresh herbs are crowding your garden or pots on your steps. Thyme tea is restorative, delicious, and takes just 5 minutes to steep into a flavorful tea. Thyme tea tastes herby, fragrant and satisfying. It’s a fun way to make DIY tea, and makes drinking water much more exciting. Thanks to the abundance of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals it contains, regularly drinking Thyme tea can benefit your health.

Thyme tea is a beverage made by infusing the leaves of the plant. To do this, the water is boiled. The leaves are then added and infused for five minutes before drinking. This method is usually used if you have your own dried leaf stock. If you can’t grow your own leaves at home, buying tea bags is a viable alternative. Thyme herbal tea is one of the best ways to drink your medicine for upper respiratory concerns, digestive spasms or gas, for an afternoon pick-up or even mild aches and pains. So, it’s possible Thyme tea does the same. We won’t promise that a cup of Thyme tea will cure all your ailments, but many people believe in the power of herbal tea. But it can’t be argued that it’s positively soothing to drink a cup.

Benefits of Thyme Essential Oil

Thyme oil originates from the perennial herb referred to as Thymus vulgaris. This particular herb is a member of the mint family, and it’s utilized for cooking, mouthwashes, Pot-Pourri as well as aromatherapy. It’s indigenous to southern Europe from the western Mediterranean to southern Italy. Because of the herb’s essential oils, it features a number of health advantages; in reality, these types of benefits have already been acknowledged across the Mediterranean for thousands of years. Thyme oil is germ killing, anti-bacterial, antispasmodic, hypertensive and it has soothing qualities. Thyme supports the immune, respiratory, digestive, nervous along with other body systems. It’s among the best essential oils for hormones since it balances hormonal levels, helping women along with menstrual as well as menopausal symptoms. Additionally, it safeguards the body from dangerous diseases as well as ailments, like stroke, arthritis, fungal and bacterial infections, as well as skin conditions.

The therapeutic qualities of Thyme come mostly from its essential oils that are extracted through steam distillation of fresh flowers and leaves. The chief constituents of the essential oil are alpha thujone, alpha pinene, camphene, beta pinene, para cymene, alpha terpinene, linalool, borneol, beta caryophyllene, thymol and carvacrol.

Therapeutic Benefits of Thyme Essential Oil

  • Arthritis: Massage 1-2 drops oil on the area of concern when needed.
  • Blocked Nasal Passages: Breathe in 2 drops of Thyme oil, or combine it with hot water for steam inhalation.
  • Bronchitis: Massage 1 drop of diluted oil to chest as well as throat. Add 1-2 drops into a steam tent.
  • Chest Infection: Massage 1-2 drops of diluted oil to the chest.
  • Circulation: Massage 1 drop of diluted oil to the area of concern. It encourages circulation, digestion, nervous responses and also the secretion of hormones, therefore stimulating the entire metabolism. / Breathe in or diffuse 2-3 drops of Thyme oil daily.
  • Cleanser: Include a few drops of Thyme oil in your facial wash.
  • Cold Virus: Add 1-2 drops into a steam tent and inhale for 10 minutes. Apply to the reflex points of the feet.
  • Concentration: Thyme oil is really a memory booster. Utilize aromatically in the diffuser at the office and even home.
  • Detoxify: Thyme essential oil boosts urination and as a result might help eradicate toxins through the body.
  • Depression: Use aromatically during the day.
  • Fatigue: Add two drops of Thyme oil in your bath water.
  • Food: Use 1-2 drops in meat as well as entrée dishes to add a fresh herbal flavor.
  • Infections and Rashes: Rub 2 drops of Thyme oil on the needed area.
  • Insecticide: Use a few drops into a cotton ball and put them in entry points for insects. Thyme essential oil will remove mosquitoes, fleas, lice, bed-bugs, and flies, in addition to insects which attack food grains and clothes just like beetles and moths.
  • Menstrual Cramps: Apply 2 drops of Thyme oil along with equal parts carrier oil in your abdomen.
  • Mood: Simply inhale the scent of Thyme oil.
  • Mouthwash: Add 2 drops of Thyme oil to water and gargle.
  • Oral Health: Utilize Thyme oil like a mouthwash with the addition of one drop to a cup of warm water.
  • Pain Reliever: Mix three drops of Thyme oil with two teaspoons of sesame oil. Utilize this mixture like a massage oil and apply on the abdominal area to alleviate pain. It can possibly be utilized for a massage oil to deal with other kinds of pain.
  • Respiratory Problems: Add two drops of Thyme oil to hot water and use for steam inhalation.
  • Scars: Cicatrisant is really a great property of Thyme essential oil. This particular property tends to make scars along with other ugly spots in your body vanish. These include the surgical marks, marks left by accidental injuries, acne, pox, measles, and sores. / Use oil of thyme combined with any carrier oil (like almond oil) around the affected area.
  • Sleep Disorder: Include a few drops in your diffuser.
  • Snoring: To prevent snoring, use one drop to the big toe before going to sleep every night or diffuse during the night.
  • Toe Fungus: Add 5 drops of Thyme oil into a warm foot bath.
  • Wounds: Thyme essential oil is a superb oil to utilize to deal with wounds and cuts because of the existence of components just like caryophyllene and camphene.

Uses of Thyme

Medical Uses of Thyme:

  • The Romans used Thyme in the treatment of depression.
  • In France, Thyme is used particularly as a cleansing liver tonic, stimulating the digestive system and liver function, and to treat indigestion, poor appetite, anemia, liver and gall-bladder complaints.
  • Common Thyme has a very long history of folk use for a wide range of ailments.
  • Thyme is appreciated for its antiseptic and antioxidant properties, it is an excellent tonic and is used in treating respiratory diseases and a variety of other ailments.
  • Flowering tops are anthelmintic, strongly antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, deodorant, diaphoretic, disinfectant, expectorant, sedative and tonic.
  • Plant is used internally in the treatment of dry coughs, whooping cough, bronchitis, bronchial catarrh, asthma, laryngitis, indigestion, gastritis and diarrhea and enuresis in children.
  • Externally, it is used in the treatment of tonsillitis, gum diseases, rheumatism, arthritis and fungal infections.
  • Thyme has an antioxidant effect; therefore regular use of this herb improves the health and longevity of individual body cells and thus prolongs the life of the body.
  • The essential oil is strongly antiseptic.
  • Whole herb is used in the treatment of digestive disorders, sore throats, fevers etc.
  • It is used especially in cases of exhaustion, depression, upper respiratory tract infections, skin and scalp complaints etc.
  • It will ‘cure sciatica and pains in the head,’ and is healing in leprosy and the falling sickness.
  • It is effective for snakebites, poison of marine creatures and headaches.
  • Tea made from Thyme’s leaves prevents nightmares.
  • It helps in functionality of the lungs and treats the disorders associated with lungs.
  • Thyme alleviates chronic gastritis, lack of appetite, enteritis, Dyspepsia, indigestion, irritable bowel and colic.
  • It eases convulsion, stomach cramps, menstrual cramps and spasm induced cough.
  • It encourages and tones up nervous system such as neurasthenia, depression, nightmares, nervous exhaustion, insomnia and melancholy.
  • It is good for tumors, dental decay, plague, thrush, tonsillitis, halitosis and deep wounds.
  • It destroys hookworms, roundworms and threadworms.

Edible Uses of Thyme:

  • The leaves can be used either fresh or dried.
  • Leaves and flowering tops are used raw in salads, used as a garnish or added as a flavoring to cooked foods, going especially well with mushrooms and courgettes.
  • An aromatic tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves.
  • Thyme has been used in the preparation of season soups, and sauces.
  • The herb is one of the ingredients in bouquet garni along with bay leaf, parsley, and celery.
  • Thyme, along with other spicy items, has been used to marinate and stuffing to chicken, fish and meat recipes.
  • Fresh or dried leaves of Thyme as well as the flowering tops are widely used to flavor soups, stews, baked or sautéed vegetables, casseroles, and custards.
  • Thyme is also used in marinades, and in stuffing.
  • It can also be used to flavor jellies, bread, vinegar, marinades, sauces and in bouquet garni.

Other Uses of Thyme:

  • Thyme essential oil is one of the most important oils used in aromatherapy.
  • An essential oil from the leaves is frequently used in perfumery, soaps, toothpastes, mouthwashes, medicinally etc.
  • It has fungicidal properties and is also used to prevent mildew.
  • Leaves are dried and used in Pot-Pourri.
  • Plant makes an attractive ground cover for a sunny position.
  • Dried flowers are used to repel moths from clothing whilst the growing plant is said to repel cabbage root fly.
  • Thyme baths have been used to help relieve aches and joint pains.
  • Scent of burned Thyme was used as freshener of temples.
  • Bravest knights were wearing scarves embroidered with Thyme as a symbol of courage during the medieval times.
  • Thyme was part of funeral rituals in the past. Coffin filled with Thyme was a guarantee for safe and successful passage to the next life.
  • Hymettus honey is special type of honey made from the pollen and nectar collected from Thymes that grow on the Mount Hymettus in Greece.
  • Young women wore a bouquet of blossoming Thyme to signal their availability for romance.

Ayurvedic Uses and Health Benefits of Thyme

  • Alcoholism: Prepare a Thyme tea by boiling the fresh leaves of Thyme in a cup of water. Strain off this decoction after 10 minutes. Set it cool. Give one tsp of this decoction to the alcoholic person after every 15 minutes to get best results.
  • Altitude Sickness: Prepare a decoction of Thyme seeds. Have a cup once a day.
  • Anxiety: Take sage dried and powdered, basil leaves dried and powdered, Rosemary dried and powdered, Thyme powdered, and Ginger dried and powdered in equal amounts. Mix all ingredients. Have half tsp with milk at night daily.
  • Asthma: Take Lobelia, Thyme and Ephedra. Prepare a decoction. Drink 2-3 times a day. / Boil a cup of water in a pot with an equal amount of 1 to 2 tsp of Thyme and Plantago. Put the half tsp of lemon juice and 1 tsp of sugar in it. Boil them for 10 minutes. Strain off this mixture. Drink this mixtures four times a day to treat Asthma.
  • Athlete’s Foot: Prepare a paste of raw tomatoes, basil leaves, celery, carrot, dill, fennel, Sage and Thyme. Apply this paste on the affected area.
  • Bad Breathe: Gargle withThyme tea daily to remove bad odor from the mouth. / Add 6 drops each of Thyme, Tea tree oil, Chamomile, Peppermint in brandy. Use it as a mouthwash.
  • Baldness: Take 20 gm. olive oil, 20 gm. almond oil, 20 gm. Jojoba oil, 10 gm. Tea Tree oil, 10 gm. Thyme oil, 10 gm. Patchouli oil, 20 gm. Rosemary oil and 20 gm. Spikenard oil. Put all oils in a glass bottle. Leave it for a week. After a week massage your scalp with this preparation twice a week. It is an effective formula to cure hair problems.
  • Botot’s Spot: Prepare a tea with Thyme leaves by boiling them in a cup of water for 15 minutes. Strain and drink twice daily.
  • Bronchitis: Boil a cup of water and add 1 tsp of dried Thyme. Stir it well for 10 minutes. Remove it from the heat and allow it to cool. Add honey to taste and drink. Repeat this process to get relief from bronchitis.
  • Cancer: Take one tbsp of Thyme with one tbsp of honey. Have 3-4 times a day.
  • Candidiasis: Prepare Thyme and Fenugreek tea. Drink it 3-4 cups a day. / Let it cool. Wash the infection with this tea.
  • Colds and Flu: Boil the herb in a cup of water. Add some honey for taste and drink warm. It reduces fever.
  • Cough: Take it by the tablespoon for cough and sore throat, mix 1 ounce with sparkling water for a tangy refreshing drink or make a salad dressing with this fruity herb mixture.
  • Cuts: Prepare a tea from Thyme. Use it for wash cuts twice or thrice a day.
  • Debility: Boil fresh leaves of Thyme in a cup of water for 10 minutes. Strain it off. Drink this decoction once a day to keep your health good.
  • Depression: Put the fresh leaves of Thyme into a tub containing warm water. Take a bath for 15 minutes in this water. It provides relief and gives rest to your body.
  • Digestive Disorders: Prepare a tea with Thyme leaves by boiling them in a cup of water for 5 to 10 minutes. Strain it off. Drink this warm decoction after a heavy meal, It keep your digestive system healthy and well maintained.
  • Emphysema: Add basil, Hyssop and Thyme oil in one jug of boiled water. Take steam bath.
  • Leigh’s Disease: Pre an infusion by boiling 1 tsp of dried Thyme leaves in one cup of hot water for 15 minutes. Drink it twice daily.
  • Lung Diseases: Take a handful of fresh leaves of Thyme. Boil it in water. Cool it. Strain and drink tea twice a day. OR Inhaling the steam helps in giving relief from nasal congestion and lungs congestion.
  • Mouth Cancer: Have a cup of Thyme tea every day. / Take some dried Thyme leaves and add it to meals, salads and soups.
  • Neuralgia: Take cotton cloth. Fill with dried Thyme. Place it over affected part for half an hour.
  • Osteoporosis: Boil fresh leaves of Thymes in 100 ml of water for 10 minutes. Strain it off. Drink this warm decoction once daily. It keeps your bone healthy and safe from the diseases.
  • Pneumonia: Boil 1 tsp of Plantago and Thyme in 100 ml of water. Add 1 half tsp of sugar and Lemon juice in this water. Boil it till it reduces to half. Strain it off. Drink a cup of this warm decoction sip by sip in every hour to get cured.
  • Respiratory Diseases: Take some boiling water in a bowl. Put 8-10 drops of essential oil of sage and Thyme in it. Cover your head and face with a towel and inhale the aroma.
  • Strep Throat: Take 30 g leaves of each Lime, Thyme and Geranium. Boil them in Olive oil. Apply it to your throat at night. (Cover your throat after application).
  • Whooping Cough: Prepare a tea from Thyme. Drink 3-4 times a day. / Prepare a decoction of wild cherry, Sundew, Coughwort and Thyme. Take two times a day.

Properties of Thyme Essential Oil


In accordance with the Journal Nutrition and Cancer, researchers from Celal Bayar University in Turkey conducted a survey to determine what effect wild Thyme may have on breast cancer cells, particularly how wild Thyme affected cell death as well as epigenetic events in breast cancer cells. Researchers within this research verified that wild Thyme induced cell death within the breast cancer cells, noting which wild Thyme may be a promising candidate within the development of novel therapeutic drugs for breast cancer treatment. In as little as 72 hours of in vitro breast cancer treatment, Thyme essential oil was able to kill 98% in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) with a power of only 0.05%.

Thyme essential oil has additionally confirmed successful for treating oral and ovarian cancer. A survey discovered that extracts of Mastic Thyne (Thymus mastichina L.) may safeguard from colon cancers.


There’s two main reasons behind rheumatism, arthritis and gout. The very first is improper or even obstructed circulation and the second one is a growing power of toxins just like uric acid within the blood stream. Thyme essential oil can sort out both these problems. Because it is a diuretic, it improves urination helping in the elimination of toxins through the body. As being a stimulant, it encourages or activates circulation and therefore sorts out this problem in the separate way. Both ways assists cure rheumatism, and also associated conditions just like arthritis.


Thyme essential oil is an excellent antiseptic as well as safeguards wounds and sores against infections. This really is mostly because of the existence of components just like Caryophyllene and Camphene in Thyme.


Huge numbers of people all over the world experience coughs, cramps as well as aches because of spasms. Spasms are unwanted as well as extreme involuntary contractions which might occur in the respiratory tracts, nerves, muscles, intestines or any other organs and could lead to coughs, convulsions, epileptic or even hysterical attacks, cramps and muscular aches, abdominal and intestinal aches, and also spasmodic cholera.


The same Caryophyllene and Camphene, together with a few other components, provide Thyme essential oil anti-bacterial qualities. This prevents bacterial growth within and outside of the body. It will kill bacteria in addition to keeps them away through the organs within the body. This is particularly valuable in treating bacterial infections just like B-Colitis, renal colic, bacterial infections within the genitals as well as urethra, intestines, as well as respiratory system along with the external exposure of wounds.


This can be  extremely important as well as beneficial property of Thyme essential oil in today’s context, whenever heart troubles are growing in an alarming rate. This particular oil is extremely therapeutic for the heart. It keeps the valves working properly, while just as one anti spasmodic, it calms the arteries as well as veins and therefore decreases blood pressure as well as stress on the heart. Furthermore, it fortifies cardiac muscles as well as tones up the heart, as it is a tonic. Basically, Thyme essential oil is wonderful for every aspect of heart health.


Gases that build up within the stomach and intestines usually are not as innocent since they appear. Their effect just isn’t restricted to unpleasant odors alone. They are able to rob you of the appetite and sleep, increase your blood pressure level, pose a threat to your heart, provide you with serious stomach aches, cramps, vomiting, headaches and nausea. In a few extreme cases, extreme gas may even place your life at risk too. Therefore, gas should be handled carefully as well as treated in a timely manner. Thyme essential oil, as being a carminative as well as an antispasmodic, forces the removing of gases through downward movement (upward movement is extremely dangerous) and doesn’t allow them to build up again.


This can be a great property of Thyme essential oil. This particular property tends to make scars along with other ugly spots in your body vanish. These include the surgical marks, marks left by accidental injuries, acne, pox, measles, and sores.


Essential oil of Thyme and thymol hold many fungicidal properties. Research suggests that it can be used as a disinfectant in dwellings where there is a low concentration of mold.


Those people who are struggling with an accumulation of water within the body because of long-term renal failure or from growing power of toxins and salts within the blood are certain to take advantage of this essential oil. It improves urination helping within the elimination of excessive water, salts as well as toxins through the body. This can help shed some pounds, lower blood pressure, decrease fats and improve digestion too.


Women ought to be very enthusiastic about this property of Thyme essential oil. Women are normally looking for a thing that can provide them rest from blocked or painful menstruation, abnormal periods as well as premature menopause. They have discovered their answer within this oil. It opens blocked menses, provides rest from the signs and symptoms just like abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, depression and low blood pressure which is related to menstruation. It may also postpone menopause, therefore keeping women healthy, happy as well as fertile. The essential oil does all this by stimulating the creation of particular hormones just like estrogen.


When you’re struggling with colds as well as coughs, you have to find an expectorant. Thyme essential oil is a useful one! It will help cure infections that can cause cough as well as cold and drains congestion, therefore providing rest from coughs and colds.


You may raise your eyebrows about this therapeutic property and may even not see it as a benefit. However, (this particular|this kind of) property is very useful for people who are struggling with low blood pressure. Those type of people run the risk of falling unconscious anytime, and feeling slow. This particular oil can stabilize their blood pressure by raising it, that is just like important sometimes as lowering it.


It may drive away insects as well as pests and in addition eliminate them if it becomes necessary. It may be efficiently utilized to ward off parasites that feed on the human body just like mosquitoes, fleas, lice, bed-bugs, and flies, in addition to insects which attack food grains and clothes like beetles and moths.


It encourages circulation, digestion, nervous responses and also the secretion of hormones, therefore stimulating the entire metabolism.


Thyme essential oil also tones up the circulatory system, heart, digestive system, nervous system, muscles, as well as skin whilst fortifying them and boosting immunity.


Thym essential oil kills worms. You can test it on intestinal worms just like round worms and tape worms, in addition to maggots in open sores and hook worms, that are infamously hard to eliminate.


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