Health Benefits and Uses of Red Ginger

Health & Wellness

Red Ginger (Alpinia purpurata) | Health Benefits of Red Ginger / 

Red Ginger, scientifically known as Alpinia purpurata is one of the families of Ginger, but has different characteristics with other Ginger. Red Ginger belongs to the Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) and it is closely related to Turmeric, Cardamom, and Galangal. The plant is native to Hawaii, Trinidad, Grenada, St. Lucia, Panama, Dominica, St. Vincent, Martinique, Jamaica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Suriname, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Yap, British Solomon Islands Protectorate, and Bismark Archipelago, Bougainville and many Central American nations, including Belize. Red Ginger is perfect when grown in tropical climates such as Indonesia and in subtropical climates.In Indonesia you can find Ginger plants in various parts of the region such as Aceh, Lampung, Central Java, West Java, Gorontalo, Ternate and many more. Ginger can also be found in urban to rural.Indonesia has a fertile and loose soil, very suitable for ginger plants so many people who cultivate ginger crops because it has a lot of benefits and benefits of red ginger that can be utilized by humans. Alpinia purpurata goes by a few common names, including Red Ginger, Ostrich Plume, Pink Cone Ginger, Jungle King, Opuhi Uteute, Guduchi, Bokkepoot, Tahitian Ginger, Ginger Lily and Red Cone Ginger, Red Ginger has a smaller size than the other ginger but most properties. The content of the most numerous in the Red Ginger is oil asirin and other content. Alpinia purpurata was widely cultivated, consumed and exported during colonial rule. Favoured as a topical and oral treatment for muscle aches, pains and swelling. Red ginger was also brewed and drank to fight infection and relieve menstrual pain. An important ingredient in many Jamu recipes for its pleasant taste, intense heat & cure-all action. Today, outside of Sumatra, Red Ginger plants are grown for their beautiful, showy flower heads, highly valued in the cut flower industry.

Red Ginger is somewhat different from other types of Ginger. In addition to the reddish color, it is also more often used for medicines than as a cooking spice and has a spicier flavor compared with other Ginger. Red Ginger is the same as the Ginger in general only has a red color that dominates the Ginger, here are the characteristics of Red Ginger, among others. Red Ginger has a pseudo stem shape with an altitude of about 30 cm to 1 meter and when in pieces will produce a yellow or orange color. Leaves produced from Red Ginger plants are narrow leaves that have a leaf length of 15 to 23 mm and width of 8 to 15 mm, the stalk has a length of about 2 to 4 mm, there are hairy leaves are also not hairy. Red Ginger has a flower that resembles a panicle protruding on a sticky or round oval surface, algae on a completely hairless flower that measures 25 cm in height, has an inverted protuberant protruding round, rounded ends with no hairy and bright green or light green which has a size of 2.5 cm wide and 1 to 1.75 cm. Fruit is a capsule. Pseudostems formed by leaf sheaths emerge from underground rhizomes.

Red Ginger is one of the plants that are almost similar to saffron commonly used as a spice ingredient is very famous for the smell and distinctive flavor and is used for the herbs drugs are very useful for human health. Ginger is considered one of the popularly known herbs to maintain digestive health. However, red ginger is one of the particular types to have other less-known health benefits, including improving male vitality.  Many people use Ginger as a traditional medicine to cure various diseases. The content in Red Ginger is very much, like gingerol, flavonoids, antibacterial agents, anti-inflammatory agents, and others, can have a positive impact on health.

Red Ginger Root can be taken as a tea, it can also be taken in capsule form. One teaspoon of ground Ginger mixed with hot water made into a paste and taken a couple of times a day can effectively lower the blood pressure. You can also boil a cup of Ginger root and add a pinch of salt to make a paste. Taking this paste with warm water before meals can help in improving digestion. This magical herb is one of the most widely used and extensively studied herbs. It was discovered by a Chinese emperor thousands of years ago. In addition to reducing blood pressure, it is also known to treat several skin disorders including psoriasis, acne, eczema and rashes. It is also used to treat common cold, flu and other infections. The red color in the Ginger stems is used to indicate its medicinal value. Ginger has properties which can reduce the excess of the blood in the blood vessels, it can also regulate blood pressure by decreasing the stress levels of the heart, and it also increases the energy of the body. The more you use this wonderful herbal remedy the faster your high blood pressure will disappear. For this reason, it is not only used for treating hypertension, but also for various other health conditions like diabetes, digestive disorders, respiratory problems and insomnia. It is also useful for weight loss. It is said to have more than 300 known chemical compounds, which are powerful antioxidants. Ginger is considered a powerful free radical scavenger, which can help prevent cancer, diabetes and heart disease. Its anti-inflammatory property is also proven. Red Ginger essential oil has benefits to increase sexuality and impotence as medicine to the disease. Red Ginger is ginger that has the most pungent flavor. The size of the ginger rhizome is so smallest. Red Ginger is very good because it has many health benefits such as the manufacture of medicinal and herbal remedies.

As an ingredient of traditional medicine, Red Ginger red was chosen because it provides a sense of bitter and spicy Ginger is higher than other types of course add more properties than any other type of Ginger making it suitable to be used as pharmaceutical ingredients and herbs. Red Ginger Rhizome smallest size compared to other types of Ginger, red in color, and contain a high volatile oil consisting of zingeberin, kamfena, lemonin, zingiberen, zingiberal, gingeral, and shogool. Other ingredients, the oil rosin, starch, organic acids, malic acid aksolat and gingerin. Red Ginger is better known efficacious as a laxative, antirheumatic, laxative and colds. Other properties warm, appetite enhancer, sweat bullets, as well as preventing and treating colds. Sense of fit and increased sexual arousal after drinking Red Ginger. Other uses of the Red Ginger to overcome sore throat (bronchitis), back pain, impotence, increase stamina, relieve asthma, treat headaches, muscle aches, premature ejaculation, and tonsils.

Red Ginger is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is said that he was very supportive treatment of Yang and spleen, abdominal / stomach and kidneys (especially for men and also classified as an aphrodisiac / aphrodisiac and treatment for impotence). In Arabic medicine, ginger is said to be red hot in the second degree and humid in the degree of unity. She has a warm and soften the effects of the stomach, is also useful for the body's digestive problems such as bloating, food poisoning, and constipation. Red Ginger plays an important role in Western medicine as well as in the world of Eastern medicine (China, Japan and India) It can be used alone or as an ingredient in herbal recipe and also used as a healing correction against the unwanted effects of other plants. Has been demonstrated in recent research that has red ginger unique content that can help other treatments to be better accepted and absorbed by the body.

According to dr. Pramod Suwijiyo fitofarmaka experts from Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta"The possibility of a sense of warmth because the content of essential oils that causes a sense of relief for people with asthma". "Basically, Red Ginger contains substances that are bronko splasmolitika. Other likely effects on the gingerbread histamines that cause asthma to subside", said doctoral graduate of the University of phytochemicals Toulose, France. However, for those with asthma as well as ulcer, you should avoid the consumption of Red Ginger. "Because gingerolnya can make heat and gastric irritation", said the lecturer at the Faculty of Pharmacy UGM.

Recent clinical studies have validated Red Ginger’s reputation as a potent traditional medicine. One specific trial showed 1–2 grams of Ginger taken for 5-7 days was more effective and safer than anti-inflammatory drugs. Key compounds found in dried Ginger root, gingerol, shagaol, gingerdione and gingerdoil work harmoniously together. This action is responsible for its all-rounded ability to reduce or assist. Pain, diabetes, nausea, obesity, fatty liver disease, menstrual cramps, arthritis, osteoarthritis, IBS & migraines.

Improves Digestive Health:

The feeling of warmth after consuming Red Ginger surely is beneficial to warm up the body, including preventing cold and flu, as well as giving a relief for your digestion. More than that however, Red Ginger is also known to maintain healthy digestion and prevent digestive diseases through its antibacterial content.

The chemical compounds in Red Ginger are believed to help smooth upset stomach and assist digestion. A number of studies suggest consuming Red Ginger can help treat indigestion. The active component of zingeron in Red Ginger can inhibit the enzyme that triggers digestive inflammation.

Supports Weight Loss:

Red Ginger can be used to lose a person’s weight because of the warmth generated by Ginger, this serves to dilate blood vessels and make as body heat so that will bring sweat. The benefits of Red Ginger to this diet you can get by way of a Red Ginger drink water regularly. Red Ginger can help to burn fat in the stomach and reduces appetite. Not only that, Red Ginger also consists of few calories so it can not cause weight gain.

Some studies show Red Ginger plays a role in helping weight loss and preventing obesity. Taking Red Ginger extract pills as a dietary supplement is beneficial in providing a longer satiety effect on stomach and also great for burning calories.

Bone Health:

Rheumatism:

In red ginger are compounds that can relieve pain and reduce swelling on his own. Rheumatism or gout disease can be cured by using ginger merah.Cara very easy to use, boil some red ginger rhizome with buffoonery, cat whiskers, chili Java, and komfrey leaves, then boiled water taken twice a day.

Contracting Gout:

Gout is a condition where uric acid buildup happens in your joints, causing pain and swelling around the area. This condition is more prevalent in older adults, even though younger adults may also be at risk when not prevented from early on. Red Ginger may help reduce inflammation in the body, including gout, by clearing uric acid buildup on the joints by promoting a healthier blood flow. Thus, by consuming Red Ginger frequently, gout can be prevented and treated naturally.

Reduces Inflammation:

Red Ginger is also beneficial to reduce pain and inflammation inside the body. Research have shown that Red Ginger extract  can be taken as a supplement to help reduce symptoms of osteoarthritis, like muscle pain. It may also be able to ease joint pain. Its effect is allegedly more effective than consuming non-steroidal anti-inflammation drug (NSAID) that is usually used to manage inflammations. Active components that are contained in Red Ginger, like gingerol, gingerdione, zingeron, and oleoresin may further help inflammations like muscle pain and gout.

Relieves Pain and Cramps:

One of the popular traditional uses of Red Ginger is for pain relief, especially menstrual pain. Research has shown that Red Ginger also reduces pain. Its anti-inflammatory properties have been proven by scientists. It can lessen joint and muscle pain. It can also relieve the symptoms of rheumatism, especially when taken before sleeping. Ginger also helps relieve nausea. Research has come up with evidence to support that Ginger significantly helps to relieve menstrual pains.

In The Journal of Pain, Red Ginger is an herbal ingredient that is recommended for consumption even when the body is doing heavy work such as exercising. Someone who consumes 2 grams of Red Ginger per day (about 1 tablespoon of grated ginger or ¾ teaspoon of powdered Ginger) can reduce 25% of muscle pain caused by heavy activity.

Headache:

For those of you who do work all day do not close the possibility will experience stress. In this case, red ginger can be utilized as wedang Red Ginger anget that can make the body becomes more fresh and comfortable and the fatigue will disappear instantly. Containing kamfena, spicy flavor, and warm effects, Red Ginger is very powerful to relieve headache. To relieve headaches with Red Ginger is very easy. Brewed red Grapefruit with warm water or suction Red Ginger aroma that had been cut.

Men's Health:

Red Ginger essential oil contains active substances useful and have benefits for men vitality:

  • Cineole - overcoming premature ejaculation and stimulates erection.
  • Alpha-linolenic acid - stimulates the immune system.
  • Arginine - prevent infertility and strengthen the endurance of sperm.
  • Aspartic acid - fresheners and enhance the spirit and passion.
  • Capsaicin - stimulate the erection and increase the activity of the endocrine glands to increase sexual arousal.
  • Chlorogenic acid - overcoming the aging process and stimulate the regeneration of skin cells.

Increases Male Fertility:

Usage of red ginger as an aphrodisiac may not be well known. However, research has shown that frequent consumption of the herb may help improve and treat sexual dysfunction in male. Even though the effect may not as prevalent as other aphrodisiac herb, Red Ginger is able to improve blood flow in the body that can contribute to improve erections in male. Other than that, antioxidant and androgenic activity found in Red Ginger can also improve testosterone production, affecting male fertility in a more positive way.

In a study conducted on rats showed that the administration of Red Ginger extract combined with zinc minerals in male albino rats can increase testosterone, sperm count, and sperm quality in rats. Thus, this can improve testicular function in mice. Even so, further research is still needed to strengthen this finding.

Women's Health:

Menstruation Pain:

Red Ginger is also an excellent anti-inflammatory for the body. All types of inflammation can be overcome by consuming red ginger boiled water, especially during the first day of menstruation. For those of you who often experience menstrual pain, you can drink red ginger boiled water to minimize pain so that your stomach will feel more comfortable.

Increases Fertility:

As a natural herb that comes from nature, Red Ginger contains L-arginine which can improve blood circulation in the body. If blood circulation is smooth, then the oxygen supply is very sufficient to flow to the uterus and ovaries where eggs are produced. If everything goes smoothly, then fertilization is easier to happen. You can be more fertile because of it.

Boosts Immune System:

When the rainy season and erratic weather, you should anticipate protection of the body in various ways so that the condition of the body remains fit. Moreover, the Corona virus outbreak has now emerged in Indonesia, so that makes us have to be extra vigilant. When the weather is cold the endurance of the human body can decrease dramatically and suddenly. Someone will be more susceptible to diseases during the rainy season such as coughing, flu, fever, and so on. Therefore, we must maintain the immune system not easily attacked by various diseases. One way that is given is by taking herbal medicines in daily life, such as Red Ginger.

Red Ginger has long been used by the Indonesian people as food and beverage preparations to warm and restore physical fitness. Red Ginger does have benefits so that the body’s immune system is maintained. Ginger is also able to act as a natural pain reliever and anti-inflammatory which can relieve muscle pain after doing strenuous activities such as sports. Besides being able to warm the body, Ginger Energen which contains cereals, milk, eggs, and sigmavit has been proven to have nutrients to help maintain body stamina so that viruses and bacteria can be prevented from entering the body.

Red Ginger is perfect for the consumption of various circles ranging from children, adolescents and even adults, therefore Red Ginger is perfect for improving one's immune system. Able to fight viruses and bacteria that attack the human body, by eating Ginger regularly will make the body become healthier. This action may help improve overall health and more importantly, help take care of our immune system. Moreover, consuming foods with high antioxidant content can also reduce the potential growth of cancer cells. Red Ginger extract can prevent and kill harmful bacteria in the body so that the immune system will be much stronger.

Warming the Body:

The content of spicy flavor of gingerol is very useful for warming the body in order to feel more comfortable in the rainy season. Red ginger helps to warms up our bodies. This is why it is nice to consume Red Ginger with some tea or hot milk when it comes to rainy seasons. It will also protect our immune to not getting sick easily.

Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health:

A relatively new area of research suggests that gingers have amazing anti-diabetic properties. A study proves Red Ginger can help lower blood sugar which is one of the major risk factors of heart disease. Also, many studies show Red Ginger can help drop LDL cholesterol and support cardiovascular health. The content contained in Red Ginger is able to lower levels of triglycerides and high cholesterol because the human body contains lots of cholesterol and lots of oil, cholesterol and oil content can lead to heart disease. With so many benefits of Red Ginger, it’s time to make red ginger part of your daily supplement. The Chinese believed that Red Ginger can increase the blood flow to the feet and legs. It can increase stamina and improve energy levels.

Blood Clotting:

Studies have also revealed that Red Ginger can inhibit the formation of new blood clots. It has been also found to increase the synthesis of the red blood cell count. This is because it contains the flavonoid compound, ganoderic acid, which is an antioxidant. It is therefore useful in fighting off plaque buildup in the arteries and preventing clots from forming in the body. In certain studies, it has been found that Red Ginger is very effective in stopping bleeding. Some of its ingredients like Ginkgo and Bilberry help stop bleeding. They can stop the clotting process that eventually leads to a heart attack. This makes Red Ginger an excellent choice for the prevention of blood clots.

Cholesterol Levels:

Most of the people, when they are older and didn’t take care of their health or what they eat. The content of the Red Ginger is very much useful to get rid of toxins in the body, one of which is the bad cholesterol in the blood. Bad cholesterol in the blood will impede blood flow. One of the benefits of Red Ginger is blood circulation and indirectly of bad cholesterol in the body will be destroyed. Cholesterol and high triglycerides can harm heart health.

Hypertension:

One of the benefits of Red Ginger has long been believed in managing and preventing hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Research was conducted using liquid extracts of White Ginger and Red Ginger, to examine how the link between Ginger and enzymes that contributes to hypertension. The result, it was found that Red Ginger extract might help inhibit the enzyme.

A Study showed that Red Ginger had a better vasodilator effect than control, results in agreement with the quantification of phenolic compounds in the extracts. It presents a possible natural source for bioactive compounds useful for the treatment of hypertension.

Vasodilator Activity:

A 2014 study "Hypotensive effect and endothelium-dependent vascular action of leaves of Alpinia purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum" published in Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. Vol.50 No.2 Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas by Silva, Alessandra Tesch da; Lima, Ewelyne Miranda de; Caliman, Isabela Faco; Porto, Leonardo Luiz Souza; Nascimento, Andrews Marques do; Kalil, Iêda Carneiro; Lenz, Dominik; Bissoli, Nazaré Souza; Endringer, Denise Coutinho; Andrade, Tadeu Uggere de evaluated the chemical profile, vascular reactivity, and acute hypotensive effect (AHE) of ethanolic extract of leaves of A. purpurata. Results showed a vasodilation action partially mediated by nitric oxide. Rutin-like flavonoids were quantified in the EEAP (1.8 ± 0.03%), and the total flavonoid and polyphenol rations were 4.1 ± 1.8% and 5.1 ± 0.3%, respectively.

Another 2009 study of extracts for vasodilator effects "Vasodilator activity of extracts of field Alpinia purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum and A. zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt et Smith cultured in vitro" published in Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.45, No.3 by Cristiane Pimentel Victorio et al. showed they were able to induce long-lasting endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Study showed a better vasodilator effect than control, results in agreement with the quantification of phenolic compounds in the extracts. It presents a possible natural source for bioactive compounds useful for the treatment of hypertension.

Kills Bacterial Infections:

Spread of harmful bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella enteriditis, and Staphylococcus aureus can all be prevented through frequent consumption of Red Ginger.

A 2015 in vitro studies of antibacterial activity of Alpinia Purpurata published in Austin Journal of Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Vol 2, Issue 4 by Kona Laxmi Anusha, Thofeeq MD and Venkata Reddy evaluated various extracts of leaves, roots, and rhizomes of Alpinia purpurata for antibacterial activity. Ethanol extracts of leaves and roots showed highest inhibition zone against E. coli and Lactobacillus.

Another 2012 study "Leaf extract of Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum screened for its phytochemical constituents and antibacterial and anticancer activities" published in Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao by Arul Raj C, Sophia D, Ragavendran P, Starlin T, Rathi MA, Gopalakrishnan VK. evaluated phytochemical constituents, antibacterial activity and anticancer activity of A. purpurata leaves. The EA extract of leaves showed antibacterial activity with a zone of inhibition from 5 to 14 mm at various concentrations. It also showed potential anticancer activity against PA1 ovarian cancer cell line with half MIC value of 110.25 µg/mL and dose-dependent decrease in cell count for all concentrations tested.

Infections:

Red ginger is one of the most beneficial herbs that can reduce human infections. This is because red ginger consists of some very important compounds such as zingeron, shogaol, and gingerol. These three substances can fight infections.

Antimicrobial:

A 2010 study "Antimicrobial efficacy of extracts from Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K.Schum. against human pathogenic bacteria and fungi" published in Agric. Biol. J. N. Am. by K.P. Kochuthressia, S.John Britto*, M.O.Jaseentha, L. Joelri Michael Raj, and S.R.Senthilkumar evaluated three solvent extracts of leaves, roots, and rhizomes for in vitro activity against six strains of bacteria and four pathogenic fungi. Ethanolic extract of rhizomes showed wide spectrum of activity against all tested bacteria, with notable activity only with Candida albicans.

Antimycobacterial:

Hexane and dichlormethane subextracts of leaves for antimycobacterial activity. In addition to anti-inflammatory activity, study also describes the phytochemical potential to treat tuberculosis.

Study evaluated three solvent extracts of leaves, roots, and rhizomes for in vitro activity against six strains of bacteria and four pathogenic fungi. Ethanolic extract of rhizomes showed wide spectrum of activity against all tested bacteria, with notable activity only with Candida albicans.

A 2010 study "Phytoconstituents from Alpinia purpurata and their in vitro inhibitory activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis" published in Pharmacogn Magazine by Oliver B. Villaflores, Allan Patrick G. Macabeo, Dietmar Gehle, Karsten Krohn, Scott G. Franzblau, and Alicia M. Aguinaldo evaluated hexane and dichlormethane subextracts of leaves for antimycobacterial activity. In addition to anti-inflammatory activity, study also describes the phytochemical potential to treat tuberculosis.

Antioxidant:

One of the best types of Ginger for consumption is Red Ginger because it contains high antioxidants and functions as a free radical prevention agent that can cause damage to body cells. Various studies also refer to Red Ginger as an anti-inflammatory to strengthen the immune system. Eating foods or drinks that contain Red Ginger is very good, such as for example Ginger Energen which has many benefits for the body because it contains authentic Red Ginger that is obtained from Indonesian farmers.

A 2016 study "Antioxidant, Cytotoxic and Apoptotic Activities of Crude Extract of Alpinia purpurata on Cervical Cancer Cell Line" published in Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 36 by Enock Kiage Oirere, Palanirajan Anusooriya, Deivasigamani Malarvizhi, Chinthamony Arul Ra, Velliyur Kanniappan Gopalakrishnan evaluated a n-hexane leaf extract for antioxidant, cytotoxic, and apoptotic activities. Results showed antioxidant activity using DPPH, ABTS, reducing power and ferric reducing activity. In MTT assay, the extract inhibited HeLa cells in a dose dependent manner with IC50 of 41.25 µg/ml. Morphological changes suggested apoptotic activity in HeLa cells. 

Another 2012 "In-vitro Antioxidant and Phytochemical Screening of Ethanologic Extract of Alpina purpurata" published in International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research by Justi Jovitta. C, Sreenivasan Aswathi and S. Suja evaluated the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants of leaf extract of Alpinia purpurata. Results showed the potential to scavenge free radicals and protect against oxidative stress causing diseases. (9) Study suggest ethanolic extract of Alpinia purpurata prevent oxidative damage in normal cells through its antioxidant property.

Premature Aging:

High in antioxidants, Red Ginger boiled water can also make the skin look brighter and radiant. The skin also looks beautiful, healthy, and also youthful by itself. Why is that so? Because antioxidants function to ward off free radicals that have a bad effect on the skin, especially facial skin. Therefore, if free radicals are warded off, the damage to the collagen in the skin can be avoided. The skin will feel smoother, more elastic, and supple.

Improves Cognitive Function:

Alzheimer’s Diseases:

There are several researches about red ginger can reduce the chance of getting Alzheimer’s disease. This is because it has antioxidants and bioactive compounds inside the ginger. Also, some other studies proved that consuming red ginger daily will enhance brain function particularly to reduce memory loss.

Psychological Benefits:

Stress:

Because it has a calming aroma and a warm effect on the body and throat, Ginger decoction, especially Red Ginger, is believed to relieve stress in anyone. No wonder if after the spa, we are often given a cup of warm Ginger drink to give the perfect relaxing effect. Or when you are under tremendous pressure from work or various problems, Ginger boiled water is often recommended to be inhaled and gulped while warm so that the mind can become clearer, relaxed, and positive.

Cancer - Treatment and Prevention:

Another benefit of Red Ginger boiled water is to prevent the formation of cancer cells in the body. Although cancer cells can grow at any time or without certain triggers, at least consuming a glass of red Ginger boiled water which is rich in antioxidants can be an effort you can do to avoid cancer. Red Ginger contains abundant gingerol and zingerone which can help lower the risk of getting cancer. It will prevent humans from getting cancer if they consume it on daily basis, it proved that the ginger will reduce inflammatory signaling molecules in the colon itself.

Study evaluated an ethylacetate extract of Alpinia purpurata for potential in-vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity. Results showed antioxidant and anticancer activity which may be due to the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and terpenoids in the leaves. The study suggests that long term consumption of Red Ginger can help prevent cancer based on its exhibited antioxidant and anticancer activity.

"Screening of Novel CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 Inhibitors From Ethyl Acetate Extract of Alpinia purpurata Using GC-MS Analysis and its Molecular Docking Studies" published in International Journal of Pharmacology and Phytochemical Research by Anusooriya, P., Arul Raj, C., Chella Perumal, P., Sowmya, S., Vidya,B., Pratibha, P., Gopalakrishnan, V.K. about Novel CXC Chemokine Receptor-4 Inhibitors: CXCR4 is the receptor for chemokine, CXCL12 (stromal cell-derived factor-1, SDF-1) involved in problematic diseases like AIDS, cancer cell metastasis, leukemia cell progression and rheumatoid arthritis. Study aimed to identify the novel CXCR4 inhibitors from bioactive compounds in an EA extract of Alpinia purpurata by GC-MS analysis. The EA extract yielded 32 bioactive compounds, some of which shows the better glide score compared with Cyclophosphamide (FDA approved drug). Results suggest the bioactive compounds may act as novel inhibitors for CXCR4.

A 2012 study "Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity of Alpinia purpurata" published in Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines by Chinthamony Arul Raj, Paramasivam Ragavendran, Dominic Sophia, Muthaiyan Ahalliya Rathi, Velliyur Kanniappan Gopalakrishnan evaluated an ethylacetate extract of AP for potential in-vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity. Results showed concentration-dependent antioxidant activity. The extract showed potential anticancer activity at 48 hours with IC50 of 130.20 g.ml-1 with a dose-dependent decrease in cell count for all concentrations tested.

Colon Cancer:

Other benefits of Red Ginger is able to prevent colon cancer by eating Red Ginger as a healthful fresh drink and Ginger ingredients are added to the food, in regular consumption.

Respiratory Health:

Cold and Flu:

Red Ginger contains shogaol, gingerol and zingerone. These three substances can help fight against infections. Also, the rich anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties in Red Ginger can help reduce bad bacteria in your system, which can in turn improve your immune system and overall health. Red Ginger has been used as an herbal tonic for thousands of years. It can relieve congestion and reduce fever. It can also treat colds and influenza. It is an excellent sleep aid.

Cough:

The benefits of Red Ginger to cough is not only a relief but also cures. In addition to addressing cough, Red Ginger can also be overcome strep throat. The nature of the warm Red Ginger is what can help cure a cough and sore throat. The content of essential oil in Red Ginger is useful to overcome cough, both for children and adults.

Same as warming up our bodies, whenever we feel headache or cough or sore throat, we can drink some hot drink consist of the ginger. This will help to heal faster and it is healthier rather than medicine.

Sore Throat:

Red Ginger produces a warm effect so it can relieve the throat. It is suitable for those who are suffering from a sore throat or a cough that makes the throat become itchy.

Reduces Nausea and Vomit:

Many people know that Ginger is highly effective against nausea. Scientists have proven Red Ginger is a safe and possibly effective way to help eliminate nausea caused by varied reasons. Red Ginger is to help eliminate extra gas in the intestinal tract which helps eliminates nausea during pregnancy or chemotherapy and in turn, increases appetite. Red Ginger also helps in treating motion sickness.

Morning Sickness:

Morning sickness is often experienced by pregnant women who are still in the first trimester. This is very reasonable because of hormonal changes in the body. Although it is a common problem, it can make pregnant women feel uncomfortable. To fix this, it is recommended to consume a drink made from Red Ginger.

Travel Hangover:

For those of you who often travel a distant and travel journey can take advantage of Red Ginger as an antidote to motion sickness or motion sickness, because Red Ginger can warm the human body and relieve nausea in the stomach.

Skin Care:

Acne:

Red Ginger is also very helpful for beauty. One of the benefits of Red Ginger to the beauty that can eliminate acne. To get rid of acne using Red Ginger is very easy. Ginger is already cleaned massage on face until the discharge of oil and then close all the face with Red Ginger slices.

Alleviates Allergy:

Itching Due to Allergies:

Itching is caused by allergies can interfere with a person, Red Ginger can be a good solution to treat allergies. Red Ginger is used to heal the itch on the skin. The trick is to attach the Ginger to the itchy skin on a regular basis until the itch is gone.

Eliminates Insects and Pests:

Larvicidal Activity:

A 2010 study "Essential oils from Alpinia purpurata (Zingiberaceae): Chemical composition, oviposition deterrence, larvicidal and antibacterial activity" published in Industrial Crops and Products 40 by Geanne K N Santos et al. showed potent larvicidal activities against 4th instar Aedes aegypti with IC50 values of 80.7 and 71.5 ppm, respectively. Aqueous extracts of the two variants were active against dengue mosquito larvae (IC50 18.3 and 12.6%, respectively). Oils and aqueous extracts showed significant oviposition deterrent effects. Oil from the red cultivar showed significant inhibition of gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial growth.

Sitophilus zeamais (Maize Weevil):

A 2015 study "Evaluation of the toxicity of essential oil from Alpinia purpurata inflorescences to Sitophilus zeamais (maize weevil)" published in Crop Protection, Vol 71 by Camila Soledade de Lira, Emmanuel Viana Pontual, Lidiane Pereira de Albuquerque, Laura Mesquita Paiva, Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva, José Vargas de Oliveira, Thiago Henrique Napoleão, Daniela Maria do Amaral Ferraz Navarro evaluated the toxicity of essential oil from Alpinia purpurata inflorescences to Sitophilus zeamais (maize weevil). No toxicity was noted when applied directly on the cuticle of insects. It showed toxicity to adult insects through fumigation with LC50 of 41.4 µL/L in air.

The naturally fresh and clean taste of Red Ginger is a true indication of its purity. Cultivated in the remote and unpolluted alpine reign of Northern Sumatra, the Karo province has an ideal climate and a long, rich farming history. Red Ginger root is grown using traditional farming practices, utilizing pure Mountain spring water from nearby lake Sinabung. Volcanic deposits from Mt Sibayak and more recently Mt Sinabung have optimized the naturally nutrient-rich soil making it the ideal location to cultivate organic herbs.

Red Ginger essential oils consist of zingerberin, kamfena, lemonin, zingiberen, zingiberal, gingeral and shogaol as well as other content such as oil resins, starch, organic acids, malic acid, acid aksolat and gingerin. Red Ginger rhizome also contains gingerol, 1,8-cineole 10-dehydro-gingerdione, 6-gingerdione, arginine, a-linolenic acid, aspartic, β-sitostrerol, caprylic acid, capsaicin, chlorogenis acid, Farnesal, farnesene, farnesl and elements starches such as starch, fibers and resins in small amounts.

Based on several studies, the Red Ginger essential oils contained: n-nonylaldehyde, d-camphene, d-β phellandrene, methyl heptenone, cineol, d-borneol, geraniol, linalool, acetates and caprylate, citral, chavicol and zingiberene. These materials constitute the most important source of raw materials in the pharmaceutical industry and medicine.

"Volatile constituents from leaves and flowers of Alpinia speciosa K. Schum. and A. purpurata (Viell.) Schum." published by Maria Das Graças B. Zoghbi et al in Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Vol 14 Issue 6 The major components of leaf oil of Alpinia purpurata were 1,8-cineole, ß-pinene and (E)-methyl cinnamate; the oil from the flowers was dominated by ß-pinene and a-pinene.

Traditional Uses of Red Ginger:

  • Red Ginger is usually made as a healthful fresh drink, able to make the body become warmer.
  • Stems are used by Hawaiians for stomachaches.
  • In the West Indies, decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of stomach complaints.
  • It can relieve headaches, insomnia, anxiety and inflammation.
  • Salt and rhizomes are mashed together for treating headaches.
  • Red Ginger also helps in treating nausea and motion sickness.
  • Curing rheumatic disease is one of the benefits of Red Ginger.
  • Able to treat diseased teeth by Ginger powder until crushed and boiled using clean water wait until boiling then when it has been boiling wait until cool after that can be used to rinse.
  • Red Ginger can increase the cholesterol level in the body and can inhibit the formation of new blood clots.
  • It is useful in fighting off plaque buildup in the arteries and preventing clots from forming in the body.
  • It can also improve the flow of blood in the brain and has a relaxing effect on the stomach and limbs.
  • Red Ginger was able to increase appetite in children.
  • It can alleviate diarrhea, which is caused by improper eating or diarrhea caused by worms.
  • It can also relieve constipation.
  • Able to relieve pain in bone.
  • Red Ginger has been prescribed as an analgesic for arthritis pain in Indonesian traditional medicine.
  • It is effective in treating temporo-mandibular joint disorders.
  • Can prevent various bacteria that will attack the human body.
  • For the Ginger of Red Ginger turned out can be utilized to relieve pain or pain that caused menstruation.
  • In Trujillo, Venezuela, oral use of boiled inflorescence used to treat cough symptoms.
  • Fruit is used to treat sores.
  • It is also used to treat common cold, flu and other infections.
  • It is an excellent sleep aid.
  • It is known to treat several skin disorders including psoriasis, acne, eczema and rashes.
  • Benefits of red ginger for facial beauty is to treat acne on a person's face by applying red ginger on the face of acne.
  • Red Ginger is very beneficial to human body health and can be used for facial care if done on a regular basis will produce maximum results.
  • Red Ginger is also able to make the facial skin becomes more smooth and soft, like the face that cares for the salon or home beauty in general.

Other Uses of Red Ginger:

  • Red Ginger is an important ornamental plant widely cultivated in tropical areas.
  • It is the national flower of Samoa, and is locally called “teuila”.
  • Red Ginger can also be grown as a houseplant and its cut flowers can be used in arrangements.
  • The leaves produce subtle yellow dye.
  • The benefits of Red Ginger that many make everyone in droves to cultivate it, because how to membudidayakannya also relatively easy and can be done by anyone.

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