Health Benefits and Uses of Lemon Balm (Melissa)

Health & Wellness

Lemon Balm - Melissa (Melissa officinalis)Health Benefits of Lemon Balm (Melissa) / Psychological Benefits: (Stress and Depression, Anxiety and Fear, Enhances Mood) / Improves Cognitive Function (Sharpens Memory, Focus and Concentration, Ageing Brain, Alzheimer's and Dementia) / Neurological Health: (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA), Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)) / Treats Sleep Disorders: / Antioxidants: / Kills Bacterial Infections: (Mouth Infections) / Reduces Inflammation / Respiratory Health (Cold and Flu, Fever) / Alleviates Allergy: (Seasonal Allergies) / Boosts Immune System: / Improves Digestive Health: (Indigestion, Upset Stomach, Infant Colic, Reduces Triglyceride) / Reduces Nausea and Vomit: / Overactive Thyroid: (Grave's Disease (Hyperthyroidism)) / Cancer - Treatment and Prevention: (Radiation Damage, Free Radicals) / Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health: (High Blood Pressure, Cholesterol and Oxidation Levels, Rapid Heartbeats (Palpitations)) / Liver Health: (Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease) / Diabetes: (Blood Sugar) / Relieves Pain and Cramps: (Headache and Migrene, Muscle Pain, Toothache) / Women's Health: (Premenstrual Symptoms (PMS)) / Skin Care: (Herpes, Genital Herpes, Cold Sores, Insect Bites and Wound Healing) / Supports Weight Loss: / Eliminates Insects and Pests | Benefits of Lemon Balm Herbal Tea | Benefits of Melissa Essential OilTherapeutic Benefits of Melissa Essential OilUses of Lemon Balm (Melissa) (Traditional Uses of Lemon Balm, Culinary Uses of Lemon Balm, Other Uses of Lemon Balm) | Ayurvedic Uses and Benefits of Lemon BalmProperties of Melissa Essential Oil

Melissa officinalis is a bushy herbaceous perennial of the mint family that is typically grown in herb gardens and border fronts for its lemon-scented leaves. The plant is native to south-central Europe, North Africa, the Mediterranean region, and Central Asia but has escaped gardens and naturalized in many parts of the U.S. (Eastern, Midwestern and Pacific Northwest states). Genus name comes from the Greek word Melissa meaning a honeybee, also the name of a Cretan princess who first discovered how to obtain honey.

Lemon Balm was used as far back as the middle Ages to reduce stress and anxiety, promote sleep, improve appetite, and ease pain and discomfort from indigestion (including gas and bloating, as well as colic). Even before the middle Ages, lemon balm was steeped in wine to lift the spirits, help heal wounds, and treat venomous insect bites and stings. Today, lemon balm is mixed with other calming, soothing herbs like valerian, chamomile, and hops, to promote relaxation. It is also used in creams to treat cold sores.

Lemon Balm is an ancient herb which was used by the Greeks more than 2000 years ago for numerous medicinal properties that it possesses. This Herb has been known as an active cure for neural disorders. This Herb has been known to contain a tangy smell and is also utilized for the purpose of garnishing and decorating.

Melissa is used to treat hair loss, baldness, nervous disorders, trauma, inflammation, high blood pressure, insect stings, hyperactive thyroid, phobias and palpitations. It is also used as a culinary herb and as a flavoring agent in various products.

Kurt Schnaubelt in his book Advanced Aromatherapy quotes Melissa oil as “The way in which Melissa oil combines an excellent antiviral component with a soothing but pervasive sedative power is difficult to imagine; it has to be experienced. In its complexity, power, and gentleness, Melissa oil perfectly illustrates how nature time after time works better than one-dimensional synthetic medicines”.

Psychological Benefits:

Stress and Depression:

One of the main things that Lemon Balm is known for is its stress-relieving, calming properties. In fact, it is one of my favorite herbs to have on hand when the stress is high, and I love to make lemonade with it to sip on after a stressful day. People have been using it as a mild, natural tranquilizer for thousands of years. These properties present in Lemon Balm help protect you from stress. Actually, the anxiolytic property acts like a drug that helps to relax your strained and tired nerves. Officially we call this a relaxing nervine, an herb that relaxes, soothes and supports the nervous system. It can be used for anxiety, hysteria, frayed nerves, stress, insomnia, seasonal affective disorder, nervous tension.

A 2004 study found that taking lemon balm eased the negative mood effects of laboratory-induced psychological stress. Participants who took Lemon Balm self-reported an increased sense of calmness and reduced feelings of alertness. Although this was a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, it had a small sample size of 18 people. Further research is needed to elaborate on these findings.

In another study Lemon Balm extract was given at a dose of 300 mg twice daily to a group of stressed people with mild-to-moderate anxiety and sleep disturbances. This study found that lemon balm reduced anxiety by 18%, reduced stress-associated symptoms by 15% and lowered insomnia by 42%.

Aromatherapy with Lemon Balm was more effective than with Lavender essential oil at reducing agitation but less at helping with irritability in another trial on 49 elderly people. A mix of Lemon Balm, Valerian, Passionflower, and Butterbur extracts reduced acute stress in a trial on 72 healthy people.

Taken together, limited evidence suggests that Lemon Balm helps with stress and depression. Further research is needed to confirm these results and investigate how to use Lemon Balm therapeutically.

Take 300 mg of lemon balm in capsule form twice a day. You can take a single dose of 600 mg in acute episodes of stress.

Anxiety and Fear:

Lemon Balm may also be used to help reduce symptoms of anxiety, such as nervousness and excitability for over 2,000 years, and modern science has validated its relaxing effects through numerous clinical studies. Melissa essential oil can be diffused in an aromatherapy oil burner to uplift the mood, promote emotional balance and a restful night's sleep. A couple of dabs of diluted oil on the back of the ears or neck can also help to overcome nervousness and anxiety. 

Research published in 2014 examined the mood and cognitive effects of foods containing Lemon Balm. The supplement was mixed into a beverage and into yogurt along with either natural or artificial sweeteners. Participants in both groups reported positive effects on various aspects of mood, including reduced levels of anxiety.

A 2013 review from the University of Melbourne of plant-based medicines that included 53 species supports the efficacy of the chronic use (i.e., greater than one day) of Lemon Balm in the treatment of anxiety disorders. It concluded that current evidence supports acute anxiolytic activity in Lemon Balm.

In another study Lemon Balm extract was given at a dose of 300 mg twice daily to a group of stressed people with mild-to-moderate anxiety. A combination of Lemon Balm and Valerian root significantly reduced anxiety in 24 healthy volunteers.

Although this is promising, more research is needed to truly determine its efficacy. Take 300 to 600 mg of Lemon Balm three times per day. You can take a higher dose in acute episodes of anxiety. This study found that lemon balm reduced anxiety by 18%, reduced anxiety-associated symptoms by 15%.

Enhances Mood:

Melissa essential oil has antidepressant, hypnotic and sedative properties, and it may create a feeling of peace and warmth. It can promote emotional balance and has uplifting compounds.

Melissa essential oil has also been shown to modulate mood and cognitive performance in healthy young volunteers, who reported no side effects or symptoms of toxicity. Even at the lowest doses, self-rated “calmness” was elevated with melissa oil treatment, making it a great essential oil for depression.

Research has shown that a dose of 600 mg per day resulted in reduced negative mood effects and increase self-ratings of calmness.

Improves Cognitive Function:

A 2014 study also looked at the effects of lemon balm in improving cognitive function. Participants were asked to do cognitive tasks involving memory, mathematics, and concentration. The results of these computerized tasks suggest that participants who ingested Lemon Balm performed better than those who didn’t.

In another study Lemon Balm improved cognitive performance and mood in 20 healthy participants. Lemon Balm also increased accuracy and attention in cognitive performance tasks in 20 college students.

Although these participants did experience an increase in levels of alertness and performance, it’s still possible for fatigue to set in over time. Combining lemon balm with food also affects its absorption rate, which may have had an impact on its efficacy. Additional research is needed. Take 300 to 600 mg of Lemon Balm three times a day.

Sharpens Memory:

Lemon Balm may improve memory and brain function by binding to nicotinic and muscarinic receptors in the brain. Both types of receptors are activated by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and play roles in enhancing memory and alertness. 

In one study Lemon Balm improved performance and memory in healthy participants. It extracts impacts on receptor binding properties, which in turn, have shown benefit for improved cognitive effects such as alertness and memory.

Further research is needed to confirm the potential role of lemon balm in improving cognitive function or even preventing conditions characterized by memory loss and learning disability like Alzheimer’s and dementia.

Focus and Concentration:

Lemon Balm is widely used to treat anxiety and insomnia in Europe. It reduces anxiety and stress and eases sleep disorders. Recently it produced an unexpected result in a research study, it greatly increased the ability to concentrate and perform word and picture tasks.

There’s some evidence this herb helps improve hyperactivity, concentration problems and impulsiveness in elementary school children. Taken internally in food products, it also seemed to enhance mood and/or cognitive performance, as demonstrated in a study involving young adults.

It has potential to improve problem solving, math skills, concentration and alertness, according to available research. Although it works differently than sedative medications. When used as an herbal sleep aid, it seems to help reduce insomnia symptoms and sleep disorders, including during menopause when symptoms such as anxiety, hot flashes and restlessness are very commonplace.

A 2013 study conducted at the University of Melbourne found that the effects of Melissa essential oil were shown to help improve anxiety, depression, neuroprotectivity and cognition. Lemon Balm improved cognitive performance and memory in 2 small trials on 23 healthy people. Similarly, Lemon Balm improved cognitive performance and mood in 20 healthy participants. Lemon Balm also increased accuracy and attention in cognitive performance tasks in 20 college students.

A study investigating 300 mg of lemon balm extract supplementation on stress and cognitive function found that 300 mg significantly improved maths performance alertness and immediate recall compared to baseline.

In another study of Lemon Balm at Northumbria University in England students were tested for weeks while using either Lemon balm or a placebo. The students did significantly better on the tests after taking Lemon Balm and continued to post improved scores for up to six hours after taking the herb. The students taking Lemon Balm were noted to be calmer and less stressed during the tests.

Ageing Brain:

Lemon Balm extract has been studied in people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. After four months of treatment lemon balm was found to produce a significantly better outcome on cognitive function (Alzheimer’s disease assessment scale) than placebo and helped to reduce feelings of agitation.

Alzheimer's and Dementia:

Lemon Balm may help treat diseases like Alzheimer’s and dementia, which are characterized by memory loss and learning disability. Lemon balm contains volatile (essential) oils, including citronellal and citral A and B, which are known to have sedative properties. In both animal and human studies, lemon balm taken by mouth has had calming effects. In larger doses, it may promote sleep. Melissa is probably the most studied of the essential oils for its ability to serve as a natural treatment for Alzheimer’s, and it’s very likely one of the most effective.

In one study, researchers found that using Lemon Balm also improved memory and lengthened attention span in individuals suffering from Alzheimer's disease. This effect may be due to its content of antioxidants, which are thought to protect body cells from damage caused by a chemical process called oxidation.

Scientists at Newcastle General Hospital’s Institute for Aging and Health conducted a placebo-controlled trial to determine the value of Melissa essential oil for agitation in people with severe dementia, which is a frequent and major management problem, especially for patients with severe cognitive impairment. 72 patients with clinically significant agitation in the context of severe dementia were randomly assigned to the Melissa essential oil or placebo treatment group.

Researchers found that 60% of the Melissa oil group and 14% of the placebo-treated group experienced a 30% reduction of agitation scores. There was an overall improvement in agitation in 35% of patients receiving melissa oil and 11% in those treated with placebo, suggesting that quality of life was improved significantly with essential oil treatment.

However, in 2011, a follow-up study seems to have refuted the evidence and shows that it had no more impact on the patients than medication or placebo. The researchers specifically point out that they blinded more factors in the study and used a more "rigorous design". The research is conflicting, but it seems melissa oil does potentially do as well as medication can in some instances.

Another small but interesting study used Lemon Balm, aromatherapeutically to calm overexcited individuals suffering from dementia. Dementia is an increasing deficiency in thought processes caused by brain damage such as from a stroke or disease such as Alzheimer's disease.

Neurological Health:

Lemon Balm seems to have the capacity to increase the flow of oxygen to the body's tissues, exhibiting restorative and protective effects in various neurological diseases, such as stroke, cardiorespiratory arrest, and traumatic brain damage.

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA):

Lemon Balm increases GABA by inhibiting GABA transaminase, an enzyme that breaks it down. GABA is a neurotransmitter that helps send messages between the brain and the nervous system.

Rat studies show GABA producing a calming effect, improving mood, and reducing stress levels. In a pilot trial Lemon Balm completely eliminated anxiety in 14 people with stress. Also, a combination of Lemon Balm and Valerian root significantly reduced anxiety in 24 healthy volunteers.

Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Lemon Balm is very calming and helps to balance out an easily distracted mind. Even those who deal with regular racing thoughts can benefit from the balancing power of Lemon Balm.

One study showed an oral dose taken daily for four months appeared to help reduce agitation and decrease symptoms of agitation in those with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease. Lemon Balm may also help address other mental health concerns as well, including attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although more research is needed.

Treats Sleep Disorders:

Stress, depression, anxiety and nervousness are the reasons why many people do not sleep at night. Lemon Balm has been used for centuries to address sleep disturbances, including restlessness and insomnia, to reduce anxiety and to promote a sense of calm. Lemon Balm oil extract, especially when combined and taken with Valerian root extract, can improve the quality of sleep in adults and children. Lemon Balm has also been considered beneficial in removing insomnia problem and anxiety. Boil it in water and drink it. Lemon Balm has anti-stress and anxiolytic activity, which promotes good sleep by reducing stress. In people suffering from stress related sleep problems, Lemon Balm has been shown to improve sleep when taken at a dose of 300 mg twice daily for approximately two weeks.

Since ancient Rome, herbalists and writers have praised the benefits of Lemon Balm, alone and in combination with other herbs, in the treatment of sleep disorders. Nowadays, a large number of clinical studies suggests that Lemon Balm may be the only known plant with a sedative action with virtually no toxicity.

Lemon Balm contains the active compound "rosmarinic acid", an enzyme which effectively increases GABA (gamma amino-butyric acid) in the brain. It is one of the inhibitory neurotransmitters, used by the brain to prevent over-excitement and attain balance. It is responsible for ensuring that we are not overly stressed and plays a role in sleep cycles. Increasing stimulation of GABA receptors will produce a sedative or calming effect and explains why Lemon Balm works well as an anti-anxiety herb.

If you have difficulty falling asleep, you will find an ally in Lemon Balm. Studies show the it encourages restful sleep. Evidence shows children sleep more peacefully throughout the night with Lemon Balm.

Lemon Balm improved insomnia in 85% of people with anxiety disorders and sleep disturbances in a pilot trial on 20 people. Oral lemon balm, alone or in combination with Valerian, improved sleep quality in a trial on 100 women suffering from menopause symptoms and insomnia and help relieve restlessness and sleep disorders such as insomnia. Similarly, a combination of Lemon Balm and Valerian improved sleep disturbances and restlessness in trials on over 900 children. Drink a cup of tea brewed with valerian and lemon balm before bed.

Several studies have used Lemon Balm and Valerian combinations to treat stress, anxiety and insomnia. The studies have shown improved sleep patterns and reduced stress and anxiety.

According to a 2013 study in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, Lemon Balm combined with valerian root significantly improved sleep quality in 100 women with menopause when compared to a placebo.

In a study from 2011, Lemon Balm was shown to help with mild-to moderate anxiety disorders and sleep disturbances. Another study found that menopausal women suffering from interrupted sleep reported much better rest after taking an extract of Lemon Balm and Valerian. In the study a Lemon Balm/Valerian combination was found to be as effective as the prescription drug Halcion.

Researchers in one 2006 study found that children who took a combined dose experienced a 70 to 80% improvement in symptoms. Both the researchers and parents regarded lemon balm as being a good or very good treatment. Still, more research is needed to validate these findings.

A 1999 clinical study from Inselspital in Bern, Switzerland, supports the idea that Lemon Balm's sedative action is potentiated in combination with other herbs with similar properties. However, to properly assess the benefits of Lemon Balm for sleep, it is also necessary to consider its traditional use in sleep disorders and its well-documented relaxing properties, which under appropriate conditions can lead to sleepiness.

In another study lemon balm extract was given at a dose of 300 mg twice daily to a group of stressed people with mild-to-moderate anxiety and sleep disturbances. This study found that Lemon Balm reduced anxiety by 18%, reduced anxiety-associated symptoms by 15% and lowered insomnia by 42%.

Lemon Balm is approved for "nervous sleeping disorders" and "functional gastrointestinal complaints" by Commission E of the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices. Commission E is the German governmental agency that evaluates the safety and effectiveness of herbal products. The United States does not have a comparable agency to evaluate herbal products.

Antioxidant:

Lemon Balm helps to fight free radical damage in ways that are proving to be invaluable in natural healing. It contains flavonoids that have strong antioxidant properties. With chronic exposure to environmental and food toxins, consuming high quality, food-based antioxidants are vital for maintaining your health. The antioxidants go after free radicals which damage you at a cellular level.

The extract has significant antioxidant activity. For those of us with cold sores, Lemon Balm in the form of a lip balm may prevent the spread of the infection, shorten the healing time, and reduce symptoms associated with cold sores.

Studies suggest its antioxidant properties could be relevant for the management of oxidative stress, of particular importance for neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s. Such diseases are incurable, resulting in progressive degeneration and/or death of neuron cells.

When combined with acupuncture, eugenol, one of the powerful antioxidants in Lemon Balm, helped test subjects recover memory-related functions. This herb can help fight free radical damage in ways that may prove to be remarkable in natural medicine.

Perhaps most notably in this particular benefit of lemon balm is its potential impact against a specific kind of cancer known as glioblastoma multiforme. This fast-spreading cancer usually begins in the brain and has no known effective treatments.

In one study looking at how the antioxidants in Lemon Balm affect oxidative stress caused by low levels of radiation, Lemon Balm had remarkable results, including a significant improvement in blood levels of other antioxidant cells. A study that looked at supplementing the diet of medical professionals consistently exposed to low levels of radiation with lemon balm showed that it may be an effective way to protect them against unhealthy levels of oxidative stress.

The study also showed Lemon Balm could naturally regulate a very important substance called superoxide dismutase. This enzyme, known in short as SOD, is vital to understand in terms of oxidative stress because the naturally occurring SOD can cause a number of different types of cell damage.

However, it is possible to regulate it naturally, using substances such as Lemon Balm that keep it in check. Lemon Balm may also protect against neurodegenerative disorders caused by overexposure to manganese, according to some research. In addition to providing antioxidant support, it has the potential to act as an anti-inflammatory agent. Reducing chronic inflammation helps protect against disease and relieve pain.

Kills Bacterial Infections:

There’s some evidence that Lemon Balm products, including kombucha (a fermented drink that contains probiotics), have antibacterial qualities that may help naturally fight infectious bacteria. Lemon Balm oil specifically shows a high level of antibacterial activity against candida. This is a common yeast infection that causes a number of candida symptoms, including exhaustion, brain fog, digestive problems and a weakened immune system. Lemon Balm has also been shown to be effective against flu, warts and mumps.

Lemon Balm hosts a plethora of disinfecting aromatics that exhibit antimicrobial activity against many pathogens including bacteria and viruses. The viruses that cause herpes type I and type II (mouth and genital herpes) are destroyed by a complex of substances it secretes.

As many of us already know, the widespread use of antimicrobial agents causes resistant bacterial strains, which can seriously compromise the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment thanks to this antibiotic resistance. Research suggests that the use of herbal medicines might be a precautionary measure to prevent the development of resistance to synthetic antibiotics that are associated with therapeutic failures.

Melissa oil has been evaluated by researchers for its ability to stop bacterial infections. The most important identified compounds in melissa oil that are well-known for their antimicrobial effects are citral, citronellal and trans-caryophyllene.

A 2008 study showed that melissa oil exhibited a higher degree of antibacterial activity than did lavender oil against Gram-positive bacterial strains, including candida.

Mouth Infections:

Lemon Balm has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties. The properties of this lemon balm are capable of fighting many types of viruses and bacteria, so it can also be used to relieve oral infections (oral herpes). You can rinse with Lemon Balm to fight bacteria that grow in the mouth. If you are suffering from gingival pain or swelling due to mouth infection, then the antiinflammatory and analgesic properties present in it can give you relief. You can also apply its paste on the infection area.

Reduces Inflammation:

Research has shown that Melissa oil can be used to treat various diseases associated with inflammation and pain.

A study shows that Lemon Balm reduced swelling caused by injury and inflammation in mice. Lemon Balm also reduced the levels of the inflammatory proteins TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IL-6.

A 2013 study published in Advances in Pharmacological Science investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of Melissa essential oil by using experimental trauma-induced hind paw edema in rats. The anti-inflammatory properties of oral administration of Melissa oil showed a significant reduction and inhibition of edema, which is swelling caused by excess fluid that is trapped in the body’s tissues. The results of this study and many like it suggest that Melissa oil can be taken internally or applied topically to reduce swelling and relieve pain due to its anti-inflammatory activity.

Respiratory Health:

Cold and Flu:

Lemon Balm has great anti-viral properties and is great to drink as a tea or take as a tincture when you are hit with a cold or the flu. Lemon balm salves and ointments have shown to speed healing in cold sores as well.

Fever:

Lemon Balm lowers an overheated body temperature, so it helps bring down fever or cool you off on a hot summer day. Take Lemon Balm leaves, and sometimes a few rose petals, put them in a jar of freshly drawn spring water, and sit it in the sum for as long as we can wait. This makes a very delicious and refreshing beverage.

Alleviates Allergy:

Seasonal Allergies:

Lemon Balm contains natural anti-histamine properties which can help to reduce the symptoms of seasonal allergies.

Lemon Balm can also help increase your immunity level. Actually, it has many properties like anti-bacterial, antifungal and anti-parasitic. Therefore, it protects you from all diseases caused by bacteria. Also, its anti-microbial property prevents germs from growing.

Improves Digestive Health:

Lemon Balm is what's known as a "carminative herb", meaning it can relieve stagnant digestion, ease abdominal cramping, and promote the overall digestive process. The volatile oils in Lemon Balm contain chemicals known as “terpenes” that relax muscles and relieve symptoms such as excess gas. As a mild spasmodic it can help relieve tension headaches, back pain and other mild pain due to tension. As an aromatic and carminative herb it can relieve stagnant digestion, ease abdominal cramping, and promote the digestive process in general.

Because of its antioxidant activity, this extract has a potentially protective effect on the gastrointestinal system. One way it can help soothe digestive issues is by preventing gastric ulcers, although this has not been studied at length yet. Lemon Balm contains both “choloretics” and “colagogues”, which may also help with liver and gall bladder problems. Bile is produced in the liver, stored in the gall bladder and then released into the small intestine to digest fats. A choloretic stimulates production of bile whilst a colagogue enhances the expulsion of bile from the gall bladder. The primary Lemon Balm constituents in these categories are; caffeic acid, eugenol, chlorogenic acid and P-coumaric acid, which enhance the content of digestive juices thus improving the digestion of food.

For digestive relief, Lemon Balm is best consumed as a tea taken immediately after meals. Alternatively, Melissa essential oil can be massaged into the abdomen to stimulate the digestive process. If  the oil is "food grade", it can be taken internally where it can help to maintain the proper flow of gastric juices and bile into the stomach.

Indigestion:

If you experience frequent abdominal pain and discomfort, Lemon Balm may have a positive effect on your digestion.

A small study from 2010 assessed the effects of a cold dessert containing Lemon Balm on functional dyspepsia. Participants ate a sorbet, with or without the herb, after a meal. Although both types of desserts lessened the symptoms and their intensity, the dessert containing Lemon Balm intensified this effect.

More research is needed. Just add 1 teaspoon of Lemon Balm powder to a bowl of ice cream or smoothie.

There is also some evidence that lemon balm products, as well as Peppermint and Angelica root, may be useful in creating herbal remedies for constipation. For example, Lemon Balm tea benefits seem to include fighting abdominal pain and discomfort after eating, constipation and bloating. This may in part be due to the tea’s calming effects on the nervous system.

Upset Stomach:

This powerful herb is traditionally known for the ability to reduce gas, bloating, and indigestion. These are some of the amazing benefits of lemon balm and a great reason to consider learning more about it and whether or not it is right for you.

There is one caution for those considering using lemon balm. If you are currently taking thyroid medication, it can interfere with the effects of the medication that you are taking, and so regular use of lemon balm is not recommended for those with thyroid conditions. Herbal remedies are amazing, but like anything else, they will not be right for every person, and you may experience an allergic reaction when taking any new herb. The good news is that you can simply discontinue using that herb and any negative symptom should disappear within 24-48 hours.

It is always important to know what medications these herbs can interact with. Lemon Balm interacts with thyroid medications. If you are on this type of medication, then avoid this herb.

Reduces Triglyceride:

A 2012 study published in the Journal of Nutrition suggests that ingesting Melissa oil could have beneficial metabolic effects. When used on mice, melissa oil slowed fatty acid synthesis (a process that creates fatty buildups in the body), which reduced triglyceride levels.

Another study, conducted in 2009, found that Melissa oil contains phenolic alkaloids that are among the properties that can inhibit cholesterol synthesis and lead to lower total cholesterol levels, total lipid levels and reduced lipid peroxidation levels in liver tissue.

Children Health:

Infant Colic:

Infant colic is a common condition that occurs in the first four months of life. Colic is excessive irritability, fussing, or crying in otherwise healthy infants. Lemon Balm significantly decreased average daily crying time after 28 days in 200 colicky infants and reduced colic episodes through its calming effects and by relaxing the gut.

A single clinical trial cannot be considered sufficient evidence to claim that Lemon Balm improves infant colic. Additional clinical trials are needed to confirm the results of this study.

Reduces Nausea and Vomit:

Given its potential impact on your digestive system, lemon balm may also help relieve feelings of nausea. Drink a cup of Lemon Balm tea at the first sign of nausea.

A 2005 review assessing the results of several studies on Lemon Balm found the herb to be useful in treating gastrointestinal symptoms such as this. Although this is a promising development, it’s important to recognize the study limitations.

Many of the studies looked at lemon balm used in conjunction with other herbs. Further research is needed to determine the efficacy of Lemon Balm when used alone.

Overactive Thyroid:

Lemon Balm prevents the thyroid from growing. It acts like thyroid inhibitors in the body. According to research conducted in the laboratory, dry extract of lemon balm balances the thyroid hormone. In addition, it also prevents thyroid hormones from becoming over-stimulated. Lemon Balm is used in Europe for treating thyroid problems and has shown an ability to regulate thyroid hormone production. Keep in mind that it can also affect thyroid-related medications. Therefore, in thyroid condition, take it only by asking the doctor.

Research suggests that the flavonoids, phenolic acids and other compounds found in this versatile herb appear to be responsible for Lemon Balm's thyroid-regulating actions. They also suggests that these extracts stop the components that over-activate the thyroid from binding with the thyroid receptor, specifically in patients with Grave’s disease.

Thyroid conditions affect more than 12% of the population of the United States, and one of the two common thyroid conditions, hyperthyroidism, can benefit from Lemon Balm.

Test tube studies have found that Lemon Balm blocks the attachment of antibodies to the thyroid cells that cause Grave's disease. The brain's signal to the thyroid (thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH) is also blocked from further stimulating the excessively active thyroid gland in this disease.

Grave's Disease (Hyperthyroidism):

Lemon Balm may block some of the activity of thyroid hormone in the body. Therefore, it has been used in the past to treat Grave's disease, an auto-immune condition in which the thyroid gland produces excess thyroid hormone. Although laboratory and animal studies show that lemon balm may help decrease thyroid in the body, no human studies have yet been conducted for this possible use. 

Cancer - Treatment and Prevention:

Lemon Balm induced the self-destruction of breast cancer cells and reduced the size of breast tumors in rats. In cell-based studies, it killed breast cancer cells and blocked their multiplication. It probably did so by decreasing antigen KI-67 (a protein that is associated with cell growth and reproduction). Lemon Balm killed brain cancer cells in a cell-based study. Citral in Lemon Balm may activate cancer cell self-destruction (through caspase-3) and increases cancer’s sensitivity to chemotherapy by inhibiting the drug-resistant gene MRP1. Lemon Balm stopped the expansion of leukemia cancer cells and activated cellular self-destruction (Fas, Bax, and Bcl-2). It also prevented the growth of colon cancer cells by stopping the cell cycle and induced cellular self-destruction.

Lemon Balm prevented the growth of prostate cancers in cell models by inhibiting the growth of blood vessels that feed the tumors (VEGF-A). It also decreased the activity of the enzyme human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Telomeres are added on the ends of chromosomes by telomerases, but as aging occurs, telomerase activity decreases. hTERT is overactive in cancer cells and necessary for tumor growth.

A study, conducted in 2014 and published in Cancer Investigation, found that Melissa oil may be of potential interest for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), which are tumors that arise from the supportive tissue of the brain. The study investigated the activity of melissa essential oil and its major component citral in GBM cell lines. Both melissa oil and citral decreased the viability and induced apoptosis of GBM cells with their antioxidant effects, showcasing its potential as a natural cancer treatment.

Another 2004 study found that Melissa essential oil has potential as an anti-tumor agent, as evidenced by a reduction of human cancer cell lines when evaluated in an in vitro study.

It’s still in the animal and cell stage and further clinical studies have yet to determine if its compounds are useful in cancer therapies. Do not under any circumstances attempt to replace conventional cancer therapies with Lemon Balm or any other supplements. If you want to use it as a supportive measure, talk to your doctor to avoid any unexpected interactions.

Radiation Damage:

Radiation is used in cancer and some other diseases and health problems. It can cause your problems as well as other problems. In such a situation, if you want to protect yourself from radiation therapy or any other type of radiation damage, then you can use lemon balm. Actually, it helps prevent damage to DNA caused by radiation. Also reduces oxidative stress.

However, a 2014 study found that Lemon Balm essential oil caused apoptosis (spontaneous cell death) in these cancer cells and stopped the expression of a protein known as multidrug resistance associated protein 1 (MRP1). This is especially important, considering that MRP1 is partly responsible for the drug resistance cancers develop to traditional treatment methods, such as chemotherapy.

Other studies have found Lemon Balm products to have apoptotic effects on other cancer cell lines, including a type of cancer affecting the organ lining separating the organ from the rest of the body, MCF-7 (a breast cancer cell line), a colorectal cancer cell line, the most common liver cancer cell and two different types of leukemia cells.

Free Radicals:

Results of biological investigations showed that rosmarinic acid in Lemon Balm, depending on the concentration, reduced the amount of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human keratinocyte cells and enhanced cell viability under oxidative stress.

Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health:

Older sources list it as being helpful for heart palpitations as well. A heart-related benefit of lemon balm may be its ability to protect the heart muscles from injuries.

Researchers gave an oral extract of the plant to animals in a 2016 study and found it resulted in a reduction of heart rate and blood pressure, plus they found indications of resistance to heart injury in lower doses.

The same 2012 study that discovered these results also revealed that inhaling lemon balm oil reduces some of the factors that lead to perpetual growth of a common liver cancer cell.

Studies suggest that lemon balm essential oil has the ability to protect the heart, in part by lowering high triglycerides and improving cholesterol synthesis in the liver.

Traditional Iranian medicine has used it as a therapy for some time to treat heart palpitations, and science seems to back up this use. It may have a positive impact on the mechanics and electrical impulses of the heart, giving it power to help regulate heart arrhythmias, aka irregular heartbeat.

Melissa officinalis has been shown in certain studies to reduce the occurrence of premature beats, tachycardia and fibrillation within the heart, all without causing any negative side effects. In one trial using an orally administered extract of Lemon Balm leaf, subjects seemed to experience a significant drop in benign heart palpitation episodes, which is believed to be tied to its ability to enhance one’s mood.

High Blood Pressure:

Melissa oil has the power to lower blood pressure levels because of its hypotensive, antihyperlipidemic, antiarrhythmic, neuroprotective and hepatoprotective properties.

An animal study, conducted in 2016, found that Melissa oil reduces the heart rate of injured rats and increases the heart’s resistance to injury.

Another 2015 animal study published in Research in Cardiovascular Medicine found that Melissa essential oil is associated with significant electrocardiogram alternations in rats. The electrocardiogram is a test that’s used to check for problems with the electrical activity of your heart.

Cholesterol and Oxidation Levels:

A small clinical trial realized in the University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran, published in the International Journal of Pharmacology in 2012, evaluated the antioxidant effects of an infusion of Melissa officinalis in workers occupationally exposed to aluminum.

The benefits of Lemon Balm tea, after a month of drinking it twice per day, were confirmed. The participants showed significant increase in antioxidant capacity and a significant decrease in triglycerides, cholesterol, and aspartate transaminase.

Rapid Heartbeats (Palpitations):

Taken for 14 days, an oral Lemon Balm extract reduced the frequency of heart beating in a trial of 55 people with palpitations. In human and animal studies, Lemon Balm protected against irregular heartbeats by inhibiting sodium and potassium ion channels, which slows down the heart rate. To sum up, research suggests that Lemon Balm may help with rapid heartbeats. However, the evidence is limited and further research is warranted.

Liver Health:

Lemon Balm extract has shown protective effects on the liver, reducing oxidative degradation in the liver tissue and increasing glutathione, an important antioxidant.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease:

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by inflammation, high blood sugar, and fat. In mice, lemon balm helped treat fatty liver disease by activating enzymes that break down fatty acids. Lemon balm also reduces the activity of white blood cells and inflammatory cytokines in the liver.

Diabetes:

Diabetes is a widespread problem in Western health. While it’s very common for traditional practitioners to prescribe a number of medications with dangerous side effects to treat it, it’s actually possible to reverse diabetes naturally. Using lemon balm extract may be one effective way to achieve this.

Lemon Balm works as an anti-diabetic. Its extract helps to improve the lipid profile and reduce the glycemic index i.e. glucose level. Apart from this, Lemon Balm oil has also been found helpful to reduce blood glucose levels of type-2 diabetes patients.

Researchers have tested both Lemon Balm essential oil and extract for their effect on high blood sugar. Both produce similar results by reducing blood sugar levels and oxidative stress related to diabetes.

Studies suggest that Melissa oil is an efficient hypoglycemic and anti-diabetic agent, probably due to enhanced glucose uptake and metabolism in the liver, along with adipose tissue and the inhibition of gluconeogenesis in the liver.

In a clinical trial on 62 people with type 2 diabetes, an oral Lemon Balm supplement improved blood sugar control (by increasing insulin sensitivity). It also increased the levels of cholesterol bound to HDL, suggesting it helped prevent artery clogging.

In another trial on 70 diabetics, the same supplement was safe and improved the levels of fats and proteins that transport them in the blood, possibly reducing the risk of heart disease. Lemon Balm helped with type 2 diabetes by lowering blood sugar and fat levels in mice.

Although promising, the evidence is insufficient to support the benefits of Lemon Balm in diabetics. More clinical trials on larger populations are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.

A 2010 study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that when mice were administered Melissa essential oil for 6 weeks, they showed significantly reduced blood glucose levels, improved glucose tolerance and significantly higher serum insulin levels compared with the control group, all of which can reduce diabetes symptoms.

Blood Sugar:

Many herbs that provide antioxidants also help promote balanced blood sugar levels. Some research suggests that Lemon Balm may encourage normal blood sugar levels and reduce oxidative stress related to diabetes.

Researchers at the Free University of Berlin impressed by the convincing data from their studies stated, "ethanolic Lemon Balm extract can potentially be used to prevent or concomitantly treat type 2 diabetes". Taking Lemon Balm along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.

Results of a preclinical trial in type 2 diabetes showed a significant reduction in blood glucose, as well as an improved glucose tolerance and significantly higher serum insulin levels. In spite of the extensive scientific research, there's much about Lemon Balm health benefits that remains unknown. However, the extended popularity of this herb through history is a reliable testimony of its anxiolytic, sedative, and antiviral benefits. Recent findings suggest that this herb has an amazing, untapped potential, and more benefits of lemon balm are yet to be corroborated by further research.

Relieves Pain and Cramps:

An alcohol extract of Lemon Balm has been found to reduce pain by blocking the arginine-nitric oxide pathway and by increasing acetylcholine levels in mice.

Studies show that Lemon Balm reduces inflammation in mice caused by injury by reducing inflammatory proteins TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IL and by lowering oxidative stress.

Lemon Balm may help ease the pain of headache, menstrual cramps and toothache. It also can be used as an insect repellant and a treatment for insect bites.

Headache and Migrene:

Lemon Balm may also be useful in treating headaches, especially if they’re happening as a result of stress. Its relaxing properties can help you to unwind, release tension, and relax your muscles. It’s also though that ingesting the herb can help to open up and relax tight blood vessels, which can contribute to headaches.

For this reason, it is used in many types of aromatherapy. Actually, it has analgesic and anxiolytic properties, which help in curing headache. Also, if your mood is bad, Lemon Balm helps to improve it too. You can cure your headache by drying its oil or by using its decoction.

If you experience recurrent headaches, you may find it beneficial take 300 to 600 mg of Lemon Balm up to three times per day. This will allow the herb to get into your system well before a headache develops. You can take a higher dose if you feel a headache developing.

Muscle Pain:

Lemon Balm is effective in reducing the muscle pain and aches that accompany flu. Its antispasmodic action helps reduce muscular spasms. Using Lemon Balm leads to sweating when you have a fever, which brings some relief. With sweat, toxins in the body also get discarded. One of its components, eugenol, help in pain reduction.

Toothache:

Lemon Balm’s pain-relieving properties may make it an ideal choice for relieving toothache pain. In addition to drawing on its relaxing properties, this home remedy is thought to target inflammation in the body. More research is needed to confirm these findings.

Use a cotton swab to apply Lemon Balm oil to the affected area as needed. Be sure to select an oil that has already been diluted by a carrier oil, such as Jojoba. If you purchase pure Lemon Balm oil, you should dilute it. Essential oils should not be applied directly to the skin until they are diluted in a carrier oil.

Women's Health:

Premenstrual Symptoms (PMS):

A 2015 study published in Nursing and Midwifery Studies assessed the effect of melissa essential oil capsules on the intensity of PMS symptoms. A 100 high school girls participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. The intervention group participants received a capsule with 1,200 milligrams of melissa oil from the first to the last day of their menstrual cycles for three consecutive cycles. The second group received the placebo. The results revealed a significant reduction in PMS symptoms for the intervention group, suggesting that Melissa oil is effective in reducing PMS symptoms.

The intensity of PMS symptoms was analyzed before and one, two, and three months after the trial. The group who took the Lemon Balm reported a significant reduction in symptoms. Further research is needed to confirm these findings.

Take 1200 mg of Lemon Balm daily for optimal results. This will allow the herb to get into your system long before it’s time for PMS symptoms to appear. Continued use is thought to reduce your symptoms over time is quite effective for those women who are suffering from PMS related problems.

Skin Care:

Lemon Balm helps to retain the flexibility of your skin. Also, it has been considered helpful in reducing the damage done to the skin due to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. In lemon balm present rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid, caffeic acid and luteolin glucuronide make it beneficial for the skin. You can also use it as a skin toner.

Melissa oil is used for naturally treating eczema, acne and minor wounds, as it has antibacterial and antifungal properties. In studies that involve topical use of Melissa oil, healing times were found to be statistically better in the groups treated with Lemon Balm oil. It’s gentle enough to apply directly to the skin and helps clear up skin conditions that are caused by bacteria or fungus.

Herpes:

Lemon Balm uses also extend into topical application, due in part to their antiviral qualities. Specifically, when applied directly to the skin, it is a useful herbal remedy to help treat the herpes virus.

While there is no permanent cure for herpes, treatment methods generally involve finding ways to decrease the frequency and duration of outbreaks. To date, most researchers have studied the efficacy of lemon balm on herpes labialis, or cold sores.

When using Lemon Balm extract in cream form, research shows that the intervals between herpes breakouts become longer, the healing period shortens and the symptoms, such as itching and burning, seem to decrease. Interestingly, because of the way that Lemon Balm works to achieve this, studies point to no risk of a resistance to the herpes virus forming after repeated uses.

The same results seem to exist when using Lemon Balm essential oil, too. According to various sources, it seems Lemon Balm’s effects on the herpes simplex virus are related to its antioxidant compounds. These include tannins and polyphenols. There are no well-known side effects when using this substance, either topically or orally.

A German study comparing a cream containing lemon balm extract with a placebo found those who used the Lemon Balm cream had a significantly improved healing time. By day five, 50% more were symptom free than in the placebo group. To be effective, treatment must begin early.

A 2008 study published in Phytomedicine found that higher concentrations of melissa essential oil nearly abolished herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 completely when it was tested on monkey kidney cells using a plaque reduction assay.

Researchers suggest that Melissa oil serves as a suitable topical treatment for getting rid of herpes because it has antiviral effects and is able to penetrate the skin due to its lipophilic nature. The second the twinge occurs that indicates a cold sore or herpes blister is about to break out is when to begin applying Lemon Balm oil or Salve.

Genital Herpes:

When applied to genital sores caused by the herpes simplex virus, creams or ointments containing lemon balm have speeded healing. The infections did not spread as much and individuals using topical lemon balm also reported more relief from symptoms such as itching and redness. At least part of this effect is due to antiviral properties of caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid, which are contained in Lemon Balm.

In recent years Lemon Balm has been researched extensively for its antiviral properties, especially in relation to herpes simplex 1 and 2. This is the virus that causes genital sores. Lemon Balm can both lessen the severity and speed the healing of an acute attack and, when taken regularly, can prevent future outbreaks.

Cold Sores:

Sometimes there are red rashes on the skin around the lips. It also causes itching and mild swelling, which is called cold sore. Cold sores caused by the herpes virus can also turn into mouth sores if not cured in time. You can use lemon balm to get rid of it. It has antiviral properties, which help in relieving the cold sore caused by the herpes virus.

Melissa oil is often the herb of choice for treating cold sores, as it’s effective at fighting viruses in the herpes virus family. It can be used to inhibit the spread of viral infections, which can be especially helpful for people who have developed a resistance to commonly used antiviral agents. You can even apply Lemon Balm topically at the first sign of a cold sore.

The Roman poet Virgil referred to the benefits of Lemon Balm in his Georgics, written around 30 BCE, highlighting its effectiveness when used to heal wounds, sores, as well as bee and wasp stings. Nowadays, its antiviral properties are used to relieve cold sores caused by herpes simplex infections. Over the past 50 years, many studies have corroborated that Lemon Balm can destroy the virus and inhibit its replication.

In a 2014 study published in Phytotherapy Research, Lemon Balm extract was able to prevent 80% to 96% of drug-resistant HSV-1 strains from infecting cells.

In 1999, a clinical trial from the Cooperative Clinical Drug Research and Development GmbH, Germany, was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of applying lemon balm cream to herpes simplex cold sores. Lemon Balm's benefits as a topical treatment were validated in just two days. It showed a reduction in the healing period, preventing the spread of the infection and alleviating typical symptoms of herpes, such as itching, tingling, burning, swelling, tightness, and redness.

Participants in this study applied either a Lemon Balm or placebo cream on the affected area four times per day for five days. The researchers also suggested that using Lemon Balm cream may help prolong the intervals between cold sore outbreaks. Further studies are needed to expand on these findings.

In one study in 1994 on 115 patients, a proprietary preparation of Lemon Balm extract in a lip balm showed efficacy in treating lip sores associated with the herpes simplex virus.

Research has shown that the plant contains polyphenols, it can help significantly in the treatment of cold sores and combat the herpes simplex virus, shingles as well as other viral afflictions. Studies have shown a significant reduction in the duration and severity of herpes. Researchers also noted a "tremendous reduction" in the frequency of recurrence.

Apply a Lemon Balm cream to the affected area several times per day. Be sure to patch test the cream on the inside of your forearm before applying it to the cold sore. If you don’t experience any irritation or inflammation within 24 hours, it should be safe to use.

Insect Bites and Wound Healing:

Traditionally, fresh leaves of Lemon Balm were placed on insect bites to help with the swelling and it was also used on bug bites and wounds in salves, ointments, and poultices to help speed healing.

Supports Weight Loss:

Nowadays many people are troubled by the problem of increasing weight. If you also fall in this category, you can use lemon balm tea. Actually, Lemon Balm contains flavonoids, which help to control weight. Because it has anti-inflammatory effects, can help you cope with stress, improves digestion and supports metabolic health, it may be useful for maintaining a healthy weight. It help with weight loss might be a potential secondary effect.

Eliminates Insects and Pests:

Majority of people choose OTC anti-insect spray and repellent products to destroy insects from households. However, most such insect repellents contain strong chemicals and allergens that can be problematic for users, particularly those with allergies and respiratory issues.

You can use Lemon Balm to drive away various insects from the home. You may also spray Lemon Balm tincture in the garden and on the indoor plants. It contains a good amount of Citronella, which repels insects efficiently. You will be able to keep your home free of insects and save money in the process too.

Natural Room Freshener:

Lemon Balm can also be used as a natural room freshener. Dried leaves can be used as potpourri. The mixture of fresh Lemon Balm leaves lightly boiled in water can be sprayed in rooms to spread light mint-type aroma.

Adorning the Garden and Pollinating Trees:

No matter how big or small a garden you have, using Lemon Balm to decorate it will be helpful. The sweet aroma will keep the garden fragrant, more so when the flowers bloom. It also attracts bees, and hence, having the plant in the garden can in a way help pollinate others trees.

Some of the most notable benefits of lemon balm tea include soothing the digestive tracts, treating sleep disorders, stimulating cognitive disorders, boosting the immune system, detoxifying the body, breaking fevers, eliminating anxiety and soothing menstrual symptoms, among others. In terms of side effects, drinking lemon balm tea has rarely been reported to have negative effects, although occasional nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and dizziness can occur. However, severe toxicity of lemon balm tea has never been reported.

This healthy tea is derived from the leaves of the lemon balm plant, scientifically known as Melissa officianalis, which is a member of the mint family. It is widely available and inexpensive, and can also be grown rather easily in a home garden. Praised for its relaxing and sedative qualities, lemon balm tea has been a part of traditional healing practices for centuries. The wide range of health benefits is largely the result of the active compounds found in lemon balm, including tannins, flavonoids, rosmarinic acid, citronellal, eugenol, and other polyphenolic compounds, as well as copper, manganese, zinc and various essential vitamins.

Melissa Essential oil is known as the Common Oil and Sweet Oil. Due to the soothing properties of Melissa essential oil, it is also used in the balms. The oil is extracted from the fresh leaves, buds and twigs through the process of steam distillation. The main components of Melissa essential oil are Citronellal, Germacrene, Geranyl Acetate, Octatone, Beta Bourbonene, Cis Hexenol, Octenol, Alpha Humulene, Delta Candinene, Nerol, Trans Ocimene, Carophyllene, Geranial, Cis Ocimene, Linalool, Methyl Hepenone, Octanol, Copaene, Neral, Gamma Cadinene and Geraniol. It is also called Lemon Balm.

Melissa Essential Oil possess antidepressant, nervine, sedative, stomachic, carminative, febrifuge, sudorific, cordial, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, antibacterial, diaphoretic, hypotensive and tonic properties.

  • Allergies: Several ounces of water should be added 1 drop of Lavender, 1 drop of Melissa and 1 drop of Peppermint. It should be swallowed after swishing around in the mouth. This formula could be applied to the bottom of the feet as well.
  • Anxiety: A drop of Melissa oil should be placed and rubbed between the hands. Nose and mouth should be cup by the hand and breathe for 30 seconds or more.
  • Bacterial Infections: Massage the Melissa oil on the foot reflex points or 1 drop should be applied over the infected area.
  • Bronchitis: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be massed on the chest and throat for three times in a day. Or massage on the reflex points of the feet.
  • Calming: Rub the Melissa oil by placing it on a palm and breathe up to 30 seconds or more by making a cup over the nose and mouth.
  • Cold: 1-2 drops of Melissa oil should be massaged on the feet or over the symptomatic area.
  • Cold Sores: A small amount of Melissa oil should be dabbed to the area and it should be repeated for several times in a day.
  • Coughs: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be massaged to the chest and throat for 3 times in a day or the reflex points of the feet should be massaged.
  • Dementia: The study in the Journal of Complimentary Medicine shows that the Melissa essential oil treats the agitation in severe dementia. A drop of Melissa oil should be rubbed by placing it between the palms, breathe for 30 seconds by making a cup over the nose and mouth.
  • Depression: A drop of Melissa essential oil should be placed to the palms and rub them between the hands. Hands should be cup over the mouth and nose and breathe for 30 seconds or more. It should be done daily.
  • Eczema: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be diluted with 3-4 drops of carrier oil. A small amount of this diluted oil should be applied to the affected area for 1-3 times in a day.
  • Emotional Support: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be massaged over the heart and solar plexus so that it helps to relieve anxiety.
  • Enhance Immunity: If 1-2 drops of Melissa essential oil is placed under the tongue then it helps to enhance immunity.
  • Energy: 1 drop of Melissa essential oil should be either diffused or inhaled from the hands. Or the mixture of 4 drops of Wild Orange, 2 drops of Melissa oil and 1 tablespoon of carrier oil should be rubbed to the bottom of the feet.
  • Flu: 1-2 drops of Melissa essential oil should be massaged to the reflex points of the feet or over the symptomatic area.
  • Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be diluted with 3-4 drops of carrier oil and massage it over symptomatic area in a small amount or the reflex points of the feet.
  • Headaches and Migraine: Apply the mixture of 1 teaspoon of carrier oil and 2 drops of Melissa oil to the temples, forehead and neck.
  • Herpes: The doctor of the Technical University of Munich reports that the use of Melissa oil helps to reprieve Herpes Simplex lesions. A small amount of Melissa oil should be placed three times a day directly to an outbreak.
  • Hopelessness: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be massaged over the heart, solar plexus or heart. It should be diffused all over the day.
  • Hypertension: Inhale Melissa oil directly for 3 or more times a day from the bottle or Melissa oil should be used over symptomatic area.
  • Indigestion: Massage with the mixture of 4 drops of grapefruit, 4 drops of Melissa, 1 tablespoon carrier oil and 2 drops of peppermint to the abdomen.
  • Insect Repellents: The mixture of 10 drops of Melissa essential oil and 5 drops of Basil should be added to the witch hazel in a spray bottle. It should shake well and spray on to eliminate the bugs.
  • Nausea: In theherbal tea, 1-2 drops of Melissa essential oil should be added to lessen nausea and alleviate indigestion.
  • Overwhelm: Massage with the 1 drop of Melissa oil over the heart, solar plexus and brow or inhale from the bottle directly.
  • PMS: Massage the Melissa oil onto the bottom of the feet or abdomen. The mixture of 4 drops Fennel, 4 drops Bergamot, 1 tablespoon carrier oil and 3 drops of Melissa oil should be added to the warm/hot bath.
  • Skin Aging: Should be added to the moisturizer or a spray bottle with water and spray on the face which helps to refresh the mind and rejuvenates the skin.
  • Skin Issues: Apply the single drop of Melissa oil to the issue for 1-3 times in a day. / Small amount should be dabbed to the breakouts or minor irritations on the skin and lips which helps to ease the area.
  • Stomach Issues: Melissa helps to ease stomach, also strengthens and tones it. It also treats the scratches, wounds and ulcers in the stomach. It also prevents from the infections and maintains the appropriate flow of gastric juices. Massage the abdomen with a drop of Melissa oil using clockwise strokes 1-3 times in a day.
  • Stress: A drop of Melissa oil should be placed on the palm and rub between the hands. Breathe for 30 seconds or more by making a cup over a nose. It should be done daily as required. / Should be rubbed on the shoulders, forehead or chest or it should be diffused at night to lower the stress and enhances the emotional well-being.
  • Vertigo: The small amount should be applied to the forehead or inhale from the bottle directly.
  • Viral Infections: The infected area should be applied a drop of Melissa essential oil or the feet should be massaged for 3 times in a day.
  • Warts: 1 drop of Melissa oil should be applied to the wart directly for 1-2 times in a day until it reduces.

Traditional Uses of Lemon Balm:

  • Lemon Balm leaves have been prescribed for internal (as tea) or external (essential oil) application for the treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, liver, and bile in Traditional Australian medicine.
  • Lemon balm essential oil is very popular in aromatherapy.
  • Crushed leaves, when rubbed on the skin, are used as a mosquito repellent.
  • Lemon balm is used medicinally as an herbal tea, or in extract form.
  • Lemon balm is a commonly grown household remedy with a long tradition as a tonic remedy that increases the spirits and lifts the heart.
  • It can help significantly in the treatment of cold sores.
  • Leaves and young flowering shoots are antibacterial, antispasmodic, antiviral, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, febrifuge, sedative, and tonic.
  • It also acts to prevent thyroid activity.
  • An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of fevers and colds; indigestion associated with nervous tension, excitability and digestive upsets in children, hyperthyroidism, depression, mild insomnia, headaches etc.
  • Externally, it is used to treat herpes, sores, gout, insect bites and as an insect repellent.
  • The essential oil contains citral and citronella, which act to calm the central nervous system and are strongly antispasmodic.
  • The plant also contains polyphenols; in particular these combat the herpes simplex virus which produces cold sores.
  • It is used to relax and rejuvenate, especially in cases of depression and nervous tension.
  • Herbal medicine, approve Melissa officinalis for nervousness and insomnia.
  • It is effective in treating brain disorders like insanity, sleeplessness, stress, ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, depression and anxiety.
  • It cures cold sores i.e. oral herpes and mumps rapidly, which are an outcome of viral infections.
  • It is a good herbal remedy for skin complaints like sunburns, shingles i.e. rashes and eczema.
  • It is potent in overcoming chronic fatigue syndrome.
  • It relaxes muscular pain and gout.
  • It counteracts Dysmenorrhea i.e. painful menses.
  • It cures genital herpes.
  • It is a powerful antidote for insect bites.

Culinary Uses of Lemon Balm:

  • Lemon balm is often used as a flavoring in ice cream and herbal teas, both hot and iced, often in combination with other herbs such as spearmint.
  • It is also often paired with fruit dishes or candies.
  • It can be used in fish dishes and is the key component in lemon balm pesto.
  • It might be a better, healthier preservative than butylated hydroxy anisole in sausages.
  • Leaves are used mainly as a flavoring in salads and cooked foods.
  • Lemon-flavored tea can be made from the fresh or dried leaves.
  • A bunch of the leaves can be added to china tea, much improving the flavor, the leaves are also added to fruit cups etc.
  • They are used as a flavoring in various alcoholic beverages including Chartreuse and Benedictine.

Other Uses of Lemon Balm:

  • Growing plant is said to repel flies and ants.
  • It is also rubbed on the skin as a repellent.
  • Whole plant is very pleasantly aromatic; the aroma lasting for a long time after the plant has been harvested. It is therefore a very useful ingredient in pot-pourri.
  • Acrophobia: Put dried lemon balm leaves in one cup of very hot water for 30 minutes. Strain it and drink twice daily.
  • Aging: Prepare lemon balm for tea by boiling the fresh leaves with a cup of water in a pan. Drink this tea twice daily to avoid aging. It aids to reduce wrinkles.
  • Altitude Sickness: Chew the fresh leaves in Altitude Sickness.
  • Amnesia: Prepare a decoction of fresh leaves of lemon balm in a cup of water. Drink this decoction for once a day to boost your memory. Lemon balm tea can effectively enhance your memory powder.
  • Anxiety: Prepare an infusion of dried herb or 4-6 fresh leaves. Drink twice a day. OR Prepare a tincture. Drink 3 times a day.
  • Arrhythmia: Prepare a tea of fresh leaves of lemon balm. Drink 3-4 cups a day.
  • Avian Flu: Take 1 tsp each of dried Forsythia suspense flowers, Japanese Honeysuckle flowers, Lemon Balm leaves. Mix them well and add all the dried herbs in one cup of water. Boil it for 10 minutes. Drink twice daily.
  • Bad Breathe: Chew the leaves and stem of Lemon Balm.
  • Bulimia: Put the dried leaves of lemon balm in a jar. Add hot water to it. Leave it for half to one hour. Drink a glass once a day.
  • Depression: Infuse one tbsp each of Chamomile, lemon balm and Lavender flowers in a cup of hot water for 5 minutes. Add Ginger and Liquorice for taste. Drink before retiring or a sound sleep. (You can add 8-10 drops of skullcap tincture for better results).
  • Diabetes: Boil fresh leaves of Lemon Balm in 200 ml of water. Strain it off and allow it to get cool. Drink this decoction daily. It also helps to reduce the high Cholesterol level of the patient.
  • Difficult Menses: Make a decoction of Lemon Balm leaf. Drink it warm twice a day to get rid of menses. Lemon Balm provides relief from menstrual cramps and promotes sleep during the menses.
  • Dyspnea: Take few leaves of lemon balm. Add Hyssop and pennyroyal in equal amount. Prepare a decoction. Have one cup once a day.
  • Fever: Make a decoction of Lemon balm leaves. Take twice a day.
  • Gastroparesis: Drink lemon balm tea after taking meal twice a day. / Make an infusion of leaves. Drink half cup thrice a day. / Take equal amount of Wild candytuft, Angelica root, Milk Thistle fruit, Caraway fruit, liquorice root, Peppermint, Chamomile flower, Chelidonium majus and lemon balm leaves. Grind them together. Take one tsp powder with lukewarm water once a day or prepare a decoction of above herbs. Drink half cup twice a day.
  • Grief: Prepare a tea of lemon balm. Have it twice a day.
  • High Triglycerides: Boil few lemon balm leaves in 100 ml of water in a bowl for 10 minutes. Strain it off. Drink it warm. Consume it daily to get the best results.
  • Hyperthyroidism: A decoction prepared with the fresh leaves of lemon balm effectively reduces the symptoms of hypothyroidism. Consume this decoction daily.
  • Indigestion: Take crushed caraway, Lemon balm and fennel seed in equal parts. Infuse one tsp of this herbal blend in a cup of water for 10 minutes. Drink one cup after dinner. (You can also add Valerian for a sound sleep).
  • Insomnia: Boil few fresh leaves of lemon balm in 100 ml of water. Boil it for 5 minutes. Strain it off. Drink this warm decoction regular to induce the quality of sleep.
  • Menstrual Disorders: Add infusion of the lemon balm leaves to bath water. It promotes the onset of Menstruation.
  • Nervous Disorder: Take 5 dried leaves of lemon balm. Boil it in water for 5 to 10 minutes. Drink this tea 2 times a day. It relaxes the nervous tensions.
  • Oral Herpes: Make leaf decoction of lemon Balm. Have it 3 to 4 times a day. OR Apply lemon balm oil over affected area. / Grind some fresh leaves of lemon balm to extract out the juice. Drink this juice once a day to cure affected sores. It also helps in to alleviate skin infections.
  • Palpitation: Add fresh leaves of lemon balm into a pan containing 100 ml of water. Boil the leaves for 5 minutes. Strain off the mixture. Drink it daily. This tea provides relax to the cardiac muscles.
  • Pyelonephritis: Prepare a tea of lemon balm. Have one cup once a day.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Drink lemon balm tea 2 to 3 times a day.
  • Stress: Make a decoction of lemon balm leaves. Drink a cup of this decoction once a day to get rid from stress and tensions.
  • Thyroid Problems: Daily consumption of lemon tea can reduce the hormonal levels of thyroid. Just boil the fresh leaves of lemon balm with a cup of water in a pan. Strain it off. Drink it warm daily. It is efficient in regulating the functions of thyroid glands.
  • Viral Infections: Take lemon balm leaf tea every day; it also adds a good taste to your tea.

Antibacterial:

The antibacterial property in the Melissa oil helps to alleviate the bacterial infection in the intestine, colon, kidneys and urinary tract.

Antidepressant:

It acts as an antidepressant by uplifting the mood. It eliminates the sadness and stimulates the hope and joy. Due to this it is called the “Nectar of life” or “Elixir of life”.

Antispasmodic:

The spasms in the muscular, respiratory, digestive and nervous system causes the muscular cramps, shortness of breath, severe coughs, convulsions and severe abdominal pains. Melissa essential oil possesses relaxant and sedative properties which alleviates the spasms in the body parts.

Carminative:

It helps to eliminate the gases build up in the intestines by lowering the abdominal muscles tension and also alleviates cramping and bloating.

Cordial:

It provides the warmth to the cardiovascular system and respiratory system. This property helps to eliminate the colds.

Diaphoretic:

Diaphoretic and Sudorific helps to enhance the perspiration and sweating. The sweat helps to remove the toxins and also cleanse the skin pores. It helps the skin to breathe. The perspiration helps to cool the overheated body.

Emmenagogue:

Melissa Essential Oil treats the problems related to Post menstrual syndrome and menstruation such as irregular menses, extreme fatigue and pain during the periods, annoyance, obstructed menses, untimely menopause and depression after menopause.

Febrifuge:

Melissa Essential Oil possesses the antibacterial properties which eliminates the microbial or bacterial infections. The presence of sudorific properties helps to lower the body temperature and also eliminates the toxins through the sweating which is produced during the fever.

Hypotensive:

The patients of heart attack and brain hemorrhage is benefited by Melissa essential oil whenever the blood pressure increases. It assists in maintaining the normal blood pressure.

Nervine:

It assists in the function of nervous system by enhancing its health and avoiding the nervous disorders. Melissa Essential oil helps to treat the problems such as nervousness, vertigo and convulsions.

Sedative:

Melissa essential oil helps to soothe inflammation, nervousness, shock, anxiety and trauma. It also enhances sound sleep. It helps to relax the mind, body and soul as it provides the contentment and peace. It was used to eliminate the stress and fatigue of combat in the past.

Stomachic:

Melissa Essential Oil tones, soothes and strengthens the stomach. It also helps in the smooth function of the stomach. It also cures ulcers, scratches and wounds, convenient flow of bile and gastric juices into the stomach and also prevents from infections.

Tonic:

Melissa Essential Oil helps to enhance the immunity and strength. It provides all round benefits to the body health.

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