Hop (Humulus lupulus), a member of the Cannabaceae family, is an herb that was traditionally used to provide relaxation, sedation and treat insomnia. This perennial climbing vine is native to Europe, western Asia and North America. Being a temperate European plant, hops is grown in Czech Republic, Poland, England and Germany. It is also found in the United States, South America and Australia. Apart from hops it is also known as Asperge Sauvage, Common Hops, Couleuvrée, Couleuvrée Septentrionale, European Hops, Hop, Hop Strobile, Hopfenzapfen, Houblon, Humulus lupulus, Lupuli Strobulus, Lupulin, Lúpulo, Pi Jiu Hua, Salsepareille Indigène and Vigne du Nord. Hops are actually a female inflorescences of the plant Humulus lupulus L. They are used mostly in beer brewing to add bitterness and flavor. Hops are also used as an herbal medicine for mood disturbance and insomnia and to treat menopausal symptoms.
Hops are the flowers from the hop plant (Humulus lupulus). An ancient Roman kitchen herb, this plant is a brewer’s best friend. Many people associate hops with beer brewing, but hops are also useful in medicines and herbal remedies. In fact, throughout history, hops have been used to treat a variety of problems from digestion to leprosy. Ancient monks would typically recommend hops to young men to keep them chaste, believing hops reduced libido. Other cultures used hops to treat insomnia and promote relaxation, and the Cherokee tribe used hops to treat rheumatic disorders.
As the flowers of the hops plant (also called seed cones) mature, they become papery and develop scales. Under each scale are the lupulin glands that produce lupulin, a powdery pollen. Lupulin is the active ingredient in hops believed to promote relaxation and a sense of well-being. This powder is rich in acids and essential oils, and these give each hops variety its characteristic flavor and aroma.
An essential ingredient in beer brewing for well over 1,000 years, hops have been used medicinally since medieval times. Today, herbalists and supplement manufacturers claim that adding hops to a diet can improve your overall health and even prevent certain diseases.
Hops plant consists of a variety of essential oils as well as various minerals that give them their therapeutic benefits. Essential oils found in hops are myrcene, caryophyllene, farnesene and humulene. Hops are fully packed with vitamins A, C, E and B-complex. These nutrients have powerful antioxidant properties which can help protect the body from disease, boost the immune system and slow down the body’s aging process.
They have a calming and sedative effect on the nervous system and are commonly recommended for anxiety, nervousness, hyperactivity, neuralgia, restlessness, panic attacks, nervous diarrhea, and insomnia. Hops also contain estrogenic properties and can provide relief from PMS, cramping, bloating, and hot flashes. Hops are also known to be particularly beneficial for headaches, nervous tension, intestinal cramps, stress, earaches, toothaches, colitis, neuritis, shock, poor circulation, and liver ailments. They also have powerful anti-inflammatory properties which makes it a good herb for people who suffer with rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, guillain-barre, lupus, bursitis, and diabetes. Hops are a natural diuretic and are helpful in removing water retention and excess uric acid. They are also excellent for helping to prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Hops can help stimulate the appetite and improve digestion when taken an hour before a meal. Topically, hops are used as a remedy for boils, painful swellings, ringworm, tumors, and leg ulcers in people who have poor leg circulation and varicose veins. Hops also topically works as a treatment for dandruff and are often found as an active ingredient in natural shampoos and conditioners.
Probably the best medicinal use for Hops is as a sleep aid. It is a relaxing sedative herb and is particularly effective when combined with valerian. Using hops to promote sleep came about somewhat by accident. Years ago, taskmasters found European hops harvesters were falling asleep on the job. They then assumed that Hops had mysterious sedative properties. Today, studies show that Hops does have sedative properties and could help ease insomnia. Researchers are consequently looking at Hops for help with sleep disorders.
Hop tea, tincture, or capsules can be taken before bed to help with sleep. You can also make a sachet using dried Hops and other calming herbs like Valerian root, Lavender and Chamomile to hang by your bedside. You can even make an herb pillow using Hops flowers to help you sleep. If you don’t want to make it yourself you can buy a Hops pillow here. So that’s why I always feel sleepy after a very Hop forward beer.
A study published in 2012 set out to examine the effects of Hops in female nurses chosen because of their stressful jobs, rotating shifts and their poor sleep patterns. The study found that the participants who drank non-alcoholic beer containing Hops experienced a much-improved quality of sleep compared with the control group. Another study confirmed this with a different age group.
Humulus Lupulus will increase the activity of aminoalkanoic acid and contain chemicals that have sedative effects that successively helps an individual to relax. These chemicals may be beneficial in relieving anxiety and to induce relaxation and sleep. In their leaves, Hops contain chemicals that create a sedative effect, which also helps to lessen anxiety and induce sleepiness.
This has been confirmed by a 2006 study published in Phytomedicine, where it has been reported that the ethanolic and CO2 extracts from Hops reduced the locomotor activity and body temperature while increasing the ketamine-induced sleep confirming the central sedative effects of hops. It showed that the effects of hops result in a reduction of locomotor activity as well as body temperature, which encourages sleep and relaxation.
Waking up all refreshed after a good night’s sleep has to be one of the best feelings in the world. Unfortunately, too many of us suffer from insomnia, which tends to make us feel cranky and inattentive. Sleep deprivation can also lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and hypertension. Humulus Lupulus has been historically used as a sleeping aid. It’s a sedative plant that fights sleep disorder and induces sleep.
This sedative plant affects monoamine neurotransmitter, a endocrine concerned in sleep regulation. Monoamine neurotransmitter more activates internal secretion, a natural sleep endocrine that helps in dominant sleep-wake cycle (when you rouse and once you fall asleep). Thus, common hops benefits favors the induction of sleep.
Early physicians observed that Hops pickers tired very easily during the harvest and assumed that a sticky resin excreted by the cut plant caused this effect. In recent years, scientists have confirmed that humulene and lupuline found in Hops have mild sedative properties that may have applications in medicine. There is a growing body of scientific evidence that Hops could help people improve their quality of sleep and even help treat sleep conditions like insomnia.
Those same sedative qualities make Hops essential oil, the perfect addition to a treatment for insomnia or sleeplessness. Hops essential oil can be diffused while sleeping and enhance the depth and quality of your slumber so you wake feeling refreshed and energized.
These results are similar to a 2014 study of 30 college students. The three-week study used sleep-quality index questionnaires to determine sleep habits. After the first week, students were asked to drink non-alcoholic beer with dinner for the next 14 days. The study authors report significant improvement in sleep scores as well as the time it took to fall asleep.
Hops in combination with Valerian and passionflower may be an effective alternative to prescription sleep medicine. A 2013 study compared the sleeping pill Ambien (zolpidem) to an herbal combination of hops, valerian, and passionflower, and both were found to be equally effective.
A few small studies have investigated the effects of Hops on sleep-wake cycles using nonalcoholic beer. In a 2012 study published in PLoS One, female nurses working rotating or night shifts were given alcohol-free beer with supper for two weeks. Researchers monitored the subjects' sleep patterns with a wristband sleep tracker and found that the beer not only helped them fall asleep 8 minutes faster, but also reduced anxiety levels.
Other research has focused on using hops along with valerian to treat insomnia. According to a 2010 review of studies from Australia, pairing Hops with Valerian may help treat insomnia. Of the 16 reviewed studies, 12 found that the combination improved sleep quality and reduced the time it took to fall asleep.
In some cases, this translated to two and a half hours of additional sleep per night and a 50% decrease in the number of nighttime awakenings. These effects may be especially beneficial in people with rotating work shifts and may even prove useful in treating mild anxiety.
Beyond helping with sleep, hops are also very beneficial for reducing stress and anxiety. According to this study on the effectiveness of Hops for anxiety and stress. “In otherwise healthy young adults reporting at least mild depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, daily supplementation with a hops dry extract can significantly improve all these symptoms over a 4-week period".
Several sources say that Hops should be avoided by those with more than mild depression due to its powerful sedative properties. Anybody that enjoys a glass or two of rich, hoppy beer will be familiar with the way that the tension seems to ease from your body. While alcohol may well have something to do with this, Hops themselves may also play a part. Hops have been traditionally used for their sedative abilities and may help to ease feelings of stress.
Many studies have demonstrated that Hops have sedative effects on the body’s nervous system. It is believed to work because it modulates the GABA receptors in the brain. Studies have also shown that hops are more effective as a sedative when used in combination with Valerian.
Scientific studies have discovered that prime doses of common Hops benefits enhance anti-anxiety and anti-stress effects. Such an impression is feasible because of the presence of flavonoids in it. Flavonoids and flavones possess anxiolytic property. These compounds modulate and enhance aminoalkanoic acid, a brain chemical that improves mood and relieves stress. Furthermore, α-bitter acids and β-bitter acids are active elements gift in common Hops liable for its antidepressant drug and anxiolytic impact.
Another study rumoured that four weeks of treatment with common Hops improved the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. Hence, common Hops plant is capable of putt one in an exceedingly relaxed state and it helps to beat stress, anxiety, and depression.
Everyday life is full of stress. We experience pressure on the job, problems with money, traffic woes, conflicts in relationships; the list goes on. The resulting anxiety can be debilitating for many, affecting their ability to function in their daily lives. Anxiety is one of the biggest problems most people face today. And if it is your problem too, then you better start using hops essential oil right away. The sedative quality is what makes Hops essential oil useful in combating anxiety and mood swings. It helps calm the mind and body.
According to the World Health Organization, stress-related ailments like depression are the leading causes of disability worldwide. Herbal remedies for anxiety and depression are growing in popularity among those eager to avoid side effects associated with traditional drugs.
Research suggests that Hops can help alleviate depression and anxiety symptoms like insomnia, restlessness, nervousness, and mood issues. They are related to the “cannabis” family and improving mental health is one of Hops benefits.
A 2017 study in The Journal Hormones shows that Hops supplements improved anxiety and mild depression in otherwise healthy young adults. Hops also demonstrated a positive effect on other mental problems like restlessness and mood disorders. For the placebo-controlled clinical trial, 36 young adults with mild depression were given either 400 m) of Melcalin Hops or a placebo for four weeks. At the end of the study, those taking Hops showed significant reductions in anxiety, stress, and depression levels compared to the placebo group.
A recent study showed that mild depression, anxiety and stress in otherwise healthy young adults was improved with daily supplementation of a Hops dry extract over a 4-week period, says integrative that mood-boosting properties to the way it interacts with the body's serotonin and melatonin receptors.
Recent research carried out in China suggests that xanthohumol, a compound found in Hops may help protect the brain’s cells from oxidative stress. According to the researchers, this type of oxidative stress can lead to degenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.
The researchers at Lanzhou University concluded that xanthohumol may protect the brain from damage and reduce the risk of various brain disorders.
Hops have historically been used for women’s menstrual problems and also for women who are in menopause due to the high level of phytoestrogens they contain. They are effective at reducing the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome by reducing irritability and soothing cramps.
For menopausal women Hops help to naturally regulate hormones, ease hot flashes, and calm nerves. Because of its phytoestrogens Hops should not be taken by pregnant women or young children.
The compound 8-prenylnaringenin in hops is very effective in treating menstrual cramps too. For women, Hops essential oil has been linked to a reduction in menstrual pain and cramping, which can be quite severe. The sedative qualities that loosen the muscles and reduce pain are the main reason for this useful application of the essential oil. It can help you naturally overcome the discomfort during menstruation.
Menopause causes various unpleasant symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, fatigue, and sleep problems. These symptoms are the result a disruption in hormones specifically, of changing estrogen levels. Hops shares similar characteristics with estrogen, in fact, it contains one of the world’s most effective phytoestrogens. Phytoestrogens plant derived compounds are similar to estrogen found in humans. These chemicals may help relieve some of the symptoms of hormonal changes which occur because of menopause.
This is potential attributable to its steroid hormone activity. For such action, common Hop is licensed to the presence of prenylflavonoids, active compounds that facilitate in attenuating menopause-related symptoms.
A 2016 study suggests that taking hops tablets dramatically reduced hot flashes that women in early menopause experienced. This reaffirms a 2010 double-blind study, which indicated the superiority of Hops extract in alleviating menopausal symptoms.
In the Journal Maturitas issue May 2006, a reported study was made to examine the efficacy of a hop extract enriched in 8-prenylnaringenin "8-PN, the phytoestrogen in Hops, Humulus lupulus L." on relief of menopausal discomforts. The results showed that daily intake of a Hop extract, standardized on 8-PN as a potent phytoestrogen, exerted favorable effects on vasomotor symptoms and other menopausal discomforts. However, more research is needed on this topic to determine the safety of long-term dosing.
A study done on 100 postmenopausal women found that a vaginal gel using Hops as one of the major ingredients reduced dryness in the vagina. It also helped relieve painful intercourse, burning, itching, and vaginal inflammation.
In a recent Iranian study, researchers selected 120 women between the ages of 40 and 60 in the beginning stages of menopause. The researchers then divided the women into two groups. They gave one group Hops to control menopause symptoms, and gave a placebo to the other group. The women who took hops noted a 90% reduction in menopausal symptoms, including a reduction in anxiety.
Hot Flashes and Night Sweats:
Hops may also help with hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause. Since hot flashes and night sweats that typically accompany menopause are due to drops in estrogen that occur, Hops may help alleviate them.
According to a 2010 study from Finland, menopausal women provided an eight-week course of a Hops extract experienced a reduction of hot flashes, night sweats, and even low libido compared to those provided a placebo.
Moreover, the extract appeared to do so without some of the adverse effects of traditional Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), such as bloating, leg cramps, indigestion, headaches.
Hops essential oil helps men enhance their sexual prowess. Hops essential oil helps extend your performance. It can help you effectively counter the problem of premature ejaculation. As Hops essential oil has a soothing effect on the body, it helps desensitize certain vital elements that lead to premature sexual stimulation.
The α-acid isohumulones found in hops act as an analgesic and help relieve the painful teeth, ears, nerves, and other chronic pains. Hops essential oil can provide general sedative qualities, which is why people who suffer from chronic pain of all varieties have turned to Hops essential oil in the past. This general sedative quality for which Hops essential oil is famous is also why it is commonly used by people suffering from anxiety and mood swings, as it can help to settle stormy minds and calm the body.
Relaxes And Soothes Muscles:
The sedative property of Hops helps in relaxing and soothing the muscles. Hops can also be used alone or in combination with Valerian to help relax your overly stressed muscles, ease stiff joints and prevent spasms and twitching. According to experts when these herbs are used in combination, they are even more effective than when used alone.
Perhaps the most important and effective application of Hops essential oil is for tension and headaches. The relaxing effects of this essential oil can loosen even the tightest muscles in your shoulders and neck, while also easing your anxiety and calming your mind and providing relief from mental conditions like paranoia and dementia, allowing for peaceful, headache-free days following a night of aromatic diffusion. The soothing effect allows you to end your headache woes and helps you start your day with renewed energy.
The polyphenols present in Hops help relieve toothache and plaque growth. They block the inflammatory response caused by gum disease. The anti-inflammatory property of Hops provides relief from a toothache and other oral diseases. It can be used in several different ways to cure many diseases. The benefits of Hops are not just limited to its beer making. It is also used as an active ingredient in flavoring yeast, which is further used in different medicines and baking products.
Since Hops contain anti-inflammatory properties, they could help relieve swelling in joints, particularly swelling associated with osteoarthritis. In particular, one of the bitter components of Hops (humulon) appears to help reduce inflammation in people that suffer from fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, gout, digestive issues, muscle pain, rheumatoid arthritis and other issues related to inflammation.
In a 2009 study published in the Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, it was reported that Hop bitter acids efficiently block inflammation independent of GR-alpha, PPAR-alpha, or PPAR-gamma. The study demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effect of various classes of hop bitter acids (HBA), including alpha-acids (AA), beta-acids (BA), and iso-alpha-acids (IAA), in fibroblasts, which are important players in the inflammatory response. All three studied classes of HBA blocked the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF)-induced production of the cytokine IL6, and inhibited the transactivation of the pro-inflammatory transcription factors nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa ß), activator protein-1 (AP-1), and cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB). The results concluded that the systemic administration of HBA efficiently inhibited acute local inflammation in vivo.
While inflammation and irritation are the most common reasons for respiratory distress, using aromatherapy with Hops essential oil can help to soothe those irritated parts of your respiratory tract and reduce inflammation, thereby reducing coughing and congestion.
Cough and Congestion:
Usually, inflammation and irritation are responsible for most of the common respiratory disorders. Using aromatherapy with Hops essential oil helps reduce inflammation and soothe the irritated parts of your respiratory tract. Thus, it effectively reduces coughing and congestion too.
Extract of common hop features a robust anti-bacterial potential. It fights against numerous gram-positive and gram-negative bacterium and so, it may be used for the treatment of assorted infections. Hops have been used for centuries to treat many infections, and recent studies have supported this correlation.
The bactericide impact of common Hop was rumored against E. coli and hay bacillus. These bacterium are liable for looseness of the bowels and illness. Thus, common Hops herb protects against these infections.
One 2005 study in Journal of Molecular Nutrition and Food Research showed that Hops has properties that make it effective in fighting microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Studies reported that xanthohumol and other constituents in Hops act as an antiinfective agent against microorganisms and malarial protozoa. Xanthohumol in Hops was shown to inhibit the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans.
Another study found that Hops flower possesses antifungal activity. Such as attributed to the presence of phenoplast compounds and bitter acids in it. Common Hop extract also can be used as a natural preservative in numerous food formulations because of its active antimicrobial properties.
Antiviral activity was demonstrated against bovine viral diarrhea virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 and human immunodeficiency virus 1. Inhibition of two Trichophyton spp. was indicative of antifungal activity. Finally, xanthohumol potently inhibited the replication of Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of malaria. This effect was linked to the inhibition of glutathione-mediated degradation and detoxification of haemin, a by-product of the parasitic digestion of haemoglobin. Overall, these activities further contribute to the broad spectrum of biological effects observed with xanthohumol.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):
Antiviral Research, December 2004 reported that Xanthohumol, may be a novel anti-HIV-1 agent purified from Hops Humulus lupulus. It was further reported that xanthohumol inhibited HIV-1 induced cytopathic effects, the production of viral p24 antigen and reverse transcriptase in C8166 lymphocytes at non-cytotoxic concentration. Xanthohumol also inhibited HIV-1 replication in PBMC with EC50 value of 20.74 microg/ml. The results from this study suggested that xanthohumol is effective against HIV-1 and might serve as an interesting lead compound. It may represent a novel chemotherapeutic agent for HIV-1 infection. However, the mechanism of its anti-HIV-1 effect needs to be further clarified.
Humulus Lupulus contains varied health-promoting chemical compounds that are potent antioxidants in nature. They destabilize the action of harmful free radicals and defend against the harmful effects of aerobic stress on the body. Hence, a Hops flower will defend the body against numerous aerobic stress-induced diseases and disorders.
Amazingly, Hops are also a powerful immune system booster. A review of existing medical data states that the compounds in Hops show promise in warding off some disease processes, including those related to metabolic syndrome. Hops has a flavanoid compound called xanthohumol and this is felt to possibly have antiviral, anti-clotting, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antimicrobialand, antibiotic and even anti-tumor activity.
Brew up a batch of Hop tea when you’re feeling a sickness coming on, or take a few drops of Hop tincture to shorten the duration of a cold or flu.
There’s no understating the importance of gut health in our overall well-being. It’s vital for our digestive system to be in tip-top shape so that it can absorb the nutrients that our bodies need. In herbal medicine, one of the primary health benefits of hops is its use as a digestion aid. Improving the digestive system, Hops fasten the metabolism of the body. The polyphenols in Hops improve the stomach juice production without affecting its acid levels and reduce the inflammatory protein production easing digestion.
Being a bitter and tonic herb, Hops help to ease and stimulate the digestive system. Hops are perfect for making into digestive bitters and are best taken before a meal to stimulate the appetite and help with digestion. You can then use those bitters to make Hop cocktails. Drinking hop tea is another way to use hops for digestive issues, see how I make it below.
Another property of this wonder weed is that it is used in the treatment of various types of ulcers. It has been proved that the dosage of Hops mixed with other essential herbs helps in the treatment of various ulcer causing bacteria.
Humulus Lupulus is an incredible anti-obesity agent. It inhibits weight gain and it would be a helpful agent for preventing avoirdupois. Xanthohumol and iso-α acids compound present in hops reduce the body fat by preventing excessive fat accumulation in the body. Isohumulones increase resting energy expenditure, cut back accumulation of fat and promote the breakdown of fat. Thus, fat isn’t keep within the body and is employed as a supply of energy.
Studies have found that active compounds gift in common Hop cut back weight gain and fat mass. They decrease inflammation and action of inflammatory compounds that get activated throughout avoirdupois. Hence, common Hops benefits is useful for people who wish to shed the additional kilos.
A 2012 study published in The Journal of Phytochemistry reported that the flavonoid, xanthohumol, extracted from Hops helped reduce body weight and fasting glucose levels in obese male rats. In this study xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid from Hops (Humulus lupulus), was tested for efficacy on biomarkers of metabolic syndrome in 4 week old Zucker fa/fa rats, a rodent model of obesity. Results have shown that there was a dose-dependent effect on body weight and plasma glucose levels. The highest dose group had significantly lower plasma glucose levels compared to the control group in male but not female rats. There was also a significant decrease in body weight for male rats in the highest dose group (16.9mg/kg BW) compared to rats that received no xanthohumol, which was also not seen for female rats. Plasma cholesterol, insulin, triglycerides, and MCP-1 as well as food intake were not affected by treatment. The findings suggest that xanthohumol has beneficial effects on markers of metabolic syndrome.
A 2017 study demonstrates that Hops extracts reduce inflammation in the stomach. Also, Hops’ bitter components lupulone and humulone are appetite stimulants; they’re good for those looking to gain weight.
Hops consist of organic compounds that are thought to help fight osteoporosis and even help keep it from developing in the first place. Research has shown that drinking beer, Hop tea or taking a Hops supplement can help fight bone loss and even reverse the process. Another benefit for those with osteoporosis is that Hops seem to fight inflammation within the body.
Although many people are actually allergic to the ingredients of beer like Yeast and Hops, many people say that it can help to treat allergies. Hops reduce the production of cytokine in the body that causes an allergic response in the body and help fight allergies like nose swelling, sneezing and others. Unfortunately, there is no scientific evidence that Hops have any sort of antihistamine effect.
Hops are high in anti-oxidants making them excellent for the skin and hair. They also have anti-inflammatory benefits, so are useful for calming rashes or inflamed skin. They would be excellent to use in an infused oil or herbal salve for skin conditions. Hops are perfect for men’s beard care as well. They are also good for healing minor cuts and wounds. Try making a Hops poultice next time you you have an injury to help speed healing.
Similarly, Hops essential oil is known as a natural remedy for psoriasis and skin irritation. The calming nature of Hops essential oil functions as an anti-inflammatory and antiviral agent to protect your skin from any possible infections or irritants.
Skin Ageing (Wrinkles):
Hops are a good source of antioxidants, which means that it helps the body fight against free radicals, giving the skin a radiant and youthful glow.
It may be the main ingredient in beer, but also used in various cosmetic products for skin treatments. The oils and minerals in the plant provide an anti-inflammatory effect to the skin and is used to decrease the surface blood vessels.
The oil acts as an antiseptic that protects your wounds, cuts and scrapes from being infected by bacteria and becoming septic. This can save your life because a septic wound will spread bacteria throughout the body, which could cause convulsions and damage vital organs. Apply the oil on the surrounding skin of the wound for this purpose. Never put oil directly on the wound as it may irritate and cause further pain.
As it contains anti-inflammatory properties, Hop is used to treat leprosy. Although it is not clear how Hop helps in the treatment of this disease, it is clear that its herbal properties make it a valuable source of treatment.
The fact that Hops contain antioxidant properties also makes them effective in treating acne. Hop extracts xanthohumol and the lupulones showed strong inhibitory activities against all of the strains. Antioxidant capacity was also evaluated with seven different methods based on different reactive oxygen species. Xanthohumol showed the highest activity in total oxygen radical absorbance capacity as well as singlet oxygen absorbance capacity.
A 2009 study in Phytomedicine reported an in vitro evaluation of antibacterial, anticollagenase, and antioxidant activities of hop components (Humulus lupulus) addressing acne vulgaris. In this study, seven naturally derived components from Hop plant (Humulus lupulus) extracts were tested for evaluation of biological activities affecting acne vulgaris. Five strains, Propionibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Kocuria rhizophila and, Staphylococcus pyogenes, were selected as the main acne-causing bacteria.
Eczema and Psoriasis:
Eczema and psoriasis are categorized as inflammatory skin disorders. Hops essential oil’s anti-inflammatory substances will help treat these skin problems. The oil also has nourishing compounds that will soothe the skin, easing itchiness and other discomforts.
The oil’s nourishing compounds will comfort the itchiness and pain that comes with sunburn and slight burns. It is also helpful for skin rashes and skin irritations due to insect bites and other causes.
Bad Body Odor:
Hops prevent the growth of two bacteria which are responsible for the production of bad body odour in underarms and foot.
You must have heard or even used beer to wash your hair. Beer is good for your hair because it contains hops. When hops are used on the hair they help to treat dandruff and flaky scalp, and can even help with hair loss! Some people claim that using a beer rinse makes hair shiny, likely due to the Hops.
When used Hops oil in combination with other natural oils on the hair, Hops can improve the sheen and strength of the hair because of its strong volatile components that interact with hair follicles and natural oils to improve the appearance and health of your hair.
Beer is also used to rinse the hair because it contains antioxidants and mainly Hops, which help to reduce hair fall. The Hop extract can also be directly used to wash your hair. First, rinse the hair with a mild shampoo, then use hop extract on the scalp. It is quite helpful in the treatment of scalp and dandruff. The essential vitamins and oils present in the Hops help to open the tiny pores of the scalp and reduce the hair loss. The oils in this herb help to cure the dead skin on the scalp and remove dandruff, which blocks the pores of the scalp. It can be used directly from beer, which has high contents of Hops.
When used in combination with other natural oils on the hair, Hops essential oil can improve the sheen and strength of the hair thanks to its potent volatile components that interact with hair follicles and natural oils to improve the appearance and health of your hair.
According to proponents, the antioxidants found in Hops can help strengthen the scalp and hair and reduce the amount of hair loss. If you would like to give it a try, first rinse your hair with a gentle shampoo then add some liquid Hop extract or beer to your scalp and massage it in thoroughly. Leave for a while before rinsing it out and washing your hair as normal.
Beer gives a natural shine and helps to reduce dandruff. It certainly sounds a little odd but washing your hair with Hop extract or beer can help add shine to your locks and reduce dandruff.
Another potential benefit of the xanthohumol found in Hops is the effect it may have on heart health. The compound xanthohumol in Hops relaxes blood vessels and improves the blood circulation in the body, thus preventing cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis, often referred to as the hardening of the arteries, is a condition in which the accumulation of plaque inside an artery can lead to a heart attack or stroke. The compound xanthohumol in hops is believed to have anti-restenotic effects, meaning that it can help relax blood vessels and improve blood circulation.
The Journal of Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine in 2012, reported that xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid from Hops (Humulus lupulus), prevents platelet activation in human platelets. This study demonstrates for the first time that xanthohumol possesses potent antiplatelet activity which may initially inhibit the PI3-kinase/Akt, p38 MAPK, and PLCγ2-PKC cascades, followed by inhibition of the thromboxane A(2) formation, thereby leading to inhibition of [Ca(2+)](i) and finally inhibition of platelet aggregation.
Therefore, this novel role of xanthohumol may represent a high therapeutic potential for treatment or prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
High level of steroid alcohol will increase the danger of heart diseases and stroke. Evidence-based studies have discovered that treatment with common hop reduces the extent of low-density lipoprotein (bad) cholesterol and total cholesterol. An increase in high-density lipoprotein (good) cholesterol was ascertained that successively is related to with reduced risk of heart diseases.
Xanthohumol, a natural compound gift in common Hop inhibits CETP, a macromolecule that will increase the danger of heart diseases in people with high cholesterol levels. Such an is more related to reduced cholesterol accumulation within the arteries, improved cholesterol levels, and a healthy heart.
A study found that isohumulone, a full of life ingredient of common Hop reduces lipide levels and liver fat stores. Thus, it may be finished that treatment with common hops is an efficient, natural and a secure thanks to lower blood cholesterol levels.
A 2012 study from Japan found that mice fed a hops xanthohumol extract had significant increases in "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, corresponding to a decreased risk of atherosclerosis. Moreover, the increases were seen in a type of HDL rich in apolipoprotein E, a protein central to the metabolism of fat and the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
These same effects may benefit people with obesity by promoting weight loss, reducing abdominal fat, lowering blood pressure, and increasing insulin sensitivity, according to research from Oregon State University.
Xanthohumol and isohumulones in Hops help in preventing liver disorders like fatty liver, inflammation in the liver and tissue scarring in the liver. Hops are also believed to support the healthy function of the liver.
The Journal of Experimental and Molecular Pathology in April 2012 reported a study that hop bitter acids exhibit anti-fibrogenic effects on hepatic stellate cells in vitro. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BA on hepatic stellate cells (activation) and their potential to inhibit molecular processes involved in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. The findings indicate that bitter acid inhibit NFκB activation, and herewith the activation and development of profibrogenic phenotype of hepatic stellate cells. Thus, bitter acids appear as potential functional nutrients for the prevention or treatment hepatic fibrosis in chronic liver disease.
Kidney stones are caused by a buildup of calcium in the body. Hop supplements can help reduce your body’s level of calcium and prevent the formation of these painful stones. A antioxidant compound xanthohumol found in hops help in preventing kidney-related problems like kidney stones and even kidney cancer.
There is little evidence that hops can directly prevent cancer. However, the compound xanthohumol appears to exert anti-cancer effects that may one day lead to the development of novel cancer therapies. The compound xanthohumol in hops possesses anticancer property. A study says that the compound is cytotoxic and it kills cancer cells in the body.
According to a 2018 review of studies from China, xanthohumol was able to kill certain types of cancer in test tube studies, including breast cancer, colon cancer, ovarian cancer, liver cancer, melanoma, leukemia, and non-small cell lung cancer. The flavonoid appears to do it in several ways. In some cases, xanthohumol was cytotoxic, meaning that it directly "poisons" and kill cancer cells (and, presumably, other cells around it). In other cases, it triggers apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death. Cancer occurs when cells mutate and no longer undergo the natural process of apoptosis, allowing them to multiply without end. If scientists are able to identify how xanthohumol activates apoptosis in cancer cells, there may one day be a hops-derived drug able to reverse certain cancers.
A study published in Phytotherapy Research of November 2008 showed this correlation between consumption of hops and inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. It reported the Inhibitory effects of xanthohumol from Hops (Humulus lupulus) on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. In this study, the inhibitory effects of xanthohumol on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines were investigated. It was found that Hops xanthohumol was more efficient in the growth inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines than the flavonoids silibinin and naringin from thistle and citrus. It was shown for the first time that xanthohumol from Hops effectively inhibits proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro.
Research conducted in the laboratory at Oregon State University has found that the xanthohumol present in Hops may also have applications against certain types of cancer. So far, they have found it was effective against colon, ovarian and breast cancer cells. There are also indications that the compound may help prevent the development of prostate cancer.
Hops are plant chemicals gift in common Hops that promote healthiness. Research has ascertained numerous advantages of isohumulones within the management of hypoglycaemic agent resistance. The essential oil called isohumulones present in Hops reduce insulin resistance and manage blood glucose in the body.
A study incontestable that eight weeks of treatment with isohumulones lowered fast blood sugar levels and HbA1c that was otherwise high in diabetics. Iso-α acid, a full of life natural compound gift in common Hops influences uptake of aldohexose by the cells for energy. This lowered the presence of aldohexose within the blood.
These compounds are more related to normalized hypoglycaemic agent sensitivity and improved aldohexose tolerance. Thus, Hops plant is effective in maintaining blood sugar level at intervals traditional vary.
Because monks were responsible for most beer brewing in the Middle Ages, manuscripts from the era frequently mention Hops. It was first used for crafting beer around 800 AD. Before this, brewers used a concoction of flowers and bitter herbs, including marigold, dandelion, burdock, and horehound.
Crafted by the British in the 18th century, the India Pale Ale (IPA) is an innovative brew that uses hops in great amounts. In the 18th century, sea voyages were long, temperatures were extreme, and perishables like beer didn’t keep well without refrigeration. But the British soon noticed that hops acted as a preservative and began adding it to their brews.
An Idaho chemist closes in on synthesizing the acids in Hops in an effort to confirm early research suggesting the ingredient may have anticancer properties. First wine went from dietary taboo to something similar, in small doses, to medicine.
At a meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS) today in San Diego, Kristopher Waynant, Ph.D., an assistant professor of chemistry at the University of Idaho, presented work showing that he and undergraduate student Lucas Sass are close to synthesizing acids in hops, which are strongly linked to anticancer properties.
The Hops are what make beer taste like beer, and they have long been known to inhibit bacteria growth as the brew ferments. Acids in the Hops, called humulones and lupulones, have been shown to kill cancer cells and block leukemia cells from clinging to bone in petri dish experiments. They may also act as anti-inflammatory agents. Synthesizing the acids is an important step in documenting any health effects so researchers can be sure their ingredients are pure. Scientists have successfully synthesized one type of humulone, and Wyanant and Sass are now close to synthesizing two others.
Hops tea isn’t the most popular drink on the planet, but it’s got some useful properties. Let’s explore hops tea, where you can find it and whether or not it’s a healthy tea.
The first thing you’ll need to know about hops tea is that it’s not alcoholic. When brewers make beer, it’s not the hops which add the alcohol. Instead, it’s the fermentation process. Hops tea isn’t fermented. It’s made from the flowers of a plant called Humulus lupulus, which is, interestingly enough, loosely related to the marijuana plant. They’re a part of the hemp family. They’ve got a bitter taste, which is why they’re used so frequently in beer. But hops tea has oodles of medicinal value; it’s one of the most healthy teas you can find.
Most frequently, Hops tea is used to relax. There are stress-relieving properties to the tea which will aid with anxiety, calm the mind and even aid sleep. Hops tea is also a digestive aid, as it is a diuretic. The tea can help relieve constipation and to flush toxins out of the body. Studies indicate that hops have external applications as well. It’s thought that these flowers can reduce inflammation and fight infection.
But if you want to make your own, you’ll need Hops flowers. But the flowers are very bitter, so you might want to consider adding something to your Hops tea. For a relaxing tea, try chamomile flower.
Although Hops are mostly famous throughout the world for flavoring beers from Belgium to Boston, the essential oil that can be extracted from hops is also an extremely valuable commodity offered by this plant. Hops are very healthy, which is why there are certain health benefits to beer, but for the most potent consumption of the oils and crucial nutrients of hops, beer doesn’t quite match up the essential oil itself. Hops essential oil is used extensively in aromatherapy, and seems to perform most effectively when diffused throughout a room. However, as this essential oil is quite powerful, it is important to monitor your reactions to it, as it can also cause irritation in large quantities.
Although native to China, Hops essential oil is now extensively available throughout the world. The color of the oil itself is pale yellow and the aroma is rich, dry, and slightly spicy, with hints of floral notes as well. Aside from the essential oil itself, hops can also be used in powdered form, steeped for tea, and a variety of other preparations to get their health benefits. However, the pleasant and potent nature of the essential oil has made it a favorite of aromatherapy practitioners around the globe for its wealth of associated health benefits, many of which are outlined in greater detail below.
Traditional Uses of Hops:
- Hops have a long and proven history of herbal use, where they are used mainly for their soothing, sedative, tonic and calming effect on the body and the mind.
- Strongly bitter flavor has the ability to strengthen and stimulate the digestion, increasing gastric and other secretions.
- Female fruiting body is anodyne, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, nervine, sedative, stomachic and tonic.
- Hops are widely used as a folk remedy to treat a wide range of complaints, including boils, bruises, calculus, cancer, cramps, cough, cystitis, debility, delirium, diarrhea, dyspepsia, fever, fits, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, jaundice, nerves, neuralgia, rheumatism, and worms.
- When given to nursing mothers, lupulin found in hairs on the fruits increases the flow of milk.
- Decoction from the flower is said to remedy swellings and hardness of the uterus.
- Hop flowers are much used as an infusion or can also be used to stuff pillows where the weight of the head will release the volatile oils.
- Fruit is also applied externally as a poultice to ulcers, boils, painful swellings etc.
- It is said to remedy painful tumors.
- Alcoholic extracts of hops in various dosage forms have been used clinically in treating numerous forms of leprosy, pulmonary tuberculosis, and acute bacterial dysentery, with varying degrees of success in China.
- Female fruiting body contains humulone and lupulone, these are highly bacteriostatic against gram-positive and acid-fast bacteria.
- Cataplasm of the leaf is said to remedy cold tumors.
- It is quite effective for nervousness and insomnia.
- Tincture is stomachic and is used to improve the appetite and digestion.
- Pillow of warm Hops will often relieve toothache and earache and allay nervous irritation.
- An infusion of Hops is much in demand in combination with chamomile flowers or poppy heads as a fomentation for swelling of a painful nature, inflammation, neuralgic and rheumatic pains, bruises, boils and gatherings.
- It is used to treat ADHD.
- It is use to enhance appetite.
- It is used to treat leg ulcers.
Culinary Uses of Hops:
- Female fruit of hops is used to flavor beer and prevent decay during fermentation from bacterial processes.
- Young leaves and young shoots can be cooked.
- Young leaves can be eaten in salads.
- Fleshy rhizomes are sometimes eaten.
- Tea is made from the leaves and cones.
- Dried flowering heads of female plants are used as a flavoring and preservative in beer.
- Essential oil in the flowering heads is used as a flavoring in cereal beverages and mineral waters.
- Extracts from the plant, and the oil, are used as flavoring in non-alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy desserts, candy, baked goods and puddings.
Other Uses of Hops:
- Fine brown dye is obtained from the leaves and flower heads.
- An essential oil from the female fruiting heads is used in perfumery.
- Extracts of the plant are used in Europe in skin creams and lotions for their alleged skin-softening properties.
- Fiber is obtained from the stems, not strong and is used to make a coarse kind of cloth.
- It is sometimes used for filler material in corrugated paper or board products.
- Fiber is very durable but it is difficult to separate, the stems need to be soaked beforehand for a whole winter.
- Paper can also be made from the fiber, it is brown in color.
- Extract is used in skin creams and lotions.
- Hop stems were used for fiber to make cloth and paper.
Uses of Hops Essential Oil:
- People who have difficulty sleeping can use three drops of the herbal oil in a diffuser.
- When mixed with other herbs, hop oil can be used in the reduction of fever and pain.
- It can also stimulate the appetite of those who are anorexic or are recovering from certain diseases.
- It can also be blended with a base cream or lotion to help treat areas of rough skin.
- 3-4 drops on a tissue next to the pillow can help you drift off to sleep.
- When blended in a carrier oil or added to a hot bath it can calm the pain and cramps associated with menstruation.
- Hops essential oil is used extensively in aromatherapy.
- It seems to perform most effectively when diffused throughout a room.
- It can be used in powdered form, steeped for tea, and a variety of other preparations.
- Anxiety: Have a cup of hop tea at bed time.
- Dandruff: Boil handful of coarsely ground roots of Hops in a liter of water. Boil until it remains half. Let it cool and strain. Rinse hair with this water after shampooing hair. Wrap it with towel or shower cap and leave it for half an hour. Wash hair with normal water. / Purchase Hops extract from market. Dilute it with water and rinse hair.
- Indigestion: Add honey, black horehound. Drink three to four times a day.
- Insomnia: Prepare a Hop tea. Drink one cup twice a day. / Take one tbsp in the form of tincture twice a day. / Take Hops, Valerian and Jamaica Dog weed in equal amount. Make a decoction. Have it twice a day. / Mix Aniseed, Chamomile, Dill and Hops in equal amount. Soak 1 tbsp of this mixture in ½ cup of boiling water for 5 minutes. Add some honey in it. Take at night before you sleep.
- Menstrual Bleeding: Prepare tea from hop. Take it once a day. / Put 2 drops of Hop Oil in luke warm water and take it once a day.