Health Benefits and Uses of Galangal

Health & Wellness

Galangal (Alpinia galanga) | 

What looks like Ginger, acts a little bit like Turmeric, but actually has been shown to fight cancer like a champ and can even keep your brain healthy? It is Galangal. This root, which is part of the rhizomatous Zingiberaceae family, the same as Ginger, grows in various parts of Asia and is a staple herb in Thai cooking. The main types of Galangal are Alpinia galanga (greater galangal), Alpinia officinarum (lesser galangal), Kaempferia galanga (kencur, black galangal or sand ginger) or Boesenbergia rotunda (Chinese ginger or fingerroot). Most scientific research focuses on either the greater or lesser plant species. The rhizome of this plant has rings around it and is pale yellow or white in color. It looks similar to both Ginger root and Turmeric and is often mistaken for them. Galangal is perrenial plant which can grow around year with 1.8-2.1 m in height. The green leaves of galangal elongates 20–60 in length also 4–15 in width. Galanga has flowers that grows in a simple, formation, with terminal spike, white petals and deep-red veining distinguishing lippetal. While the rhizomes or roots are extrenally dark reddish, brown and ivory white inside with 1,5 to 3 inches length and can reach 3,75 inch thickness. They can almost grow in any place with many character of soil and they can best grow in open sunny spaces, forest or brushwood. Galangal has aromatic odour and pungent, spicy taste. This is why people love to use it in curry dish. The structure of Galangal is hardly to break and need some effort to slice it.

The taste of these spices is one of their biggest differences from Ginger and Turmeric, but the active ingredients also differ. Ginger is high in gingerol, and is much softer than Galangal, meaning that you can basically only slice this rhizome. Turmeric is high in curcumin, beta-carotene, and other antioxidants, whereas Galangal has galangin, beta-sitosterol, and other flavonoids. All three are very healthy and may look similar, but they serve very different culinary and medicinal purposes. Galangal is called for in many of the same Asian recipes as Ginger because they have significantly unique flavors. This root spice originated in China and Thailand, making its way into common Ayurvedic medicine. Many people describe its flavor as simultaneously earthy and citrus-like, with a spicy kick. However, The rhizomes of these four plants are commonly used as spices in various Asian cuisines, particularly in soups because it offers such a potent and spicy flavor. Despite being closely related to Ginger, Galangal has more of a citrus, earthy or pine flavor, and each type has different nutritional compositions. Galangal isn’t spicy due to capsaicin, like most spicy foods. Instead of leaving you with a lasting burning sensation, it hits you and goes away immediately. If you’re into Thai food and have tried tom ka gai, a popular Thai soup dish, you may recognize the flavor of Galangal root as that peculiar flavor you simply couldn’t place. Well, now that we’ve figured that out, what’s it good for? The answer to that question may intrigue you, because, in short, it’s good for a lot. Not only being used in Asia, Galangal has also been used in Europe it has been brought in 9th century and they continue to use Galangal as spice for more than thousand years. In Russia, Galangal is used to give flavour to vinegar and “Nastoika” vinegar. Galangal tea famous in some countries and has been used by brewers. Of Tartars tribe. In India the aromatic oil of Galangal is used in permufery industry.

The usage of Galangal in medication and culinary field is originated from South Asian country especially Indonesia and Thailand. It has many common names in some countries. In Indonesia people called it as Lengkuas, or Laos (Javanese), Kha in Thailand, greater galangal in English, kulinjan in Hindi and riềng nếp in Vietnamese. The rhizome is known for its ability to heal a number of health problems, without the burden of any side effects. Scientifically termed as Alpinia galanga, the root has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Later Galangal has been proved scientifically by researchers contains many phytochemical which has abundant effect to maintain body health.

The best part about Galangal, though, is the way it fights to keep your body healthy. It’s been found to have significant positive effects on eight different types of cancer, as well a reduce chronic and specific forms of inflammation, often better than medication.

This Asian spice is packed with vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron, as well as dietary fiber and a good amount of carbohydrates. A single serving of this herb provides impressive amounts of antioxidants, including quercetin, alpine, galangin, and beta-sitosterol, among others. Per 100 gram of serving, Galangal contains 70 calories and 3 grams dietary fiber. It is also reported that galanga rich in carbohydrate and less in fat. Researcher found that some phytochemical including flavonoid and phenolic acid are found as major content of galangal. Dominant component of galangal called as Galangoisoflavonoid. Galangal also contain other components such as beta-Sitosterol, quercetin, galangin, emodine, sodium, iron, and vitamin C.

Cancer - Treatment and Prevention:

Galangal root is a treasure trove of powerful nutrients, particularly bioflavonoids, a class of plant-based antioxidants. Galangal belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and also to Ginger, Peat and Cardamom. One of the most significant benefits possessed by the herb is its potential as a cancer-fighting agent. Their antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties make this group of plants phytochemicals related to cancer prevention.Alpinia galanga helps prevent cancer symptoms from spreading and its powerful properties help kill the cancer and tumors cells. Galangal extract also contains Ginger and Turmeric, Cardamom which prevents cancer and protects your body from insulating germs. The Galangal rhizome (root) contains two cytotoxic compounds, namely, acetoxychavicolacetate and p-coumaryl alcohol-O-methyl ether, that are known to act against cancer cells. Chitharathai extracts showed anticancer effects on melanoma (skin) cells, preventing skin cancer. The cytotoxic compounds in this Chinese herb can induce glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity in the liver cells. GST eliminates mutagenic compounds and free radicals, thus preventing cancerous changes. However, more research is needed to understand the molecular mechanisms and anticancer effects of this medicinal root. The content of flavonoid-galangin has proven to have the anti-oxidative properties so that it can help ward off free radicals, i.e. with the enzyme modulates as well as pressing genotoxity of chemicals in the body. The self-destruct mechanism that the body uses to kill dysfunctioning cells, is also associated with galangin. Scientists claim that the galangal root is effective against cancers of the stomach, skin, pancreas, breast and liver.

The past decade or so has seen a growing interest in the ability of Ggalangal to fight cancer. This interest continues to rise with more and more studies demonstrating that the herb has exciting potential to fight and even prevent a number of different cancers. Various studies have already been conducted, and are still being conducted to reveal Galangal's ability to fight and prevent the onset of different types of cancer and tumours. Galangal is proven to have the ability to prevent gastric cancer, leukaemia, melanoma, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, and bile duct cancer. Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, the herb aids in lowering the damage caused to the DNA by the free radicals and other toxic elements. The presence of a flavonoid known as galanin plays a central role in preventing the onset of cancer as it modulates the enzyme activity and destroys the genotoxicity.

Researchers in Japan have found out that the extract of Galangal can be used as a potential remedy to prevent cancer. The extract has strong anti-oxidant properties that destroy the free radicals responsible for causing oxidative stress and DNA mutations which lead to cancer. Studies conducted in Thailand shows that the consumption of Galangal helps in inhibiting the growth of Heliobacter pylori, cancer-causing bacteria that lives in the stomach.

According to researches, it helps in both killing the cancer cells as well as in increasing the ability of the cells to fight cancer. Compounds isolated from Galangal were found to be effective in killing lung and breast cancer cells and in boosting the immunity of the healthy cells. Galangol, which is oil obtained from Galangal and acrid resin are the two main components of Galangal that play an important role in fighting cancer.

Test-tube studies suggest that the active compound in Galangal root, known as galangin, as well as other properties present in the spice, has some promising anti-cancer effects on a number of different types of cancer, including leukaemia, melanoma, pancreatic cancer, hepatoma, colon cancer, and more. That said, test-tube findings do not necessarily apply to humans. While study results have been promising, more research in humans is needed.

A study by Ha TK et al. found that galangin induces apoptosis of HCT-15 and HT-29 human colon cancer cells.

Galangin, a primary component found in Galangal, was found to have anticancer properties, according to a 2016 study published in The Journal Nutrients. The study found it to be especially effective in the case of melanoma, hepatoma, and colon cancer.

Another 2014 research also highlighted its antiproliferative potential against gastric cancer cell lines. Galangin, a flavonoid found in galangal, has been shown to combat chemical genotoxicity. Galangin has also been linked to apoptosis, the self-destruct program the body uses to kill off dysfunctional cells.

Scientists say Galangal root is effective against gastric, skin, pancreatic, breast, and liver cancers. According to a 2014 study, an aqueous extract of Alpinia galangal possesses an anti-proliferative effect on the human gastric tumor (AGS) and L929 cell lines.

Cancerous Tumours:

Galangal is host of many antioxidants substance which help to minimize DNA damaged caused by free radicals and other toxin component that enter the body.

A study by UK researchers found that Galangal extract has anti-cancer activities according to experiment with people who suffering lung and breast cancer. The most antioxidative component in Galangal who fight with free radicals is flavonoid called galangin. Galangin can modulates the activity of enzyme and supresses chemicals genotoxicity. It showed that Galangal is very potential herb which act as anti cancer.

Other research also reported that the transconiveril diacetate, acetoxy chavikol acetat and asetoksi eugenol cetat can inhibit the pathway of Xanthin enzyme synthesize which trigger tumour development.

Melanoma:

Galangal extracts showed anticancer effects on melanoma (skin) cells, preventing skin cancer. The cytotoxic compounds in this Chinese herb can induce glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity in the liver cells. GST eliminates mutagenic compounds and free radicals, thus preventing cancerous changes. However, more research is needed to understand the molecular mechanisms and anticancer effects of this medicinal root.

Researchers at National Chiayi University in Taiwan studied the impact of three compounds from Galangal root on human melanoma (skin cancer) cells. The researchers found that all three compounds had an antiproliferative effect, meaning they stopped the growth of new cells.

Leukemia:

Acute monocytic leukemia cells, a fast-moving leukemia that begins in the bone marrow, were exposed to a liquid extract of galangal in an effort to find a natural cancer treatment that wouldn’t damage adjoining cells, like dangerous chemotherapy.

The researchers in Jamaica conducting the study indicate that this could be a potential cure for this form of leukemia, and that’s not a word scientists use lightly. However, this study was simply the beginning, as much more research must be done to examine the effects of this extract on healthy cells before testing it in living subjects.

One study published in 2013 found that extracts from Lesser Galangal leaf had excellent anticancer activities against leukemia cells.

Gastric Cancer:

A 2014 study in Iran found that a liquid extract of galangal significantly destroyed the number of gastric cancer cells in a lab test after 48 hours, calling it a prominent result.

Colon Cancer:

A study published in 2013 found that galangin, a flavonoid found in Galangal caused cell death or apoptosis to two types of human colon cancer cells.

Pancreatic Cancer:

A study released in 2017 tested multiple compounds from Galangal in the lab and their impact on pancreatic cancer cells, finding that they stopped the growth of new cells and suppressed gene pathways responsible for expanding the cancer’s impact.

Liver Cancer (Hepatic):

One reason cancer is so devastating to the human body has to do with the way it spreads or metastasizes to other organs from where it originates. This is especially true with liver cancer. Several studies have found that compounds extracted from galangal were effective against liver cancer cells.

One study found that when 1′-acetoxychavicol acetate extracted from Galangal was used in combination with conventional therapies, it induced apoptosis very effectively.

In another study related to liver cancer, combination therapy was used with galangal and more common therapy agents, producing an apoptotic effect more significant than the individual therapies displayed.

A Taiwan study in 2015 investigating the impact of Galangal extracted compounds on HepG2 cells (a type of liver cancer) found that the natural compounds decreased the instance of metastasis by stopping the cells from attaching to other, healthy cells.

Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma):

This particular form of cancer is not as common in the U.S., but it’s an aggressive cancer that infects the bile ducts connecting the liver to the small intestine. It impacts people more commonly in tropical and sub-tropical regions, especially Thailand.

The kaempferol rhizome extract from Galangal tested in a 2017 Thailand-based study appeared to give mice subjects longer life spans, less incidence of metastasis and did not produce any noticeable side effects on the subjects. Researchers found that kaempferol extracted from Galangal helped prolong the life spans of mice with this form of cancer.

Breast Cancer:

These significantly lessen the symptoms of pancreatic and intestinal cancers. Galangal also possesses the ability to remove excess estrogen, a female reproductive hormone involved in breast development and thus prevents breast cancer. The inherent dietary fibers infused in galangal ward off colon cancer and enhance gut health.

Diving more into the method by which galangal achieves this, a Medical University Study out of China shows that it used the trial pathway of cancer treatment to stimulate cell death in breast cancer cells.

An Iranian study published in 2014 found that a Galngal extract caused cell death or apoptosis in breast cancer cells without harming healthy cells. Researchers detailed that an extract of galangal spawned apoptosis in the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, but did not harm healthy breast cells, MRC-5.

Men's Health:

Sperm Count And Motility:

Galangal is an aphrodisiac and is usually used by South-East Asians and the Middle East in menstrual treatments. Further research is needed, however, a study showed that ethanol extract from Galangal increased spermatogenesis for rats considerably. In addition, a daily addition of pomegranate juice and galangal root has also been shown to triple the sperm motility. Unlike other aphrodisiacs or fertility supplements, Galangal is safe and non-toxic. Additionally, it has been shown that a daily supplement of pomegranate juice and galangal root increases sperm motility three-fold. Studies have asserted that the Galangal root can improve the sperm count as well as the motility.

One study in Denmark looked into the effect a Galangal rhizome, paired with a Pomegranate fruit extract, had on sperm in healthy human males. In a 3-month study in 66 men with low sperm quality, taking a daily supplement containing Galangal root and Pomegranate fruit extract experienced a 62% increase in sperm motility, compared with a 20% increase in those in the placebo group. They found that treatment with the extract had a significantly positive effect on sperm motility and sperm count.  Although this finding is interesting, it’s unclear whether the effect was due to galangal root or pomegranate fruit extract. More human research is needed to determine galangal root’s effects on male fertility.

In one animal study, sperm count and motility increased in rats given Galangal root extract. Rat studies showed that 56 days of treatment with Galangal rhizome improved spermatogenesis and related parameters. The sperm count and mobility increased after this treatment. The increase in sperm density and motility in cauda epididymis (the storage site for mature sperm) can affect fertilization.

In a rat model, a 2014 study conducted by The Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine on the impact of the herb on male fertility concluded that the application of the herb increased the number of motile sperm by three times. Researchers discovered that it increased sperm count and motility (or ability to move).  Tbe study revealed that ethanolic extract of Alpinia galanga significantly increased rat spermatogenesis.

Increases Male Fertility:

Certain parts of the Galangal root may prove useful in promoting male fertility. Galangal influences the protein production via expression of related genes involved in spermatogenesis. It could, hence, be used in drugs to promote male fertility. Emerging evidence suggests that Galangal root may boost male fertility. Clinical trials have found that galangal stimulates spermatogenesis and increases sperm counts and motility. Extracts of galangal have potential for increasing fertility. It has been suggested that there has been a decrease in sperm quality in the West. With decreased sperm quality comes the possibility of infertility. Couples wishing to conceive where sperm quality low related issues have only IVF as an option. Other, less invasive methods to improve sperm quality are therefore essential.

There is some research to suggest that consuming Galangal root may also boost male fertility. However it's important to note that existing research has come from animal or test-tube studies and there currently aren't any published studies directly tying Galangal root to these benefits in humans. Therefore, more robust scientific research is necessary to draw any firm conclusions. Additionally, more research is needed in general to determine how much Galangal root humans can safely ingest when trying to reap these health benefits and avoid any potential side effects.

Treats Infertility:

Various clinical trials have shown that Galangal has the potential for increasing fertility. The way it does this is to generate spermato-genesis, the creation of sperm, thus increasing sperm count. It also increases sperm motility, which is a movement of the sperm cells.

Reproductive Health:

Studies have found that this spice can specifically increase sperm motility and production, which is good for those struggling with their sexual performance or virility.

Impotency:

It is said that keeping a piece of Galangal in mouth can promotes sexual desire. In Arabian countries Galangal are used as aphrodisiac.

Reduces Inflammation:

The anti-inflammatory power of Galangal is tied to calm inflammation throughout the body. Alpinia galanga helps in fighting inflammation and also reduces pain. This extract is very beneficial for arthritis. The anti-inflammatory gingerols play a role in inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis, which leads some experts to believe that it may help arthritic patients. Similar to Turmeric and Ginger, this spice is known to reduce inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, and other common issues. This powder can be made into a paste or consumed internally to benefit from these effects. Galangal root may reduce disease-causing inflammation, as it contains HMP, a naturally occurring phytochemical that test-tube and animal studies have suggested boasts potent anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, plants of the Zingiberaceae family, including Galangal, appear to mildly reduce pain, a common symptom of inflammation.

Galangal rhizomes contain flavonoids, tannins, saponins, glycosides, and several phenolic compounds. These phytochemicals showed potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in animal studies. Galangin down-regulates the expression of genes that produce pro-inflammatory compounds like cytokines and interleukins. As Galangal extracts may inhibit COX-1 and 2 and lipoxygenase pathways, they could be used to manage arthritis, edema, inflammatory bowel disease, and other inflammatory disorders.

According to scientists, Galangal contains compounds that have strong anti-inflammatory properties. Excess production of nitric oxide in the body can induce inflammation. Galangal contains a class of compounds known as diarylheptanoids, which are found to inhibit the production of nitric oxide. Moreover, the flavonol Galangin present in this herb is found to increase the production of anti-inflammatory substances. The anti-inflammatory effect of Galangal makes it beneficial for the treatment of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions caused by inflammation. Studies show that people taking Galangal and Ginger extract faced a reduction in knee pain It has high inflammatory properties that treat skin conditions, gastric issues etc. Similar to Turmeric and Ginger, this spice is known to reduce inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, and other common issues. This powder can be made into a paste or consumed internally to benefit from these effects.

Chronic Inflammation:

It’s well-known that inflammation is at the root of most diseases. Chronic inflammation is one of the root causes of many serious diseases including heart disease, cancer and Alzheimer’s. Research into the effects of Galangal have demonstrated that this amazing herb has excellent anti-inflammatory properties that can help tackle a wide range of inflammatory conditions.

According to research, Galangal contains a certain phytonutrient that suppresses TNF-alpha activity helping to reduce levels of inflammation throughout a person’s body. There is a cytokine (cell-signaling protein) found in the human body known as tumor necrosis factor alpha, or TNF-alpha, which regulates immune response. This protein is the subject of a great deal of research because TNF-alpha, if overstimulated, can cause detrimental damage and contribute to fatal diseases with chronic inflammation. A phytonutrient found in Galangal suppresses the activity of TNF-alpha and therefore may help reduce inflammation throughout the body, as indicated by research conducted at Rutgers.

This herb may also help reduce the inflammation associated with arthritis. A study published in 2001 examined the effects of an extract containing both Galangal and Ginger root on knee pain in arthritis patients. The researchers found that those who took the extract experienced significant pain reduction and less need for medication.

Another condition that may be successfully treated with one of the phytonutrients in this herb (kaempferol) is mastitis. Mastitis is an inflammation of the nipple related to breastfeeding. When treated with kaempferol, the mice in one study found a great reduction in inflammation (related, at least in part, to the suppression of TNF-alpha) to the point that it may be a significant treatment in the future for this condition.

One more particularly significant condition that may benefit from galangal treatment is acute lung injury leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome. This illness is somewhat common, especially among those who are already critically ill, and occurs when fluid leaks into the lungs and stops oxygen from being transferred to vital organs. Unfortunately, acute lung injury is often fatal. However, study findings out of China indicate that galangal’s anti-inflammatory activity seems to have a positive impact on acute lung injury and may be a significant treatment option in the future.

Relieves Pain and Cramps:

Ear Pain:

Sometime infection in ear disturb our activity and it can be severe if we just let the pain remain in ear. Galangal can help to reduce pain in ear which. cause by inflammation. Just greate some Galangal and squeeze the liquid from it then drop it to your ear.

Arthritis Pain:

Galangal has amazing anti-inflammatory properties that make it beneficial in the treatment of arthritis. The anti-inflammatory substance such as gingerols present in the herb inhibits prostaglandin synthesis, which works in reducing the symptoms of arthritis, especially rheumatoid arthritis. The anti-inflammatory force of Galangal is linked to calm inflammatory conditions in the whole body in addition to helping prevent premature ageing. Inhibitors of prostaglandin synthesis, anti-inflammatory gingeroles are important, which make some experts to believe that they can help arthritis patients.

Some studies shown that Galangal contains anti-inflammatory substances called gingerols which inhibit prostaglandin syntesys and inhibit histaminic also serotonic pathways. This anti inflamatory respons of Galangal can serve the beneficial in reduce the symptoms of arthritis and rhematoid arthritis treatment. Rematoid arthritis is a condition of joint disorder which caused by inflammation and as an effect of long lasting autoimmune disorder.

Muscle Cramps:

Galangal is bestowed with the key mineral for optimal muscle function, magnesium. The significantly high magnesium content in Galangal roots makes it an ideal option to provide relief from muscle cramps. Moreover, post a high intensity workout, when muscles in the arms and legs are strained, having warm water infused with galangal powder can instantly alleviate symptoms of pain and discomfort.

Kills Bacterial Infections:

Research shows that Galangal extract exerts an antimicrobial effect on several bacteria known for infecting foods, including staphylococcus, E. coli, listeria, salmonella and clostridium. It can even fight amoxicillin-resistant E. coli and actually reverse the resistance some strains have to amoxicillin, based on a study conducted in Thailand.

One study proposes that by cooking shellfish with this herb, you may also have a better chance of inhibiting the impact of a bacteria known as vibrio. Vibriosis can affect those who eat undercooked shellfish, particularly oysters, but those effects may be much less likely after adding galangal to your recipe.

Another common bacteria that is, in fact, carried by about 66% of the world’s population, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is called H. pylori. However, this bacteria may also have met its match when exposed to Galangal, in fact, one study indicates that this powerful herb may even help prevent the stomach ulcers commonly caused by the H. pylori bacteria in addition to eliminating the bacteria itself.

Infections:

It is a natural antibacterial that fights against infections and bacterias. Studies show that essential oil which has galanga extract helps in treating fungi, bacteria, yeast etc. Adding Alpinia galanga extract to your recipes could help you strengthen your immunity preventing you from falling sick more often. Essential oils extracted from Galangal root may fight a range of microorganisms. As such, Galangal root may prolong the shelf life of certain foods. Also, adding fresh galangal root to your recipes may reduce your risk of vibriosis, an infection caused by eating undercooked shellfish.

Test-tube studies suggest that Galangal root may kill harmful bacteria, including E. coli, Staphyloccocus aureus, and Salmonella Typhi, although its effectiveness appears to vary between studies.

Some research suggests that Galangal root may protect against fungi, yeasts, and parasites. However, not all studies agree.

Antimicrobial:

The essential oil obtained from the Alpinia galanaga fresh and dry rhizomes produces an anti-microbial effect against g-positive bacteria. A rhizome dry extract has anti-microbial effects against Trichophytonmentagrophytes. An acetone raw extract from Alpinia galanga rhizomes had an anti-plasma activity against Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, listeria clostridium and vancomicina. Researchers claim that the essential oils from dried and fresh chitharathai rhizomes can eliminate bacteria, yeast, fungi, and parasites. Terpinen-4-ol, one of the monoterpenes in the essential oil derived from fresh chitharathai rhizome, possesses antimicrobial activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA), a compound isolated from the extract of dried rhizomes, is active against certain dermatophyte (skin-infesting) bacterial species. Among turmeric and ginger, chitharathai has the most potent inhibitory effect against Staphylococcus aureus. Alpinia galanga is also a broad-spectrum fungicide. It can inhibit fungi and yeast, such as Aspergillus niger, Trichophyton longifusus, Colletotrichum musae, Fusarium oxysporum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, and Rhizopus stolonifer.

Studies reveal that Galangal extracts show powerful inhibitory effects against various virus including human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). It also shows anti-bacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Galangal also shows strong inhibitory activities against certain strains of human pathogenic fungi such as Candida albicans. Galangal contains compound galangin which exhibits significant antiviral activity.

Studies show the potential to inhibit bacteria, yeasts, fungi and parasite from dried and fresh galangal rhizomes in essence oils. Studies have demonstrated that it is effective against bacterial strains which are resistant to conventional antibiotics.

A study found that galangal was a useful weapon against H. Pylori, a bacteria carried by a large percentage of people worldwide. According to research, Galangal not only helps destroy the bacteria itself but can even help protect against the stomach ulcers which often occur because of this nasty bacteria. 

Antifungal:

Galangal also has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, meaning it helps to lower inflammation that leads to joint pain in the body while also protecting the body against harmful microorganisms and bacteria, preventing illnesses and parasites. Extract Galangal is very effective in suppressing the growth of the fungus candida albicans organism.

Antioxidant:

While we know eating Blueberries help us increase our antioxidant intake, you may be interested to know the same is true with Galangal, although the types of antioxidants found in it aren’t necessarily the same as those found in fruits you love. Interestingly, the antioxidants found in this herb seem most effective in preserving meat products for longer periods of time than without it.

Galangal root is a rich source of antioxidants, which are beneficial plant compounds that help fight disease and protect your cells from damaging free radicals. It’s especially rich in polyphenols, a group of antioxidants linked to health benefits, such as improved memory and lower blood sugar and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Polyphenols are also thought to protect against mental decline, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease. Both Ginger and Turmeric, two close relatives of Galangal root, are also rich in polyphenols and have been linked to these benefits. However, no studies have directly linked Galangal root to these effects, so more research is needed before strong conclusions can be made.

Galangal is packed with antioxidants and by now we all know the importance of getting as many antioxidants into our systems as possible. Galanga has an ample amount of antioxidants that helps in treating infections and has bacterial properties. It promotes balanced nutrition as it contains essential vitamins and minerals such as Vitamin A,C, iron and sodium. This special ingredient only has 70 calories. Dietary antioxidants that we get from fresh fruit, veg and herbs help neutralize the damage done by free radicals. Also known as oxidative stress, free radical damage can have a devastating effect on the body and is at the heart of many serious illnesses. As well as protecting us from disease, antioxidants like the ones found in galangal can also have an anti-aging effect on your appearance and keep your skin looking healthier and more robust.

Some studies have shown that Galangal has anti-inflammatory benefits as in some circumstances. Compounds contained in Galangal rhizome, can inhibit nitric oxide production process aligns the macrophage cells lipopolysaccharide-activated. Galangal rhizome extracts contain diarylheptanoids and galangin capable of inhibiting nitric oxide as well as enable the production of lipopolysaccharide.

Premature Aging:

Galangal is a plant that can help eliminate the effects of toxins from the body, and improves blood circulation. This will be able to help release the extra nutrients to the skin tissue. Antioxidants are present in galangal can prevent free radicals that damage the skin, so keep the cleaner skin.

Neurological Health:

Improves Brain Function:

Another benefit of antioxidants is its impact on brain health. By reducing beta-amyloid plaque deposition in the brain, this spice can slow or prevent the onset of neurodegenerative disease. Some of the nutrients and ACA in Galangal have been linked to a healthy brain and better cognition, plus protection against depression. Potentially due partly to its anti-inflammatory properties, research highlights that a compound taken from this root known as ACA could possibly have a brain-protecting effect, decreasing some forms of age-related cognitive degeneration. Evidence also shows that by reducing beta-amyloid plaque deposition in the brain, this spice can slow or prevent the onset of neurodegenerative disease. Animal research has also confirmed Alpinia galangal’s anti- anti-amnesic effect. Aim to make it a staple if you wish to hold back your memories or to prevent cognitive decline.

Circling back to the TNF-alpha protein, we also find that by regulating TNF-alpha, galangal may even help fight depression. Chronic inflammation and the overreaction of TNF-alpha is a recently studied facet of the discussion surrounding depression.

Central Nervous System:

The Alpinia galanga methanol and ethyl acetate extract produces a significant stimulating effect on the central nervous system (CNS) in mice who used the actophotometer and rotarod test. The stimulation of the CNS with a dose of 500 mg/kg was comparable with standard caffeine drugs and amphetamine derivative moladart. Some of the conclusions from these studies is that the galanga rhizome could be an stimulant for mice. The active ingredients that cause this effect are present both in the raw methanol extract and the ethyl acetate fraction from the methanol extract. Alpinia galanga effects on the nervous system.

Treats Sleep Disorders:

Insomnia:

The prominent vitamin B6 or pyridoxine content in Galangal root extracts is very beneficial in monitoring brain functions and allowing the unobstructed conduction of nerve impulses. Hence, during instances of insomnia or severe lack of sleep, having a glass of Galangal tea with honey can lessen the activity of neurotransmitters and promote sleep.

Improves Digestive Health:

Galangal is rich in dietary fibre and phytochemicals that aid in improving your digestion. It helps in managing digestion-related issues, as it reduces the secretion of salivary and digestive acids. Individuals suffering from an ulcer can use Galangal to get relief from digestion-related problems. It is also known to provide relief from anorexia and abdominal pain. Apart from this, it is also said to possess the ability to cure enlarged spleen and the strong odour of the herb can help in treating nausea. The carminative effect of Galangal can help relieve flatulence as well. One other digestion related benefits of the herb are that it can be used as a cure for diarrhea, due to its antibacterial effect.

In Java island, Indonesia the fresh grated Galangal is given on empty stowach by adding little salt. It is believed that grated Galangal can cure enlarged spleen and relieve discomfort feeling in stomach. In Asia and the Indian system of Ayurveda, the root is used to treat a range of digestive complaints including indigestion, stomach upset and vomiting. Galangal has been used to help with gas and cramping, constipation and even stop hiccups. In Ayurvedic medicine and other Asian alternative medicine, Galangal was used to help with gas, cramping, constipation, and even stop hiccups. Indonesians consume freshly grated galangal with salt on an empty stomach to ease digestive issues. Modern medicine has started to prove that the herb has a number of exciting benefits. However, one of the most common traditional uses of Galangal is to help boost digestive health.

Galangal has a stimulating and carminative effect on the digestive system and hence is often used as a digestive tonic. It aids peristalsis, promotes the secretion of gastric juices, and relieves gas in the digestive tract. Just like Ginger, Galangal is also used as a digestive stimulant which helps to relieve stomach disorders such as flatulence, bloating, constipation and sluggish digestion.

The dietary fiber and phytochemical in Galangal helps to increase the process of food mixing in stomach. It is also help to reduce salivary and digestive acid secretion which give problem to people with ulcers. Consuming Galangal can give comfortable feeling to individual’s stomach who suffering ulcer. It is also believed galanga can prevents anorexia and abdominal pain. Strong aromatic odor of Galangal can treat nausea (sensation of unease and discomfort in upper stomach which can cause vomiting). Beside those effects, Galangal also suppossed to have carminative effect which relieving flatulance. There is no spesific recomended dosage of Galangal but 1 gram of tuber can be use as carminative.

2 grams per hundred gram Galangal, supports good gut health and bowel regularity. Galangal reduces the salivary and digestive acid secretion thereby soothing the GI tract. This is especially beneficial for ulcerous patients.

Constipation:

Galangal comprises valuable dietary fibers which ensure proper bowel movement upon ingestion of heavy meals. This is crucial to regulate kidney function and filter out all the toxic waste products upon digestion of food and assimilation of required nutrients. It also efficiently relieves intestinal conditions like constipation and indigestion.

Diarrhea:

Galangal has anti-bacterial effect which can get rid of pathogen bacteria and cure diarrhea. Research showed the antimicrobial activity of various extracts of Galangal to some strain of food borne pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteriditis, Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus aureus, Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus cereus which are the cause of diarrhea.

A 2009 study by Sunilson, J. A. J. et al. showed the antimicrobial activity of various extracts of galangal to some strain of food borne pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli,Salmonella enteriditis, Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus aureus, Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus cereus which are the cause of diarrhea.

Increase Appetite:

Galangal herb can also be used to increase appetite and this is why some dish which use Galangal is more tempting to be eaten and the effect of galangal in calming the digestive system can make someone enjoy the meal well.

Reduces Nausea and Vomit:

Galangal has a powerful fragrance that is helpful in easing nausea. It is a wonderful remedy for pregnant women who suffer from loss of appetite, nausea and morning sickness. Galangal has long been a popular remedy for nausea, often results from morning sickness, motion sickness, and seasickness. In addition to the traditional use for nausea, modern science also backs up these claims.

A home- made remedy using Galangal for reducing nausea is to drink a concoction of Galangal with warm water and honey. Galangal is also effective if you have seasickness or motion sickness.

Sea, Motion and Morning Sickness:

An animal model showed that gingerol can increase gastrointestinal transportation and relax the muscles, which can relieve nausea and vomiting. More specifically, evidence points to gingerol, the active ingredient in Galangal and other Zingiberaceae members.

By chewing some Galangal flesh, it is believed can cure motion sickness. The aromatic oil in Galangal can stimulate and calming the nervous. Pregnant woman usually experience morning sickness. Drinking brewed galangal slices with warm water and honey can help to relieve morning sickness.

Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health:

Galangal is often described as a heart medicine. Galangal protects your heart in several ways. It has been proven that this herb helps in preventing heart attacks and strokes by reducing platelet aggregation, which helps to prevent the occurrence of blood clots and thereby contributes to a longer and healthier lifespan. It further contributes to maintaining a healthy heart by improving blood circulation in the body. Being intrinsically high in potassium levels, Galangal assists in the maintenance of normal blood pressure. Several studies indicate that Galangal supports the cardiac activity by strengthening the contraction of the muscles of the heart, thereby influencing the heart rate frequency. The extracts of Galangal have been found to have the ability to lower total cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides and low density lipoproteins (LDL) or bad cholesterol. It also helps in significantly increasing the levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL), also known as good cholesterol. This cholesterol lowering effect of galangal is beneficial in preventing conditions like arteriosclerosis. Galangal has also been found to be effective in lowering high blood pressure, which is another factor that increases the risk of heart attacks and heart diseases.

In Ayurvedic medicine, the herb has been used as a preventive method for heart diseases and any risks related to your cardiovascular system. Galangal helps in improving your heart health by reducing the cardiac contractions and cardiac output by increasing the blood supply to all your vital organs. It is used as a cure for strokes and other heart-related diseases.

Blood Circulation:

The herb is asserted to have the ability to flush out the toxins present in your body. By doing so, Galangal enhances the blood circulation and allows the entrance of nutrients into the skin tissue. Likewise, the antioxidant property possessed by the herb prevents the harmful toxins from being deposited in your body. As the unwanted toxins are removed from your body, the activity of your circulatory system is improved.

High Blood Pressure:

Galangal extract is considered as one of the best remedies for cardiac ailments such as palpitations, irregular heartbeats, chest pain, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease.

Blood Lipid:

Reduces blood lipid and cholesterol flavonoids such as kaempferol, quercetin, and galanin present in the wonder herb play a major role in lowering your levels of blood lipid.

Cholesterol Levels:

We’ve long known that increased cholesterol levels raise the risk of nearly every chronic disease, including heart attack, peripheral artery disease, and stroke. Kaempferol, quercetin, and galanin, the primary flavonoids in Galangal, can prevent cholesterol spikes. Research also shows that these compounds can inhibit fatty-acid synthase, thereby reducing blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Galangal root powder holds high value in clearing unwanted deposits in the arteries due to abundant pectin content. It also plays a central role in monitoring the levels of bad LDL and good HDL cholesterol, thereby maintaining an optimal blood cholesterol level. Potassium control electrolyte balance in bloodstream which balances blood pressure levels. Thus, galangal extract helps people with hypertension and augments heart health.

Some researchers from China reported that Galangal extract could potently inhibit fatty-acid synthase. Galangal supposed to inhibit the mechanism of fat synthesis by its flavonoid, such as galangin, quercetin and kaempferol. While researchers in Korea also showed that Galangal extract significantly lowered the Triglycerde and cholesterol.

Heart Diseases:

Galangal extract is considered as one of the best remedies for cardiac ailments such as palpitations, irregular heartbeats, chest pain, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. In traditional Indian medicine, a dose of two teaspoons of Galangal root powder extract is given to those suffering from heart problems, to promote blood circulation and ameliorate the difficulties in performing normal day to day activities. In blood circulatory system Galangal reduces the cardiac contractions, cardiac output by increasing the blood supply to the gastrointestinal system and other vital organs. In Ayurvedic or Indian medication, Galangal often served as heart disease traditional drug.

Galangal is found as the best home remedy to prevent heart stroke in German-speaking countries such as Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Even Dr Strehlew, the author of Bingen’s medicine mentioned Galangal as a life saver from heart attacks. He is the one who promotes the usage of Galangal in modern medication especially in promoting healthy heart to young generation.

Overactive Thyroid:

The thyroid hormone levels tend to fluctuate and rise above the normal range in some people, causing hyperthyroidism. Galangal root is profuse in iodine content, which is vital to reduce elevated thyroid hormone levels, as well as zinc, which plays a central role in facilitating enzyme function for optimizing thyroid concentrations.

Diabetes:

Alpinia galanga has potential as hypoglycemic agent and exhibited significant improvement in blood glucose level, various parameters like body weight and lipid profile as well as protection of pancreatic islets of Langerhans and so might be valuable in diabetes treatment.

According to a 2015 animal study, methanolic extracts of Galangal showed antidiabetic potential. Aerial parts of Galangal could stimulate the regeneration of insulin-secreting beta-cells in the pancreas. Administering Galangal extracts to diabetic rats lowered cholesterol and triglyceride levels, improving lipid metabolism and preventing diabetic complications.

Galangal extract was found to inhibit carbohydrate metabolism, minimizing the post-meal blood glucose spikes. The glucose-controlling activity was on par with synthetic antidiabetic drugs. Due to its antioxidant activity, this herbal medicine can protect your liver and pancreas from oxidative stress and damage. The polyphenols, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids, and carbohydrates in galangal are proposed to be responsible for this activity. However, more research is required in this area to understand these benefits on humans.

Blood Sugar:

Galangal extract consumption is known to lower blood glucose levels and hence may be helpful for people suffering from diabetes.

It has been proved by a 2002 study "Hypoglycaemic activity of Alpinia galanga rhizome and its extracts in rabbits" of Akhtar, M. S. et al. to carried out the effects of Alpinia galanga rhizome in normal rabbits.

Kidney Health:

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI):

Galangal offers profuse amounts of vitamin C that confers anti-inflammatory properties to reduce swelling in the bladder, UTI which is more common in women than men. Also, its antioxidant capabilities are useful in removing detrimental free radicals and harmful bacteria from the body. This in turn helps to avoid oxidation of the healthy cells in the excretory system organs, thus ensuring proper elimination of wastes and unnecessary food residues from the body and preventing their accumulation in the system.

Reduce Urination in Polyuria:

In urinary system Galangal slightly reduces the ability of urine production and used as treatment in polyuria and other urine disorder.

Liver Health:

Liver Protection:

Supplement of Galangal is also found has a potential effect to protect liver against chemical side effect such as the usage of paracetamol. So adding some Galangal to your dish is one of best way to protect the liver.

Jaundice:

The leaves of Galangal contain substances called polyphenols, tannins and quercetin, which play the crucial role of boosting the defense system and liver function in the body. In addition, Galangal leaves also contain remarkable amounts of Vitamin C, which adds to the defense function and antioxidant capacity in those suffering from jaundice. The Ayurvedic remedy comprises crushing the leaves of Galangal along with Coriander seeds and consuming it twice a day, to treat jaundice.

Pancreas Health:

Galangal rhizome extract was able to become a pancreatic lipase inhibitor which is capable of significantly lower levels of triglycerides and can lower cholesterol levels sufferers hyperlipidemia.

Respiratory Health:

Cold and Flu:

Ingestion of fresh Galangal enriches the blood circulation with potent antioxidants, which perform the vital task of preventing toxin build-up in the system. Accumulation of harmful substances triggers ailments such as cold, allergies, asthma etc. where the immune system fails to operate normally. Galangal supplies ample vitamin C to boost the body’s innate defense mechanism and circumvents the occurrence of cold and flu.

External application and consumption of Galangal powder reduces hyper respiration and coldness due to circulatory failure. An experience of doctor who travels in Nepal said that Galangal is immediate reliever against cold by improving blood circulatory and produce warm feeling.

Cough:

Galangal has expectorant action and is useful in many respiratory problem, especially for children who suffering from whooping cough. In India, people mix the Galangal extract with hot water to relieve chest pain, sore throat and clearing voice.

Just mix some Galangal powder or brew the Galangal slices in boiled water with lime. It can be a tonic which can relive cough and throat problem.

Sore Throat:

It is suggests combining Licorice root and Marshmallow root into one herbal tea, like an Ayurvedic Vata blend. “The tea is naturally quite sweet and has a smooth finish, which coats the throat”. Both Ginger and Galangal (a similar root) are well-known for their anti-inflammatory effects.

Catarrh:

Catarrh is a condition of excessive mucous production in nasal cavity which caused by inflammation of the mucous membrane. Catarrh is a symptoms when a  person suffer from cold or flu. The powder of Galangal can be used as snuff that helps to get rid catarrh. Just solve 15-30 grams of Galangal powder into hot water then sniff it.

Lung and Respiratory Disorders:

Galangal has been used for thousands of years as a natural treatment for cold, cough and sore throat around Asia. Galangal tea aids in expanding the lungs and loosening up phlegm thanks to its expectorant properties. The antispasmodic effect of the spice reduces the sputum, as well as dilates the bronchioles. Galangal extract also helps to control and soothe asthma and acute respiratory distress syndrome thanks to its anti-inflammatory effect. Galangal essential oils contain volatile d'Amali. In some countries, where it is used to assist in the treatment of respiratory complaints in children, such as the inflammation that occurs in the mucous membranes (the bronchi).

Traditional medical practitioners suggest it to treat respiratory ailments, steep freshly grated galangal root in hot water, twice or thrice a day.

Asthma:

Galangal possesses the ability to treat issues related to your respiratory system. The antispasmodic effect possessed by the herb aids in reducing the sputum, as well as dilates the bronchioles to reduce the levels of asthma. Galangan which has been used as drug has an antispasmodic effect that reduces the sputum (Kapha) and dilates the bronchioles in order to alleviates asthma. It can also be used for speech defects such as dysarthria, stammering and aphasia. Likewise, the anti-inflammatory property of the herb is beneficial in controlling as well as curing conditions such as asthma and acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Fever:

The phytonutrients or plant compounds in Galangal leaves have an inherent temperature reducing potential. The leaves of Galangal, when rubbed on a person suffering from high fever, provides immediate relief, reducing body temperature and symptoms of fatigue. Moreover, since normal metabolism is affected during fevers, Galangal leaves also expel excess water and salts from the body, in order to help maintain ideal electrolyte balance. The antibacterial, as well as the antifungal property possessed by the herb, is extremely useful in reducing fever. It is a highly effective home remedy for fever and cold. The herb is also beneficial in relieving cough, and sore throat.

Antiviral:

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):

Research has proven that polysaccharide extract of galangal which solved in hot water posseses a stimulating effect on the reticulo endothelial system (RES) cell development and increased the number of peritoneal exudates cells and spleen cells which play role in body immune system.

A 2006 study by Ye Ying Li Bao An reported that 1′S-1′-acetoxychavicol acetate which isolated from galangal extract has Anti human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and blocking the replication of the virus.

Boosts Immune System:

Galangal delivers good amounts of Vitamin C and more than 12 antioxidants including alpine and galangin, making it an immunity booster in situations of illnesses. Being an antioxidant, the herb plays a significant role in strengthening your immune system. Various studies have revealed that the polysaccharide extract found in the herb has the ability to stimulate an effect on the reticuloendothelial system. This in result has increased the number of spleen cells and peritoneal exudates, which are directly responsible for improving your immune system. Some studies have pointed out that the herb acts as an anti-HIV element.

Consuming some Galangal essence along with regular diet will satisfy the daily Vitamin C requirement in healthy adults. Vitamin C not only functions in enhancing iron absorption for enhanced blood circulation, but also works to improve immunity by white blood cells in the system. The immune system can receive a well-deserved break, which will reduce unnecessary inflammation around the body. In addition, Vitamin C is obligatory for growth and development of all body tissues and a key antioxidant for removing toxins from the system. It also helps to recuperate from tiredness. In fact it is the best product that can enhance the immune system in humans.

Chronic Diseases:

Chronic disease is often the result of chronic inflammation and the negative effects of free radicals. With the half-dozen antioxidants present in this spice, your risk of arthritis, diabetes, and coronary heart disease decreases remarkably.

Physical Health:

Body Stamina:

In Indonesia people used to mix Galangal with other ingredients such as Garlic, Pepper, Tamarind and etc to produce tonic which they called “Jamu”. This tonic is believed can keep body stamina if being consumethree times a day and help to relives muscle fatigue.

Anemia - Prevents and Treats:

Vitamin C also performs one very vital function in the human body which is of enhancing the absorption of iron from ingested food. Deficiency in iron quantities leads to a condition known as anemia wherein there is a lack of adequate red blood cells in the body to transport nutrients and oxygen to all cells and tissues. Galangal in the diet will guarantee ample uptake of iron, from foods, into the system and promote red blood cell synthesis and blood passage.

Bone Health:

Osteoarthritis:

Research which used randomized double-blind placebo controlled, the concentrated extract of galangal has been found to reduce symptoms and pain significantly in patients with osteoarthritis and suffer severe knee pain.

In a 6-week study in 261 people with osteoarthritis of the knee, 63% of those who took a Ginger and Galangal extract daily reported a reduction in knee pain when standing, compared with 50% of those taking a placebo. However, more studies on the pain-reducing effects of galangal root specifically are needed before strong conclusions can be made.

Fortifies Bones:

The calcium present in galangal root is absorbed by bones in the body, thereby helping to maintain optimal bone density for day-to-day functions and flexible, unobstructed movement. The very high potassium content in galangal complements bone health by enhancing mineral uptake by cells and tissues in the body.

Joint Illnesses:

Being an effective anti-inflammatory, galangal tea actually reduces bone and muscle pain and heals joint disorders such as arthritis, osteoporosis, gout and fractures. In addition, it is packed with the three essential bone-fortifying minerals namely calcium, magnesium and phosphorous, which in turn increases bone mass and helps regain flexible movement in muscles and joints.

Improves Cognitive Function:

Even though Alpinia galanga improves the cognitive performance of animals, its effect on humans has not been studied in depth yet. Some scientists carried out a randomized doble-blind placebo-controlled cross over study to determine the effect of Galangal on mental acuity and a sustained attention when compared to caffeine and a placebo in participants who consumed caffeine regularly. Some of the conclusions state that Galangal has a positive effect on mental acuity and combining Galangal with caffeine avoids the caffeine collapse and improves the attention for 3 hours. Therefore, the stimulating effects could result in the use of Galangal as a key ingredient in energy drinks or similar products.

The presence of purified 1'acetoxychavicol acetate in the herb is asserted to be responsible for improving your cognitive function. That is, the component has cognitive-protecting effects which can also help in limiting the onset of age-related brain degeneration. The anti-inflammatory property possessed by the herb is also responsible for supporting good brain health.

Its purpose was to measure the cognitive improvement produced by Alpinia galanga fractions in Aβ induced amnesia in mice. Increased habituation memory and decreased escape latency in behavioral parameter are the indicative of the cognitive enhancement after a treatment with Alpinia galanga fractions. An increase in Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and antioxidants depicts a brain membrane integrity improvement and free radical scavenging property. A reduction of the AChE level improved the cognition by enhancing the cholinergic transmission.

Amnesia:

Several Alpinia galanga fractions produced an anti-amnesic effect. Among all fractions, the chloroform faction produced a preeminent neuroprotection. It has 1’δ-1′-acetoxyeugenol acetate compound which could become a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer’s type of amnesia. These results further motivate us to explore the activity of lead compound’s anti-amnesic effect on transgenic mice model of Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's Diseases:

Galangal root also contains compounds that can have a positive effect on various cognitive functions. According to research, one of these compounds called ACA can protect the brain from age related degeneration and may have a role to play against disease like Alzheimer’s.

Because of its ability to reduce inflammation, galangal could also help fight other brain related conditions including depression. According to research, chronic inflammation may be a factor in depression and its ability to regulate TNF-alpha might help keep inflammation in check and reduce the risk of the condition.

A 2011 study by Singh et al, about Alzheimer, a damage in brain function as one symptom of dementia is a devastating disease. Galangal has potential effect in preventing Alzheimer after some researcher found that Galangal herb enhance cognitive and boost brain memory.

Aids in Dental Care:

Mouthwash:

Extract from Galangal, benefits to health can be used as a mouthwash. This will help overcome the disorders of thrush, gingivitis, as well as other inflammation that occurs in the mouth and throat. In addition, Galangal can be help overcome bad breath (halitosis).

Skin Care:

Aside from its many uses internally, Galangal is also used to help bolster your skin’s health. It has a number of powerful antioxidants that fight off the free radicals that cause oxidative stress to the cells. It can help improve the skin’s appearance and delay the signs of aging as well as many diseases. Antioxidants in the root tones the skin fights off lines and wrinkles, improves skin elasticity and more. In folk medicine, Galangal was used to soothe and hasten burn wounds.

Galangal root is a must-have in your beauty regimen. Galangal also helps in improving blood circulation and in removing toxins from the body, which leaves your skin healthy and beautiful. It has powerful antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help in fighting against acne causing bacteria, dirt and preventing acne breakouts. Galangal can be used as skin cleanser that helps to keep your skin clean, fresh and smooth. It also rejuvenates your skin, making it look healthy and blemish-free. Being a powerful antiseptic, it gets under the skin to kill acne-causing bacteria. And the best part is, it does it without irritating the skin. Galangal also soothes away eczema, burn and itchiness, and fungal infections. With a healthy dose of Vitamin C, Galangal helps skin rejuvenation as well. Nice perk for spice with so many additional benefits.

According to traditional use and research, Galangal can help boost circulation and remove bodily toxins helping nutrients to reach the tissues. The powerful antioxidants found in the herb can prevent free radical damage and help preserve your skin’s health and beauty.

The juice of this herb, when applied topically is found to be beneficial for the treatment of several skin disorders. Fresh Galangal juice can also be applied to the skin to help treat wounds, burns and scars. When applied to skin, it helps relieve pain and promote faster healing. You can apply the juice of fresh Galangal as a paste or simply rub in some freshly cut slices of the herb into the affected part of your body.

Skin Aging (Wrinkles):

We know that antioxidants support skin health, but galangal may actually help turn back the clock when it comes to skin aging. Galangal contains spermidine that aids in delaying skin cells from the process of aging. The carotene class of flavonoid plant antioxidants further plays an important role in reducing the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and sunken skin. Having a glass of warm Galangal tea will also help to boost the production of collagen, a protein essential for maintaining the elasticity and firmness of skin texture.

Maybe you did not know that some cosmetic industry use Galangal extract in the effort to create anti-aging formula. Its not a big deal since we know that antioxidant that contained in galangal has great impact to prevent free radicals entering the body which also promotes aging. Vitamin C in galangal also play role in skin cells rejuvenation and keep the skin away from aging.

In an in vivo study in healthcare products published in Costetics and Toiletries, scientists state that Galangal extract boosts hyaluronic acid production. Surprisingly, the participants reported a reduction in smile lines, increased skin radiance, and skin density.

Apply grated Galangal, honey, and lime juice mix regularly for fresh, youthful skin.

Improves Skin Quality:

The antifungal property possessed by the herb is beneficial in curing skin problems and allergies. It can be used to cure other types of skin problems such as eczema, burn and itchy skin. The presence of vitamin C in the herb helps in rejuvenating the skin cells, thereby protecting your skin from signs of ageing. It prevents the onset of blemishes, dark spots and acne.

Skin Allergies:

The roots of Galangal can directly be used to rub some skin area which infected by fungi. In Java, an island of Indonesia, people used to rub galanga in a white spot area caused by skin fungus which people in Indonesia called “panu” with Galangal slice. It is also known that Galangal can be used to cure other skin problem such as eczema, burn and itchy skin by applying the flesh on skin 2–3 times a day. If you have allergy to shrimp, fish or any othet seafood and it makes your skin itchy, drinking galangal tonic or tea everyday can slowly remove your allergy

Skin Inflammation:

Galangal contains several essential amino acids that help to build healthy skin cells and also suppress any redness and swelling that tends to develop on skin exposed to harsh environmental states. Its high flavonoid content provides antioxidants traits to assist in combating free radical damage, diminish acne, scars and dark spots and lessen skin irritation.

Acne:

If you having problem with acne, Galangal can be a home remedy to remove acnes and dark spot. Drinking Galangal juice or rubbing the Galangal flesh on skin can slowly reduce acnes and skin dullness.

Wounds:

Galangal rhizome extract may also help in the healing process of wounds, such as burns to the skin. The trick is to apply the herb to the skin that hurt.

Scalp:

Galangal is a powerhouse of antioxidants, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. It even comes with antiseptic properties that mean you’ve got your one-stop solution for everything from dry scalp, dandruff, hair thinning, split ends, and more. Galangal juice (or mask) works like magic for promoting blood circulation on the scalp.

Hair Care:

Galangal has traditionally been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat the hair and conditions related to the scalp. Some proponents even claim it can encourage hair growth. The Ayurvedic system of medicine considers this help highly effective for the treatment of problems associated with the hair and scalp. Because Galangal stimulates the circulation of blood to the scalp, it can boost the supply of nutrients to the follicles helping the hair to grow stronger and healthier. The nutrients and fatty acids found in fresh Galangal can do wonders for the hair, especially weak or thinning hair. Galangla can also help prevent and treat common scalp conditions like dandruff. The herb has excellent anti-fungal properties that can help treat the condition as well as anti-inflammatory properties that can help combat irritation and redness.

Galangal extracts are found to be helpful in preventing hair loss and split ends. It also gives a pleasant fragrance to your hair. The anti-microbial properties of this herb help in eliminating dandruff. Galangal kills off dandruff causing fungi and strengthens your hair from the root. By cleansing your hair off dandruff, it helps in improving and strengthening your scalp. This helps in limiting the amount of hair fall as well.

Applying Galangal on the scalp is found to help in increasing blood circulation, which in turn stimulates hair growth. Galangal contains many fatty acids that are helpful in preventing thinning of hair. A mixture of Galangal juice and Jojoba oil is believed to be effective not only for preventing hair loss but also for promoting hair growth. In addition to providing a natural shine and luster to your hair, the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in this herb also help in preventing dryness and brittleness of the hair.

Hair Loss:

A paste prepared from Galangal extracts, when applied in instances of severe hair fall, invigorated the blood circulation and nerve function in the scalp, promoting rapid hair growth. Alopecia is characterized by prominent bald spots and excessive hair loss, and the high carotene content in Galangal paste extract counters these factors, to reduce constant hair fall and enhance the strength and smoothness of hair.

Strengths Hair Roots:

Cardiovascular effect of Galangal also shows the benefit to the growth of hair root. Healthy cardiovascular effect of galangal improves the transport of oxygen to hair root and enhances the strength of the hair.

Dandruff:

Anti-fungal effect of galangal can be applied to almost area of skin which infected by fungi none of the less the scalp. Fungi can infect the scalp and resulting dandruff.

If you have dandruff, try applying Galangal oil mixed with Olive oil or Sesame oil on your scalp. Massaging your scalp thoroughly with this mixture then spread it on the area of scalp which infected by fungi. It will help to get rid of dandruff.

Caffeine Replacement

Alpinia Galanga is a stimulant-free energy ingredient that increases energy naturally. It is a caffeine replacement that increases attention, alertness without an energy crash. Health freaks have started having caffeine free protein for a healthy body. Caffeine-related products lead to insomnia, drowsiness and headaches in the long run. It is a worth it ingredient to add to your daily diet.

Galangal Root essential oil is also known as false Ginger. It is extracted from the roots of Galangal plant from the steam distillation method which belongs to the family Zingiberaceae and genus Alpinia. It has spicy and bitter taste. This herb is native to Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. It is used for medicinal purposs in India and Middle-East. Galangal is related with Ginger having similar uses and qualities. Though it is non-irritant and non-toxic, it might cause sensitization in some peoples. It is used as a stimulant in natural medicine. It possesses antispasmodic and anti-bacterial properties. It acts as a stomachic and carminative. It provides relief from dyspepsia, unwanted gas, vomiting, nausea, motion illness and loss of appetite. It also treats common cold, fevers, sore throat, cough, infection, respiratory disease, rheumatism, gallbladder and liver complaints.

Traditional Uses of Galangal:

  • Galangal rhizomes have reported wide medical applications in traditional medicine in Southeast Asia.
  • Galangal rhizome has been used for its emmenogogue, aphrodisiac, abortifacient, carminative, expectorant, stomachic, digestive stimulant, antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory qualities.
  • Rhizomes have been in the treatment of various ailments such as fever, cough, hiccups, asthma, bronchitis, heart diseases, chronic enteritis, renal calculus, diabetes, rheumatism, kidney disorders, rheumatism, skin diseases, dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, gastralgia, borborygmus, emesis, dysentery, diarrhea, scurf, and enlarged spleen, cancers of oral cavity and stomach and cholera.
  • Rhizome has also been claimed to be useful for malaria, tinea, tubular glands, pityriasis versicolor and desquamation of the sole and hands.
  • It has been used as alternative medicine for anti-rheumatic activities.
  • Red fruit is used in traditional Chinese medicine and has a flavor similar to cardamom.
  • Rhizome has a reputation among the Arabs as Aphrodisiac.
  • Rhizomes are used in rheumatism and catarrhal affections, especially in bronchial catarrh and in respiratory troubles of children in Indian indigenous medicine.
  • Hongdoukou, Fructus Galangae, is the dry ripe red fruit of Alpinia galanga, which is used in the treatment of various gastric disorders, emesis and diarrhea.
  • Rhizomes soaked in salt are used to quench thirst during strenuous work, and rhizome soaked in alcohol is used topically for ringworm infection on the skin in Vietnam.
  • Rhizome is used to improve appetite, taste and voice in Ayurvedic medicines.
  • It has also been reported to be useful in vata, bronchitis and diseases of the heart.
  • Rhizomes have been used as stomachic, aphrodisiac, tonic, diuretic, expectorant and carminative and described as useful in treating headache, rheumatic pains, sore throat, sour eructation, stuttering, chest pain diabetes, burning of the liver, tubercular glands and diseases of the kidney in Unani medicine.
  • Seeds are considered calefacient, stomachic, sternutatory and beneficial in colic, diarrhea and emesis in Chinese medicine.
  • Rhizomes are used as carminative, anti-flatulent, antifungal and anti-itching in Thai folk medicine.
  • For difficulty in urination, the paste of the rhizome, made with or without water from washing rice, is taken orally as a diuretic for cases of inability to urinate even though the bladder is full, and for pain and discomfort in urination.
  • With Ginger juice and honey, the rhizome is taken as a cure for coughs.
  • Powdered and mixed with samone-byu and roasted salt, it is taken for chest pains and stomach pains; mixed with equal amounts of dried ginger rock salt, the powdered rhizome it is a remedy for indigestion.
  • Powder is used as a snuff for catarrh.
  • It prevents the cells from turning Cancerous and fights against Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Blood Cancer and Skin Cancer.
  • It is a good herbal remedy in the treatment of digestive Disorders and increases the production of digestion fluids, eases digestion and improves the appetite.
  • It is helpful in curing the problems like Nausea, Morning Sickness, and Diarrhea.
  • Its anti-inflammatory properties alleviate the symptoms of Arthritis and Rheumatism.
  • It offers relief from chest congestion and regulates the breathing rate.
  • Galangal consists of high amount of Iron which is good for an anemic patient.
  • It builds Immunity against viruses and germs.
  • It is a useful herb for Oral Cavity. It acts as a mouth wash which heals Gingivitis, Sores, and Inflammation in Mouth. It combats Bad Breath and refreshes the Mouth.
  • Galangal revitalizes the Hair follicles and enhances the Hair growth.
  • It helps in getting rid of scalp Infections and Dandruff.
  • Its anti-pyretic properties are beneficial in treating Fever.
  • It also shows analgesic property lowers the body pain associated with Fever.
  • It is a rich source of antioxidants and Vitamin C needed for a healthy Skin. They rejuvenate the Skin cells and keep the signs of aging away. It possesses anti-fungal property which is useful in curing Fungal Infections.
  • Regular use of Galangal improves the Sperm count and Sperm motility. It increases the fertility and cures Impotence.

Culinary Uses of Galangal:

  • Galangal rhizome is widely used as spice.
  • Rhizome is a common ingredient in soups and curries and is used fresh, frozen, dried or in powder form.
  • Fresh rhizome of Galangal has a characteristic fragrance as well as pungency; hence, its rhizome is used as an essential component in Thai curries paste.
  • Fresh galangal has a pure and refreshing odor and a mildly spicy flavor; it is the galanga of choice for all Thai foods.
  • Rhizome is a common ingredient in Thai soups like Tom yam, Tom Khaa and Thai, Malaysian and Indonesian curries, where it is used fresh in chunks or thin slices, mashed and mixed into curry paste, or dried and powdered.
  • Spice is commonly used in Indonesian fried rice, Nasi Goreng.
  • Malaysian and Indonesian beef rendang is usually spiced with galangal.
  • There are many different recipes of rendang. Essentially rendang comprises chunks of beef cooked in thick coconut milk together with dried chilies, garlic, turmeric, ginger, Salam leaves and galangal.
  • Some recipes used these together with cinnamon, black pepper and even fennel.
  • Galangal is used as flavoring in bean curd in Java and also used in sauces.
  • Essential oil from the rhizome is used to flavor ice cream, alcoholic drinks, liqueurs, cakes and pastries.
  • It is used as a flavoring for beverages and spirit including nastoika, liquor in Russia.
  • Flower buds, leaves and young shoots are also eaten as spice or vegetable.
  • Fruits occasionally used as substitute for cardamom.
  • Galangal is commonly used as a flavoring herb in many dishes of Thai cuisines such as seafood and meat dishes.
  • Thin slices of galangal are added in soups along with lime leaves and lemongrass for an exquisite flavor.
  • Galangal is also a chief ingredient in many spicy pastas and sauces made with garlic and chilies.
  • Flowers and young shoots can be eaten raw, steamed as a vegetable, or used as a spice.
  • Flowers and flower buds are eaten raw, they can also be steamed, pickled, added to soups, mixed with chili paste etc.
  • This oil used in Thai and Indian curries and soups.

Other Uses of Galangal:

  • Rhizomes also have insecticidal properties.
  • Studies showed that hexane crude extract of galangal rhizome gave the highest control efficiency of adult Bactrocera dorsalis.
  • Plant is the source of an essential oil, called Essence d’ Amali.
  • This essential oil is used in skin care products such as lotions and soaps as well as perfumes.

Uses of Galangal Essential Oil:

  • It helps to treat fatigue.
  • It enhances the circulation and assist joint and muscle stiffness.
  • It is used as a cure for digestion, congestion, skin problems and cholera.
  • This oil is a treatment for dyspepsia, flatulence, motion sickness, vomiting, travel sickness and colic.
  • It helps to treat rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis.
  • It is useful for treating respiratory problems such as catarrh, bronchitis, cold, asthma and flu.
  • It assists in digestion of intestinal fats.
  • It is also useful for tinea versicolor and gall bladder infections.
  • It enhance the mood if diffused or added to hot bath.
  • It is used in aromatherapy by adding 2 to 3 drops to hot bath that helps to relax muscles.
  • For better sleep, diffuse it at night.
  • Aphrodisiac: Regular intake of 6 grams of Galangal root stock once a day, helps in increasing the sperm count 
  • Asthma: Mix half tsp. root stock powder in 250 ml water. Leave it for 4 hours. Drink this infusion by adding 1 tsp. Honey in it. / Mix in a mud pot 6 tablespoons each of Balloon Vine leaves, Climbing Brinjal and a small piece of crushed Galangal root. Add One tablespoon Cumin, 4 Black Peppers and One tablespoon dried Ginger powder. Add 3 glasses of water. Boil till reduced to One glass. Take One tablespoon twice a day.
  • Bad Breathe: Chew a small quantity crushed root stock of Galangal with Betel leaf.
  • Bronchitis: Take equal quantity of Cubeb, Galangal, Licorice and Long Pepper. Grind them together. Boil two teaspoon powder in a cup of water. Add two teaspoon Honey and have lukewarm daily.
  • Chest Congestion: Soak some crushed root stock in a pot of drinking water. Drink after adding honey whenever feel thirsty.
  • Cold: Take 50 g powder of each Galangal rhizome and sugar. Take 3 g during bedtime with hot milk.
  • Cough: Take 2 cups of water. Soak 5 g crushed rhizome of Galangal for 4 hours. Add 1 tsp. honey and drink. / Mix the powder of Galangal root stock and sugar in equal ratio. Take half tsp. with hot milk during bedtime. / Make a layer of Castor oil over Galangal’s root stock. Heat until it chars. Grind it to make powder and store. Take half tsp. with honey once a day. / Crush Galangal’s rhizome with sugar. Have 3 gm. once a day. / Mix in a mud pot 6 tablespoons each of Balloon Vine leaves, Climbing Brinjal and a small piece of crushed Galangal root. Add One tablespoon Cumin, 4 Black Peppers and One tablespoon dried Ginger powder. Add 3 glasses of water. Boil till reduced to One glass. Take One tablespoon twice a day. / Grind equal quantity of Cubeb, Galangal, Licorice and Long Pepper. Take one teaspoon with two teaspoon Honey daily. / Soak a small piece of Galangal root stock in 250 ml boiled water for 3 hours. Add some Date Palm sugar in it. Take 3 tsp. thrice a day.
  • Digestive Disorders: Consume 3 g rhizome powder of Galangal before every meal.
  • Fever: Mix root stock of Galangal and sugar. Grind to make powder. Take half tsp. with hot water or milk during bedtime.
  • Gum Disease: Make a decoction of Galangal’s rhizome. Use it for gargle.
  • Headache: Grind equal quantity of sugar and Galangal’s root stock together. Take 3 g with hot milk before sleeping.
  • Libido Booster: Take the dried form of 20 gram Cnidium, 20 gram Chinese Gall, 20 gram Ligusticum Wallichii Root, 20 gram Leaves and Stem of Horny Goat Weed, 20 gram Morinda Officinalis Root, 20 gram Chufa Root, 20 gram Roots and Rhizomes of Notopterygium, 20 gram Flower of Magnolia Bark, 20 gram of Galangal Rhizomes, 8 to 10 Garlic Cloves, 30 gram Schisandra Fruit, 10 gram Cinnamon Bark and 30 gram Roots and Rhizomes of Spikenard. Powder them together. Have half teaspoon with milk for a few nights. This formula boosts libido, in both men and women. Better results have been found especially in females. It warms up the body and enhances sex stamina.
  • Menses Scanty: Drink hot Galangal tea half cup a day, regularly for a week. It promotes perspiration.
  • Muscle Spasm: Externally apply the grated Galangal as a poultice. / Use as a hot fomentation
  • Nausea: Take Galangal’s rhizome. Dip it in Castor oil. Roast it over flame. Powder it. Take 3 g with honey daily. / Mix equal quantity of Galangal’s rhizome powder with sugar. Eat 1 tsp. once a day.
  • Phlegm: Add ½ tsp. powdered rhizome of Galangal to 2 cups of water. Keep it for 3 hours. Sweeten with 1 tsp honey before drinking. / Eat crushed root stock of Galangal with sugar once a day. / Make an infusion of Galangal’s rhizome. Filter it and add sugar. Take 10 ml thrice a day.
  • Rheumatism: Mix 4 g rhizome powder of Galangal in a cup of lukewarm water. Drink it thrice a day.
  • Sore Throat: Chew the root stock to get relief.
  • Tonsillitis: Take equal quantity of Licorice, Sweet Flag and Galangal. Grind them together. Have a teaspoon with Honey once a day.

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