Health Benefits and Uses of Angelica

Health & Wellness

Angelica (Angelica archangelica) || Health Benefits of Angelica

Angelica is a genus of about 90 species (32 endemic species are distributed in China) of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), a subspecies of which is cultivated for its sweetly scented edible stems and roots, that are widely distributed in Asia, Europe, and North America. Like several other species in Apiaceae, its appearance is similar to several poisonous species (Conium, Heracleum, and others), and should not be consumed unless it has been recognized with absolute certainty. The name Archangelica is supposed to come from the Greek word “arkhangelos”, the name of Angel Gabriel who according to myth revealed its use in medicine. The plant is native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far north as Iceland and Lapland and Greenland. It is grown in the garden for medicinal, ornamental and culinary purposes. Mainly leaves, stems, roots and seeds are useful for these purposes. They grow to 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) tall, with large bipinnate leaves and large compound umbels of white or greenish-white flowers. The root is thick, fleshy and branched with several small rootlets. The leaves are green, consisting of three parts. Each part produces three serrated and lobed leaflets. Angelica grows wild in Scandinavia, Greenland, Iceland, central Europe and some parts in North Asia. It will only grow in damp soil.

According to folklore, Angelica revealed in a dream by an angel that appeared in plague-ridden Europe and showed a monk the Angelica plant as a cure the plague. Angelica has been used for bestowing good luck, long life, faithfulness in marriage, happiness and as a blessing to the new born as well as the mother. It was introduced in Niort in 1602 as a promising remedy for plague. Associated with many Pagan festivals, it was used as a guard against contagious health conditions, witchcrafts and for treating bites of mad dogs. Another explanation of the name of this plant is that it blooms on the day of Michael the Archangel (May 8th), and is on that account a preservative against evil spirits and witchcraft: all parts of the plant were believed efficacious against spells and enchantment. Others believe it was revealed to the 14th-century physician Mattheus Sylvaticus by the same archangel as a medicinal plant, hence its botanical name Angelica archangelica. It was held in such esteem that it was called "The Root of the Holy Ghost". Angelica is unique amongst the Umbelliferae for its pervading aromatic odour, a pleasant perfume, entirely differing from Fennel, Parsley, Anise, Caraway or Chervil. One old writer compares Angelica to Musk, others liken it to Juniper. Even the roots are fragrant, and form one of the principal aromatics of European growth- the other parts of the plant have the same flavour, but their active principles are considered more perishable. In the Viking's tradition, Angelica was widely recognized as symbol of fertility and carried in wedding processions, where the largest one was always in the hands of the bride. In Iceland, Angelica was planted in graveyards to keep away septic viruses in corpses, and it can still be seen growing in in Faroese cemeteries. The herb is still believed to be an aphrodisiac.

The roots and fruits yield Angelica oil, which is used in perfume, confectionery, medicine (especially Asian medicine), in salads, as teas, as a flavoring for liqueurs, and as the source of yellow dye. This robust and sweet-tasting plant is best known for decoration of cakes and puddings. Angelica lessens the need for sweetener when making pies or sauces. It can also be cooked and eaten as a fresh herb, used for seasoning fish, or made into syrup for pudding and ice cream toppings. The Norwegians make a bread of the roots. In the Lapland region, the stalks are regarded as a delicacy. A popular tea, tasting much like China tea, is infused from fresh or dried leaves. It is also used as a flavoring agent in jams, omelettes, liqueurs, aquavits, trout, wines and other beverages. The stems of Angelica are edible. They are very rich in nutrients and can be eaten in the same manner as celery. The outer layer of the stems is usually removed, and only the green and juicy inner parts are eaten. They have a strong taste, but if cooked the flavor becomes milder. Today the plant is used as a flavoring agent in liqueurs for centuries, gin and is still the main flavor ingredient in the French liqueurs Bénédictine and Chartreuse.

Don’t confuse European Angelica with Chinese Angelica (dong quai, or Angelica sinensis). The Ayurvedic species, Angelica glauca, has similar properties to European Angelica. The herb often finds its way into Ayurvedic formulas for emotional balance. It is sometimes combined with Arjuna bark, Rose petal, and White Sandalwood to balance emotions and restore bliss and inner strength. Nutmeg and Gotu Kola may be added to balance the connection between the heart and the mind. It’s common to add one quarter teaspoon of Angelica powder to a basic female aging formula.

The applications and therapeutic benefits of Angelica are mostly based on traditional and folk medicine uses, but in recent years the herb has gained interest within the scientific community. Today, numerous studies exist that have validated to some extent the herb’s effectiveness for few conditions. Among modern-day herbalists, Angelica is considered a bitter, warming and invigorating herb that can be used as a remedy for a wide variety of diseases and disorders. Because the herb is bitter, it is primarily used for ailments associated with the digestive system. The herb has been used to stimulate appetite, improve digestion, soothe colic and lessen intestinal gas production. The herb has a bactericidal effect on the gastrointestinal tract and increases the production of stomach acid. Both of these factors can contribute to weaken or get rid of the bacteria that often causes various gastric ailments and discomforts. Angelica can also be useful for poor blood circulation, and it has been used as a treatment for Buerger’s disease, a condition that causes the arteries of the hands and feet to become narrow. Also, the plant has antioxidative properties that could make it useful in preventing and treating atherosclerosis.. Angelica is recommended by many modern as well as ancient writers for use in skin care. The plant is known for its expectorant properties and has been used traditionally as an herbal remedy for bronchitis, asthma and other ailments of the respiratory system. It is the roots that are commonly used in this regard, but the stems and seeds may also be used. Based on recent studies angelica has demonstrated anti-cancer effects by counteracting cell changes that can develop into cancer, but more studies are needed to confirm the potential of the herb as a treatment for cancer. The German Commission E, the German equivalent of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), approves of the use of Angelica archangelica as a remedy for high fever, symptoms of the common cold, urinary tract infection and dyspeptic complaints. Angelica contains nutrients, such as antioxidants, vitamins, valeric acid, volatile oils and many others, which are helpful for the natural treatment of various skin conditions. Angelica has been known since ancient times as a "friend of the aged". It has a warming, tonic effect that supports and strengthens the heart and stomach and has been seen to improve appetite and assist digestion; all these actions can be no small part of restoring health.

Angelica archangelica, is widely used as a flavoring or scent, but has been used extensively in Folk medicine useful for conditions of heartburn, intestinal gas, or flatulence, loss of appetite, circulation problems, nervousness, and insomnia. Angelica herbal supplement is an excellent herbal remedy that is believed to work effectively to combat infection. Angelica root has been used as an expectorant for respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, coughs, and pleurisy, especially when accompanied by colds, fever or flu. Some women use Angelica root tinctures to help with scanty or delayed menstruation. Angelica root, aka Dang gui, is also used to increase urine production, improve sex drive, and to kill germs. Some people use the herb directly on the skin for nerve pain, or neuralgia, joint pain, rheumatism and skin disorders. In combination with other herbs, such as Saw Palmetto and Pygeum Bark, may be helpful for treating premature ejaculation. Regular users of Angelica root develop a distaste for alcoholic beverages. Chewing the root is recommended for people suffering from a hangover after excessive alcohol consumption. During the 16th and 17th centuries Angelica was combined with many other herbs to create something called "Carmelite Water", which was utilized as a medival drink to cure headaches, promote relaxation and a long life.

Angelica contains a variety of chemicals including angelic acid, angelicin, scopeletin, linleic acid, ferullic acid, safrole, and valeric acid. These constituents make Angelica root useful for a variety of conditions, including athlete’s foot, as well as being an antibacterial action, preventing the growth of various bacteria. It has been used in a medicinal poultice for broken bones, swellings, itching, and painful cuts and sores. It has other benefits as well, such as providing clearer skin and preventing acne.

Angelica root contains good amount of vitamin B-12, zinc, thiamin, sucrose, potassium, magnesium, iron, fructose, glucose, riboflavin, and many other trace minerals. It is known as in Chinese medicine as Dang Gui, and as the female version of Ginseng. It is very popular there for improving menstrual health in women who have difficulties from excessive flow or bring on their menstrual flow. It can also be used with Ginger root tincture recover faster after childbirth. Combined with Osha root and Peony, it is considered to be a Blood Builder, and with Black Walnut tincture, relief for chronic constipation from unbalance Qi and blood levels. For exhaustion and to prevent diarrhea, it is used with Astragalus root tincture.  For upset stomach, including acid reflux, cramping, nausea, and vomiting, the herb has been used with Peppermint Leaf, Mustard Seed, Chamomile Leaf, Caraway Seed, Milk Thistle seed, Celandine and Lemon Balm. Angelica’s medicinal properties are believed improve blood circulation by strengthening the heart, which is beneficial for chilblains, cold feet and hands, and fibromyalgia.

Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion, hepatitis, and heartburn. It is useful to add in remedies for afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and digestive difficulties. Promotes circulation and energy in the body. It is often used to stimulate the circulation in the pelvic region and to stimulate suppressed menstruation. Tea made from the leaves can be used as a skin refresher or eyewash, and compresses made from the roots or leaves can relieve gout or rheumatism. While Angelica does not have the potential to influence the spiritual realm, it has many other uses as a medicinal herb. It has been long used as a digestive aid, as well as for relief of anemia, chest pain, and bronchitis.

Various species of Angelica have been used in the traditional systems of medicine for several centuries to treat many ailments. Angelica essential oils have been used for the treatment of various health problems, including malaria, gynecological diseases, fever, anemia, and arthritis. Angelica essential oils are complex mixtures of low molecular weight compounds, especially terpenoids and their oxygenated compounds. These components deliver specific fragrance and biological properties to essential oils. Previously, several scientists reported the volatile composition of different Angelica species using various extraction techniques such as steam distillation, hydrodistillation, solvent-free solid injector, and supercritical fluid extraction. Since the pre-historic period, Angelica root is compared to Dong Quai, which is a female rejuvenative herb. Similarly Angelica root and its essential oil have been used for thousands of years in the treatment of female menstrual syndromes and reproductive difficulties. Angelica oil is also claimed as a trusted natural remedy for treating cancerous growths, bleeding problems, constipation, psoriasis, dry skin problems, liver infections, diarrhea, sore throat, typhus fever and certain other health conditions.

Uses an infusion of dried root can be used as a remedy for coughs and colds, to dispel gas and to soothe intestinal cramps. Also used to stimulate kidneys. The wash is used to relieve rheumatism and neuralgia. Used as a blood tonic. Eases stoppage of urination, good for suppressed menstruation, and helps expel the afterbirth. Good for sluggish liver and spleen. A tea made of angelica, dropped into old ulcers (external) will cleanse and heal them. Good for cold, colic, flu, cough, asthma, bronchitis, menstrual cramps, pleurisy, anemia, rheumatism, and fever. A herbal infusion prepared with the crushed roots of this plant have been used in herbal medicine as an emmenagogue, bronchial tonic and for relieving general debility, indigestion and flatulence. These remedial roots have been a part of the Austrian medicine, taken in the form of tincture or tea for treating flu, infections, fever and problems of the nervous system, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. An infusion should be made from the leaves and chopped stems. This will also provide an excellent gargle for the treatment of sore tonsils, and throats. Angelica raw stalks are delicious when eaten with a little cream cheese, and the washed roots are also quite tasty. This plant is used to flavor many alcoholic drinks and its candied stem has long been used in confectionery.

Angelica root tinctures have been used as a remedy for disease of the urinary organs, and as a tonic to restore vigor and vitality after sickness. Angelica extract is used to stimulate the kidneys, easing stoppage of urination, and used traditionally for curing urinary tract infections, and to improve blood flow of different parts of the body. Angelica root extract may also be used for premature ejaculation, by increasing the threshold of vibrations and senses received by the penis. Chinese medicine combines Angelica Root with other herbs to increase its potency, such as Astragalus, to treat exhaustion after childbirth. People have reported they have lost their taste for alcohol when they took 5 drops 3 times a day of this herbal tincture. This herb is also good for the treatment of narcotic addictions, and as an herbal hangover remedy, after excessive consumption. It has been used in a gargle for sore throat and tonsil pain.

Renowned herbalists like Paracelsus and John Gerard have prescribed the use of Angelica for treating various illnesses and the most notable among them was its effectiveness in treating plague, colic and viral infections. The roots, stems and seeds of this plant were burnt to purify the atmosphere naturally.

Robin Rose Bennet writes "Angelica root is a warming digestive bitter that can be used as a tincture before meals to stimulate the production of digestive acids and therefore more efficient digestion. The difference between using Angelica and Dandelion root before a meal to stimulate digestive juices is that Dandelion is cooling and beneficial to the liver and lymph while Angelica is warming and antibacterial in the digestive tract".

Rudolph Weiss writes that "from a clinical and practical point of view, it would be more correct to classify it as an aromatic tonic, because this is the most important part of its medicinal action, because of its spicy and bitter taste, Angelica is used in many well-known stomachic liqueurs, such as Benedictine and Chartreuse".

Thomas Bartram writes that the actions of Angelica include "smooth muscle relaxant, carminative, diuretic, antifungal, antibacterial, diaphoretic, expectorant, gentle digestive tonic". He suggests using it for "cold conditions where increase in body heat is required. To create distaste for alcohol. Friend of the aged as a circulatory stimulant and to sustain heart, stomach and bowel. Loss of appetite, chronic dyspepsia & aerophagy".

Maude Grieve writes "Parkinson, in his Paradise in Sole, 1629, puts Angelica in the forefront of all medicinal plants, and it holds almost as high a place among village herbalists today. Angelica's virtues are praised by old writers and the name itself testifies to the great antiquity of belief in its merits as a protection against contagion, for purifying the blood, and for curing every conceivable malady".

The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Angelica as "spasmolytic, diaphoretic, expectorant, bitter aromatic, carminative, diuretic" and says it is indicated for "respiratory catarrh, psychogenic asthma, dyspepsia, anorexia nervosa, rheumatic diseases, peripheral vascular disease" and specifically indicated for "bronchitis associated with vascular deficiency". The BHP recommends doses of 1-2 grams or by infusion (a full tsp is about 2.5 grams) and the extract at a dose of 0.5-2 mls.

Relieves Pain and Cramps:

Cataplasm produced from Angelica leaves is better-known to render alleviation from unhealthiness injuries. Application of this particular covering material may facilitate alleviate sprains, fractures, and in addition, pain sensation and inflammation connected to arthritis.

Muscle Pain:

Muscle ache can be cured by using Angelica herb. The oil that is extracted from Angelica herb is very perfect to release the stress from the muscles and thus reduces the ache. You can simply apply the oil on the muscles and apply simple massage.

Arthritis:

Angelica works best when combined with other herbs in a mix which support the actions needed, such as Burdock (Arctium lappa) as an alternative, Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa) as an anti-inflammatory and Ginger (Zingiber officinale) as a circulatory stimulant and Celery seed (Apium graveolens) as a diuretic. Angelica oil can even be used topically as an anti-inflammatory for painful joints. Angelica archangelica is a safe herb to take, large doses may cause some photosensitivity, so take care in the sun.

Women's Health:

Many herbalists use Angelica archangelica to support a healthy menstrual flow the same way that Angelica sinensis (Dong Quai), would be used. Although Angelica sinensis is more of a blood builder than Angelica archangelica, they both have similar blood moving properties, which is helpful for improved circulation and regulation of menses. Angelica also helps to soothe discomforts associated with menstruation.

Gently applying 3 drops of Angelica oil along with 2 drops of Dill oil and 20 ml of Sesame oil on your lower abdomen, thighs, lower back and around your genital area can assist in relieving menstrual pain, severe abdominal cramps or dysmennorhea, blocked or delayed menstruation, nausea, fatigue, restlessness and headache associated with menstruation and menopause.

Menstrual Cramps:

Using Angelica can prove to be a blessing for women suffering from menstrual cramps. It helps to balance the level of hormones, which in turn provides relief from severe pains. The root helps stimulate circulation, so it relieves menstrual cramps by warming, relaxing, decongesting, and stimulating blood flow. Angelica essential oil has excellent emmenagogue properties that help in treating the premenstrual syndrome, delayed menstruation, blocked periods, menopausal problems and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Premenstrual Symptoms (PMS):

It can also bring on delayed menses or benefit PMS. For this purpose, combine Angelica with Hibiscus flower and Rose petal. The circulation benefits also lend it to migraine treatment.

Adding 2 drops of Angelica oil in your vaporizer or diffuser is said to elevate your feelings and drive the negative energies like mood fluctuations, uneasiness, depression and fatigue experienced during menstrual cycle or during the post or pre-menopausal period.

Reproductive Health:

Woman can gain a lot by intake of this herb. Angelica herb helps woman to maintain reproductive system. Any sort of problem in the reproductive system will be repaired and the problem is resolved within few dosages. Angelica has been claimed as a renowned part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and 10 forms of Angelica herb were known to be used for strengthening the spirit, enhancing the fertility rate and for curing all sorts of feminine problems.

Aids in Dental Care:

Mouth Sore:

The problem of mouth sore can be reduced by proper use of Angelica herb. It has deep source of antimicrobial properties that helps to get rid of the microbes that caused sores in the mouth.

Respiratory Health:

Angelica is a respiratory stimulant, helping to warm, tone and clear the lungs. It also helps to establish a healthy inflammatory response in the respiratory system.

Respiratory Infections:

Cold, flu, cough, bronchial congestion and other respiratory infections conquer the healthy system mainly because of kapha dosha vitiations. Kapha dosha is a combination of earth and water, excess of which leads to amassing of mucus and phlegm deposits in the nasal passages, lungs and the bronchial passages. Angelica has an expectorant effect on the lungs and can help soothe and heal asthma, cough, bronchitis, and cold or flu symptoms. Historically, it’s also used to treat bladder infections and rheumatic conditions. As a hot diaphoretic tea, it will bring down fevers.

Angelica root is used in the powdered form for internal usage in Ayurveda and is also recommended as an oil for topical application and is also suggested as an inhalation for respiratory problems.

Angelica and its essential oil are good Ayurvedic remedy for normalizing kapha imbalances for which this herb is known to have kaphahara (one that normalizes kapha) and Svasahara (one that treats breathing problems) effects. Angelica essential oil as excellent inhalation oil for treating respiratory problems. As a promising expectorant, this oil has been prescribed as a natural cure for cold, influenza, fever, cough, chronic bronchitis, blocked nose and breathing difficulties.

A 2011 study titled “Angelica archangelica Linn. is an angel on earth for the treatment of diseases” by Department of Pharmaceutical sciences, University of Kashmir, India published in The International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology and Neurological diseases suggests Angelica as a stimulating bronchial tonic, for its effect in treating bronchial conditions, headache, fever, chest congestion, migraine, cough and certain other respiratory problems.

Add 2 drops of Angelica oil along with 1 drop of Eucalyptus oil to steam inhalation for treating migraine pain, nasal congestion, cold, whooping cough, headache, bronchitis, sinusitis, asthma and breathing difficulties.

A gentle massage with 1 drop of Angelica oil and 1 drop of Yarrow oil and 1 drop of Eucalyptus oil in your vaporizing ointment or in a warm blend of 15ml of pure coconut oil on your chest, throat and back can be a quick reliever of block nasal passages, runny nose, sore throat, dry cough, itchy eyes and fatigue due to cold.

Massaging the foot soles with 2 drops of Angelica oil blended with 1 drop of Cumin oil mixed with 2 ml of Evening primrose oil can help in reducing the body temperature in case of fever. This also aids in combating micro-organisms that are responsible for fever and respiratory infections. Cumin and Angelica oil have excellent kapha-reducing and immune enhancing qualities that support in guarding your system against contagious fever or other infections.

Cold and Flu:

As an expectorant, decongestant and pectoral it acts as the respiratory relaxant to lung tissue to help release congestion and allow the flow of mucus as well as a lung tonic to heal and strengthen lung tissue. So Angelica is very useful with coughs, bronchitis, pleurisy, especially with fever such as in with colds and influenza. Combines well with Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) or Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) for a cough.

Sore Throat:

Angelica herb is much popularly known to have bactericide constituents, which facilitate to heal soreness in throat. Just chew the stem of Angelica to recover soreness in throat. Just in case you discover that the stem is bitter, go for sugar-coated stems of angelica. An additional alternative is to mouthwash with a solution plus extract prepared from the dehydrated roots of Angelica that may possibly in addition function to relieve pain associated with sore throat.

Fever:

As a diaphoretic and circulatory stimulant, Angelica will help increase perspiration and helps the body release and eliminate toxins through the skin. Angelica is also an antipyretic so will also help with high fevers and systemic infections. Take Angelica root until you are fully recovered as it also helps a lot with convalescence. Combine with Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) or Ginger (Zingiber officinale) for fevers and convalescence.

Angelica herb is supposed to have sudorific constituents, signifies, it encourages sweating that may perhaps facilitate obviating waste all the way through skin. Its sudorific action may assist in perspiring out the linguistic process, thus lending to cut down fever.

Boosts Immune System:

Angelica is also well-known for its ability to induce sweating, warming the body and supporting overall immunity as the body overcomes seasonal bugs. Drinking angelica tea is said to calm nausea, coughing, and sneezing. Primordial medicinal practices recommended the chewing of Angelica leaves or drinking the tea prepared with these leaves, for enhancing the immunity of a person. With its effect to fight against various hazardous pathogens and microbes including bacteria, fungi and virus, Angelica and its essential oil is a trusted natural medicine for promoting the overall health of a person. Angelica oil as good for all dosha types and its tonic nature builds tissue and also brings balance to hormonal excesses or deficiencies. Angelica is one among the first essential oils that they use in case of immune deficiency or infections.

Adding 2 drops of Angelic oil along with 2 drops of Petitgrain oil in your warm bathing water daily can help you vastly in improving your immune power and balancing your immune deficiencies.

You can also go for an invigorating massage with 5 drops of Angelica oil with 2 drops of Rosewood oil and 2 drops of Cumin oil and 2 drops of Fennel oil with 100 ml of virgin Olive oil for supporting your immune system and guard your body against vulnerable diseases.

Treats Sleep Disorders:

Improves Sleep:

Having problem in getting gratifying relaxing sleep, then consume a cup of Angelica tea prior to sleep. It may perhaps functions significantly for some better sleep. A number of citizens have discovered that lighting aroma with Angelica herb is assistive to encourage sleep.

Hair Care:

For centuries Chinese use Angelica root for treating hair loss problem. Enriched with Vitamin E, it helps in stimulating the circulation of oxygen in the body and the scalp. It promotes the metabolism and replenishes the nutrient supply in the body, which are vital for the growth of hair. It helps to oxidize blood, which finally helps in the oxidation of hair cells. It also encourages the regeneration of damaged hair cells.

Hair Loss:

Hair loss has become a hectic task these days. Regular use of Angelica herb can guarantee best kinds of results to avoid excess loss of hair. All kinds of reasons leading to hair loss can be reduced to huge extent. You need to use this herb with particular regulations to ensure best results.

Skin Care:

Face Wash:

Angelica, the plant or herb can be used as a face wash to treat several skin conditions and make the skin look softer, clearer and healthier. To make a face wash, mix 2 cups of aloe Vera juice with 8-10 drops of tincture of Angelica root. After the two ingredients are mixed together, use the mix to treat acne. It can also be used for the cleansing purpose. The use of it makes the skin heal faster by making the skin absorb the useful nutrients easily. The results will be amazing if the facial cleanser is used twice a day, morning and night. It not only eliminates acne, but also prevents them from coming back.

Use In Bath:

Angelica can be used in bathing and it really helps in soothing the skin naturally. A bath can be prepared by adding 2 cups of Angelica infusion into warm water. Coconut oil can also be added for obtaining the best results. Having this bath relieves inflammation, softens the skin and helps to treat eczema.

Improves Digestive Health:

Angelica has been recommended by numerous physicians of various traditional medications, including the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as an excellent remedy for treating digestive problems like colic, intestinal gas and indigestion. Many physicians prescribe it for curing anorexia as it is known to stimulate the digestive as well as the nervous system. Angelica is a warming, decongesting, aromatic, and bitter herb. It’s widely used as a digestive aid, appearing in traditional aperitif formulas. It eases indigestion, bloating, and gas. The herb is also used to combat a sluggish liver. Bitters made with angelica root can be taken before meals. Preparations of Angelica may also help improve appetite.

The leaf, root, stem and seeds are all used for these purposes, but the root is the most commonly used part of the plant. The root and seeds are the most aromatic parts of the plant, containing a larger amount of the volatile oils that are responsible for its effectiveness with digestive, respiratory and circulatory function. The essential oil extracted from the root of the Angelica plant helps in relieving abdominal pain, intestinal gas, colic, sluggish digestion, stomach ache, cramps, nausea, flatulence and headaches caused due to digestive disorders.

Scientific evidence supporting the use of angelic for digestive issues is scant. The existing studies are dated. Furthermore, the studies investigated the effects of Angelica used in combination with other herbal treatments to treat digestive problems. While there is a possibility that Angelica may help to calm stomach issues like dyspepsia, more research needs to be done to understand its benefits. In some countries, alternative medicine practitioners have used Angelica with other herbs to treat irritable bowel syndrome. In a review published in The World Journal of Gastroenterology, researchers only suggested that Angelica and other herbal preparations could be studied for their role in the treating.

Massaging your stomach with 2 drops of Angelica oil along with 2 drops of Vetiver oil in a blend of 2 ml of sesame oil can assist in stimulating the secretion bile and other digestive acids. It also helps in proper digestion and absorption of energy from the digested food.

Inhaling the bitter aroma of Angelica oil by adding 1 drop of this oil in your diffuser or a tissue can support in healing wounds or ulcers in the stomach lining and intestinal walls. With its relaxing and soothing carminative properties, Angelica oil assists in expelling intestinal gas and also relieves the pain associated with it by calming the stomach, abdominal muscles and intestines.

Upset Stomach:

As a carminative and digestive aid, Angelica will relax the stomach muscles, increase peristalsis of intestines and relax the colon, this will help with indigestion, bloating, gas, gastrointestinal spasms, improving appetite, has been helpful in anorexia nervosa.

Be careful with gastro-intestinal reflux as it may exaggerate the condition. It combines well with Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Caraway (carum carvi) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale) or Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) for these digestive actions.

Indigestion (Dyspepsia):

Often called indigestion, dyspepsia can be defined as pain or discomfort in the stomach associated with difficulty in digesting food. Angelica plant can cure dyspepsia that generally takes place in the manner of heartburn, too much gas, and tummy puffiness. This herbaceous plant is considered to have flatus-relieving constituents, which facilitates alleviation of gas and puffiness. The pulp of the root can be used as a medicine for digestion; as a result, consuming it as recommended can be beneficial to keep your digestive tract functioning properly.

Angelica combined with other herbs like Peppermint, German Chamomile, Licorice, Milk Thistle, Lemon Balm, Caraway, and others seems to improve symptoms of dyspepsia symptoms including acid reflux, stomach pain, cramping, nausea, and vomiting. It is not possible to attribute the dyspepsia improvements to Angelica alone.

Gastrointestinal Disorders:

Angelica has been cultivated since the tenth century and gained popularity among the Scandinavian Saami people in the twelfth century, who consider it a sacred herb. The British Flora Medica from 1877 mentions that Laplanders regard Angelica as a very important herb, using it primarily as a digestive aide. In German Pediatric Medicine, Angelica root is often used to treat gastrointestinal disorders. German doctors rely on a stomach tea made with 20% Angelica root, 40% Gentian root (Gentiana lutea), and 40% Caraway seed (Carum carvi). Angelica root is listed in the German Drug Codex, a supplement resource for pharmacists.

Stimulates Appetite:

Tea prepared from the desiccated leaves and roots may perhaps facilitate recover appetite. As a result, when you abstain from consuming food because of a deficiency of appetite, try consuming Angelica tea on an everyday basis. It can surely facilitate rejuvenating your lost appetency by recovering digestion.

Psychological Benefits:

Anxiety:

The problem of anxiety can sometime haunt and hence need to be cured without any other option. It can be properly dealt with use of Angelica herb that will help to release the stress in the brain and reduces anxiety. Angelica is an herb distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The mixture of coumarins isolated from Angelica and its constituents imperatorin and isoimperatorin have the potential to reduce anxiety but it is the mixture which have more significant activity as compared to its individual components. Prepare some tea by using Angelica herb and sip down this tea on regular basis to get desired results.

A recent Chinese study found that Angelica has an antianxiety effect comparable to Valium.

Finally, there’s some compelling evidence from animal studies that Angelica archangelica may help reduce anxiety. Three rat studies noted that Angelica extract induced relaxation and decreased anxious behaviors in the animals. However, these studies haven’t been replicated in humans, so it’s difficult to know whether it’d exert the same effects in people. Human studies are needed.

A 2013 study "Coumarins from Angelica archangelica Linn. and their effects on anxiety-like behavior" published in Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry evaluated the anxiolytic potential of non polar coumarins isolated from Angelica. archangelica Linn. The extract of petroleum ether produced a yellow colored precipitate (YP) which was evaluated for anxiolytic like effect using EPM test and was found significant (**P<0.01) in doses of 5 and 10 mg/kg, po. Non polar coumarins were isolated namely imperatorin (IM) and isoimperatorin (IIM). YP, IM, IIM were tested for anxiolytic like effects in a dose of 5mg/kg, po along with DZ (1mg/kg, po) using EPM, Light & dark arena and hole board models in rats. The mixture of coumarins isolated from Angelica archangelica and its constituents imperatorin and isoimperatorin have the potential to reduce anxiety but it is the mixture which have more significant activity as compared to its individual components.

Another 2012 study "Anti-anxiety activity of successive extracts of Angelica archangelica Linn. on the elevated T-maze and forced swimming tests in rats" published in J Tradit Chin Med. evaluated the anxiolytic effect of successive extracts of Angelica archangelica linn. (SAE) on rats tested in the elevated T-maze test (an animal model of generalized anxiety) at doses that exhibit antidepressant-like activity in humans. In the forced swimming test, imipramine and SAE showed antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects as reflected by increased climbing time, swimming time and decreased immobility time on the first, third and seventh day. These results suggest the anti-anxiety activity of various extracts of  Angelica archangelica and strongly justify its use in traditional Indian medicine for the treatment of anxiety.

Nervous System:

With its stimulating and sedative effects, Angelica essential oil is said to act as a potent tonic for the nervous system and is said to instill a positive effect on the entire mechanism.

2 drops of Angelica oil with 1 drop of Rose oil added to air freshener or diffuser can certainly help in uplifting your spirits by enhancing your mood, promoting peaceful sleep by sedating the nervous afflictions and relaxing your tensed or sore muscles.

A weekly rejuvenating massage with 5 drops of Angelica oil blended with 3 drops of Rosewood oil, 3 drops of Petitgrain oil, 3 drops of Chamomile oil and 1 drop of Rose oil with 75 ml of Jojoba oil can alleviate nervous tension, anxiety, pain, anger, and negative feelings due to depression and hypertension.

This massage followed by a warm bath blended with 2 drops of Angelica oil will wipe away your mental pressure, strengthen your nervous system and leave you feeling recharged to take up the new week ahead.

Benefit for the Mind:

Angelica is an important herb in the Celtic tradition, especially during the time of Imbolc. It's believed that scattering the leaves can purify an area. Adding the leaves to incense is said to promote healing. It was thought of as a "journeying medicine" in ancient times due to its reported ability to relax and open the mind. Throughout the world, Angelica was reportedly worn as protection against bad energies and contagious diseases. It is said to represent vision, wisdom, enlightenment and balance.

Neurological Health:

Seizures:

A 2010 study "Evaluation of Antiseizure Activity of Essential Oil from Roots of Angelica archangelica Linn. in Mice" published in Indian J Pharm Sci. about the effect of essential oil of the root of Angelica archangelica Linn. was evaluated against electrically and chemically induced seizures. The effect of essential oil of the root of Angelica archangelica on seizures was compared with standard anticonvulsant agents, phenytoin and diazepam. The essential oil of the root of Angelica archangelica suppressed duration of tonic convulsions and showed recovery in maximal electroshock induced seizures while it delayed time of onset of clonic convulsions and showed mortality protection in pentylenetetrazol induced seizures. The study indicated that the essential oil exhibited antiseizure effect. The antiseizure effect may be attributed to the presence of terpenes in the essential oil.

Liver Health:

Hepatoprotection:

A 2003 study "Hepatoprotective effect of Angelica archangelica in chronically ethanol-treated mice" published in Pharmacology investigated the effects of total Angelica archangelica against chronic ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity.. A single dose of ethanol (70%, 0.1 ml, p.o.) was used to induce hepatotoxicity in mice which resulted in a significant elevation of the activities of serum GOT and GPT. Treatment of mice with Angelica archangelica (10, 25, and 50 mg/kg p.o.) after 2 weeks ameliorated the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity effects. Hepatotoxicity was evidenced by a significant increase in hepatic lipid peroxidation manifested as the presence of malondialdehyde. Angelica archangelica is cytoprotective agent effective against chronic ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, possibly through inhibition of the production of oxygen free radicals that cause lipid peroxidation, and hence indirectly protects the liver from oxidative stress.

Preliminary evidence suggests that Angelica can protect the liver from chronic alcohol toxicity. This is thought to be due to antioxidant activities like free radical scavenging, inhibiting free radical formation, and slowing down membrane lipid peroxidation.

Kidney Health:

Diuretic:

The essential oil of Angelica has diuretic property, which improves the quantity and frequency of urination, through which the accumulated water remains, toxic substances, salt, uric acid and fat in the blood and the body gets eliminated.

Nocturia:

Nocturia is a condition defined as the need to wake from sleep one or more times to urinate.

A 2017 study published in the Scandanavian Journal of Urology investigated Angelica's potential use as a treatment for the condition. Researchers used a specific product made from the Angelica archangelica leaf to treat 69 men age 45 and over. The patients were randomized. Some received the herbal treatment. Others received a placebo, or a substance that wasn't a real treatment. Neither the researchers nor the patients knew who received the angelica treatment. People in the study kept track of when they urinated. Those diaries were studied before and after the treatment. Researchers found that the herbal treatment was safe, but that it did not improve nocturia overall compared to placebo.

Supports Cardiovascular Health - Heart Health:

High Blood Pressure:

High blood pressure can be easily cured by regular intake of Angelica herb. It is a very traditional process to use this herb and get normal blood pressure. You can see the results within a few days. A lactone called alpha-angelica in Angelica might have calcium antagonist effects. That means it might act to stop calcium from entering into cells in the heart and blood vessels; and thereby help to lower blood pressure. This constituent may cause effects similar to certain calcium channel blocker medications. Prescription calcium channel blocker drugs help relax blood vessels so they can expand in diameter (vasodilation). Some calcium blockers are also able to help slow down rapid heartbeat, alleviate angina (chest pains) and restore irregular heart rhythms to normal. Coumarin compounds in Angelica are able to inhibit the aggregation of human blood platelets.

Blood Cleanser:

Excess of kapha dosha leads to accumulation of water deposits in the body along with the amassing of uric acid, salts, toxic substances due to improper digestion etc., This is one among the major cause for obesity, renal calculi, rheumatic conditions, gout and hypertension. Angelica and its essential oil can aid in checking these water-borne diseases with its power to control the excess secretion of kapha dosha, thus assisting in regularizing its secretion and flushing out the toxic remains in the system through sweat and urine. The essential oil of Angelica has diuretic property, which improves the quantity and frequency of urination, through which the accumulated water remains, toxic substances, salt, uric acid and fat in the blood and the body gets eliminated. With its blood purifying or depurative property, promoting urine or diuretic property, influencing sweat or diaphoretic attribute of Angelica oil quickens the elimination of toxins through sweat and urine.

Massaging your body or the inflamed or painful parts of your system with 5 drops of Angelica essential oil with 2 drops of Fennel oil and 3 drops of St. John’s Wort oil along with 50 ml of coconut oil can be an excellent aid in reducing inflammation, pain, swelling, muscular soreness, irritation, redness and fat deposits and in treating urinary infections. You can also add 2 drops of Angelica oil in warm compress for alleviating pain associated with rheumatic conditions and arthritis.

Cancer - Treatment and Prevention:

According to early in vitro research studies, Angelica archangelica fruit extract that contains imperatorin and xanthotoxin furanocoumarins seems to inhibit cancer cells from proliferating. That means this extract might be able to slow down the growth and progression of malignant cells. Xanthotoxin is also contained in Angelica leaf. Certain leaf extracts seem to have both antiproliferative and antitumor effects.

However, there is not enough research available to say whether this plant could have benefits for the treatment of cancer in humans. The FDA has not approved the use of this herbal extract for cancer prevention or treatment.

In test-tube and animal studies, Angelica archangelica like Angelica sinensis, shows some promising anticancer and anti-tumor effects. For example, it has been found to kill breast cancer cells in test tubes and inhibit tumor growth in mice. It may have similar effects on cervical cancer, larynx cancer, and rhabdomyosarcoma cells. These effects are thought to come from angelicin and imperatorin, two powerful phytochemicals found in Angelica archangelica.

However, this research is insufficient to prove that Angelica archangelica can provide anticancer or anti-tumor benefits in humans. More studies are needed. You should follow the treatment plan recommended by your healthcare team if you have cancer.

A 2011 study on Angelica archangelica published in The International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases states that this traditional herb can be a potent alternative for producing harmless and effectual anti-cancer drugs.

Cancerous Tumours:

A 2005 In Vivo study "Antitumour activity of Angelica archangelica leaf extract" examine the effect of a leaf extract from Angelica archangelica on the growth of Crl mouse breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Results showed that the leaf extract was mildly antiproliferative on the Crl cells with an EC50 of 87.6 microg/ml The antitumour activity of the extract was expressed in the mice by marked reduction in tumour growth. In the experimental animals, 9 out of 11 mice developed no or very small tumours, whereas control animals, not receiving the extract, developed significantly larger tumours (p<0.01), as estimated by Mann-Whitney U-test. The antitumour activity of the leaf extract could not be explained by the antiproliferative activity of furanocoumarins present in the extract.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a leaf extract from Angelica archangelica on the growth of Crl mouse breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The antiproliferative activity of the extract was measured by 3H-thymidine uptake in the Crl cells in vitro. The results demonstrate the antiproliferative activity in vitro and antitumour activity in vivo of a leaf extract from Angelica archangelica. There has been some research to investigate the effects that angelica may have on health. Even so, strong scientific evidence supporting the use of Angelica is lacking.

A study published in 2019 explored the use of Angelica archangelica as an anti-tumor agent in the treatment of breast cancer. But the research so far has been limited to rodent and in vitro studies (test tubes). There is no way to know if there may be a benefit for humans.

Antiproliferative Activity:

The aim of this work was to study the antiproliferative effect of a tincture from fruits of Angelica archangelica and the active components using the human pancreas cancer cell line PANC-1 as a model. Strong antiproliferative activity resulted from the two most abundant furanocoumarins in the tincture, imperatorin and xanthotoxin. The results indicate that furanocoumarins account for most of the antiproliferative activity of the tincture.

Antioxidant:

Antimutagenic Activity:

The antimutagenic activity Angelica archangelica water and alcohol extracts thio-tepa against mutagenicity was investigated by the micronucleus test in mouse bone marrow and peripheral blood cells. The reduction of thio-tepa mutagenic activity was more prominent when the extracts were injected 2-hours before thio-tepa treatment as it could be seen at the simultaneous treatment.

Kills Bacterial Infections:

Antimicrobial:

Angelica archangelica may also kill harmful bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The oil shows a good antimicrobial activity against Clostridium difficile, Clostridium perfringens, Enterococcus faecalis, Eubacterium limosum, Peptostreptococcus anaerobius, and Candida albicans with minimum inhibitory concentration A weaker antimicrobial activity against bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, very useful in the intestinal microflora

In test-tube studies, Angelica archangelica essential oil can kill disease-causing bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Angelica archangelica extract and some isolated compounds from it, including imperatorin, also exhibit antiviral activity against the herpes simplex (cold sore) virus and coxsackievirus, which causes digestive illness. Angelica essential oil also shows promise as a potential food-safe preservative to inhibit mold growth, as it can kill mold that grows on walnuts.

Antifungal:

Fungal infection can become worse and hence need to be cure with herbal remedies. Angelica herb can prove to be worthwhile the antifungal properties are best to reduce the infections.

Easy to Add to Your Diet

The medicinal properties of angelica come from all parts - seeds, leaves, stalks, and roots - and have made it a time-honored herb for treating various ailments. However, aside from its therapeutic use, this herb is edible and can be used in a variety of culinary applications. When chopped, the young leaves and stems can give a mild, fresh taste to salads or be used as a garnish for vegetables and meats. The stalks can be added to milk puddings, custards, and stewed fruits.  Angelica combines well with Mint, Ginger, Cinnamon, and Vanilla.

Angelica can be used in various forms:

  • Fresh: The aroma of crushed Angelica leaves in a moving vehicle can help prevent motion sickness. Slowly chewing a piece of angelica stalk can also combat flatulence.
  • Cooked: Angelica leaves can be blanched or boiled. Young flower heads are grilled and served with olive oil and vinegar in some regions of Italy. In this way of consumption, angelica aids digestion, due to its carminative effects.
  • Infusion: Angelica tea stimulates appetite, relieves flatulence and muscle spasms, and stimulates kidney function. An infusion of Angelica only requires a teaspoon of crushed seeds, which are steeped for five minutes in half a cup of boiling water.
  • Decoction: After boiling the Angelica root in water and letting it steep for five minutes, the liquid can be applied topically to relieve itching and disinfect wounds. When used in a bath, this decoction is soothing to the nerves.
  • Powder: Up to one teaspoon of powdered Angelica, three times daily in fruit juice or water is enough to reap the antipyretic, diaphoretic, digestive, and diuretic effects of the herb.
  • Tincture: All parts of the plant can be macerated in alcohol to obtain a concentrated solution. Two to three drops of Angelica tincture diluted in a glass of water can help stimulate appetite while acting as a carminative, antispasmodic, and diuretic.
  • Essential oil: Angelica oil has soothing qualities that relax nerves and muscles. It can be taken as a supplement or used topically when diluted with vegetable oil. It can also be diffused up to 30 minutes daily.
  • Salve: The essential oil of Angelica can be used to prepare a salve and applied topically to relieve arthritic pains.
  • Capsules: The dried and ground Angelica roots can be taken in capsule form, avoiding the bitter taste and in convenient doses, to support the digestive system while calming heartburn, gas, and bloating.

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